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Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 22, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 22, 1964

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J)07 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAIn 2-8880[ Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. Second.Class Mall Privileges AutborJzed at $eattJe, Wash. I President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. Rev. James H. Gandrau ................................... EdltorJMary Bresnahan ................................ Associate Editor PAGE 4 FRIDAY, MAY 22, 1964 - ff',atholics of the United States ought -, to feel a deep sense of gratitude Second Spring for the extensive use of English in the :. liturgy granted by the recent decree of the American Bishops. . However, it must be pointed out that the use of vernacular in offering , Mass and conferring sacraments is not an end in itself--it is only a beginning. It has been our contention that the real key to full understanding of : the rites of the Mass and participation therein, lies not so much in language (although this is important), but rather in sacred history. Until Chris- tians gain a firm and thorough grasp of the interrelationships between Old and New Testaments, for example, the ' world of understanding opened up by the vernacular will raise as many ques- tions as it solves. The epistles of St. Paul describing Moses as a prototype of Christ, referring  to the New Israel, the new exodus, etc., all of these references will continue to fall upon deaf ears unless our people .. are given thorough instruction in sacred history. Our Lord told the Jews that He came, ';.Z not to destroy the law or the prophets, :., but to fulfill them. Scriptural readings in the Mass refer often to the Old Law and to its perfection in the New. With- out a comprehension of what is con- tained in the first 45 Books of the Bible how can one appreciate the 27 books .... of fulfillment? Our people have been trained to V .study the Old and New Testaments :r,. admost as separate entities, not as a continued evolving of the Divine plan * of man's salvation. The beatitudes, the parables, the entire teachings of the ;" Gospels are impregnated with refer- r, ences to the Old Testament promises and their fulfillment. Seldom, if ever, does the average Catholic avert to these references when hearing the Sun. '' .day Epistle or Gospel. ' Now that much of the Mass will , be in English, the time is ripe for teach- , ing sacred history through the liturgy as was done in times past. But to ap- ; preciate the scriptural passages read at Mass, one must have some kind of syn- thesis of Christianity so that isolated passages form an integral part of sal- vation history. ]ortunately, scriptural scholars have l' kept pace with liturgical advances. The younger generation of Catholics is being taught sacred history as an inte- gral part of their religious training. It was in anticipation of this need for a deeper understanding of the Bible that The Progress used salvation history as the theme of its 1962 Christian Culture Series. It goes without saying that in the months to come, more and more em- phasis will be placed upon the study of the Bible and its total message of salvation  both in theological and popular religious magazines. Holy Mother the Church patterns her entire liturgical cycle upon the his- tory of man's salvation. She relives the Old Testament promises for a Messiah and the events that lead up to Christmas during Advent. She uses the Gospel stories to tell of the birth of Christ. The EpiphanymHis public life. She returns to the Old Testament during Lent, then combines the two in the great Easter Vigil, which some. have described at "a catechism of Christianity in miniature." he liturgy then goes on to' relive scriptural accounts of the Ascen- sion, Pentecost and the early Church, swinging back around to renew the cycle once again as Advent draws near. Need- less to say, the scriptural passages chosen for each season of the year are taken from the Old and New Testament read- ings which best describe it. Unfortunately, much of the rich- ness, beauty and solid instruction inher- ent in the liturgical cycle have been lost to many of the faithful w not only be- cause of a barrier of language, but also because of the barrier of ignorance. The present decree on the use of the vernacular at Mass ushers in a new spring for the Catholic Church. But spring is only the initiation of new life --much tilling and cultivating is ne- cessary if the fruit of Revelation is to mature and ripen in the Christian soul. It is to this great harvest that both liturgists and scriptural scholars must dedicate their time and talents in the months and years to come. Filibuster Puzzling By J, d, GILBERT begin to ring all over Capitol Hill, and solons AS H I N G T O N -- The filibuster start filing into the chamber. against the Civil Rights Bill played MEMBERS OF Congress dread to miss a roll to packed houses in its first days, but call, particularly where the bill being debated attendance very soon fell off until it is one as sensitive as Civil Rights. Opponents can use the absence against them back home at became normal for the time of year. Visitors to the U. S. Senate galleries who ex- election time. But a senator may be a consider- pected to see fireworks have been largely dis- able distance from the Senate chamber when a appointed, roll call starts and, with only 100 names for the What the galleryites have seen is a "genteel" clerk to call, he could be late. So, in the present filibuster. Neither side has been rough with the situation, it is agreed that each roll call will take other. The leadership, seeking to pass the bill, 20 minutes at least. With three or more roll calls has kept the Senate in session 10 and 12 hours a day, filibustering senators can get a total of a day, but never round the clock, nor on Sunday. an hour or more of refreshing respite. And sen- The leaders have felt that all-night sessions ators who disagree with them get a better could give the Senate a "circus atmosphere" and chance to answer to their names. probably would produce nothing tangible. MANY VISITORS seem to strain to hear. The This is not a one, or two-man filibuster, acoustics could be better; some senators are which sometimes can be ended by conducting hard to understand; most filibustering speakers exhausting, marathon sessions. This is a well- seem to fall into a monotonous monotone after a planned maneuver with manpower enough to while, and, what could be more confusing to the last indefinitely, spectators, the senator may not always seem to be speaking on Civil Rights. VISITORS HAVE been surprised to see so fev senators on the floor. There are usually Some visitors wonder why the Senate doesn't about a half-dozen. These will be the filibustering just stop the filibuster. speaker holding the floor, a colleague or two to To do so, the Senate would have to suspend give him breathing spells by asking him long t a rule and pat a lime limit on debate. This is statement-like questions, two "floor captains" called invoking eloture, and is not entirely popular in a deliberative body which prides it- appointed by the bi-partisan proponents of the self on the freedom members have to speak. bill to sit and watch at assigned hours, lest the Several years ago, when cloture was invoked opponents of the bill pull some parliamentary to halt a filibuster of the Communications Sat- trick play. Another senator or two may be com- ellite Bill, it was the first time in more than 30 ing0 r going.  years that it had been resorted to. Actually there is not much point in a sena- Both sides probably saw from the start that tor being on the floor in such a situation, it would take cloture to end the Civil Rights fill- unless he is involved in what is going on at buster. At the beginning of May only some 60 of the moment, He can transact more business the needed 67 votes (two-thirds of the member- in his office, ship) were available to support cloture. At that But several times a day, some one on the time, he proponents of the bill began to study floor, usually a filibustering senator, will "sug- amendments that could be introduced to pick up gust the absence of a quorum." At once bells a vote here, another there, for cloture. Ordination Prayer ear us, we beseech The, Lord our God, and pour out upon these Thy servants the blessing of the Holy Spirit and the power of priestly grace. Sustain them forever with the bounty of Thy gifts, whom we present to Thy mercy to be consecrated. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, who lives and reigns with Thee in the unity of the same Holy Spirit, God, for- ever and ever. Amen -- (Prayer from the rite of the ordination of a priest.) Senior Citizens Capable Editor, The Progress: For many years The Progress has played a vig- orous role in promoting, by stlggesting and encourag- ing but, above all, in making known the need of assistance in the area of social inadequacies. Now I'm suggesting another with an idea that migrt be, at least, a partial answer. I can speak with authority only on my own prob- lems but I've not the least doubt that there are many others like me. I need a place to live. I am a widow, mother of nine children, and disabled since 1952. But I am NOT helpless. It is important that I be in a situation where I can use the capabilities I do have. If not I will lose ground so much faster. I had hoped ! would be able to get in The Josephinum. I have much too much living to do to go into any kind of nurs- ing home. I don't need that kind of care or supervision. With all this in mind, I won- der if there might not be couples who may be retired but quite able-bodied or who have raised their families but still feel that they want to help so- ciety in some way or perhaps would appreciate some increase in income. I am not asking for charity because I exneet to pay for what I get. Nor would I be with anyone all the time, though I would like to have the permanence of a home. But I visit my sister and fam- ily for two or three weeks at a time. Also sDend as much as a month in Portland with our youngest daughter and her fam- ily, so far once a year. This will continue as long as I am able. If I could remain in the north or northeast section of Seattle, some of the help I need would be taken care of by my chil- dren. They have always been good to me and are not un- willing to take care of me but they must be able to live their , own lives. Specifics might vary but I'm sure there must be a lot of people in a comparable situa- tion. Mrs. J. M. Morris 932 llth Ave. E. Seattle Reprint Armreciated Editor, The Progress: Thank you for the reprint of Frank Wessling's article, "Is it Immature Love" in your May 15 issue. Mrs. Gertrude MeKay 702 N.W. 58th St., Seattle Decisions! TUDENTS who have had the benefit of a splendid Catholic educa- tion, with strong empha. sis on purity, faith and self-sacrifice, d e v e I o p very quickly into selfish, creedless, unpleasant individuals. To say that this is the end result of Catholic education or that it happens frequently, is ridicu- lous. But to say that it never happens is to be unrealistic. The question is, when it does happen, what is the cause? THE PLAIN fact of the mat- ter simply is that in certain surroundings it is quite easy to be good. So the student fol- lows the line of least resist- ance. He goes to Mass when it causes little trouble to go, and when it might cause a lot of trouble if he were to stay away. Actually religion to be solid and enduring demands a good deal of strength on the part of an individual. It would be idle of course to interfere deliber- ately with virtue and make its practice difficult, merely to build up strength of character. Then, too, we must face the fact that we can do things in a g r o u p which through habit grown weak, we find it almost impossible to do. WHAT WILL Catholic Edu- cation do for us? It will give us ideals, and it will give us objectives. And for a time it may enable us to function in congenial surroundings which are the natural habitat of vir- tue. But we must make our own decisions with courage and con- centration and the determina- tion to stand up against oppo- sition. Training m decision. making is a difficult undertak- ing. IF WE examine those who have persevered in the practice of religion we discover that they have done so by the exer- cise of strong decisions, and we find that those who lapse frequently, do so through lazi- ness, flabbiness and the refusal to deeide.--Walter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. The Outlook Is, In Truth, Gloomy By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S. AY Craig, a veteran Washington correspondent, h a d s o m e wie words to say which we are privileged to pass on to our readers. She contributed her observations on the moral scene to the Portland, Maine, Sunday Telegram. We picked them up from U.S. News and World Report. "Unless there is a change, deep down, in the American people," she noted soberly and exactly, "then we are witnesses to the decline and fall of the American Republic." OF COURSE few want to heed words like these. But the very term "Cassandra," which is so often used to characterize gloomy proph. ets, meant originally a mythical character in Trojan times who was ignored by her people. However she always foretold the truth. So it is with May Craig just now, as she casts a glance at past history and present realities. "Death on highways, a pack a day, cheat- ing from toP to bottom in our society, got rich quick, break-up of the family, faltering in foreign policy, reckless debt--these have destroyed nations before us. Why should we think we can take that path and change history?" OF COURSE, as she herself confesses, "It is unpleasant to think of unpleasant things" so we ignore what is really going on. We shut our eyes to the facts. We look on Khrushchev as our friend. We sell him wheat to help him hide the fact that Communism cannot feed its hungry people. We try to laugh off our bungling in Cuba which has become an island for the subversion of Latin Americans. We set up pseudo-democracies through United Nations meddling and let native dictators manipulate them against us. We seri- ously contemplate admitting Red China into the so-called United Nations. We sign treaties with anyone who will flash a vacuous grin at us. We lose the wars in Asia. But we keep up our imbecilic compla- cency. "Why should we think we can take that path and change history?" Liturgy, Shock To Conscience By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. N his May 8 column in the New York Times, James Reston asked: "How do you arouse the conscience of a fabu- lously rich nation about the poor ;-- especially when most of the people don't see the worst of the poverty?" Reston described his air flight over Appala- chia when President Johnson and his party flew over the impoverished section. On the plane Reston read about the national economic boom while five PanAm stewardesses "were offering us enough food and drink to keep an Appalachian village going for a month." He said that the whole anti-poverty campaign seemed, under these circumstances, very remote. The plane flew so high that its occupants could not feel "the pinch of poverty." HOW TO ROUSE the conscience of a whole nation? That same question baffles us in the. problem of helping the Negro won a recognition of his God-given rights. How to awaken con- science is a question that keeps nagging at us in a hundred different forms. For instance, the cold indifference of the public to the plight of victims of crime has been spotlighted by a num- ber of recent incidents around New York. In one ease, 40 bystanders watched an at- tack on a young woman in daylight without budging one inch to help her. In another case, 38 persons looked out their windows one night at a prowler who molested a woman for a half- hour before killing her: not one of the 38 even phoned the police. In brief, the public's con- science seems to be in a deep coma. WHAT'S THE answer? I feel that the prob- lem insofar as it pertains to Protestants and Jews is different from the problems as it affects Catholics. So I speak here only of the conscience of Catholics and especially those who are tone- deaf to Catholic teaching on civil rights. Why has it happened that Mass-going Cath- olios can be found voting a large numbers for Governor Wallace? May it not be that they have been going to Mass and looking at Divine worship as a purely private affair between themselves and God--with the neighbor "out in the cold" or to vary the figure--out cold like the man left half-dead on the road to Jericho and passed without notice by holy men? THE NEW Liturgical Constitution requires that Divine worship henceforth be primarily worship in which the Catholic becomes keenly aware not only of God's presence but also of others and their needs. The Constitution (If[, 26) says that liturgical services "are not private functions but are celebrations of the Church, which is the sacrament of unity . . ." This sense of the needs of others will be stressed in particular fashion in the "prayer of the faithful," which will be restored after many years of disuse to the structure of the Mass. The Liturgical Constitution says of this prayer: "By this prayer, in which the people are to take part, intercession will be made for the Holy Church, for the civil authorities, for those oppressed by various needs, for all mankind, and for the salvation of the entire world" (II,53). The secular humanists claim that you can have morality without religion, and oftentimes they do haven concern for social justice that: puts religious people to shame. But these lat- ter are people who have a very faulty concept of religion. They think of religion as worship of God in the privacy of the soul. TRUE LITURGICAL worship, on the other hand, reminds the worshipper that genuine love of God goes first up to God, then comes down to earth bearing gifts for all of God's children. In one sense the Mass gives peace of mind to ,d& the worshipper but in a higher and holier sense, it rouses conscience and makes it mighty un- comfortable about the troubles of God's children. God's World: The 0 Aged Parent By REV. LEO J. TRESE A READER has written to ask guid- ance on a problem which is fairly common in our day. It is the problem of the aged parent in the home of a son or daughter. A daughter writes that her mother, in her 70's, has been crippled by a stroke. She is not confined to bed but must have assistance in all that she does. In addition to caring for her mother, the daughter must minister to needs of her husband and five young and active children. The daugh- ter is finding the task to be more than she can cope with and feels she is on the verge of a breakdown. What should she do? IT IS DANGEROUS to offer off-the-cuff ad- vice in this matter. Each such case is an in- dividual problem with ramifications which need careful consideration. This lady, and any others with a similar problem, would do well to seek guidance from a family counselor at the local Catholic Charities office. However. it does seem obvious that this correspondent should place her mother in a nursing home. The lady's first duty is to her husband and children. This does not mean that she has no re- sponsibility to her mother. The fourth com- mandment obliges Us to assist our parents in their time of need to the full extent of our ability. However, the fourth commandment does not bind us to the personal care of an afflicted parent if that care conflicts with other duties which have precedence. # SOMETIMES, in such situations, there is a financial obstacle. Nursing homes are expensive. Homes for the aged poor, conducted by Sisters, usually have long waiting lists. If family re- sources are limited, it may mean turning to the County authorities for financial assistance in the placement of the parent. If this is necessary, false shame should not be allowed to stand in the way. It is our own taxes which maintain State and County social services. For many sons and daughters the problem is one of conscience rather than of money. Usually when an aged parent becomes a burden it is largely because the parent's mental facul- ties have become impaired by a stroke or by the onset of senility. Consequently the parent is un- able to see the situation in true perspective. THE ONLY solution to the dilemma is an attitude of firmness. First of all there must be ,m firmness with the parent, insisting that she or he accept placement in a home for the aged or the chronically ill. The firmness must be tem- pered with gentleness and compassion, but it must be proof against the parent's silent or verbal reproaches. Then there must be firmness with one's own conscience. There is no least shade of sin attached to placing one's parent in an approved institution where the parent will have competent care. IF' ] God knows the problem and the poignant necessity for this solution. It will he His judg- ment, and not the parent's, which wilt prevail.