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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
April 24, 1903     Catholic Northwest Progress
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April 24, 1903

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THE CATHOLIC PROGRESS. Y i Quack grtss is not difficult to man- age; but. like some )ther things, good in themselves, it becomes hateful when lmlsmanaged. It may be nmde exceed- P tngly valuable in comparison with oth- er grasses thought to be indispcns.ble to us. s'lys a correspondent of Rural New 'Yorker. Its persistent growth and fast hold upon the ground should make it one of the most highly valued of tll the grasses. I cultivated it ill New Jer- t2y in a field o1' several aclxs of which it had taken cntire possession, giving it , h.,ffiliberal supplies of fertilizcr and a -1110l)ring ilarrewing with a heavy, sharp  ioothed harrow to loosen the soil, using it as green feed for my cows as'well as for hay. I one year sowed clover seed with tills quack grass after "t thor- ough harrowing of the surface, and the yield was over two tons o the acre of the best hay. After four years of use in this way, the clover having run out, the land was plowed to a sufficient depth to expose the mat of roots, which was very thick, occupying most of 1he ssil. I dug out one square foot of the sSd a foot deep, and after shaking oi' the soil as much as possible the roots and grass weighed four pounds and one ounee equivalent to about eighty tons of ordinary: manure for acre. The land was put Into eoril, an(1 afel' a few harrowings at intervals of lwo days the roots were dead by exposure to lhe sun and dry weather, so thai lhere was very little trouble in working lhe corn. Then sag/iF beets and Ililqllge]s vere .rown on part of tlle l'md and potatoes !... on the rest, wheat following, 'tftcr which it was seeded to grass "tad clo- ver. If I could have got the seed of the qtack grass, I should certainly have sown that in preference to any other. As to tile effects of this grass on tile milk, my wife, after two or three ehurnings from the green quack grass, asked what I was giving the cows, as the butter had increased so much. Food For Cow. During the period that cows are dry they should be fed enough to keep them in a tilrifty condition without their becoming too fat. Bran, roots, clover hay, cornstalks, etc., make a most suitable variety of food The aim at this period should be to feed nonstimulating foods and olfly that V?hich has a cooling and laxative effect upon tile system. A cow should never be fed heavy food Just before dropi)iug her calf. Heavy food at such a time, especially foodstuff of a carbonaceous or heating nature, is a very injurlons food to he given and may cause ill- flammataon or garget ill the udder. It is important, however, that during tills period the cow should be well fed. Feeding Value of Rape. Rape has a high feeding valne, it makes an excellent feed for fattening sheep and swine and for producing "In abundant flow of milk In milk cows, 0, account of danger of tainting the milk many people do not feed it to the cows until after milking. Rape can be used to good advantage as a llart of the ration for animals that are lle- tng fed in polls for market or for the show ring. By beginning as early as practicable, in tile spring "Hld seeding at intervals of two or three weeks a continuous succession of ral)e (*'Ill De produced throughout the pcriod when the permanent pastures [ire nlosE like- ly to be short. Rape will endure quite severe cold weather and hus will last a )ong time after the ord!nary pastnre grasses succumb to the frost. By the use of this crop stock can be got into good condition for the holiday markets or for winter, and there need to be no check in growth, fat and milk production through insufficient succu- lent food during the late summer and autumn months, as is too frequently the case. A Large Silo. The silo is popular with stoekme, and farmers in South Dakota. Here is a picture of the largest silo in the state. It iS 44 feet high and 25 feet in diame- ter. It has a capacity of 500 tons. The picture is front the Breeder's Gazette. To Make Good Silage. Climate has n influe.,ce on the keep. ng quality of silage. Spoiled silage crees from imperfections in the silo 1. itself or the quality of the material used for filling it, says Hoard's Dairy- man, Thus, too, dry corn ahnost always re- suits in spoiled, moldy ensihlge, a con. ditton which may be prevented by the addition of water after the silo has been filled. Unless the silage has been well packed when filling spoiled silage will also result, and lastly o silo that is not built ttght always allows a large amount of the contents to spoil. But ilrlth a properly built silo and corn of the right quality at time of filling there is no reason why good silage cannot be made anywhere. If tlie homemade silo is properly built, it is Just as good as the /dyer. tised article. THE HIGHEST DEMAND. 11'ilo Processes of l*Itslcurizing and Clarifying Milk. It may prove Interesting to some of our readers to know how the finest brands of milk arc handled for the very particular m/lrket they are intend- ed to supply. Let us say right here that the influence of this highest de- mand is making itself felt all along the line, even to tile ordinilry creamery, calling for a more conscientious and intelligent treatment of the milk and its conditions, says lloard's Dairyman. The Dayton (O.) Pure Milk and But- ter company have lately installed their plant, and we will describe the various processes through which the milk passes. About twenty-five dairymen are now furnishing milk direct to the plant. Every man's product is first tested each morning to see that it bas not been "doctored" by tile additioo of formal- dehyde or other foreign substance or diluted with water. It Is then put into a large tank and weighed, l,'rom this it goes with the other milk into a very large open tank covered with cloth. where it is eonstanlly stirred to pl'c- vent the cream from rising. This is on tile second flour. The next process takes the milk It) the first floor, where it p,tsses through tile tempering tank. Here the temperaun'e of the milk is raised to about 162 degrees, not hot enougil to change the chemical proper- ties of the milk, however. Tile process is continuous from the time the fluid leaves tile receiving tank until it is llermetleally sealed in sterilized bot- tles. As it goes from the teml)cring tank it runs directly to tie clarifler. which makes thousands of revolutions a minute, and every particle of foreign matter is eliminated. And such stuff It is. a whole bucketful every day of the vilest of dirt and filth and the products of disease. From the el/rifler the hot milk goes to the pasteurizers. There are turee of these, the first filled with hot water. the second with cold. the third with brine. In passing through these ma- chines the temperature of tile milk Is lowered in about te,l seconds from 162 to 38 degrees. And therein is the pas- teurizing process by which all bacteria and germs of every sort are killed, as they are not able to withstand the shock of the sudden change in temper- ature. After bottling the milk is put ill cold storage and held for delivery. It is as pure as milk can be and yet just as tru- ly milk as it ever was. It will keep for five or six days in all ordinary refriger- ator. The pasteurizing kills tim l,tctle germs, which are responsible for the souring process. The bottles are cleaned as clean as they can be made and ufterward put in a sterilizing room and sul)jected to 240 degrees of heat for half an hour. The whole plant is in the highest de- gree wholesome and sanitary. The em- ployees dress in pure white, always fresh and clean. It is now generally conceded that tim recent national legislation on oleomar- garine is not going to restrict the pro- duction of that article, and, further. that it is like] y to increase its consump- tion, says Stockman and Farmer. The low license fee and the fact that re- tailers can make a greater profit from oleomargarine than from butter are powerful influences in extending the trade in the substitute. So far as color goes oleomargarine is now being col- ored without at least any apparent vio- lation of law. The coloring is not ;o rleh as of yore, but it is sufficient to satisfy the consumer's eye, and oleo- margarine's merits are being so gener- all ,lrged and the demerits of butter so f, "elbly set fortil by the retailer that i, ")re people than ever are eating oleomargarine knowingly. A new prec. ess of renovating inferior butter is now in use by the packers, and this is hqv- Ing some influence on the market. On the whole we cannot s'y that the situ- ation Justifies expectation of htgil prices for butter henceforth Prices are fair now, all things considered, and the proi)ability is that they will imt be higher except for a brief period or un- der some stress of circumstances. The butter maker must depend on tile excel. lence of his product to afford him a profitable market one year with anoth- er. Leglslatiou will not do it, nor wll| anything else do it except the care and skill in manufacture and marketing. Common butter must continue to sell cheap, just as common products of all kinds sell. Broadly speaking, produc- tion is more evenly balanced now than it was. More milk is going into cheese and to the cities, and until there are more dairymen there is not likely to be a serious overproduction tu the butter business. But good products will be necessary to profit. I HATCHING WITH HENB. onte Ilnlcm That Must Be Observed to Sccrc Good Results. Hatching chicks with hens is "is old as domestic poultry. At the s:m', time on the :lveraffe gl'elt lnll)rovelllCll{ ,lln be nla(]e ill nlctho(]s for I:,,,!l .," ' :.: work done by liens, ('.I)l'cially w!:(,: w. try to produce the (.lilt.ks in uL::. , :.-; to the best :ldValltage. ill ['()I'll:' .. I, "' nest for the lieli lye :ll'e tll[ l' I} , bOX nluch too Snlal] for 1[,. ],i,:,,,.,. for tile nest sllou]d bcd,',':= ;:: Inade ef eiloug]l nlai(!l'];ll lo ] .t; ;t:} ill hell)ing lo keep the c,.:::.s r,;::.,. .,, nest that is so sparing y :,t,:,, t, /nose back yoke, full or inverted box scarcely keep the eggs fl't)nl it:(, ,..'i:io,: and bottom of the box l'at]]s i: I(,HtIil:;, aid ill keeping tile eggs w:trm, lrs, plenty of hay or straw and pack i7 close and tight and hdve it deep llkt t: bird's nest so the he] will be down mong the hay or straw, and iiave the lining thick enough to keep the eggs away front thc, box. Nests so constructed will lend their FASHIONS. The spring wraps are almost replicas of those worn during tle winter, With toilets wLich have long skirts tile three-quarter coat is almost uni- versally worn, but with a short skirt or ordin*ry street costume the hip length garment is doomed more mod- ish. The short kimona coat with Jap. ,kt ful )r inverted box 1 ime t front may be ,r ttte d across. This of oat also appears in o: Full n h garment. in ua ca, wt ch this en uol  r ge i Paris, be one of the leading plait back and kimona front turned back or buttoned across. same outline of coat three-quarter or full length In fact, the kimona coat, wlich this winter has been such a rage in Paris, bids fair to shapes during the coming season, and aid to the work, protect the eggs from it has much to commend It, The reg. changes of the weather and assist the ulation mandarin coat is another mode hen ill her work, but when so con- adapted from tie Orient, and it is ex- structed as to allow the heat to be drawn away from the eggs the chances are that yeo will not have so large a hatch as you will have when the nests are 1)roperly made. We know of some who depend entirely upon the hens to do tile hatching. I have seeu thirty and forty hens eli nests of eggs in one room, all the nests built in a row and two tiers high. the nests roomy and deep and the room darkened except when the liens came to feed. It is quite as and when you have finished you can see to it that all have heen off to feed by feeling their crops. Place all where they belong and shut them in for an- other (lay. When this plan is in good w)rking order, there is but little trouble In look- ing after the hens. Have ten or a doz- en feed boxes and by each a pan of water so they may all have a chance for food and drink. Dust them all well with any good iusect powder lu place of tile dust bath, and all will go well with them. If we will place out" hand on the crop of each after it has been off to feed. we can quickly tell those that have not fed and take them off again to eat. If wc watch thenl well eeedingly attractive, especially when rich materials are employed for its construction. Tlere are as well a number of new cloaks that have much about them ,hat suggest the modes the modes of 1830 The pelerine effect /or examl)ie. It has full flowing sleeves, the deep pelerine stole droop- ing about the shoulders and finished easy to h:lve them this way as any with knotted fringe. Oollars are al- way. They can be let off at noon prior most absent from the newest garments to going to your own noond,qy meal, unless cape collars are used. The cape, single, double or triple, is sur- ounted by a norrow turn-down collar, but it is more alton collarless. Those capes must be cefully fitted to be cor- rect, as they ml t cling to the shoul- ders. In manic Of the latest creations the cape is sl'.dler in the ron than it is iu the back, which makes it quite old'timoy and picturesque; many of them have a hood like effect. There is destinnd to be a change in sleeves, ls tio full sleeve gathered iu- laces are faintly to a close cuff has been so inueh worn bl,,e, and made up and care for their wants, many of them that an innovation seems ahnost essen, the same tones. will stay on the nest for two hatches tial. For the present mousquetaire is and do well, thus providing a living incubator. A Pri=e Winner. ,,. , : , ,} I[ ' This fine white Wyandotte cock. first at New York show of 1903, was bred and is owned by W. R. Graves. West Springfield. Mass. very much in evidence. It starts close and almost unwrinkled over the wrist, the fulness and folds increasing tow- ard the elbows. Anotiler modisb sleeve is drawn ill close on the lower part of the arm and laced on theout- sisde, the lacing running almost to the elbows. An effort, is also being made to get away from the separate cuff, which has been so much in vogue. Double-breasted fronts are character. istic of many of the walking jacket models. Iu tweed, camel's-hair, Eng- lish serge or cheviot the jacket s semi- loose. In heavier fabrics it is trim and snug in its effect. A simple but effective model for a tailor costume for early spring wear is of black .and white mixed wool, trimmed with black soutache braid A narrow panel is inserted on eaon side of the font breadth. This panel is Turkey llalln" For Vo,nen. slightly graluated in width and edged Five years ago liiss Arlltt Martin of with the braid, the widest portion Texas began raising turkeys. She had aWatch For You!* IN ORDIR L increase our elrcul:. lion to 30,000 copies, we have made  4 a lar contract for Ingersoll Watehe, to be supplied direct from ftory. The regular price of this watch Is $1.00. If you will forwar us $1.00 we will send you THE RANCH tx month, and mail you one The Famous Ingersoll. ot these watehm ABSOLUTELY IrREE l The watch we are offering you com from one of the largest manu facturies of the United State. The output Is from 6.000 to 8,000 watches a day. American skill, modern machinery, and the fact that these watches are manufactured In very large quantities0 permit of their being sold at a prier that ts apparently ridlculou GUARANTEE Manufacturer's One Year Guarantee in hack of each ease that this watch wtl] keep goad time. Should It fall to do so repairs will be made free of charge. This is u bona fide offer; wc lose money o It. but It's your subserll). tton we are after. W want your support. Every farmer In the North. west cue.hi to support The tiar, c.h. Do net delay. Remit by Pestofflee Money Order. Reglstered Letter or Welts Farvo & to Address all orders to THE RANt I-I, l.,era'd'ng Farm Par of te 'or,,,*,et ...SEATTLE, VASH. a flock of tire liens and a gobbler to start with. The first year she raised 117 birds ixl the spring and seventy- nine in the fall, which she sold at an awrage of 97 cents each. The greater part of the first year's earnings was spent the second year in buying food and building houses and yards for her fowls. She bought five common hens and put them to hatching turkeys' eggs at the same tlme turkey hens were set, and when the poults ap- peared they were all given to the com- mon liens, while the turkey hens were hroken up and soon laid another clutch of eggs. That year she raised 434 turkeys and sold all but fifty, which were reserw,d for breeder.. From these she raised the following year 1,400, of which 100 were kept. By this time she was using near the foot of the skirt measuring not more than three inches. Narrow insertions of black cloth are set in the frout and back of the bodice, which has a double-breasted blouse effect andis crossedwith the braid in breton fashion, the braid endiug iu small loops caught with buttons. The sleeve is slasbed on the outside of the arm and inserted wth black cloth,and trimmed with the braid and the hut- tOlls. Htgh girdles are much in vogue. They are especially effective when worn with tilth bodices. They look simple, but there is an art in making incubators and planted several acres to them so that they will define the waist green stuff for food and hired two we- line properly. They must be careful- men and several boys to help care for ly boned and fastened invisibly,either the turkeys. Over and above all ex- peases she cleared $2,500 the fifth year. The main food is bread and cornmeal, with a little red pepper and a good quantity of green food. Fecdi=tg Duekli ng'. Pollard says: "Many breeders feed only at stated times from the begin- nlng, but we have found that it saves time and trouble and. the ducklings do quite as well when we leave the feed before them. After the third day they are fed four times a day, rather more at the side or the middle of the back. A girdle that is mu.h liked is high in the back, but drawn down in soft folds to a point of the bodice in front, giv- ing a V shape effect to the front of tile blouse. The girdle is satin or silk, gathered to a stiff shaped piece in the back. Ribbon ruohes are being exten- sively used to trm costumes, skirts, tea gowns and also millinery. These decorations appear a the lem of than they will clean up at once. From flounces of many of the new gowns, the first they have water at night as and a great porton ot t.he French pet- well as during the day. It Is one of the prettiest sights of the whole bslness tiooats of silk and lace have both ver- The Profit In Feedlng. to see l string of the downy little yel- While nearly all admit that it pays t low chaps travel to and from the water fountain ill a moonlit brooder building. They glide like quaint little shadows and converse In quiet little peeps of contentment." Miourl' Big E,'" Crop, What do you think of a state whose hens laid in 1902 so many eggs that it sold 51,217,755 dozens for $5,377,815.837 This is the record of Missouri. (reene county laid more eggs on th world's table than any other county. Its sur. plus prodnct was 4,650.690 dozen. IIa. con sold 1,562,945 dozen. Livingstone Bold 1,426.845 dozen. Charlton sold 1,227,590 dozen. Franklin sold 1,932,. 750 dozen. feed liberally, but a small per cent of our dairymen practice full feeding. If they would remember that it takes ap. proximately 60 per cent of all that cow can eat to maintain her body, more would strive to get a profit from feeding the remaining 40 per cent, as it is in this that all the profit lies. Give tle Light. All domestic animals prefer light quarters to those that are dark, and dairymen especllly will do well to cater to this natm'al desire. Cows kept In dark quarters are apt .to have more or less trouble with their eyes, as too much darkness seems to cause a de rangement of the eye. tioal and circular ruohe trimmhgs carried of the middle of the skirt breadths down to its extreme ena. This effect is also carried out on the skirts of gowns. "Oyster 'wiiite" is n name to a tint that is neither white nor gry A cloth gown m this shade is effectively made with lace of the same tone. In fact, lace colored to match the gown will be as extensively used the coming season as it has been duxing the win- ter. An innovation is tte coloring of themin all of the lighter evening shades. For example,ioh ohantillyl OUR GLUBBING RATES: The Ranch (Farm paper) one year $1.00 The Gatholic Progress one yea $1.50 The Ingersoll Watch $1.00 Total, $3.50 All sent for $.50 toned in pink an(] with chiffons of SKIRTS ARE INCREASING IN WIDTH. The increasing triumph of the full skirt is a matter of interes and only the stiff and unpliable materials resist it. The tucks or plaits are held fiat for some distance below:tlo waist, but ttiere is voluminous fulness below. The pedestrian and street skirts will kop their trim lines, though they are, as a rule, plaited and have much ful. ness around the bottom; but all the soft materials take on more and more f,lness and hang full either from the waist liue or from a yoke. Now and novel hat pins have large volvetheads decorated in Egyptian designs. Ruffles form a prevtty decoration for skirts made of sheer material. A stockof lace or embroidery is worn with a wash waist. Boleros are fashionable, but they must be very short. Basques also are coming in again. No summer gown will be complete without the high girdle. It is made ofall kinds of material and decorated in all sorts of ways. Hat pins With large heads of plaired srtaw are the correct thing with tio straw trimmed tail or hats. One of tio newest blousess is made of alternating strips of white muslin and imitation Giuny lace. The broad insertion gives the blouse a striking effect. A curious shade of purple brown is a new fancy and is exquisite in chiffon as well as in silk and wool. PROFESSIONAL. J. J. CHAMBERS, M. D. Physioian and Surgeon. 'Dhrtnno Office, Main i185 /IIUIIIO Residence, John 3661 419-420 Lumber Exchange Bld'g DRS BURKHART 81 PALMER. DENTISTS. Moved to Lumber Exchange Building. Tel. Red. 876. BRIG[IT AND GONGLETON. Lawyers, 511--512 Marion Block, Seattle. General practice.. Special attention to damages, real estate and collections for out of town clients. Business Cards. DRAMATIC ART AND ORATORY. S/undersea School of Expression. Classes and private pupils in Dramatic Art. oico Training and Piiysical Cul- ture. Dranlatic Club. Call or write for illustrated circular. 9 and i0 Ho- lyoke Block. Phone John 401 MODISTE LADIES' TAILORIN5 ISS COSTELLO, 314 DENNY BLD'G, SECOND AVE. Look Neat st,once and,ress your suit each week for $1.50 per nionth. SEATTLE CLOTHES PRESSING CO PhouesRed 4484 Ind. A 678, 1007 3rd Tel, Black 1621. Sole Agency for Wheeler & Wilson Domestic H, HANSON Carry Supplies for all Makes of Ma- chines and Repair Them Promptly. 215 COLUMBIA STREET. SEATTLE, ,- -WAS]L NEW YORK MAKER Perfect fit for all figures. Expert Cutter.--Specialist Airy apartments Rooms 21-22,815 Pike, Phoue ,las. 1{36 DRESSMAKING SCHOOL, 492494 Arcade Bnilding. ARCADE TOILET PARLORS Electricity Baths and Body Massage. 418 Arcade Builing. HIGH GRADE Ladies' Tailoring, Fancy Gowns and Coats rs, Carlton & Cody, :',05 Arcade Building, DR.C.L. NELSON DENTIST 222-d Arcade Building, Seattle. Phones, White 576, Ind 1912 W. C. CARR DENTIST Globe Block, Seattle 'Phone John Two-double-,ine-one. CROWN AND BRIDGE WORK DR. GEO. W. BRAGDON DENTIST. Graduate of Phila. Dental College. 404 Mutual Life Bld'g., Tel Main 747 MRS, E. d. GRATTON DRESSIAKER and LADIES" TAI- LOR Special attention given to. Eaa terGowns 812-3 Collins Building, Seattle. 'Phone Black 7132. ELECTRIC BEAUTY PARLORS. Hair Dressing, Shampooing, Electric Scalp Treatment. Facial iassage at GURTISS MILLINERY STORE, 1316, Second Avenue, SUPERFLUOUS HAIR--Is only re- moved by scientific application of Eleo. trio Needle. Consult our lady graduate SPECIALIST9 years experience, Seattle refereneesTe Chicago Elec- trolysis Co., 364 Arcade Bldg, KILLEAN  LATE OF NEW YORK TAILOR GOWNS DESIGNER '328 Arcade Building . ]Ir. and lrs. Frederio Christensen, teaohers of Sooiety, Theatrical and Body Culture. ()ffice sd ball in the Arcade Blo0k. Phone Blaok 7850. R. S. Eskridge M.W. Watrqus. WANTED--FAITHFULPERSON TO ESKRIDGE & WATROU$, TRAVEL for well established house Att0rncys at Law , in a few counties, oalliug on retail ROOMS 6 1 3-1 4-1 5, MARION BLD G, merchants and agents. Local territory. ,- SEATTLE. Salary $1024 a year and expenees, pa- --WHEATO & GARRETT l able $$19.70 a week ill cash and ex- penses advanced. Position permanent 427 Arcade Bld'g Tel. Pink10011 if desired, or for summer season. Busi. General Legai Business; Collections, ] Legal papers Executed. ] ness successful and rushing. Slandard House, Educational Department, Cax- ton Bldg., Chicago m