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May 22, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 22, 1964

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,' /# Effective Later in Year U.S. Bishops Decide on 00:nglish in Much of Mass m m NEW YORK (NC) The Bishops of the United States have decreed the extensive use of English in the Mass in order to promote the Church's avowed goal of leading all the people to "that full, conscious, and active participation in liturgical celebrations which . . . is their right and duty." Announcement of the action was made here by Francis Car- dinal Spellman of New York, ranking member of the Amer- ican Bishop's conference which adopted the decrees. English is expected to come into use throughout the coun- try at a date to he established by the episcopate, presum- ably before the end of this year. The Bishops' decisions, adopted at a full meeting of the American Hierarchy in Washington April 2, have now been confirmed by the Holy See. They consist of two sep- arate decrees, one spelling out the parts of the liturgy that are to become English, the other certifying the various English texts to be used. Confirmation was given by the new commission for im- plementing t h e ecumenical council's Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy in a document signed by its chairman, Gia- como Cardinal Lercaro of Bologna, and dated May 1. The commission document was sent to Cardinal Spellman. It covers beth sung and recited Masses and other liturgical ,services. The American Bishops' de- crees provide that English may replace Latin for the lessons of the Mass -- the Epistle and Gospel and the other readings which some- times precede the Epistle-- and that they are to be pro- claimed facing the people in- stead of the altar. English is also to be used in the parts of the Ordinary of the Mass which pertains to the people, such as the Eyrie, Gloria, Creed, Sanctus, Lord's Prayer--together with its in- troduction-and the Agnus Def. The Ecee Agnus Dei and the triple Domine, non sum dignus before the Communion of the faithful are also to be in Eng- lish. The same is true of the "common prayer"--the invoca- tions of the faithful which the Liturgy Constitution provides for after the Gospel and ser- mon. The parts of the Proper of the Mass to be in English in addition to the lessons are the Introit, Gradual (and its sub- stitutes), Offertory and Com- munion anthem. The various salutations and dialogue for- mulas-such as "The Lord be with you./And with your spir- it."--are also to be in English. The initial prayers at the foot of the altar remain in Latin, as does the Collect. Except for the Sanetus-Booe- dictus, all the Canon of the Mass remains in Latin, in- cluding' the Preface. The use of English is pro- vided for in all of rites for the administration of the sacra- ments, except Holy Orders. The same holds true for sac- ramentals. The new decrees also provide that wherever the local bishop decides that "the true and cer- tain necessity of the Church requires it," vernacular lan- guages other than English may be permitted for the liturgy. Thus Spanish-speaking commu- nities, for instance, could have the liturgy in their own tongue in the United States. This pro- vision stipulates that the parts of the Mass which remain in Latin in the "English" Mass do so in other languages as well. The texts to be used are those approved by a national bish- ops' conference of the same language. The Bishops at their April meeting agreed on uniform texts for the use of English, and these texts too have been confirmed by the Holy See's new liturgical commission. The dates for the English use to go into effect are contingent on the time needed by publishing firms to prepare standard edi- tions of altar missals and rituals. The ritual for the admin. istration of the sacraments and various blessings in Eng- lish is expected to be ready by early fall. But the altar missals, being more complex, might not be ready until per- haps November. The English texts are to he made public after the Bishops decide on the exact time of their in- troduction. While missals for altar use are to be rushed for publica- tion, hand missals for use of the people in general are not to be issued with the new Eng- lish texts. This is because the changes are of a transitional nature. The Holy See's new liturgical commission is charged with the extensive re- vision of Mass texts and rites, and when its reformed litur- gical books are issued--prob- ably within a decade -- new English translations will be re- quired. And in the meantime, b i s h o p s from nine English- speaking nations are at work preparing for a common text for use throughout the English- speaking world. In the meantime, however, the English texts adopted by the American Bishops for the Ordinary of the Mass are to be made available to the people on cards, leaflets and missal inserts. The new trauslations are un- derstood to adhere to the mod- ern English patterns set by the Confraternity of Christian Doc- trine version of the Old Testa- ment and by the 1961 American ritual book. These in general eliminate the archaic second person singular pronoun and verb forms, replacing Thou and Thee with You. The decrees provide that the Scriptural readings of the Mass be taken from the version translated from the original languages by members of the Catholic Biblical Association of America and sponsored by the Episcopal Committee of the Confraternity of Christian Doc- trine. These include texts which have not yet been published, as well as older ones in the standard Confraternity Bible texts. The laity, as well as individ- ual priests and Religious who obtain permission to recite the Divine Office in English, con choose from two existing trans- lations of the Office. One is "The Hours of the Divine Of- fice in English and Latin," published by the Liturgical Press, Collegeville, Minn., and the other the "Roman Breviary in English," published by Ben- ziger Brothers, New York. The Roman commission in approving the American Bish- ops' decrees stated that the use of the mother tongue is permitted for both recited and sung liturgical services. It stipulated that in line with the Liturgy Constitution (Art. 22, 2) the melodies of litur- gical texts which may be sung in English must be ap- proved by the American Bishops. The draft texts for the Amer- ican Hierarchy's decrees on the use of English were prepared by the Bishops' Commission on the Liturgical Apostolate with the advice of other liturgical and Scrintoral scholars. Headed by Archbishop John F. Dear- den of Detroit as chairman, the commission also includes Arch. bishop Paul J'. Hallinan of At- lanta; Bishop Vincent S. Wat- ers of Raleigh, N.C.; and Bishop Victor J. Reed of Okla- homa City and Tulsa. Auxiliary Bishop James H. Griffiths of New York, who died on Feb. 24, was also a member. Archbishop Hallinan of At- lanta is also one of the 42 members of the pestconeiHar liturgical commission headed by Cardinal Lercaro. The only other American serving on that body is Joseph Car- dinal Rittor of St. Louis. The introduction of English does not mean that Latin is to be forgotten in the Church in the United States. The Bishops in their initial decree conceding the extensive use of English stated that "nevertheless steps should be taken so that the faithful may also be able to say or to sing in Latin those parts of the Ordinary of the Mass which pertain to them." (REV. FREDERICK Mcl. US ASSESSES EFFECT OF U. S. BISHOPS DECREE, Page 1O) 0 ,e : e ' e ' r0' ( e '! /e) SIX PRIESTS TO MARK SILVER JUBILEES PAGE 2 Pope Establishes Secretariat For Non-Christians By James C. O'Neill VATICAN CITY (NC)Pope Paul VI chose the feast of Pentecost to announce to the world that he has decided to set up a secretariat for non-Christians somewhat similar to that established by Pope John XXIII to deal with relations between Roman Catholics and other Christians. Pope Paul's revelation came almost at the end of a lengthy sermon on the significance of the catholicity of the Church. He was speaking in St. Peter's before 20 cardinals, more than 6,000 seminarians studying in Rome, and thousands of other pilgrims. Among the cardinals present were Laurian Cardinal Rugambwa of Bukoba, Tanganyika, and Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski of Warsaw. In the course of his address, the Pope defined true catholicity as transcending all differences, so that "every na- tionalism is merged in the good of the world community, every form of racism is condemned, every form of totalitarianism is revealed in its inhumanity." The Bishop of Rome 'de- livered his sermon during the solemn Mass of Pentecost May 17. He developed the theme of the Church's ca- tholicity and its efforts to "bring closer together, even through s i m p I y contacts, those who belong to other religions." Among the efforts he cited were the ecumenical council Senior Chaplain Given Kennedy Chaplain FORT BLISS, Tex (NC)--A chalice inscribed by Mrs. John F. Kennedy has been presented here to Rev. Lasalle E. Lenk, O.F.M. Cony., senior chaplain at the Army Air Defense School at Fort Bliss in honor of the Knights of Columbus chapter which bad donated the chalice in memory of the late presi- dent. Father Lenk, an Army major, received the chalice from Bishop Sidney M. Metzger of El Paso. The gift is customary upon the death of a fourth de- gree member of the K. of C. The inscription on the chalice reads: "Presented to Sir Knight Rev. Lasalle E. Lenk, O.F.M. Cony., by the Cristo Bey As- sembly, Knights of Columbus, El Paso, Texas, 1964, in mem- ory of Sir Knight John F. Ken- nedy, President of the United States of America, 1961-1963, as directed by his wife, Jacque- line." and the establishment of the secretariat for P r o m o t i n g Christian Unity. In connection with these ef- forts, Pope Paul stated that he wanted to announce that "we shall institute shortly here in Rome the secretariat for non- Christians, an organ which will have very different functions but the same structure as that for the separated Christians." The Pope went on to reveal that the head of the new sec- retariat was to be Peele Car- dinal Marella -- "the cardinal archpriest of this basilica (St. Peter's), who in addition to the wisdom and virtue which make him dear to and venerated by the Roman Church, has a rare competence in the field of re- ligious ethnography." Cardinal Marella, 69, is a veteran papal diplomat who served as Apostolic Delegate to Japan for 15 years and be- came an expert on Shinto. He has also headed papal missions ifi Australia and France, and served from 1924 to 1933 at the Apostolic Delegation in Wash- ington. He was in the spotlight in April when he went to New York as papal legate for the opening of the Vatican pavil- ion at the world's fair, Pope Paul in his address went on to say that by his tak- ing these steps, "no pilgrim, however far geographically or religiously may be the country from which he comes, will any longer be wholly a foreigner in this Rome which is still faithful today to the historic role which the Catholic faith assigns to it --that of the 'patria communis' ' (common fatherland)." - " .a _ Ordin fion Rites For S,x Deacons " Set For May 23 Official Newspaper for the Archdiocese of Seattle 7,;of., w* "Let those who are to be ordained to the order Vol.67--No.' 21 41 Seaftle, Wash., Friday, May 22, 1964 $4.00 per yearlOc per copy PROVIDE NEEDED HOME: Foster Parents Care for Nine POSING AROUND a "deluxe" playhouse in their yard are Mr. and Mrs. Lynford Stein of 269 S. 171st St., and their nine adopted and foster children. From left are Timmy, 6; Peggy, 16; Sharon, 14; Lance, 3; Debbie, 8; Lynn Ann, 5; Lane, 1; Mrs. Stein holding Rita, 1, and Mike, 9, standing in front of Mr. Stein. For more information on the stein family, see page 3. Foster parents give homes to children of the priesthood come forward." Thus will the Very' Rev. Denis D. Foudy, S.S., rector of St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary, summon six young deacons to answer "The Call" that he may present them to His Excellency, the Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle, in ordi- nation ceremonies Saturday morning in St. James Cathedral. The Most Reverend Archbishop will be assisted by Father Foudy as Archpriest in the solemn and im- pressive rites beginning at 8 a.m. The Rev. Justin E. Knuff, S.S., and the Roy. William Morris, S.S., will be chaplains to the Archbishop, and Rev. John Thirlkel, S.S., will be master of ceremonies. Dressed in amice, alb, vine- ture, maniple and stole, these Headlines and deacons will step forward as called: Rev. Mr. Donald Ray- Deadlines: mend Espon, Rev. Mr. Luster :)a'me Jerome MeCleskey; Jr., and Names, Old Problems Rev. Mr. John Frands Retch, all from St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary, K n m o r e, Wash.; Rev. Mr. Terence Wager and Rev. Mr. Albert DeWilde, from St. Martin's Abbey, Lacey; and Rev. Mr. Kenneth A. Requa from Holy Cross Novitiate, St. Joseph's HaIL Notre Dame, Indiana. Each ia turn will answer, "Adsum" ("Present") n d will go before the altar and kneel while holding a lighted candle in his right band and carrying on his left arm a folded chasuble. After y e a r s of extensive prayer, study and sacrifice the indelible character Of the priest- hood will be impressed by Archbishop Connolly on their souls and for all eternity they shall be priests "according to the order of Melchisedech." Chaplains for the priests at under the care of the Catholic Children's Services. Some ordination are: Rev. Martin M. 350 foster parents will be given a "day off" cruise and Doanelly, O.P., for Rev. Mr. sight-seeing trip to Victoria, B.C., June 6 aboard a Cana- Espen; Rev. John McCorkle, dian Pacific Princess liner. May 31 to June 6 has been S.S., for Rev. Mr. McCloskey; designated "Foster Parents' Week" by the Most Reverend Rev. John A. Walsh, for Rev. Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle. Mr. Reach; and Rev. William E. Gallagher for Rev. Mr. Requa. 91,000 KLANSMEN IN AREA: Plans for their first solemn Masses have been announced by the young priests-to-be as follows: Catholics Feel K.K.K. Pressure ., Mr. Espen JACKSON, Miss.  root center of what we call use religion as a camouflage The circular suggests that The Rev. Mr. Raymond H. Catholics in Mississippi 'Communism' today." for their integration activity. Catholic churches and schools Espen, son of Mr. and Mrs. Two publicaiions, one of them This misuse of Christianity is have become infiltrated by Raymond H. Espen, 5615 llth are b e g i n n i n g to feel Catholic, have felt the sting of time worn and in extremely Communists, and asks: N.E., Seattle, will celebrate his greater pressure applied klan anger in recent weeks, poor taste..." "Are you, as responsible first solemn Mass at 9:30 a.m. by the revived and new- The G r e e n w o o d Common- Appended to the comments religious people, going to el- Sunday, May 24, in St. Patrick's wealth, a secular paper, was was a list of white merchants low y o u r Church, your ly-militant Ku Klux Klan in assailed after its editor corn- who have advertised in the Church property and your Church, Seattle. this state, mented unfavorably on a series Center Light. At least one of Church leaders to be used by (Continued on Page 2) Klansmen now number 91,000 of klan cross burnings in 64 them has since dropped his the Communist conspiracy in here and are advertising for Mississippi counties. A printed advertising because of pres- their fight to destroy all reli- my @e N. K, Ph.D. As one scans the world news, the headlines seem to have been written last week, or last month, or evea a year ago. The same place names recur in current events. This is because they mostly concern the same old problem --the onward drive of Commu- nist aggression and the diffi. culties met in coping with it. Two well-recognized aspects d t h i s phenomenon appeared again when the Communists released two more U.S. fliers and the U.S. Embassy in Mos- cow disclosed that its walls had ears. There was .much rejoicing Saturday when the North Ko- rean Reds banded over two American army helicopter pi- lots who were shot down exact. ly one year earlier as they were patrolling the truce zone and apparently strayed unknowing- ly across the border. Not much satisfaction can be derived, however, from the fact that in return for the release the tiN command ae- Imowledgod in a signed re- eaipt that the pilots bad been engaged in espmnage, as the Reds had charged and for which they held the men cap- five. The other item with a fam. inr refrain was the disclosure that a network of more than 40 microphones had been found embedded in the structural walls of the U.S. Embassy building in Moscow. Apparent- ly they had been placed there shortly before American occu. pancy in 1953. These bits of news are nei- (Continued on Page 5) more native-born, white candi, circular issued by an anony- sure from white citizens, gions?" Cites Need For Private 13/Feature of Summer dates tojointheirorganization, mous "local civic group" at- In Natchez, Miss., many In answer to this circular, Excluded from membership are tacked the paper for its failure Catholics received an anony- Msgr. Thomas Fullam, rector Catholics, Jews, "Turks, Men. to "stand with Mississippians." mous circular signed by the of the Cathedral of Our Lady And Public Welfare Aid Schools Cincinnati gels, Tartars, Orientals, The same circular attacked "Adams County Committee of Sorrows in Natchez, declared '@) ,n Negroes, or any other person the Center Light, a publica- for Religious Integrity" which in his Sunday bulletin that the CINCINNATI (NC) The Cincinnati archdio- cese will make television a feature of its religious instruction schools this summer for children who will be denied first grade in Cath- / olic schools next September. The archdiocese, wbo has dosed all parish school first grades in an economy move, will beam a daily 20-minute lesson for pupils and a second '20-minute session for teachers. The programs, to be picked up by TV receivers in class- rooms, will be broadcast over WCET-TV, a noncommercial, educational station here. The program for teachers will come at the conclusion of morning classes and help them prepare for the next day's lesson. The schools will operate June 15 to 30 and August 17 to September 4. Supervision of the TV courses will be in the hands of the Mission Helpers of the Sacred Heart under sponsorship of the Archdio- cesan Catechetical Office. whose native background of culture is foreign to the Anglo- Saxon system of government by responsible, free, individual citizens." According to a klan circu- lar, Catholics are excluded because "they bow to a Roman dictator, in direct vio- lation of the First Command- ment, and the true American spirit of responsible, individ- ual liberty." tion of the St. Francis Center in Greenwood. The center is operated by Pax Christi, a group of laywomen who work with Negroes. The circular declared that "this so-called newspaper is nothing but racial agitation in its rankest form. Its sole pur- pose is to extol Negro candi- dates for public office and to announce integrated social af- fairs and report on their suc- Jews are similarly not ac-. cuss." ceptable "because they reject The klan circular continued: Christ, and through the new "It comes as no surprise that machinations of their interne- this group of people, who are tional banking cartel, are at the responsible for this publication, contained an attack on two charges are "full of inaccura- priests associated with the civil cies and malicious insinua. rights movement, tions." [ ... In Today's Progress [ Six Priests Mark Jubilees ...................................... 2 538 Adults Confirmed ........................................... $ Second Spring (Editorial) ...................................... 4 Another Exposition on Laymen's Role ......................... 5 Josephinam Manager, Colonel Primeau, Retires ............... 6 In the Merry Month of May ................................... 7 "Our" Five Schools Make State Track Meets .................. 8 Expert Assesses Liturgical Decree ............................ 1O VATICAN CITY (lqC) Pope Paul VI has caution- ed public welfare organb zations f r o m crowding private initiative and per- sonal responsibility out of the field of organized charity and assistance. The Pope received May 15 members of the Seventh Con- gress of Italian Welfare Or- ganizations and praised their work aimed at "helping, pre- venting and healing suffering of all kinds, but mainly physi- cal and economic, among the weakest members of society." Welfare work, the Pope said, "is a reflection of that supreme hw of charity which was brought to the world by the Gospel." He added that the increase of agencies dedicated to pub- lic welfare was to be regarded as a "good omen for social unity and general peace. It comes to healthe wounds of conflict still to be felt and feared, and to convince all that it is not hatred, revolutions, wars and selfishness the world needs, but providential and brotherly love."