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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
May 10, 1901     Catholic Northwest Progress
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May 10, 1901

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Cb 00albOil Pro00r$$ WEEKLY. Sanctioned by lllshop O'Dea. Established March, 1899. Devoled to the propagation of Catholic precepts and the gathering of Catholic Daws. Official organ of the Northwestern Juris- diction of the Young Men's Institute. T. J. IVERS, A. J. HOOKMYER. publish- ore and proprietors. By the year, $1.00. By ,the copy, 50. News matter is solicited. Matter for blicatlon should reach the editor by edneaday of each week to insure pub- llcatlon on the following Friday. We do not hold ourselves responsible for ny views or opinions expressed In the com- munications of our correspondents. There- fore, whatever is intended for publication must be accompanied by the name of the rlter, not necessarily for publication, but t8 a guarantee of gond faith. Printed at 1041/j Washington Street. It 1 M 1TTANCES. Remittances should be made by post- office or express money orders, drafts or reg- istered letters and made payable to The Progrels Publishing Company Subscribers removing from one place to another, and desiring papers changed, Mlould always give former as well as pres- ant address. NOTICE. No one lm authorized to collect money for subscriptions or advertisements or to 8elicit for the same without showing a written power of attorney, signed by the editor. Advertising rtee will be given on p- pllcatlon. The Catolie Progress le printed and JKmbliehed every Friday by The Progreu Publishing Company. i POPE LEO ON THE CATHOLIC PRESS. A Catholic newspaper m a parish le a rpetual mission Let all who truly and from their souls desire that religion and society defended by human intellect and literature should flourish, strive by their liberality to guard and protect the Cath- olic press, and let every one In proportions to his Income support them with his money and Influence, for to those who devote themselveg to the Catholic press we ought by all meanJ to bring helps of this kind without which their industry will either leave no remJIts or uncertain and mlner- ble ones POPE LEO XllI. RISHOP O'DEA'S ENDORSEMENT OF THE CATHOLIC PROGRESS. "The (Catholic) Progress has Seffuu grand work fraught with the great- eat good. May it continue under the prop- er guidance, remain within the natural llm- it ,end without sacrifice of the identity of Cthulle teaching, feeling and opinion, and i it will prove apowerful factor for good. oth for the Y. M. 1. and the whole church @( the great Northwest. "EDWARD J. O'DEA, "Bishop of Neequally." FALSE RUMOR CORRECTED. The Roman correspondent of the London Times sometimes has a dull day and amuses himself by sending out reports that startle the world. On that Leo XIII has made a will, and in it appoints Cardinal Rampolla his successor. If the correspondent has the good fortune to outlive the Pope he will see the errror of his state- ment. A conclave of Cardinals will elect a successor to Leo in the good .old way--by ballot. : !: "'PRIEST-RIDDEN" CATHOLIC8. The epithet "priest-ridden," in the sense that the number of priests is altogether out of proportion to the pi number of communicants, is some- times employed by Protestants of va- "- rious denominations in refence to the Catholic Church. From statistics, however, as from battle, there is no appeal, and a brief consideration of ilii!i the facts and figures which we are i about to set out will show that where- as the applicatiem of the term "priest- ridden" is altogether unjustified, the epithet "minister-ridden" is one which can with perfect justice and propriety be employed as descriptive of the state of' things which prevails in the :1 different Protestant communions. Regarding the United States, the i facts are vouched for by a leading Protestant weekly journal, and there can therefore, be no reason to doubt their accuracy. "From the elaborate stalistics of the various Christian de- !i .nominations published," remarks the journal from which we quote, "we gather the result that the adjective :. :.. 'priest-ridden' attaches not to Cath- ..... : lics, but in its fullest sense to Pro .,': :. (/mstant denominations. These very ! statistics show Catholic that the 4)riests have the largest parishes, and / .,the,, Baptists the smallest; that the   Methodists have four times as many ' churches and three times as many I ministers; the Baptists nearly five 'times as many ministers as there are Catholic priests in the country, al- though they have little more than one - ,.half the communicants. The result is that there are only ninety Baptists on an average to one of the churches; 110 Methodists to each of their con- gregations, while the average number Cthollcs to one church is not less  than 767."--Exchange. PHILIPPINE MOSAICSNO. 2. The of tbuse has been by the wess in condemna- Spain for her methods of gov- In h(:!]' (!o[onia] )ossessions. THE CATHOLIC PROGRESS. No epithets were too vile, no language too strong to characterize her alleged crimes against the people wires we have since taken umler our protec- tion. Since assuming this responsibility, we have learned many important things, notably that the pathway of imperialism is not strewn with roses --and that the Spaniard and his meth- ods of government were not so black as they were painted. Spain was in the Philippines nearly four hundred years. We have been there less than three years; yet lis- ten to what George Kennan tells of the sentiments we have inspired in the people of the islands, and o the atrocities that have been committed by Americans in the name of the gov- ernment of the United States: "That we have inspired a consider- able part of the Philippine population with a feeling of intense hostility to- ward us, and given them reason for deep-seated and implacable resent- ment, there can be no doubt. We have offered them many verbal assurances of benevolent intention; but, at the same time, we have killed their un- resisting wounded; we hold fifteen hundred or two thousand of them in prison; we have established at Guam a penal colony for their leaders; and we are now resorting, directly or indi- rectly, to old Spanish inquisitorial methods, such as the "water torture," in order to compel silent prisoners to speak or reluctant witnesses to testi- fy. That the present generation of i Filipinos will forget these things is hardly to be expected. "The most noticeable tendency that has manifested itself in the progress of the war is a tendency toward great- er severity--not to say cruelty--in our dealings with the natives. There is a good deal of evidence to show that, if we did not kill unresisting Filipi- no prisoners and wounded in the be- gining, wc have come to it at last. Soldiers Just back from the islands do not hesitate to admit the bayoneting of the wounded, and their admission has strong confirmation in the official reports of generals in the field. "For the practice of torture in the Philippines there is no excuse what- ever; and yet that we have sanction- ed, if not directly employed, the "wa- ter torture," as a means of extorting information from the natives, seems certain. Ti, na,:is  ;e .... m torture ,; water, throughout tile islands, as a means of obtaining information; but they used it sparingly, and only when it appeared evident that the victim was culpable. Americans seldom do things by halves. We come here and announce our intention of freeing the people from three or four hundred years of oppression, and say 'we are strong, and powerful, and grand. Then to resort to inquisitorial methods, and use them without discrimination, is unworthy of us, and will recoil on us as a nation. "It is painful and 'humiliating to have to confess that in some of our dealings with the Filipinos we seem t(, be following more or less closely the example of Spain. We have es- tablished a penal colony; we burn na- tive villages near which there has been an ambush or an attack lty in- surgent guerrillas; we kill the wound- ed; we resort to torture as a means of obtaining information; and in pri vate letters from two officers of the regular army in the Philippines I find the prediction that in certain prov- inces we shall probably have to resort to the method of reconcentration prac- ticed by General Weyler in Cuba. ,'Was there ever a stranger lllustra. tion of the Irony of fate than that presented by such a situation as ours?" A.M.J. The Rev. Justin D. Fulton, a Bap- tist minister of New England, and a virulent defamer of the Cathollc church and her clergy, is dead.. Need- less to remark, the church still lives. $ #$ , CURRENT TOPICS. The pious souls of the Protestanl l:reachers in Manila are sorely vexed concerning the announcement of cock- fghting to which, it seems, the unre- generate people of that benighted land are much addicted, and they have pe- titioned General MacArthur to have it abolished. Well, it may be a cruel sport which were better done away with, but those reverend gentlemen did not have to go to far Manila to find barbarous sports freely patron- ized. What about the noble art of slugging, so popular in the United States? to say nothing of coursing, where fleet hounds are trained to run dewn'and kill timid hares; also the shooting tot, rnaments where live birds are slaughtered by the thou- sands for tile an)usement of the spec- tators and to )rove the skill of the marksmen. Even our national game of football has its cruel shadows and its barbarous features inseparably (onnccted with it. But, after all, it was not so much it_ the interest of the fighting birds or the morals of the Filipinos that they have moved to abolish the prac- tice of cock-fighting, as in the follow- ing out of their own meddlesome iu- stincts. They are the legitimate successors of those zealous English Puritans who objected to bull fghts, "not," as a wit' of the time said, "because it gave pain to the animals, but because it gave pleasure to the people." If those sham reformers would first remove the beam from their own eyes, they would be better able to descern the mote in their neighbor's optics. Archbishop Ireland's eloquent ser- mon at the investiture of Archbishop Keane, was replete with beautiful, forceful, and pertinent sentiments. Regarding the necessity of education, i he says: "Intelligence is power; in- telligence means influence; it means victory. If Catholics are to rise to positions of distinction; if they are to be something more than herds of voters, if they are to elevate them- selves and honor their church, they must be educated. We shall multiply Catholic schools and colleges; but this is not enough. 1 ask, is due care tak- en to instruct in their religion the legions of children who, for one rea- son or another, do not attend Catholic schools and colleges? The neglect of those children will be a terrible mis- fortune for the church. * * * The need of the hour is solid instruction ir the great dogmas and moral prin- ciples of the Catholic religion." But we suspect his grace's well- known political proclivities influence lis judgment when he said regarding discrimination against Catholics by the federal government: "I have not known a case where a reasonable ap- peal was not courteously heard and in due time answered; and I believe it is the sincere will of public men and citi- zens generally to give to all classes of Americans their just rights." His Grace overlooks the crying injustice done to the Catholic Indian missions, where argument and appeal have been constantly ignored; the injustice to Catholic marines and soldiers in de- pr!vi;g ':L' "n of the i dstraLions o; their religion; the marked affront to the whole Catholic body in not ap- pointing a Catholic to any position of honor or emolument in our new possessions whose entire peoplb are Catholic. ls it an accident, that the twelve millions of Catholics in this country have a representation of scarce baker's dozen in the halls of congress at Washington; and is it merely an accident that there is not a state in the Union which has a Catholic for its governor? It is not for the want of men of our faith capable of filling the position, but the shrewd leaders of both tile. great parties know too well that it would be only inviting de- feat to put a Catholic in nomination for the office. We may deplore the fact that such ignorant prejudices ex- ist, and we owe it to ourselves to labor constantly to dispel them, but to deny their existence, would be to contradict our own knowledge and ex- perience. This is the one dissonant note struck in this admirable address The following words of wisdom should be an inspiration to all who hope t see the church take vigorous root and flourish in this, our country: "Let us not forget that our Catholic people are a part of the American na- tion, dividing with their fellow-cir. zens the responsibilities of the public weal, and that they are at the bar of public opinion,' judged more by their citizenship and outward life than by what happens in their homes or in their churches. Without the good will and the esteem of their fellow-citizens, Catholics may not hope that many will come to the knowledge of the true faith or that the church will be in the enjoyment of the public respect and outward dignity to which for Christ's sake she would aspire. "Let no effort be spared that the spiritual life dispensed from the sane- tuaries of our temples flow in abun- dant rivulets into the outward life of our people. Let us emphasize for Catholics the importance of the great social virtues of truthfulness, temper- ance, honesty in business, purity of morals, observance of laws. Let Catholics take deepest interest in the affairs of city, state and nation; be most vigilant trdians of the public )ublic weal and most loyal to its pur- )oses in then" use of the ele, lmllot. Our Schools. It is a souce of tile sincerest satis- faction to sec ttle reports from our Catholic educational institutions in and about Seattle appear in the Catho- lic Progress so regularly. It is an ev- idence of enthusiasm and a healthy con(lition in these schools. A school, to promote a happy and certain intel- lectual growth must be a center of in- tensity and harmony. There must be cheerful co-operation and a sympathy that never fails. The teachers in these schools have dedicated their lives to education and have given tip all else to devote their lives to this cause. What more can one do to prove his sincerity and his love for education? Religion and intelligence must ever go hand in hand to save society--the ivdividual both as to soul and body and to create a sense of public honesty that now now seems one of the lost arts. Encourage the pupil, support the instructor and so discharge one of the happiest and most imperative duties of life. BENEDICTION OF ITALY'S FLAGS. Blessed Sacrament Borne in Proces- sion to the Sick. ROME, April 15.--Sights and cere- monies as strange as the world has seen and as suggestive as any whica have been counted as ordinary were taking place almost simultaneously in Rome yesterday. The Eucharistic King was received by royal salutes while being borne in procession to the sick in the Vatican district. The King of Italy was going with pomp, military and cival, to assist at the religious benediction of the flags of united Itlly. At 10 o'clock, when the former cere- mony was nearing its end, King Vic- tor Emmanuel III. left the Papal and royal palace of the Quirinal, attended by the Minister of War--the son of the ambassador who bore the ultima- tum of Victor Emmanuel II. to Piss IX.--by the Under Secretary of State for War, the generals in command of army corps and other generals. As the King with his brilliant escort left the Quirinal, where his ancestors had been given refuge by Plus VII., he beheld in front of him the Church of San Stanislao, where his progeni- tor, Charles Emmanuel, lles buried in the habit of the Society of Jesus and her some years later he who is now the wan prisoner on the Vatican udl celebrated the first holy sacrifice of a memorable priestly career. Passing along the great streets of the new royal Rome of united Italy, the sover- eign son of Humbert the Whlte-hand- ed saw not less suggestive and strik- ing sights until he came to the Macao district, which takes its very name from from a donation of one of his ancestry on behalf of the Jesuit mis- sions in the Far East. The thought- ful young man, who is an historian down to the detail of being a specialist ill numismatics,, refel, we znay"be sure, in the midit l[ deztUctttms and the salutations of the people, the strange suggestions of one of his rare royal progresses through the Eternal City. For it was the first time that he was going as monarch to this annual blessing oil Italy's standards. There bef(re him on the vast space of the Macao glittered the crucifix and can- dlesticks of the Christian altar; flut- tered the robes of the clergy and the plumes of the guards. As he took up his position in front of the altar, with the general staff of the national army l around him, he must have felt throb- bingly newer stirrings and stranger: suggestions. For this was the sole blessing ever given to any representa- tive national institution, and to him the army is the supreme expression of the nation. Land troops might be blessed at Turin and sea troops at Naples even by Cardinals, but here the very banners as the emblem of all that nationhood meant and monarchy meant were to be unfurled for bless- ings. General Durand de la Penne, in- spector general of the engineer forces, advanced towards the King with Lieu- tenant Tonizzo, the standard-bearer, who bore the flag of the corps. The general unrolled the flag and put it in tile King's hands. The sovereign held it for a brief space and returned it. to the general, who bore it towards the altar. All these garrison troops ranged in lines of formation around the sitar. The genei'al presented the flag to Mgr. Lanza, chaplain of the zoyal household, who was assisted by several chaplains, and blessed it sol- emnly. All the tree on the place resented arms. The gel took the flag from its bearer for a moments and u[ it in his left hand and said: "Officers, sub-officers, corporals and soldiers? Religion has now blesse'l the fag which the King grants to the corps. We must keep it always, even at the sacrifice of our life, and die rather than abandon it. Let us all (lie rather than abandon it. Let us all swear to defend it, even with the last drop of our blood in the service of King and country." He uplifted his right hand and cried out, "I swear," az.d the cry was taken up by thous- amls on the field, only to die out in the slrains of the King's march. The blessing of the artillery followed, iden- tical in form. Meanwhile a pious procession was rc-entering the Vatican, after having made the rounds of the parish from the doors of St. Peter's to Santo Spir- ire. and from tbe bridge of Sant An- gelo to the walls of Rome. The Blessed Sacrament, carried by the parochial clergy under a rich and am- ple canopy, was escorted by other clergy, by confraternities in red and white carrying lights and by a throng of faithful men and women which had swollen since the ceremony of visiting the sick had begun at early morn- ing. There was no music. There were few Sounds except the almost sobbing tones of prayer. Here and there flow- ers had been strewn; everywhere where the people and the traffic on the streets had paid reverence and made way and military honors had been twice paid; first at the bronze gates of the Vatican, where the Swiss Guards had rendered royal homage, snd again at the Rusticani Stion, where the Italian Carbineers and Ro- man firemen had rendered royal sa- lutes and had received the solemn benediction with the Sacred Host. i The spirit of all this is one of the things which students of Rome miss. Something of it, and much, was caught by M. de Laveleye when he wrote: "Look * * * at the different way in which the confiscation of wealth of some religious communities has been carried out in France and in Italy. In France there was drama and epic or tragt-comic scenes along with-pas- sionate excitement. The clergy wre completely aroused  many of the faith- ful were ready to face martyrdom, headed by the expelled monks. Re- member that in in the South in sev- eral places an absolute siege was nec- essary; elsewhere it was needful to starve the pious garrison. The feel- ing aroused in France by this resist- ance is not yet calmed. There wa's nothing like it in Rome, wh, is the Catholic capital. Here ts a sketch of the proceedings when the state took possession of the convents and their wealth: "The representatives of authority rapped at the convent door, which he found closed. A voice from the in- terior questionel : " 'Who is there?' " 'The delegate of the Government, who has come to take possession of your wealth.' " 'I am forbidden to open to you.' " 'Bene, but I am commanded to en- ter.' " 'Shall you use force?' " 'Certainly, because I cents in the name of the law.' " 'Are you ready to declare in a pro- cess verbal that you are authorized and determined to enter by force?' " 'Certainly, because it is the truth.' "Then the door was opened; the State Commissioner entered. He was received with all the respect due to his position. He was brought into the parlor. They drew up the process verbal together and partook of refresh- ments. T.he whole took place without any bitterness and withthe decorum which suits the good taste of these well-bred people, who detest bad lan- guage and needless violence." ("Let- ters From Italy," pp. 192-193.) But the young priest of Torre Amiata de- scribed by Mrs. Humphrey Ward in "Eleanor" is a type of the new Italian clergy in their zeal. The two scenes enacted in the city yesterday are, therefore, perhaps but the expression of a mutual tolerance traditional dur- ing a generation. The News in Brief. In this connection a very interest- ing change has been made..Sig. Man- froni, commissary of police for the Borgo, or neighborhood of St. has at last retired from service. It was often stated that he would retire, but this never came about, and the favor of the Vatican is alwa.ys said,o have been the cause of his retention. For he has been the medium of those relations between the Vatican and all the authorities of Rome which have been necessary for the maintenance of public order and the avoidance even of incidents in' print. In this he has been so successful and so suave that his withdrawal is quite an event in the quasi-diplomatic and political or- der. For the Ambassador of Italy to the Vatican is a policeman. His suc- cessor, Slg. Gervasi, assumes offiee on May 1, and the event will be attefided with expectation and interest. In the hunt after the thieves of the Vatican loot Sig Manfroni did excel- lent work. I learn on the most direct authority that he has succeded in trac- ing the material agenb of the'thief to Marseilles, but that the latter has there disappeared, only momentarily; it is to be hopel. The commissary has unraveled the plot in the main, and it should fall to his successor to complete the work of detection. While the first consistory is being held in secrecy at the Vatican, those i 4* We have the largest and best _ line of  .... WOMFN'$ $2.50 i Shoes in Seattle. Headquarters for Children's Shoes. The Jenhins Shoe Co. 519 SECOND AVENUE. Next Week, Commencing SUN1)AY NIGI1T, MAY 12th, Second and Last Week of the Famous h'lsh Comedian, MR. CHARLES ERIN VERNER, Sunday, Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday;. the Celebrated I,'lsh Comedy Drama, " ARRAH NA PO(IUH; " Or, "The Wicklow Wedding." Commencing Thursday Evening, May 16th. " CURRENT CASH." A New I'owerful Melodrama. New Scenery. A Strong Cast. An Elaborate Production of Each Play. Prlces--20c, 30c, 40c, 50c. e one absorbing occupation of the careful housekeeper at this time of the year is cleaning house, of which the most important feature is RENO. VATING THE CARPETS. To accom- plish this easily, and without remov- ing them from the floor, you should use "Jewel Carpet Renovator." It cleanses thoroughly, brightens the col- ors like new, and will not injuro the most delicate shades. Just the thing for hotels and large rooming housos. Full directions with each bar. Sole agents-- uch, ugustine & Co. Phone, Main 148. 15 and 817 First Aw. We carry a perfect selection of black clay worsted suits for boys--square cut, double-breast- ed, silk-sewed and hand-made button-holes. The most desira- ble suit possible for .'  :,, , COMMUNION. SEATTLE, WA8H. We. C. Croble, H'ry Watson, President. Vice President. W. Vanotone, Traveling Salesman. of the new Cardinals--as they may now be called--who have come to Illarl  6ranlt g0 Rome are holding receptions as fol- * lows: Mgr. Sammiz and Mgr. Baclieri in the Pamflli Pal- ace at Piazza Navona; Mgr. della Volpe in his rooms at the Vatican; Tel. Green $91. ((')atinued lmge 5.) Cot. Sixt'h Ave. dL