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April 27, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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April 27, 1962

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4--THE PROGRESS Friaa 7, Aprll 27, 1962 More Out Of The Fair HE emphasis is definitely on the glories of natural science at the Seattle World's Fair. Yamasaki's and Jo- hanson's beautifully designed ten-million- dollar science pavillion is as some eastern writers put it: the jewel of the fair. All will and should be impressed with the ingenious discoveries concerning the workings of the universe that are revealed there. But there is a danger that such a display of glory, magnificence and achievement could cause the untrained or the uneducated to go overboard. To begin to believe that at last he had found tangi- ble, unalterable laws and truths to hold on to. The wise sayings of Plato, Aristotle, Christ, Thomas begin to seem like so much heavenly froth in comparison to a real space ship that can actually pierce the heavens; or a simulated trip to the moon so effectively portrayed tha't you have to hold on to the guard rails lest you plunge into the starry abyss. Now, before you fire your first vigil light to Albert Einstein or buy a medallion inscribed with E'-MO to wear around your neck, there are a few facts about the merits and short- comings relevant to the discoveries of natural science that every growing boy and girl ought to know. The Science section of this week's Time magazine carried a most interesting account of a most interesting discovery. It seems that by stimulating the atoms of a synthetic ruby with brief bursts from a powerful strobe lamp, spurts of pure red light all of the same wave length, all polarized in the same direction, and all traveling in space in almost perfectly parallel beams can be produced. One flash of this ne& red light lasting only one two-thousandths of a second gener- ates heat close to twice that of the sun's white-hot surface and is capable of drill- ing holes in pea-sized black synthetic diamonds. Most people will probably read that much of the article and say to themselves, "Wow! Those scientists have gone and done it again," and pass on to the Cinema there to read the latest movie review. The image of the modern scientist as a man who knows or soon will know the answer to all of life's problems has been firmly erected, and who would dare change it. Yet, those who like the fine print, will find in the last paragraph of the Time article an interesting switch. The discovery of a ruby's pure red light may do more than drill holes in dia- monds: it may well drill holes in Ein- stein's theory of relativity and render false and useless that once-sacred and uncontroverted law. of science which states: the speed of light is a change- less constant o[ the universe. The experiments in pure red light make light seem to travel slightly faster than it did 20 years ago. If accurate measurements from ruby light confirm this apparent change, Time reports, "sci- entists will have to face up to a touchy problem. Is it the speed of light that is actually changing, or time itself? The units with which man measured time (and speed) are traditionally derived from the various movements of the earth. If the earth were slowing down, time, measured in this way, would be stretching out, and that changeless con- stant, the speed of light, would seem to be getting faster.'" Now the fact that scientists are be- ginning to call the unchanging absolute speed of light into question ought not to bother us if we do not expect more from natural science than it is capable of pro- ducing. It would seem that the Church is one of the few institutions left in a modern test-tube-crazy age which over the years has not been swept off her feet by the successes or failures of natural science. When St. Robert Bellarmine centuries ago stated that Galileo's theory was an hypothesis and not an unchange- able truth--which was made to account for certain phenomena, and not an abso- lute metaphysical judgment, since it was liable to alteration--the uneducated screamed that the Church opposed scien- tific inquiry. As a matter of fact, the hypothesis of Galileo was changed and the theory of relativity states that it is immaterial whether one takes the earth or the sun, or anywhere else, as a fixed point from which to measure relative movements in the universe. It is the speed of light that counts. And now, lo and behold, even Einstein's theory is proving to be perhaps, just that, a theory. For if the speed of light is proven to be incon- stant the natural scientist has just lost another yardstick. Natural science, great as have been its discoveries, is limited by its own aims and its own tools to an examination of the material universe. It must take the existence of matter for granted and spend its time asking the question how does the universe work? It cannot ask or ever hope to discover where the universe ulti- mately came from, who made it or the ultimate purposes for which beings in the universe were created. And since man is employing his finite mind in search of an almost infinite complex of laws and ener- gies which reflect the infinite mind of God, his very greatest achievements but scratch the surface of reality. We do not mean to discredit great men of science. Ptolemy (who taught the sun circles the earth), Galileo, Newton, Einstein--all are intellectual giants who have rendered an inestimable service to mankind. But, all in their turn, true scientists that they were; would be the first to admit that their claim to greatness does not lie in discovering metaphysical truth (the job of the philos- opher and theologian), but of discovering workable theories which advanced man's search for truth until something better and more workable came along. If we place all our hope and trust and confidence in the findings of natural science alone, our certitude will rise and fall on its achievements and failures. Eventually you may become the world's greatest authority on how an atom works, but never know where it came from; you may even become an expert on the physiology of the human body, know what each nerve and blood vessel is for, but never know what you are for, never know why you were made, where you came from, where you are going. If you come to put the findings of na- tural soence in their proper focus you will get more, not less out of the World's Fair exhibit. For you will see in e/tch mvw discovery a reflection of the infinite depths of the mind and wisdom of the Master Scientist: God. Can We Too Say 'Thy Will' By Rev. Leo Trese er would commit were un- add, "Not my will but Thine be Are you able to say to veiled to Christ's human mind. done." , God with complete sin, This appalling vision was in- Divinity returned, and Jesus eerity, "Thy will be tensified by the perception that rose to meet His captors. done?" If so, you have not even His infinite love and There came another schizo- egonized death could wholly phrenic moment on Calvary. interpreted rightly the turn man from his sinful Once again divinity retreated. message of Gethsemane. In Christ our Lord, two dis- course. Once. again humanity felt the tinct natures, the human and Having allowed His human intolerable weight of man's the divine, were united in a single personality. Under the crushing strain of His Passion, Jesus twice allowed Himself to suffer whet we might describe a supernatural schizbophre- me. In the Garden, for one aw- ful moment. Christ's divine na- ture permitted His human na- ture to perceive the unrelieved horror of sin. Ail the sins that man ever had committed and nature to see so much, Christ's divine nature then withdrew into some inner fastness. For one terrorizing moment the human Jesus was to feel the insupportable burden of man's malice and ingratitude. It was then that the angels watched helplessly as their God sweet blood. It was then that the Son cried out, "Father, if thou art willing, remove this cup from me"; yet rallied to Calendar SUNDAY, APRIL 29, LOW : SUNDAY, FIRST SUNDAY AF- TER EASTER, MASS: Quasi- modo--Crave as newborn babes :(White). GI., Cr., Prof. of Easter. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, APRIL a0, ST. CATHERINE OF SIENA, Vir- gin, MASS: Dilexisti--I have loved (White). GI., Pref. of Easter. TUESDAY, MAY 1, ST. JO- SEPH THE WORKMAN, MASS: Sapientia reddidit -- Wisdom (White) GI., Cr., Pref. of St. Joseph. Mass for Par- ish. WEDNESDAY, MAY 2, ST. ATHANASIUS, Bishop, Confes- sor, Doctor of the Church, MASS: In medit>--In the midst White). Gl., Pref. of Easter. THURSDAY, MAY 8, COM- MEMORATION OF SS. ALEX- ANDER, EVENTIUS, A N D THEODULUS, Martyrs, a n d JUVENAL, Bishop and Martyr, MASS as on Sun. (White. GI., 2nd Pr. of H. Martyrs, no Cr., Prof. of Easter. Or MASS: Sancti tui--Thy saints (Red). GI., Prof. of Easter. FRIDAY, MAY 4, ST. MON- ICA, Widow, MASS: Cognow-- I have known (White). GI., Pref of Easter. Abstinence. perfidy and the excruciating loneliness of love rejected. Humanity in terror cried out to divinity, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" This was the climax of His passion. This was the very dregs of the cup which Jesus had pledged Himself to drink. Divinity relented. The whole Jesus now could say, "It is consummated," and "Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit." In a world filled with anxie- ties and tensions, the lesson of Gethsemane may sometimes be our last defense against de- spair. We may have the ut- most good will. We may have a dogged devotion to prayer and the Sacraments. Yet, we still may find our- selves beset by fears for the fu- ture, by feelings of loneliness even to the point of abandon- taunt, by loss of confidence in ourselves and our own dci- sions, by a dozen or a hundred worries. It is then that we think of Gethsemane. We remember that the vocation to suffering is one of the highest, the voca- tion which fashions us most closely in the imege of Christ. Going Along Reluctantly Bertrand Russell's Dragon By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIH, C.S.P. RESIDENT Konnedy tellectual knows it is limited in days of Victorian rationalism. painted a bright and its scope. On the very day on He sees the whole idea of God which the President was giving as one borrowed from oriental , cheery picture of the fu- his California talk, President ture in his talk at the De Gaulle was announcing that despotisms and he claims that University of California. he intended to "crush without religion teaches men to fear pity" the armed insurrection in the world and be terrified by it. He saw the power of Corn- Algeria. The hate in the hearts Therefore he would kill the munism waning: "No one can of those ruthless OAS terrorists dragon that stands at the door doubt that the wave of the is not something that can be to progress. Yet it seems to me future is not cured by mere knowledge, that Bertrand Russell is a the conquest Heart Must Mellow Mind Christian in spirit in spite of his condemnation of religion. of the world In fact, this "most educated He is seeking for a force that by a single century" is also the century will induce men to love each d o g m a t i c tthat has known more diabolic other. He asserts that fear can creed but the hate than any other. Unless be eradicated from haman life liberation o f man's heart mellows as his by means of education and re- t h e diverse mind increases in knowledge, form of ei:onomic and political energies of he is only increasing his capa- institutions. He really means f r e e nations city for evil. that love can remake the and free men." He Religlon is the force that world. went on to mellows the heart and disci- Unconsciously he yearns for say that in FR. SHEERIN plines its unruly passions. The the loving Christ he claims to spite of the fact that the threat word culture comes from "cul- despise. He is so preoccupied of thermonuclear war will con- tura," the tilling of the soil. but with the faults of individual tinue to hang over mankind, m its profoundest sense the Christians (the Inquisition and "we can have a new confidence word connotes a harrowing of all that), that he does not today in the direction in which the heart. Without religion, the really see into the essence of history is moving." educated barbarian (like the Christianity, the love of God Nazi scientists) is only a few and love of man for the sake It is good to hear an optl- steps away from the jungle, of God. mistic note at this time when Recently I was browsing Mark of Christians the Soviets are rattling their through a copy of Bertrand rockets once again. But I con- Russell's Why I Am Not A We individual Christians are fess that the President's talk Christian. I came across the to blame. We often give non- left me cold. He rested all his following line: believers the impression ours is hopes for a better future on a religion of fear. We obey the "It is possible thai man- Commandments but we lack the acquisition of knowledge, kind is on the threshold of a citing our universities as reser- love and outsiders sense the voirs of creative ideas and re- golden age; but, if so, it will fact. Like the foolish virgins positories of "the long view of be necessary first to slay the in the parable we carry lamps the shore dimly seen." dragon that guards the door, but there is no oil of love in and this dragon is religion." them. Being members of the I realize he was speaking to Why does he regard religion Mystical Body we are present a predominantly academic au- as a dragon? Because he dience and that he was ex- feels that fear is the founda- at the wedding feast but we pected to emphasize the in- tion of all religion and that wear no wedding garment of tellectuals' contribution to fu- religion perpetuates those in- love. ture peace and progress. But humanities the world should Christ said that the dis- he need not have put all his outgrow, tinguishing mark of the Chris- eggs in one basket. Mere tian is "that you have love one knowledge is no cure-all for False Concept for another." If we put this in the world's ills. But I found that Russell has p r a c t i e e. Bertrand Russel's Knowledge is one of God's a mistaken concept of religion, dragon will become an angel greatest gifts but the true in- a concept rife in the palmy of light. .... J Parac ox Of Education By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore T HAS long impressed us as a strik- ing paradox, not to say contradi,ction, in public life, that our schools can teach almost anything, however bizarre, in the fields of philosophy or psychology .or econom- ics or political science. (We could furnish ex- amples for all this.) The one thing they cannot teach is the sum and substance of the truths that make education in America possible, whether it be public or private. The principles thai lie behind the Declara- tion of Independence, or our national Motto, or the Constitution, happen to be scholastic and Christian. Don't start trying m teach that stuff or you'll be in serious trouble. A host of law- yers will scream out about the separation of Church and state. You'll have The American Civil Liberties Union parked on your porch. You'll soon be out of a job and out of the public school system itself. Don't try to get a job in another city or another state. The organization is too close. knit for that. You'll find that you can get no recommendation from the previous school, even though you're the best history teacher in the business. Then, it follows, you can get no post in any second school. Our courts are currently cluttered up with cases that involve the heinous practice of pub- lic prayer, the insidious introduction of the Bible (not one of the "Great Books") and other malpractices. In the past we have witnessed long and famous wrangles about Released Time and free bus rides.or-books to kids who go to private schools. On the other hand, there has never, to our knowledge, been a case that in- volved some professor's wrecking of the faith of his students in the name of Positivism or Atheism or Agnosticism. The prof is protected by "free speech," you know. It is well to recall that Karl Marx seemed to know more about our democratic system than most of our educators He attributed it to the belief of Christianity in the immortality of the soul and the consequent value of the individual. You can't teach that, either; even though some 100 million Americans believe it. Why don't you write to Committee for Full Education, 8112 Simon Street, Cleveland (3), Ohio, if you want to pursue this issue. 'Protestant Liturgy' For Protestants Only By Rev. John H. Thirlkel, S.S. NE of the greatest hopes for ecumen- ism between Protestants and Catholics lies in the re- newed, world-wide interest in liturgy. By "liturgy" here, we mean worship and the forms which that worship publicly and of- ficially takes in our various Christian services. Catholic liturgy, for example, centers about the Mass and the Seven Sacraments, particularly the Eucharist, or Holy Com- munion. In a broader sense, lit- urgy includes the vast amount of ritual, prayer, and cere- monial that go to make up our Christian service of public worship to God. In recent years, both Cath- olic and Protestant theologians have delved more deeply into the history of Christian liturgy, and the results produced by both sides have contributed, I think, more than any other single thing to the continuance of "The Dialogue" and the furtherance of understanding between Protestants and Cath- olics. In this column today, I would like to quote and summarize from a recent article in a Cath- olic magazine ('The Spiritual- ity of the Lutheran Liturgy" by William ,l. Whalen in Cross and Crown Magazine, Vol. XIV, No. 1--March, 1962, pp. 44-52). We think our readers, both Catholic and Protestant, may find the remarks both surpris. ins and interesting. "The Lutheran liturgy has preserved much of the ritual, vestments, feast days, music, and prayers of the Catholie Church from which it broke away in the early 16th cen- tury. An examination of this liturgy may give us a better idea of the spiritual life of this oldest and numerically largest body of Protestant Christians." "Lutheranism preserved far more of its Catholic heritage than did the" Calvinism of France, Scotland, and Holland. Only in very recent years have the Presbyterian and Reformed churches turned to vestments, central altars in place of pul- pits, and organs, candles and flowers, stained g 1 a s s, and other art forms. These were things of beauty and aids to worship w h i c h continental Lutheranism had never given up. "Luther tried to offer his fol- lowers a 'reformed' Mass. The Augsburg Confession of 1530 states: "'Falsely are our churches accused of abolishing the Mass; for the Mass is re- tained among us, and cole. brated with the highest rev. erence. Nearly all the usual eeremonies are also pre- served.' "Luther expected his people to attend this 'Mass' every Sunday, at which time com- munion would be distributed under both species. For about 200 years after the Reforma- tion this 'Mass' remained the chief Sunday worship service in Lutheran churches. Gradu- ally, prayers were added, de- leted and altered; references to the intercession of the Bles- sed Virgin Mary and the saints were removed; and Lutheran churches dropped the f u I 1 'Mass' and began to use only the first part of the service on most Sundays. "A Lutheran attending a Roman Catholic Mass said in English would recognize most of the elements as similar to his own communion service. Likewise, a Catholic at a 'high' Lutheran church could recog- nize the extent to which the Lutheran liturgy has borrowed from the Roman. " . . . Signs point also to a revival of auricular confession in the Lutheran church, es- pecially in Germany. Time Magazine recently reported that 'almost every German city now has churches where Lutherans can go to confes- sion.' "Lutheran clergymen wear vestments while officiating at the altar. Most Luthera'n ministers wear a cassock, white surplice and colored stole. Some go further and use the historic Mass vest. merits of alb, amice, cinc- ture, maniple, and chasuble. A few even use a cope for processions. " . . . In the Lutheran ser- vice, the minister says or chants the words of Institu- tion (of the Eucharist), the words of consecration. The Augsburg Confession states that Lutherans: 'teach that the body and blood of Christ are truly present, and are distrib- uted to those who eat in the ' Supper of the Lord; and they reject those that teach other- wise.' "Comparing the Lutheran lit- urgy with the more familiar free church service -- popular hymns, spontaneous prayers, Scripture reading, and sermon we can better appreciate to what extent Lutheranism has preserved many of the ancient Christian forms and traditions. Nor should we forget that these Lutherans and the liturgical Anglicans form a majority of the world's Protestants. "Such a revival (of interest in liturgy) can only serve to emphasize the s p i r i t u a 1 bonds between Catholics and Lutheran j and point up the gulf between Lutherans and liberal Protestants. A Martin Luther who com- posed to the Blessed Virgin Mary, who went to confession until the end of his life, who celebrated 'Mass' every Sun- day, who never considered himself other than a member of the Catholic Church is a far cry from the modernist pastor down the street preaching on the power of positive thinking." Make no mistake. We do not mean to identify Catholic and Lutheran liturgies. There are essential and radical differ- ences between the beliefs on which the liturgies are based. But the likenesses show a common heritage from which all of us should profit. May Devotions 0LY Mother Church has said and before which flowers | I dedicated the month of and lighted candles are or- May to honor Mary, the Mother ranged in honor of the Blessed of God. As long ago as Feb- Mother during May. Such a ruary 7, 1847 the First Plenary, home shrine can be set up and Council of Baltimore officially furnished with the ordinary re- named the Immaculate Con- li,:iol'g' us articles usually found ception as Patroness of the in the home such as a statue United States. In the calendar of Socialist-Communist activi- ties May Day is the worldwide Red Labor Day in which they rally their forces to the tune of their God-defiant anthem. ,, During this month Catholics of this country should appeal to the power abiding in Mary, the patroness of America, for the conversion of Russia. Start a prayer crusade for Christian peace among all nations throughout the world, relying upon the all embrae- ing promises contained in the Memorare. What more fitting time than the present for Catholic fami- lies to install a May altar in their homes or in their gar- dens at which daily prayers are of the Blessed Mother placed upon a small table or shelf with lighted candles and spring flowers as decorations. Burn a blessed candle each evening in your home or on your outdoor shrine during this month of Our Blessed Mother which will testify that your household is devotedly and peacefully seeking Peace. This simple gesture by many people will accomplish the Great Crusade of thousands: Collective prayer and deep rooted convictions will finally prevail. As the custom in- creases the manifold prayers accompanying the flame of this gentle candle will help achieve the Peace now so fervently sought. j 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., 3.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor