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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
May 24, 1901     Catholic Northwest Progress
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'k ,(7"" As Johnny Looks at it. Ma's a vegetarian, Pa's a faith curist, " Uncle John, he says he's an Anti-imperyullst. Sister Sue's a Wagner crank, Brother Bill plays golf, (?,ran'pa tells what he takes For to cure his cough. Cousin Jen writes poetry-- Tells us what she's wrote-- Aunt Itvint always claims Wimmin ought to vote. 1 go out In the back yard, Soon as they commence, Me'n my dog's th' only ones What's got any sense. Rebuilding a Stricken City. The disastrous fire which visited the Southern city, Jacksonville, Fla., May 3, has aroused the sympathies of the country and aid has been adequately tendered, says the Interstate Archi- tect and Builder. The property loss is estimated at from five to fifteen mil- lions, and over 10,000 people were ren- dered homeless. At first it was thought that no lives were lost, a most remarkable feature of so great a con- flagration, had it proved true. Later reports this week, however, show that several people were killed, and the list may be increased. With 130 city blocks in blackened ruins the people, of the Florida city., are, showing the same indomitable pluck and hopefniness which won the l admiration of the world for the citi- zens of the flood stricken city of Dal- las. Preparations for rebuilding have already begun and sites are being cleared of debris. A fine theater will rise from the ashes of the old and a largo new department store will be erected soon. The insurance com- panies will play a large part in fur- nishing the sinews for putting the city on its feet by prompt payment of losses. Banks report that withdraw- als have not been excessive, showing that the people retain their confidence in the city's future. To Curtail the Output. There is a general movement among the oil producers of California toward co-operation in the control of the mar- ket for crude petroleum, which still remains In a dlsLurbed condition on account of the phenomenal increase in production in the last few months. At the recent meeting of local pro- ducers in Los Angeles there was a general expression of opinion that it would be necessary to enter into some re-operative movement, and a commit tee was appointed to work out the de- tails. The proposal which elicited the most enthusiasm was to close the work In the lacal field, stopping all pumps fox" a month. A surplus of oil, amounting to a little over a month's demands, has accumulated, and the eagerness of the producers to sell has led tea decline in prices. The Los Angeles Horald's monthly eport, covering the state, shows that in the local field new production has been cut from 559 .barrels during March to 135 barrels in April, 41 wells having been completed in the forms: month and sixteen in the latter eighty-nine wells were reported drill ing on March 31, and sixty on April 30, In other fields in the stats the same condition can not be said to exist, as there has been a movement for the rapid extension of the known oil ter- ritory for the benefit of land spocula- lion and the sale of stock, Igvery day there is added to the list of consumers important factories mines or other institutions which have been using coal, and the low price of petroleum fuel is working out a great future for the oil industry, which would in time right itself. But the production during recent months has even outrun the rapidly rising con- sumption, and this has been augment- ed by the difficulty in providing trans- portation facilities rapidly enough. Iron Industry on Pacific Coast. The consumption of iron on the Pa- cific coast amounts to 1,000 tons a day. Add to this the demand which the Orient makes for the same pro- duct, and some idea is obtained of the advantage steel works will be to this section of the country. Representa- tives of a strong New York iron syn. dlcate have been looking over the ground from Mexico to Alaska and have made a favorable report. In re- ference to this report the New York Commercial says: They have found large iron deposits In Washington, British Columbia and Alaska, all within easy distance of tide- water, and some directly on salt water. 'They have been equally successful in securing coking coal in large quanti- ties, accessible to tidewater and cheap transportation. This coal makes coke equal to that produced at Connellsville In Pennsylvania. These coal fields are In the vicinity of Seattle and Ta- coma, and a number of mines have in- stalled, plants and are supplying coke to smelters and foundries. x Pig iron on the Pacific coast has been selling for $25 a ton, and freight tariff across continent ts $12 per ton. These New Yorkers have discovered that they can produc# pig iron and \\; steel billets as cheal)ly on Puget sound as they are produced in Pittsburg or Birnfingham, Ala., labor and raw ma- terial costing tim same. The present rail tariff across the continent would thus give them a clear profit of Silo a ton as against Eastern iron. Silk Industry for Washington. The raising of silk is an industry some of the people of Spokane think can be successfully carried on there. One lady in particular is trying to get others interested. Speaking in advocacy of the industry the other day, this lady said: "The best silk iu admitted to come from France where it is raised under difficulties. Many of the families there have but two living rooms, and when the sea- son opens one of these is cleared out and fitted up for the raising of the worms. There they have to buy the eggs and food, which are 'peddled through the streets. "In this country they are raising silk worms in Vermont anti New Hampshire, I believe, and in Califor- nia the industry is assuming large proportions. The best food for the silk worm is the white Russian mu!- berry, and the worms call lLe kept from starving with lettuce. The work m connection with raising the worms is very light, the season lasting but shout thirty-five to forty days. The mulberry trees make excellent shade. and if those who set out trees for shade would set out mulberry treesl in two years they could feed from them. "After hatching the worms must be kept In a room at 70 degrees tempera- ture. They are raised on trays ot wire or mosquito netting, a large num- ber of which can be placed in one room. When ready to reel the cocoons should bring at least $1.50. If this in- dustry could be est4thtished here it would mean cor{slderable to the city." Commerce of the World. The Monthly Summary of Com. merce, issued by the Treasury Bureau of Statistics, presents in the current number some interesting facts about the commerce of the principal natioma of the world. The report shows the United States standing clearly and un- questionably at the head of the world's list of exporting nations. Her aver- age monthly exportations for the nine months ending with March, 1901, were $124,497,853, while those of the United Kingdom, her closest competitor, were $117,316,246 per month during the same period. Those of Germany, the next largest exporter, were $87,551,000 )or month during the twelve months ending with December, 1900, and oth- er nations as follows: France, $56,- 467,000; Russia, $29,550,000; British India, $26,747,000 ; Austria-Hungary, $25,753,255; Belgium, $23.568,000, and italy, $20,518,000. The total domestic exports of the United States in the nine months end- ing with March are $1,120,480,673. while the exportation of British and lrisil produce in the same period is $1,060,346,214, showing the exports of the United States $60,000,000 great- er than those of the United Kingdom, her greatest rival, during the term un- der consideration. The United States, in the nine months ending with March, 1900 showed $394.000,000 excess of exports over imports; in the same months of 1901 the excess of exports was $521,- 600,000, a gain of $127,000,000 tn 1901 as compared with 1900. Theories About OII. The Lucas il well in Beaumont, Tex- as, is said to have a daily capacity or 70,000 barrels. It is connected wlth immense tanks, which are filled as rapidly as the oil can be disposed of. For a mile in every direction from this original gusher derricks are up and wells are being bored. Will it last? That is the great ques- tion. One opinion that finds favor Is that there Is an immense underground lake of oil. on tim llne with the orlg- Inal Lucas gusher, wlth no oil any- where except in the region of the lake, which may be fed by springs of oil. If a lake extends across the country tc the Gtflf it will hardly extend In any other direction, it is argued. If this theory is correct, then the ell fields will be confined to a comparatively narrow scope, een though the supply in that field be' nexaaustible. Another theory is that there are great veins of ell flowing under the ground, llke veins of water, and that all coast country will eventually show el! in. paying quantities. Those who advance this theory say the oil comes from the coal beds in the mountains and is seeking its natural outlet to the Gulf. If this theory is correct, it is argued oil will be found in the coast country and Louisiana, Mississippi and even Creorgla and Alabama. A writer o the wonderful oil fields at Beaumont, Texas, says: Taken in its crude state, the oil will be brought into competition with coal as fuel. Al- ready the machinery used in boring the wells use the crude oil as fuel. It can be furnished as low as 70 cents per barrel, which, 'it is said, makes it cheaper than coal. This question of fuel has prevented the construction ot cotton mills and other industrial en- terprises In Texas. An III Expressed Idea. "How much is that employee short?" inquired the commercial acquaintance. "Short!" echoed the bank director. "We're the ones who are short. He is away ahead of the game.'Wash- ington Star. THE CATttOLIC PROGRESS. Oil Fever in Texan. There is no al)atement in the oil fe- ver in Texas, remarks the Chicago Tril)nne. Uninfluenced by corn deals in Chieago or stock manilmlations in New York, it is steadily increasing. "rhe Galveston News prints a list of vo less titan 224 oil companies whleh have filed charters in Austin since Jan- v.ary 1, and up to May 5. The small- (:.st capitalization is $5,000 and the largest $5,000,000, the larger number being capitalized at from $300,000 to $500,000. One company, the Hoe-Hoe, el Houston, has a capital of $99,999.99, and another Houston company, with a capital of $1,000,000, offers a limited amount of stock for development at 6 cents per share, par value 10 cents. Purchasers of oil stocks will have no difficulty in finding accommodation at prices to suit themselves, and as new "gushers" are announced almost daily, cllers have no difficulty in finding pur- chasers. Of course some day there will be a crash, but those who got in on the ground floor will probably be out by that time. Importance of Fish Industry. Within the Imst few years the fish- ing industry of tile state of Washing- ten has reached very largc propor- tions, and bids fair to rival the lum- ber industry, both In number of men to whom employment is given and the amount of capital interest. Puget Sound, the Washington side of the Co- lumbia river, Willappa bay and Gray's Itarbor constitute the four divisions m,ed for convenience of comparison. The waters of Puget qound contain a greater variety of commercially val- uable fish than found in any other part of the country, but their import- :ance has been dwarfed by the pres- ence of the valuable salmon. Practi- cally no attempt has been made to util- ize them except for local consumption. But the cqd., herring, sole, shad and smelt 0f the Pacific coast will not al- ways be held as cheap as they are to- day. The salmon packed on Puget Sound last year amounted to 229,800 cases of sockeye salmon, 22,350 cases ot spring, 128,200 cases of silver and 89,100 cases of comax, giving a total l oi 469,450 cases, valued at $2,347,280. The fresh, salt and smoked fish ship. i pod and consumed locally is given in pounds as follows: Fresh salmon, 6,:i 722,000; salted salmon, 2,620,000; smoked salmon, 720,000; sturgeon, 16,- 500; fresh smelt, 1,637,000; salted smelt, 218,000; fresh halibut, 3,722,000; salt and smoked halibut, 43,200; fresh and salted cod, 246,000; soles, etc., 21,- 200; founders, tom cod, etc., 21,600; mackerel, 14,200; trout, 36,300; fresh, salted and smelted herring, 293,700; Mind, 16.300; cat fish, 8,300; all other kinds, 23.000; giving a total of 16,387; 900 pounds, valued at $598,059. The shell fish output was: Oysters from natural beds, 1,820 sacks; oysters from cultivated beds, 29,900 sacks; clams, 23,200 sacks; mussels, 430 sacks; crabs, 19,000 dozen, and 63,400 l()untls of shrimps. The value of the shellfish was $159,882. Country's Bank Clearings. The bank clearings of eighty-three cities of the United States for the nmnth of April reached the unparal. leled total of $11,955,950,401, a sum 12 per cent larger than tile hitherto record total of January, 60.9 per cent larger than the same month a year ago, 44.8 per cent larger than in the same month ef 1899, and increasingly larger than tn April of previous years. This figure represents a volume of business in the clearing house banks el the country for one month amount- ing to very nearly the enormous total oI twelve billions of dollars. This is uniLrecedented In the history of Amer- ivan finance, as the present era of prosperity is unprecedented in the in- dustrial and commercial life of the retmblic. SEATTLE'S GROWTH. April 1901. Alterations .......... 130 19,804 Moves ............. 15 1,965 Repairs ............ 53 5,411 1-story frame ........ 169 62,930 ] l-story frame ...... 42 34,405 2-story frame ........ 100 221,735 3-story frame ........ 3 41,800 1 story brick ......... 2 8,000 3-story brick ......... 8 105,000 4 story brick ......... 1 62,000 1-story iron .......... 1 100 Docks and warves .... 2 4,850 Foundations ........ 2 1,925 Miscellaneous ....... 28 $0,733 Total .............. 551 590,208 CONSOLIDATION OF SHIPYARDS. A consolidation of the Union Iron Works, San Francisco; the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Me.; the Newport News Ship Building & Dry Dock Co.. New- port News, Va., and the Crescent Ship- yards, Elizabeth, N. J., is reported. This comblnatlon will bring together Lewis Nlxon, of the Crescent ship- yards', Edward W. Hyde, president of the Bath Iron Works; Calvin B. Or- euitt, president of the Newport News Shlp Bulldlng and Dry Dock Co., and Irving M. Scott, president of the Union Iron Works. To Lewis Nixon, wile owns the Cres- cent shipyards at Elizat)eth. N. J., be- longs the credit of bringing about the eoml)inatien whi(.ll is now being ma- tured, tie has given the subject care- ful and scientilic stu(ly, and he is of tim firm opinion that the American shipbuihiing industry will l)e returned to the l)rosperity it knew fifty years ago. when the several yards attempted only that work for whictL thcy indi- vidually are best fitted, cats to control a line of transports- Foreign conpctltion Is responsible tion encircling the globe is not as for the new move of American ship- new as it is stupendous, and the In- building, and in fact Fmglish methods dustry, wealth and management of business are being followed. Timre shown can hardly be appreciated by is to be no shipbuilding tract. Corn- any save those who have given a life munity of interest of thd four con- study to the organization of systems corns is what is to be est'ablished.-- of traffic. Marine Record. It is proposed to bring the Leyland line of steamers, which Mr. Morgan "Practical" Art. recently purchased, in direct connoc- Critic--Not a bad stretch of land- tion with the syndicate's transcontl- scape, but haven't you laid out more nental system, which In turn is con- than enough of it in water? nected with Mr. Hill's trans-Paeifle Artist--Not a hit of it. The ptcturc line of steam ships. This gives an unbroken line of transt)ortation from is for a client wire nmde his money in stock watering operations.--Boston Hongkong to Alexandria, Egypt, trav- TranscrllLt. cling east. The supplying of tile re- maining comparatively short link of the globe encircling system is sup- Taking No Chances. )osed to be the business which is oe- lnexl)eriencod Rider -- What! You cupying Mr. Morgan's time in urope wish mc to pay iLL advance? Are you today. afraid l shan't come back with the A life study is not necessary to re- horse? cognize the beneft which such a Proprietor of Livery Stable--Ahem! thoroughly organized transportation It is just possible the horse may come system will be to Seattle. It is gen- back without you.--Tit-Bits, orally understood that the oriental trade of today is but a small feature His Little Joke. compared with what it will be ten rears from now. As the transfer "Ix)ok out below there, my rain- of this great system, Seattle can (lear!" called Jupiter Pluvius to foxy Lot help attaining a prominence in April as he pulled down the shower the shipping world that has hitherto valve, been enjoyed by no other city of the And even the sewers laughed so United States except" New York. hard that they all choked up.--Cleve- land Plain Dealer. Secrets of American Industry. The London Times has been print- "Kwlneen," "Keeneen," Etc. tng a series of articles on the pro- Town--Subbubs tells me he has a gress of American engineering, which Queen Anne cottage in AiguhursL have caused comment in England be- Browne---Oh, that's the way he pro- cause of the warning that the Brltiah nounees It now, eh? manufacturers were being outdone by Browne -- Quinine. -- Phtladelphia i thse of the United States. In a late Press. article the writer explains the cause "town,s--Pronounces what? of American superiority as lying in what he calls "the human factor." In Great Britain, he says, the young man Worth Knowing. is repressed; in the United States he Mr. Van Braam--Your friend bpif- is encouraged. The result is that the fins is married again, I hear American employer has the advan- Mr. Dlnwlddie--Yes, married a wld- tags of energy and new ideas to a ow. much greater extent than his British "Kentucky lady, ! snppose?" competitor. Furthermore. he believes "Yes. blue grass widow."--Pittsburg the American Is much more apt than Chronlele-Telegraph. the Englishman to associate his heads of departments with him in the busi- ness. This gives them a greater in- terest In their work than they would Encircle tl00e Earth The plan of the Hill-Morgan syndi- WEEKLY CROP BULLETIN. have as mere employees. SEATTI.E, Wash., May 21, 19ol. ['..%. l)epartnlent of Agriculture, Climate and Crop B1fllctin (ff the \\;Vcather 13nreau, \\;\;ashington :cction, for the week ending May 2o, 1891. The xeek was cool throughout in all parts of the stale, an(l tot the most part ch)udy, with four show- cry days in the western section, and two in the t'.;ISt ern section. ()n the 1()lh heavy sho\\;ers wet'c general over the whole slate, an average of an inch of rainfall oc- currillg west of the Cascades and half an inch in the eastern counties. There were several light frosts, doing no damage, iml.there was too little sunshine for rapi(l growth in the western section. 'l'he rains were, however, of benclit to pastures, meadows and crops except ,m wet, low lands. East of the Cascades the soak- ing rains that fell in all localities from which re-! :)errs have bccn received were very beneficial, es- l)ecially in the wheat raising section. In :\\;dams County the fartners arc jubilant, as a long dry spell had imperiled the wheat crop, whieh is now re- gardetl as assured. Winter wheat is making fine progress, though weedy in some localities. Spring wheat, alttlough a little backward, is now quite prolnising. Meadows and l)astures have greatly intprovcd and arc in excellent condition. IIops arc being trai,tcd in the Yakima ('o,tntry, and also in the western section. Early potatoes arc growing slowly, and late ones arc coming up. [t is now evident that the frequent frosts of this spring have diminished the yield of fruit trees, cx- cel)l possibly apples. There is a fine l)romise for ber- ries. Sugar beets arc ret)(wtc(I to be in fine condition: EXTRACTS FROM REPORTS OF CORRE- SPONDENTS. Lower Sound and StraitsMoraEve1"ything growing slowly. Apl)les just coming into full hloom. Wheat and oats up, but not as thrifty as should be for want of sunshine. OrcasPears in- jured by frost. Apples nearly through blooln, and prontise botmtiful crop. Noolsack--Nearly all farm work at a standstill. Grass, wheat and oats grow- ing rapidly. Denting--Garden stuff all up. Early l)otatocs and fruit in good condition. Late pota- toes about all planted. No damage froln frost ob- served. Prairie--Fruit prolnising. Grass, oats and hops good. Snohomish--Oats in excellent condi- tion. Grass very heavy. (;ar(lcns doing well. An- acortcs--Strawberrics promise heavy crop. Upper Sound--Kent--Hops ntaking good growth: other crops slow. Cherry Valley--All fruits setting well. Early potatoes ready for culti- !vation. Pasture good. Ballow--Strawberrics late, but good crop. Italian prunes will bc about half crop ; apples full crop. Early potatoes bcing worked. !Roy--All crops doing well. Gig Harbor--No dam- age to fruit except pears: they will be light crop, but ilnmense crop of berries expected. Yehn--- Wheat and oats growing slowly. Littlerock--Rath- er wet for gardens. Olympia--A good growing week. All crops above ground doing well. It Is the practice in England, he Southwest CountiesNapavine Crops growing says. to pay young graduates of tech- fairly, well. Indications for heavy, crop of al)ples, nh,al schools wages far below the act- fol]owc,t by phmts an(t pears: cherries light, l]av ual value of thelr services. One in- " stance which he cites Is that of an cr(p will I)e heavy. [,'rest x7th did slight dalnage accomplished technical graduate who to late fruits and tender vegetal)lea. Arctic Vege- crod the drafting office of a large tation growing incly. \\;Vcc(ls t)rolific. "['oo wet English firm at a salary of $2.50 a for cultivation. Kahtma--]:ruit of all kin(Is in gootl week. The concern wanted to bid on condition, l'astures growing finely. Barber- work involving a new hranch of en- gineering aml the graduate was the ton [)rune crop light here. :\\;pl)les full crop. Mt. only man tn the orate, competent to l)leasant Cherries, pears and prutlcs badly in- prepare plans and estimates. The con- jured by frosl. :\\;l)l)les in bloont and all right, tract, a large one. was secured and l)lanting being finislac(l, several months later tile draughts- man's wages were raised a few shil- Spokane Country--All Crops growing, nicely, lings only. It would have cost the AI)l)lcs in full bloont and promise well. Beet plant- firm several hundred dollars, the writ- ing about comt)lctcd. ["asl Spokane Fall wheat er says, to lmve had the estimates and oats h)ok remarkably well. Potatoes conlhH2 made outside its office. Such a policy - as this, in his opinion, has discour- tl]). Pconc---All crops growing nicely. Some cher- aged young Englishmen front socur- ries, plum and slrawbcrrics killcd by frost on the ing technical training and has sent ) Ioth inst. [ runes, pears and apples all right, many English techuical school grsdu- Fairfichl lect crop in fine condition. Rain lleed- ates to the United States. The case of M[r. Carnegie, who took ed. I.oon I.akc--Secding all done. All small fruit his heads of departments into the in blooln, business, has evidently impressed the Palouse Country--Griffith Fine showers attd London Times writer. He believes warn1 weather have lmshed everything along and British manufacturers have failed to make tile most of their employea. "If (h'iven the worms away from the wheat. Paha-- American steel works are better "t'he heavy rainfall has savcd the crops and insures equipped than our own," he says. "If the best yield cvcr known, l:lctcher--\\;Vinter wheat American machine tools are more In- good; sl)ring wheat short; gardens l)oor; fruit fair. genious; if American electrical plant [;arntilgton (;t)l)ious rains have started late-sown Is commauding even our own market; to whatever we turn we find it is the wheat and oats. \\;regetation growing ral)idly' human factor--character---that com- ]h)ol)er---Corn l)lanting contpleted; some already mands the situation." Engllshmen. up; good stan(I rcl)orted, ltay Rye headed out. he continues, have thought themselves l:all whcat in the l)oot. Early-sown st)ring wheat and have relaxed their vlgli- a foot high indications for vet'), large crop. race. They have kept back young ' until they have tried to keep all Big Bend Country--St. :\\;ndrcws--\Vheat doing labor at an average of the lowest level. well. Breaking and summer fallowing progress- In America young men are encouraged ing. (.;oulee ('it:)" \\;\reek was very fitvorablc for and are given whatevor place their crol)s. ()(lessa--\\;Vhcat in favorable condition. No ability entitles them to. This neglec{ lamage. t',gypt Nearly all gardens tll). Fruit of the human factor, tile Times writer - finds, has led to the invasion of the trees in bloom. \\;Vinter wheat looks well. Pastures British market by Amerieau ongi- very good. Clark Growth of vegetation very neering products. much increased by rain. Cle-Ehtm Frost Oil 18th The United States quarantine of- Inay have done some damage to l)lunls an(I cherries, ricer at Port Townsend has declared a which were in the last of thc I)loom. quarantine against all Alaska ports. and vessels coming down must stop Southeast Counties--All)owa Crops of all kintts at the quarantine station for lnalmo- h)oking fine. Summcr fallowing general. Alto-- tlon. The quarantine is made upon Spring and fall wheat, grass and gardens growing representations that smallpox exists at ral)idly. ,Vhcat very weedy, but good stand antta number of Alaska points from which - vessels leave for the states. fine color. Waitsburg--Scvcral fiehls of wheat are full of tar weed. Crop prospects better than ever Knew When He Had Enough. ? si,tcc the rain, which was needed. \\;\ alia \\;Valla ..... There are two acts yet." said the All crops and vegetables made rapid progress dur- usher to the man who rather hastily ing the week. Fawwablc )vcthcr for ripening fruits, started out of the theater. ) "I knew. That's just the reason I'm Yakima Country--[ arker All crops look well. leaving."--Philadelphia Times. The rain did a worhl of good. Klickitat Country--Centcrvillc All crops grow- The r,,n,r,u,,(1 bt,mts drolwe,I h,.  mg nicely antl in good condition. Bingen--Corn per with a slmrp cry. I,'rh,.d rnshod to his side. thllxklng ?'hat conting up finely, l-laying I)egin first part of week. he hml an Rttack Of heart dhease. onle strawberries shipped. Lyle--Kye about '1',, tht, h" excited qlmstlonlng he wotlld ready to Ctlt for hay. Vv'heat and oats doillg 1lice- not resl)ond save by moaning: "I tlmught 1 held the record, but my prhle Is blasted" i),. Rain will brinff Ilp the corn that has not come Then he pointed to an item statlug Ihat Up yet and will benefit all crops, the Rev. Tyemup of Mlehlgan elahned to G. N. SALISBURY. [have marrled 1,500 womeu during the last Section Director.  twenty years, and that he was preparing for I a grand retinlon of them all.---aJItlmar r 'II