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May 22, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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10--THE PROGRESS Friday May 22 1964 Thailand HE remarkable thing in watching the history of the missions in various countries is seeing how at times the progress of the missions seems to draw to a halt. Actually, many times there are economic and other social reasons connected with a country and its development that will help or slow down the missionary efforts of the Church. For instanee, in Thailand... Although Catholielsm was introduced in the early 16th Century, only 113,000 Catholics are dispersed among the country's 25 million Buddhists. Mission- aries cite several reasons for this. The Thai standard of living is at an all time high . . . life is tranquil and relaxing. Why should this  atmosphere be jeop- ardized by a religion that makes as many demands as Chris- tianity--only one wife, no meat on Friday? Moreover, the Cath- olic Church still seems so foreign. There are Chinese churches, Vietnamese churches (more than half of the Catholics in Thai- land are refugees from China and Vietnam), American churches. Although these are also for the Thai, and sermons are given in their tongue, there are few churches primarily for the Thai (and the red brick edifices seem lost among the magnificent pagodas). So too, there are few prominent Thai Catholics for the masses to emulate. Despite this, the time is ripe for eofiversian. Buddhism is in a state of disarray. Many students are clinging to the re- ligion only to please their elders . . . less than two per cent of the Thais are actually pegoda-golng Buddhists. The feeling is that unless Buddhism gets out into the world and interests itself in everyday affairs, its days are numbered. What fruits could be reaped by the Church if only the people were given a sharper picture of Christianity--a religion that not only leads people to God but practices the spiritual and corporal works of mercy everywhere, to all peoples, at all times! Q Cut out this column, pin your sacrifice to it and mail it to Rev. Stephen Szeman, Archdiocesan Director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, 907 Terry Ave., Seattle 98104. CU Offers New Community Course WASHINGTON (NC) -- A new two-year program in com- munity organization that will tie in social work, neighbor- hood dynamics and u r b a n re- newal will be offered by the Catholic University of America here starting in September. The program will be avail- able for those studying for a master's degree in social work. Half of State's Babies Catholics BURLINGTON, Vt. (NC) -- Slightly more than half of the babies born in Vermont in 1963 were baptized in the Ca- tholic Faith. A survey, by the Vermont Ca- tholic Tribune showed a total of 8348 births, with 4,441 Ca- tholic infant Baptisms, or 50.7 per cent. Expert Assesses Decree Liturgy Document 'Fulfilled ('The author o, the. ,ol- " c:;a?st l:at wth:alsth:r:ffptibefore ii:;idr! "!Eernmguci hydif-al'be le;:'g oaTt::e/l:s:;;:::gB/sh ff . lished, presumably the ops decrees ordering exten- end of this year. To avoid of the sire use o/ English in the confusion with regard to pop- plainchant or other melodies ular missals, however, one long used by Episcopalians, Lu- Mass and administration of point has to be made very therans and Presbyterians for the sacraments is a /ormer clear. The newly translated the English Mass chants. president o/ the National Liturgical Con/erence and an expert, on the liturgy [or the Second Vatican Council.) By Rev. Frederick McManus (N.C.W.C. News Service) One more step toward the long-awaited use of English in the Mass has been taken with the de- cree enacted by the United States Bishops April 2, just now made public. Con- firmed by the Holy See May 1, this legislation permits Eng- lish in most of the parts of Mass which are said or sung aloud and also throughout the prayers and texts of the sacra- ments and sacramentals. Only one more step remains -- the publication and distribu- tion of official altar missals and rituals containing the translations approved for pub- lic use by the body of Amer- ican Bishops. When the time schedule for publication is known, the body of Bishops will be able to set the actual date for liturgical use of Eng- lish throughout the U n i t e d States. This development, one of the most striking reforms permit- ted by the Second Vatican Council, is confirmed initially. to the change of language from the existing Latin texts and prayers. The thorough re- vision of the Mass structure, etc., which was decreed by the ecumenical council, is the task of the commission set up by Pope Paul in January. L'Osservatore Remand, in reporting the April meeting of this commission, indicated that it is .already preparing an instruction with prelimi- nary changes, a rite for the concelebration of Mass, Com- mnnion under both kinds, etc. The immediate purpose of the American Bishops' decision is to increase the understanding, faith, and participation of the people. This is solemnly ex- pressed in the preambl e to the decree: "In order that all the faith- hd of Christ: may be led to a hdl, conscious, and active FATHER McMANUS and more abundantly receive His grace" (art. 33). In the concrete, what parts of Mass will be in English? First, the biblical readings, the Epistle and Gospel -- in a fresh translation prepared by scholars of the Catholic Bib- lical Association. Next, where it is in use, the "common prayer" or "prayer of the faithful" after the Gospel and homily; this will take a defi- nitive form in the Mass only after the Roman reform com- mission has worked out details. Finally, and this is the broadest concession, all the parts of Mass which should be said or sung by the people: (a) ordinary parts, like the Kyrie, Gloria, Creed -- in an officially approved translation to be issued by the American Bishops' Commission on the Liturgical A p o s t o 1 a t e; (b) proper parts, like the Introit, Gradual, etc. -- in a version based on the Confraternity of Christian Doctrine translation of the Psalms; (c) the simple responses attached to these parts of Mass. For the sacraments, the most important development is that Baptism, Confirmation, Com- munion, Penance, Anointing, and Matrimony may be cele- brated with all texts and pray- ers in English. To take one ex- ample, the rite of confession will have much deeper meaning for the penitent who hears the priest recite the formula and prayer of absolution. Because some of these services were already available in English translations previously exam- ined by the Bishops, it was pos- sible to approve the publication of a new official ritual, to be called the Collectio Rituum. This will contain a large selection of sacramental rites; for those omitted from this volume for reasons of space, an older Scripture texts will be incor- porated in altar missals only; they will not be released for publication in small missals for the people. There are several reasons for this decision. It is prac- tical, avoiding any unnecessary obsolescence of popular mis- sals now available. It also em- phasizes the provisional nature of the newly approved texts. In the next few years the offi- cial missal, ritual, breviary, etc., will all be revised (by the commission set up by P o p e Paul). At that time -- esti- mated to be. anywhere from three to ten :gears -- the whole question of approved English translations will be taken up again by the body of bishops. Only then will the present pop- ular missals become obsolete in the Scriptural texts, etc. This decision is also in- tended to teach an important lesson. When the reading of the Epistle and Gospel is in English, it is a public procla- mation of God's Word to be heard and listened to by the people, not read by them out of a book. There is thus no reas- on for the congregation to have the precise translation which is publicly read; it is even undesirable that people should read the missal when they are supposed to be atten- tive, receptive, and responsive to God's spoken Word. So it will not matter whether the popular missals have the Douay-Rheims, Confraternity, Knox, or Jones translations. Another question is created by the sung Mass or high Mass and, for that matter, any service that is sung is Eng- lish instead of Latin. The council's decision was a sim- ple and direct one. The vernac- ular languages are allowed in the sung services to the same extent as in the recited serv- ices. The same point is made in the decree of the American Bishops, equally applicable to sung and recited services. One qualification has been made by the Roman Com- mission: the musical settings of the English (or ether ver- nacular) texts must have the Besides this, a few Amer- ican composers, such as C. Alexander Peloquin, Dennis Fitzpatrick, J. Gerald Phil- lips, and Rev. Clarence Riv- ers have had the foresight to begin experimental work along these lines. There is a significance to the vernacular development which goes beyond its liturgical im- portance. During the second session of the council, about four-fifths of the bishops form- ally supported the doctrine of the "collegiality" of the epis- copacy. This understanding of the bishops' role in the Church recognizes them as having a corporate and col- lective responsibility for the Church universal. One practical consequence is that the bish- ops of different countries or regions were declared to have legislative authority in the regulation of the Church's lit- urgy. For the first time since the Third Council of Baltimore in 1884, the American Bishops last April.2 exercised a power to make binding decrees, which in turn were confirmed by the Holy See. At the council, Albert Car- dinal Meyer of Chicago had stated, on behalf of 120 American Bishops, that the body of bishops should be able to exercise such authority in cases listed in the Church's general laws or by the Pope. The decrees on the vernacu- lar are the first instance of this renewal in the Church. It is appropriate that they should deal with a pastoral concern, the greater faith and devotion of the people, to be fostered by the use of the mother tongue in public worship. .....................  participation in liturgical translation of the Roman rit- approval of the Conference of D0flt b0  :S :/:'':': celebrations and may more ual by Father Philip Weller . certainly derive an abun- may be used officially. Bishops. dance of graces from the lit- ' ' What will this mean in prac- urgy . . . in order to in- The American Bishops also /:::! / crease the faith and the de- gave their approval to two rice? Chiefly that composers editions of the breviary of the have opened up to them the ;i votion of the Christian clergy Divine Office, one already pub- greatest opportunity in church hwash0r people..." lished by the Liturgical Press music since ancient times-- ingFllwingof the thecouncildOcrinalitself,teach-the of Collegeville, Minn., the other the opportunity to compose CHUCK GON Bishops explain the working of to be published soon by Ben- settings for congregational and the liturgy: 'Through signs ziger Brothers of New York. choir use according to the new- [ tIN qEI[ perceived by the senses, in- The body of Bishops decreed ly approved texts. What will ALL YOU CAN EAT // [ cluding words, the sanctifica- that the English Office may be be needed in the near future? ! Distinctive Continental 8roi;er :? Entertainment Nightly 1628 5th Ave. MA 3-5226 ,z, SEATTLE CITY LIGHT cation of man is signified and, in a manner proper to the in- dividual rites, effected." Words are signs -- their out- ward expression stands for and means an inner holiness, pray- erfulness, and faith. This is the sense of common responses, congregational singing and rec- itation-all kinds of vocal par- ticipation. The Bishops recog- nize this when they quote the council's Constitution on the Liturgy directly: "The visible signs used by the liturgy to signify invis- ible divine things have been chosen by Christ or the Church. Thus not only when things are read 'which were written for Our instruction' (Rom. 15:O, but also when the Church prays or sings or acts, the faith of those tak- ing part is nourished and, their minds are raised to ......................................................................................................... God, so that they may offer Him their rational s e r v i e e serving all faiths centra//y located FUNERAl. DIRECTORS 1684 llth Avenue , EAst $.7484 one blocR north of pine street Pope Inspects NCCW Gift Of Clothing VATICAN C I T Y (NC) -- Pope Paul VI visited the Va- tican warehouse to inspect the clothing for the poor sent him yearly by the U.S. National Council of Catholic Women. The new clothes, including First Communion d resses, were given to the Pope by the NCCW for distribution in the neediest areas of Italy and other countries. Last year the clothing was valued at more than $290,000. Half of it was distributed in p a r i s h e a in Africa. Pope Paul also looked over layette sets for newborn babies donated by 800 school children from U.S. military families in the Frankfurt, Germany, area. Pope Paul is the third pon- tiff, after Plus XII and John XXIII, to make a special visit to the warehouse to acknow- ledge the generosity of U.S. Catholic women. The Holy Father was accom- panied May 12 by Msgr. Andrew P. Landi of the Brook- lyn diocese, director in Italy of Catholic Relief Services- National Catholic Welfare Con- ference, and Archbishop Angelo Del' Acqua, Substitute for Or- dinary Affairs at the Papal Secretariat of State. used by the laity and by many lay Religious. According to the terms of the Constitution on the Lit- urgy, the permission to use the English Office is to be given by individual bishops or Ordinaries -- and this may be done at once, now that the translations are appproved. This complex picture will soon be clear enough in prac- ilU i (a) Simple melodies for the or- dinary chants (Gloria, Creed, etc.); (b) musical settings for the psalms in English, accord- in to the Confraternity trans- lation adopted by the Bishops -- since the antiphons and verses sung at Mass are, for the most part, from the Book of Psalms. Fortunately, a fair number of settings for the ordinary or Mass Chanqes in Brief (N.C.W.C. News Service) Following is an outline showing in general the revised usage for the Mass: Service of the Word Prayer at foot of altar: Latin -- " . . . Introibo ad altare Dei. . ." Introit: English. Kyrie: English (priest and people alternating) "Lord, have mercy . . ." Gloria: English (priest and people together) -- "Glory to God in the highest... " Collect: Latin. Epistle: English (facing the people). Gradual: English. Gospel: English (facing the people). Homily: English. "Prayer of the Faithful" (when introduced): English. Creed: English (priest and people) -- "I believe in one God .... " Eucharistic Service Offertory hymn: English. Other offertory prayers, including "Orate, fratres," and Secret prayer: Latin. Preface: Latin -- "Vere dignum et justum est. . . " Sanctus: English (priest and people)- "Holy, holy, holy " All of the rest of the Canon: Latin. Lord's Prayer: English (priest and people)- "Our Father..." Agnus Dei: English (priest and people)- "Lamb of God ." Other prayers preceding the priest's Communion: Latin. Ecce Agnus Dei: English--"Behold the Lamb of God..." Domine, non sum dignus: English (priest and people) -- "Lord, I am not worthy..." Communion hymn: English. Postc0mmunion: Latin. Dismissal and final blessing: English. Last Gospel: Latin. Take the Family Out to Dine 73,787 Chinese in Philippines MANILA (NC) -- Chinese Catholics in the Philippines have reached an all-time high of 73,787 out of a total 325,000 Chinese now residing in the country. There are 29 missions scattered throughout the country serv- ing the Chinese Catholics. With these are 20 schools with an en- rollment of 9,762. Vicar General of Chinese communities is Spanish-born Bishop Juan Velasco, O.P., expelled Bishop of Amoy, China. GIFTS FROM KAUFER'S Complete $ 50 s.,..,,o. ROSARIES ..... . u, St. Joseph's, Maryknoll Missals ... Crucifixes . . . Medals end Chains . .. Graduation Cards. the KAUFER CO. 4th at STEWART MA 2-4173 also . . . 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