Newspaper Archive of
Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
May 3, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
PAGE 6     (6 of 10 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
 
PAGE 6     (6 of 10 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
May 3, 1963
 

Newspaper Archive of Catholic Northwest Progress produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2019. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.




6--THE PROGRESS Friday, May 3, 1963 IAN CU TUR SERIE Chapter XVI The Holy Spirit Preserves The Unbloody Sacrifice of The New Law Through The Mass Christ suffered and died but once. By this great sacrificial act the world was redeemed, but as we have already seen, every in- dividual was not thereby auto- matically assured of Salvation. In order that the merits of Christ's Passion and Death be made available to men and women of every age, Christ, on the night before He died, took brea d and wine and, changing it into His own body and blood, performed an unbloody sacri- fice in anticipation of the bloody sacrifice to take place on' the morrow. This He told His Apostles to do in commemora- tion of Him. A f t e r Christ's passion and death, recalling Our Lord's command a n d understanding no w what it implied, the Apos- tles in Christ's name changed bread and wine into the Mas- ter's own Body and Blood. This they offered to the Father in a perfect unbloody sacrifice which is exactiy identical to Calvary save that it is unbloody. As we recalled from our study of the Old Covenant which God the Father estab- lished with the Chosen people, some form of Sacrifice is essen- tial to religion. Since it is the office of the priest to offer sac- rifice publicly in the name of the people, a priesthood is also es- : sential tb true religion Re-read what we said about Sacrifice and L E T'S,:DIS CUSS!!iT! " Priesthood in the Old Testa- ment in Lesson 7, Dec. 28, 1962. Christ, as we have seen, was perfect Priest and victim for he offered Himself to God the Father in the Perfect Sacrifice on the Cross. Christ willed to institute a sacrifice to endure to the end of the world when, at the Last Sup- per, He instituted the Eucharist and the Mass. "For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord, until he comes" (I Cor. II:26). Sacrifice Continued The Mass is the continuation of the sacrifice of the cross, since it is the sacrifice of Christ's body and blood, under the ap- pearances of bread and wine, in order to represent and continue the sacrifice of Calvary. The Mass is essentially the same sacrifice as that offered on the cross. It differs only in the man- ner in which it is offered: The Sacrifice of'the Mass is the only true and perfect sacri- fice, for the victim and the priest are the same, Christ Our Lord. The redeeming sacrifice and death of our Saviour is continu- ally shown forth and re-enacted in Christ's own body and blood' at every Mass, "Do this in re- membrance of me." When we pray the Mass, uniting ourselves with the priest and with Christ, we are participating in the most effective prayer. Through the Mass we adore God, thank Him for His benefits, ask His pardon, and beg for His graces. It is Christ crucified who pleads for us in every Sacrifice. There can be no true perfect worship Of God without a priest- hood and sacrifice, without the priesthood a n d Sacrifice of God's own Son, Jesus Christ. Mass The Mass is the Sacrifice of the New Law in which Christ, through the ministry of the priest, offers Himself to God in an unbloody manner under the appearances of bread and wine. The Mass is the same sacrifice as the sacrifice of the cross be- cause in the Mass the victim is the same, and the principal priest is the same, Jesus Christ. Mass Differs from Calvary Only the manner in which the sacrifice is offered is different from Calvary. On the cross Christ physically shed His blood and was physically slain, while in the Mass there is no physical shedding of blood nor physical death, because Christ can die no more; on the cross Christ gained merit and satisfied for us, while in the Mass He applies to us the merits and satisfaction of His death on the Cross. The Purposes of the Mass The purposes for which the Mass is offered are: first, to adore God as our Creator and Lord; second, to thank God for His many favors; third, to ask God to bestow His blessings on all men; fourth, to satisfy the justice of God for the sins com- mitted against Him. Transubstantiation We define the way in which Christ is truly present under the appearances of bread and wine making the Eucharistic Sacrifice possible as follows: By the Consecration of the Bread and of the Wine a con- version is made of the whole substance of the bread into the substance of the Body of Christ Our Lord, and of the whole sub- stance of the wine-into the sub- stance of His Blood; which con- Providence Heights College located near Pine Lake in luaquah is the Sister's eampus of Seattle University Offering a strong liberal arts curriculum culminating in a Bachelor of Arts degree, the college has set out to offer the best in the preparation of future teachers, nurses, and social workerm lot the mervice of the Church in the Northwest and wherever the apomtolate may call. During the current academic quarter the faculty is composed of three priests, one layman, and Sisters of three eommu- nities, four of whom hold doctorates. Already the college begun in 1901, ham an enrollment of nearly 300. Owned, operated, and mlmlnistered by the Sis- ters of Charity of Providence, it ham opened its doors to three other eom- munitles in the area and ham projected itself to Uganda, East Africa, by edueat- ing, thus far, four Daughterm of Mary. These dedicated, energetic, young apostles are prepared to give new life to the Christian Culture of today's world. of Sister Formation T | version is by the Holy Catholic Church suitably and properly c a 11 e d TRANSUBSTANTIA- TION. History of The Mass We can say with accuracy that the history of the Mass be- gins in Egypt in Old Testament times. For it was the Paschal the Jews to celebrate as a corn- Meal which God commanded memoration of their deliverance from the slavery of the Pharoah which provides us with the type and prefigurement of the future reality which is the Mass. Recall the Religious significance of the Paschal Meal . . . The Paschal Lamb was given the Jews as a means of deliverance (its blood smeared on the door-posts) and also as food to nourish them during their wanderings in the desert. In the same way is Christ, the "Lamb of God," (Jn. 1:36) our deliverance and our food. The occasion for the Last Supper, as we have seen, was this Paschal Meal, celebrated Thursday evening, the day be- fore Christ died on the Cross. The rite was observed as pre- scribed in Jewish law but for the last time as a valid rite. For it was during this meal that Christ instituted the Holy Eucha- rist, and by this act of establish- ing a "new Covenant" He abro- gated the Old. In place of the imperfect, typical rite, Christ established the perfect rite, the fulfillment of the type the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. Established Church But it was Christ's intention also to establish a permanent Church. He indicated this inten- tion throughout His life. It is observable in much of His ac- tivity. And if this was to be the Church of Christ, then it must be a perfect organization, be- cause Christ Himself was the perfect F0u.nder, . the perfect Man. Therefore, it must have a perfect form of worship m the sacrifice of-an infinite Victim by an infinite priest. So Christ established a permanent priest- hood, as we saw arlier, and en- joined on it the command to per- petuate His sacrifice. The words and actions which Christ indicated were to be com- memorated, carefully guarded by the Catholic Church, form the center around which have de- veloped the various prayers and ceremonies of the Mass as we have it in our Missals today. It is, of course, completely un- certain who offered the first Mass after the Last Supper. The evangelists are not concerned with' that bit of information, even though we today would find it very interesting. Accord- ing to a pious conjecture, *t was St. Peter, and be did it after Pentecost, when the Holy Spirit has descended upon the infant Church and its ministers. The explanation for this conjecture is that the Apostles would prob- ably not have been bold enough to carry out so sacred an action before they had been strengthen- ed and made holy by the graces of the Holy Ghost. Besides, the Old Testament was not abolished with respect to the priesthood until after Pentecost; and the execution 6f the New Testament would not have been begun until the Old Testament was entirely abro- gated. Rites of Early Mass Not Definite The primitive Mass was probably said in. the Syriac tongue. Neither the Bible nor secular history tell us anything definite about the articles and the ceremonies of the early Mass. But we can be sure that there was the proper dignity and ritual. The Apostles knew that God Himself had commanded and set intricate rules, that beauty and nobility of ritual surround the worship of the Jewish nation. How much more should these qualities be found in the Sacrifice of the New Testament, whose Priest and Victim was the Son of God! From the very first we find all the chief parts of the Mass which we have today: a Euchar- glorious splendor with great tendant enthusiasm. People attended Mass as na- turally as they performed any action of the day  farmers, noblemen, children and kings. The "Ages of Faith" knew venerated the Sacrifice of Mass as the most important ele- ment of life. They joined in worship with great delight and simple love, and they gave of their labor and sacrifice to raise throughout the land monumendl k to the Faith that was in thcq hearts -- the great Medieval Cathedra'ls of Europe  centers of Eucharistic Cult, stages on which the great Drama of the I. What is it in religious history which shows that the priesthood must be a part of true religion? 2. Discuss: Too often we make our attendance at Mass simply an oc- casion for private prayer. We must realize that at Mass we parti- cipate in the infinite value of Christ's prayer. Christ prays with us and for us--and not just we for ourselves. - 3. What is the significance of our addressing Christ in the Sacred Host as the "Lamb of God."? 4. Can you quote scriptural references which prove that Christ made the Mass and the Priesthood permanent establishments? 5. A Catholic who wishes to promote the "Ecumenical Movement" (Christian Unity) should attempt to spread a knowledge of the most perfect form of Christian worship, The Mass. How practically can a Catholic do this among his Non-Catholic friends or acquaint- ==E ances? What should be the effort in this regard toward Non-Cath, :== olics who show an interest in the Catholic Faith? = = -= : IT I ill1! Jl]'.llll [l Ill t11[ f] I tllF]llt[I I!!111] I]l[l![!l iH!ll}[l[llll] I I Ill[ Jill Ill I]ll[llllll I[l!l I}]![][rl![ll I]!l [!11 i]!Hl'.[]ll r l[ ll[lll Ill!Jill lilt1]! If!l Ill I lllll'.!ll [![[];!ill'Jlll]!ll i]lll', I lTi i lfil] [l] Jll!l]Ip I;: i' i, [;!!1 lfil] Ill J istic prayer ("Eucharist" means thanksgiving), the repetition of the words and actions of Christ with respect to the bread and wine; the breaking of the bread; and the distribution of Holy Communion. Early writers tell us that the prayers of the Mass in these early days were com- posed by the celebrant as he went along. But 'in the second and third centuries, certain pro- cedures were put down in writ- ing and different "liturgies" came into existence. During the days of persecu- tion, which lasted for several centuries, the early Christians were forced to celebrate Mass secretly, either in their homes or in the catacombs (subterranean caves used for burial places), and in the dark of night. Then they would carry the Holy Eu- charist wrapped in linen to those who were waiting death in the prisons of the Roman Empire. Ceremony Developed After the persecution sub- sided, the Christians were free to celebrate Mass publicly and they did this with great pomp and ceremony. Many forms and richly symbolic rites grew up around the Mass, were devel- oped and refined, and gradually evolved into what we know to- day as the Mass. In the Middle Ages, loyalty and devotion to the Holy Sacri- fice were remarkable. Religion was inseparable from everyday life; it had a deep effect on all the people. Mass was celebrated in connection with all the im- portant events, and occasions of life. The planting season for the farmers would begin with a Mass. The harvest would be ushered in with a Mass. If the baron of the castle had a birth- day, or if his wife had a baby, the event was marked with great festivity, at the center of which was the Mass, performed in Mass was performed day after day, buildings which echoed t centuries with the shouts of enthusiastic Faith of an entire people. Persecutions Begin Then in the sixteenth century the Protestant Reformers denied the sacrificial character of Mass, claiming that Our Sacrifice on the Cross was the only sacrifice of the New Law, once performed and never to be renewed. They in t e r p r e t e d Christ's words: "Do this in remembrance me," as commanding no than a mere memorial service. Catholic altars were destroyed; Catholic Churches were appro- priated .and converted into Prot- estant meeting-houses, no longer consecrated to sacrifice, mere assemblies. Priests forbidden to celebrate Mass under threat of death, and those faithful to the Catholic Faith, who persevered in spite of per- secution, were forbidden to hear Mass. This is the situation fro which the Mass today is but surely emerging. It has taken a few hundred years; but now it can be said that a balance has been restored. Catholicism is again flourishing, in fewer num- bers than before, but growing constantly. And within the it ner lives of the Faithful Mass is once again taking up its rightful place at the center of things. Over and over again, within the last few decades even, the popes of the Church have stressed the importance that mus, li0  be attached to the Sacrifice the Mass in Catholic worship_ and have urged the 'Faithful with constant pleas and pointed practical d i r e c t i v e s to unite themselves to the Mass, and bring to it the love and devotion it demands. ! J