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May 24, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, May 24, 1963 The Senator's Straw Men ENATOR J. W. Fulbright, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, has recently challenged the advocates of "total victory" against Communism. He argued that the "total victories" actually won in World Wars I and II raised more problems than they solved and cer- tainly did not create perfect worlds. We are grateful to the Senator for having spoken his mind on so sensitive an issue, not because we agree with him, but because he has had the courage and ability to formulate in words a philoso- phy which has subconsciously influenced U.S. foreign policy for many years. The growing belie[ among peace loving peoples that armed force solves nothing explains how Soviet Russia has been able to conquer and enslave half the world with scarcely a battle. It likewise makes clear the reason why the free world is confused, bewildered and incapable of determining a strong unified policy in the face of blatent , Red aggression. !i  On the one hand Americans are told :i they must contribute millions of hard i:, earned dollars in support of national de- !! lense; that they must sacrifice their sons in Korea, Lees, Vietnam. Yet on the other hand they are informed by leading government officials that this is one war they shouldn't want to win. Furthermore, to make the situation even more confusing, the public is now told that the millions of American sol- diers who gave their lives in two world wars along with the folks back home who worked 'round the clock in defense plants to back them up, raised more problems than they solved. When the G.I.s who fought in : Korea asked what they were dying for, nobody in Washington could give them a satisfactory answer. Is it any wonder? This growing don't-try-to-win attitude also explains why the American public is so divided today in its approach to Cuba, Lees, Hungary, South America. Perhaps the gross error in Senator Fulbright's thinking and those who either openly or secretly agree with him lies in the fact that they are missing the point when they talk about "total victory" and "total defeat". These terms are straw men. It's easy to set them up and knock them down again. But in reality the Ameri- can people did not go to war against the Nazis or the Japanese because America was out to conquer the world.' Nor did they seek "total victory" in the sense of a worldwide totalitarian regime. The "total victory" our people sought was a total vindication of those who endangered freedom and per- sonal liberty. V/e fought for one rea- son only: to make the world safe for democracy; to be allowed to continue a way of life we have known and loved. And once the threat to peace and freedom had been overcome Americans were the first to give maximum liberty and independence to the very nations they had conquered. HE fact that Soviet Russia took ad- vantage of our liberality and now poses another threat to U.S. freedom does not mean that the millions of lives sac- rificed to insure our way of life were lost in vain. Would Senator Fulbright have had us lay down our arms in the face of Hitler and his Nazi warlords? Had we done so where would you and your families be today? It is true that war and physical force do not produce a perfect world. But to imply that the American people expected a utopia to emerge after the last gun had been fired is to build another straw man. Americans did not fight and die for a perfect world--they fought to protect the rights and privileges given them by their forefathers. America was not then, is not now, nor ever will be a perfect place to live. But those who spilled their blood on the red sands of Iwo Jima believed that under totalitarian dictatorship America would become a far worse place to live. And there are millions behind the iron and bamboo curtains who, looking with envy upon the freedom we still enjoy, would be only too happy to tell us the value of our victory were they permitted a single moment of freedom in which to do so. A Strange Solution CCORDING to Senator Fulbright in our struggle with Communism, the West should follow the dual policy of using its strength to convince the Krem, lin that its dream of world domination is unattainable, while also assuring Mos- cow's leaders "they can have a secure and untroubled national existence under institutions of their choice." This all sounds very beautiful but , cold. hard reality shows that such a course of action has not produced the per- fect world he talked about in the above editorial. Far from it. : It has been this naive approach that has allowed Russia and Red China to enslave the East and place mankind on the brink of atomic annihilatiom How, if we are to be consistent, can " America use its strength effectively if wt tell the Russians we will never run the risk of war? Secondly, to assure the Russians of a secure and untroubled national existence is no assurance at all. Anyone who has followed Com- munist philosophy and policy can see dearly that security and lack of trouble, big ideals for us, are the last things the Soviets want. As a matter of fact, Com- munism needs and thrives upon world revolution. After all these years of mis-  takes,,leaders like Senator Fulbright still haven t learned what Communism really : Perhaps the Senator hopes that Communism will change. Amen to that. So do we all. But where is the evidence of any major change in Soviet policy for world domination? To base diplomacy on : :wishful thinking is like being full of can- :cer and pretending to be well. Positive thinking doesn't remove carcenoma nor i does it take away Communism. Our get tough policy with the Com- ! ! munists hasn't worked simply because we i haven't gotten tough. And as long as t 1 l i t | i i (The final article by Louis F. Budenz we think like Senator Fulbright it never will. Nobody wants an atomic war. No- body thinks that an all out battle to the death with Russia will create a perfect world. But there are many who are con- vinced that failure to risk physical force with force wherever principle and na- tional security demand it will in the long run do more to prevent total war than the "go easy" policy we now pursue. N THIS connection, Senator Dodd this week delivered an address concerning the state department's recent proposal to recognize the Communist government in Hungary. The hidden fallacy in such a conciliatory move was brought out in this paragraph. "The proposed revision of policy on Hungary seeks to relax tensions with the Soviet Uo,ion and thus re- duce the danger of war, But if we de- stroy the hope and the will to resist of the captive peoples we shall be re- moving the single most important deterrent to Soviet aggression. It is my conviction that such a policy would make the leaders of the Kremlin more certain of themselves, more arrogant, more demanding, more prepared to risk aggression. It would, in short, undermine our own security and make the risk of war far greater than it is today. In this sense, the proposed re- vision of policy would accomplish pre- cisely the opposite of what its pro- ponents hope it will accomplish." Until there is clear and uncontro- vertible evidence that Soviet Russia dis- avows Communism and the active pur- suit of world conquest concessions made in the fear of war and in the name of peace will be useless. In the long run they will do more to hasten the day when America will be forced to face that same awful decision she has had to face twice before within the short span of this cen- tury: total victory or total defeat. will appear in The" Progress next week). 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail "Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. flAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNABAN--Associata E, ditor I Man ?rom The Past Doubts By Rev. John B. Sheerin, C.S.P. THERE are novels about ii u men who have been catapulted into the fu- ture as in H. G. Well's "'Time Machine." I remember also some news items about men who seem to have stepped right out of the past, for instance, those Japanese sol- diers who W r e discov- ered on a tiny Pacific island two years af- ter the Second World War ended and who h a d not yet FR. SHEERIN heard that the war was over. Well, I recently saw and heard a man who just stepped out of the past. He was still thinking the thoughts of 10 years ago. It happened in this way. Along with Rev. Edward Duff, S.J., of Weston college, I was an invited guest at the U.S. Conference for the World Coun- cil of Churches at Buck Hill Falls, Pa. On Apr. 26, Dr. Douglas Horton, former head of Har- yard Divinity s c h o o I and Protestant observer at the Second Vatican Council, gave a thoughtful, inspirational and quietly eloquent talk on his experiences as an ob- server at the Council. In the question period that followed, a spectator in the back row of this audience of 200 stood up to challenge Dr. Horton. If my memory serves me rightly, the challenger said ir effect: "Dr. Herren, I disagree with your views on the Vatican and the Pope. I believe the Roman Catholic Church is very much aware of the fact that it has been losing ground, especially to the Communists, and so it has been dusting off some of its ancient features to make them seem respectable and has been trying to win over the Protestants, through this Coun- cil, in order to regain some of 'its lost power." The chairman of the meeting, Charles Parlin, immediately went into a huddle with Dr. Herren. Could it be that Carl McIntyre, the anti-World Coun- cil agitator, had sent an agent to break up the meeting? Parlin asked the man in the back row to identify himself. It developed that he was not a member of the conference but simply a clergyman from a nearby Protestant church who had dropped in, apparently as an uninvited guest. Dr. Horton t h e n addressed him with what I thought was a perfect answer: "Sir, I believe that every man has a right to his own opinion but let me kay that yours is quite out of line with the opinion of the Protestant observers who were present in St. Peter's for the Council." It was an urbane and emi- nently Christian reply of an ecumenist of 1963 to a question that Paul Blanshard had asked in 1953. The difference is that in 1963 the question seems un- civil and prehistoric. Ten years ago, the question would not have been considered unseasonable but today it is an anachronism. This particu- lar meeting, for instance, re- flected a mood and atmosphere of great sympathetic under- standing of the ecumenical goals of the Catholic Church, especially as revealed in this Council. Dr. O. Frederick Nolde, for instance, delivered an address in which he spoke of coopera- tion among people of different faiths to help secure better re- lations among nations. He devoted the greater part of his talk to the Pope's encyclical Pacem in Terris (Peace on Earth) which he described as a significant call for world peace, a document of potential significance for the future. He made a comparative anal- ysis of key sections of the en- cyclical, pointing out especially the parallels between t h e s e sections and previous World Council pronouncements a n d showing that the common mo- tivation underlying them both was a Christian desire to re- lease spiritual resources for the prevention of war and the promotion of peace. The talk, in brief, breathed the same ecumenism that per- vaded the entire conference and this ecumenical enthusi- asm would surprise only a Rip Van Winkle who had been sound asleep spiritually. i , 'Unn00mmgeable lomists' By REY. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSOH, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore E, ARE NOT talking here about managed news," but about un- manageable economists. News has been managed probably since Hammurabi held his first press conference. And a reporter who can't manage managed news simply deserves the press releases and official leaks which he passes off as his own profound observations. Frequent- ly enough they hit the paper labeled as emanat- ing from "a source close to the president" or a "highly placed Vatican official" or "one of DeGaulle's closest confidantes." Bunk! But an unmanageable and intolerable econ- omist is merely a propagandist who fobs off his private, even untenable, theories upon an unsuspecting, because innocent, public. You fool us peasants a few more times and you will find that we simply" won't believe any- thing you say. This is the old case of the boy who cried "Wolf, wolf!" once too often so nobody paid any attention when he was finally telling the truth in terror. A little while ago, we were all scared blue by the threat of a terrible recession. But Sam- uelson and Galbraith and Secretary Dillon and McBundy George (or is it George McBundy?) and Jr. Schlessinger, you may be sure, had seen through it and had it well in hand. The anpwer was a tired old theme, without even variations', of Keynes, without Keynesian cautions: Prime the pump, spend more billions and lower taxes. Apparently the more respectable business elements in our economy, harassed though they were by the Justice Department, could not ac- cept this scare technique. Business picked up and now we have at least a minor boom be- fore us with more to come. Serious people are now asking the government to restrict reck- less credit. Now we have to go out in the back'yard and dig up those pieces of silver we had been hoard- ing against the deluge. As you know it's illegal to own gold in the United States and paper money isn't worth the trouble of burying. But who saved us from what? God's World: We Are Agents Of Love By REV. LEO J. TRESE he whole spiritual life, as we know, can be sum- med up in the single phrase, "Love God!" It is for this that God made usthat we might love Him. There is no other reason for our existence. It is love for God, too, which equips us for the ecstasy of face- to-face union with God in heaven. Without love, a soul could be in the midst of heaven and still be in hell. Such a soul could be surrounded by God, by angels and saints, and be totally un- aware of their presence. A soul : without charity is a soul with- out spiritual vision -- a s o u l totally blind. Infused Charity It is fortunate that God, in baptism, has infused the virtue of charity into our souls, has i given us a talent for loving Him. :/ It is not easy to love some- one whom we never have seen. :: I t is especially difficult when our love for the un- seen God conflicts with our desire for some lesser but visible goad. The truth is that, without God's help, we really could not love Him at all. On the face of it, it seems a great mystery why our love should mean so much to God. In our honest moments we have to admit that our love, at best, is very imperfect. There is a good bit of self- interest intermixed even with our most disinterested loves: our love for spouse, for par- ent, for child, for brother or sister. It may illumine the mystery a bit if we examine what we might call the "anatomy" of our love for God. One With Christ In baptism, the greatest thing which happened to us is that we were made one with Christ; incorporated with Christ is the theological ex- pression. We were united with Christ in a way which our human mind cannot quite fath- om. Christ shared with us His Spirit, the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of divine love. There is no example adequate to illustrate the nature of our union with Jesus. The closest that we can come by way of parallel is to imagine the in- timacy of union that would exist between two humans who shared one and the same soul between them. In a sense, each would be the other. Similarly, after bap- tism there is a sense in which you are Christ and Christ is you. Our spiritual merger with Jesus does not destroy our personal freedom. With our cooperation, however, it does make it possible for Jesus to act in and through us. This He does, most especially, in our act of love for God. Our own act of love con- sists simply in identifying our will with God's. What God wants is what we want. Our love is expressed in our obedi- ence to God's law, an obedience which involves the sacrifice of self. Obedience Creates Channel Our obedience, our act of self-renunciation, c r e a t e s a clear channel through which Christ's own love can go, through us to the Father. Our personal love, at its best, is ridiculously weak. But our own love is transformed by being made the vehicle of Christ's love. It is not we who love God. It is Christ Who, through us, loves God. The millions of baptized souls, in the state of sanctify- ing grace, are like so many prisms. Through them, the infinite love of Jesus is re- fracted, to the Father in limitless variety. The Holy Spirit, the Spirit of Love, flows from Son to Father in a hundred million ways. And, since divine love is an interchange, the Father's love returns to His Son with just as many variations. I n loving each of us, God can and does love His Son. We are, then, God's creat- ed instruments of love. We are God's agents in this commerce of infinite love which f o r e v r occupies FATHER TRESE Father, Son and Holy Spirit. It is plain that, the more we purify ourselves of self, the more effective an agent each of us it. The more we detach our- selves, not only from mortal sin but also from venial sin, the more perfectly do we ful- fill our vocation to love. (Father Trese we lco m e s letters from his readers. The increasing volume of letters prohibits personal answers but problems and ideas contained in such correspondence can be the basis of future columns. Address all letters to Father Leo J. Trese, care of The Progress.) Mental Prayer LL OF US who have entered i n t o reas- onably honest attempts at cultivating a more real and fruitful life of prayer h a v e found ourselves ham- pered and defeated by ancient human foibles. In theory, meditation pre- cedes prayer and is for the purpose of inducing and stimu- lating prayer. It is a "warm up" mentally and spiritually, so that our hearts and minds can soar toward God. Ordi-, narily, we should not merely ruminate and consider, but we should undertake the task of actually praying. Unfortunately, t h e r e are many of us, certainly far too many, who employ our prayer time in vague speculation or idle reading. This type of con- duct has been compared to gathering things without using them or cooking food without eating it. Thus we become spiritually undernourished be- cause we neglect the food that we have actually prepared for ourselves. Many people say prayers, but do not really pray. This expression has become a commonplace. So, too, many of us meditate in a vague, remote and speculative sort of way, We fail to apply per- sonal resolutions to our- selves. We fail to enter truly into the great and mysterious dialogue between God and ourselves that is the very es- sence of prayer. In a positive and practical sense, we might set aside a period each day, not merely for v a g u e and unprofitable rumination, but for personal examination and humble reso- lution in the very presence of God. We should endeavor to be conscious of the fact that this human action that we are per- forming is great anl beautiful and full of power. The Salva- tion of others may be achieved by it. Our own salvation may depend upon it. --Walter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. Calendar SUNDAY, May 26, SUNDAY AFTER ASCENSION, MASS: Exaudi--Hear, O Lord (White). G., Cr., Pref. of Ascension. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, MAY 27, ST. BEDE THE VENERABLE, Confessor, Doctor of the Church, Mass: In medio--ln the midst (White). GI., Pref. of Ascension. TUESDAY, MAY 28, ST. AU- GUSTINE, Bishop and Confes- sor, Mass: Sacordotes -- Thy priests (White). GI., Pref. of Ascension. WEDNESDAY, MAY 29, ST. MARY MAGDALENE DE PAZ- ZI, Virgin, Mass: Dilexisti-- Thous hast loved. (White). GI., Pref. of Ascension. THURSDAY, MAY 30, COM- MEMORATION OF ST. FELIX I, Pope and Martyr, Mass: Mass as on feast of Asc. (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Felix, Pref. of Asc. Or MASS: Protexisti--Thou hast protected (Red). Gl., Pref. of Ase. FRIDAY, MAY 31, QUEEN- SHIP OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY, MASS: Gaude- amns, Let us all rejoice (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Petronilla, Cr., Pref. of B.V.M. Abstinence. , SATURDAY, JUNE 1, VIGIL of PENTECOST, MASS: Cure sanctificatus--When I shall be sanctified (Red). GI., Pref. and Communicates of Pent  Fast and partial abstinence,