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April 16, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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April 16, 1965

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Fridmy, April 16, 1965 THE PROGRESS -5  Views on Interracial Home Visit Day who are less knowledgeable in racial matters." The home visits are described as basically educational. Ar- rangements are made for small Home Visits "need to be more questions in a relaxed living room setting. Negro families were hosts for the first Home Visit last June; whites hosted in October. Some people have asked if discussing, race in this way isn't a bit artificial, that per- haps a social visit would be more natural. Considering the results of home visits in other cities over the past eight years .as well as the two in Seattle, the home visit committee an- swers no. They feel it would be more artificial to bring together an interracial group for a meeting such as this and then avoid the subject of race. Past participants have ad- vised that the key to success is to dive right into the prob- lems of race immediately. Sponsors of "Operation Understanding," the third in a series of Interracial Home Visit Days in Seattle, are busy evaluating and smoothing out organizational problems as the April 25 visit draws nearer. "Because of the relatively small proportion of Negroes in the Seattle area and the increasing interest within the white community, we are making a concentrated drive for Negro registrations," stated Roy Overstreet, host recruitment chairman. Negroes who took part before are particularly invited to do so again and to help recruit new participants. "We are especially hopeful of gaining Negro hosts with an interest in Civil Rights," added Overstreet. "Even though conversations on race are 'old stuff' for some Ne- groes, they can perform a much needed service for their white fellow citizens Those taking part are encour- aged to bring up any topic from job discrimination to in- terracial marriage. Mrs. Robert Saunders of St. Joseph's Parish will again open her home to visitors and inter- ested friends. She feels that Home Visits "need to me more regular and frequent if we're really going to progress." Another view was expressed by Mrs. Walter Ashford of Im- maculate Parish, a guest in the second Home Visit, Mrs. Ash, ford commented: "I wish we could somehow interest people who are hard- er to bring around. Our hosts and their friends seemed al- ready committed to racial justice." However, questionnaires re- turned after the first Home Visit showed that for almost two-thirds of the visitors, this was the first time they had ever visited socially in a Negro home. On the other hand, virtually all the hosts had entertained white visitors on other occas- sinus. "My wife and I have al- ways been sympathetic with the Negro in his battle for equal rights," said Jack Sheppard, St. Louise Parish, Bellevue. "But the frank and enlightened discussion we had with our Negro hosts helped us to realize that this wasn't a Negro problem, but an American problem, and that we must do our part to help solve it." Mrs. William King of St. Mary's added: "We tend to think of the Negro as a group rather than as an individual With the same thoughts and desires as our own. I think the Home Visit Day shows us the Ne- gro as the person he really is." Sponsors of the Home Visit Day are the Catholic Interra- cial Council of Seattle, the Christian Family Movement, Christian Friends for Racial Equality and Temple de Hirsch. Further information may be obtained by calling the Chris- tian Friends office, MA 3-8896, weekday mornings. Marian Painting At St. Peter's VATICAN CITY (NC) -- A painting of the Virgin Mary known as Our Lady of Pompeii is to be on. display in St. Pe- ter's, April 22-23, and will be crowned by Pope Paul VI be- fore being sent back to the Marian shrine near the ruins of Pompeii. The painting was brought here two months ago for restoration work. It is an image that turned up in a Naples junk shop in 1875 and, while without artistic value, soon prompted a new devotion to Mary as Our Lady of Pompeii. MARYKNOLL MISSION METHODS were discussed recendy in Lima, Peru, when Presi- dent Fernando Belaunde Terry received 35 Maryknoll missioners who had gathered to confer on future plans in Latin America. Left to right: Very Rev. John F, Donovan MM, Vicar General of Maryknoll Fathers; Bishop Charles A. Brown MM, of Santa Cruz, Be. livia, and President Belaunde. Sugar, Please[ Editor, The Progress: Several years ago when another Lent was about to arrive I was discussing with a friend the great sacrifice I was go- ing to make that time. I had revealed how two years be- for I had given up cream in my coffee. When that 40 days was over I discovered I pre- ferred coffee without cream. Then, for the Lent just past I had given up sugar. At the time this seemed a particular- ly hard and secret little sac- rifice, and I remembered how I looked forward to the peni- tential season finally ending so I could use sugar. Lent finally ended. I put sugar in my coffee. And couldn't drink it. So, I was saying that I hadn't decided what sacrifice to make this time. "Why don't you put sugar back in your coffee?" he suggested. SOMEHOW, THE above is by way of introduction to the subject of happiness. Happi- ness, to borrow a phrase, is a many splendored thing.. Happiness is applying for a job, and the interviewer doesn't conclude: Don't call us. We'll call you. Hapiness is the general saying: The 81st will move out and de-activate the mine field. And you're in the 82nd. HAPPINESS is landing a man on the moon. It's made of blue cheese And there's a mouse aboard Happiness is a bird Happiness is a colored rock Happiness is the ladies' bridge game Happiness is a bar of light on a convent wall I-Iappmess is the whirr of elec- tronic computers Happiness is small boys count- ing penny candies Happiness is the roar of a crowd Happiness is the stillness at dawn Happiness is the power of Mickey Mantle THE FRAGILITY of a pirou- ette Happiness is the restless sea Happiness is a deep forest Happiness is a fertile valley Happiness is a high mountain Hapiness is a pair of new shoes Happiness is the bare feet of a Trappist monk !lappiness is black Happiness is white Happiness is fleeting CAN BE eternal Happiness is coffee without sugar With sugar HAPPINESS is Easter JOHN MONTAN 18925 llth Ave. NE Seattle Neutralize Leftist Acts 'Feeling of. Reassurement' Editor, The Progress: It was with a feeling of deep reassurement that lay people interested and involved in Civil Rights noted the complete back- ing of their diocesan paper in featuring the march of Peter Coleman in the Selma effort. This was important to so many for so many reasons, but high on the list of im- portant reasons would be the identical motivation of those who have deep love of God and show the inspiration of the Holy Spirit in doing His Will because they fed they must. Too often we see growing dissension among those who profess to love God even though they know well that no tained in these words from our page A, 9 April 1965.), and the Civil Rights movement. BIGOTSII) deny this person Declaration of Independence. pursuit of Happiness ("Seattle So What?? This tenth of the his rights as a citizen and as "We held these truths to has an unemployment rate of population is trying to realize a human. be self-evident, that all men about six per cent, but among The American Dream. If a few Miss Felix' letter exhibits a are created equal, that they its 28,000 Negroes there is an Communists assist them, these less of American ideals. The are endowed by their Creator 11 per cent jobless situation." Communists are serving the Progress' printing of it points with certain unalienable The Seattle Times, 8 April best interest of the U.S. of A., up the current failure of a fair Rights, that among these are 1965), they are following in the not Russia. share of this country's Cath- Life, Liberty and the pursuit footsteps of other American of Happiness." (Capitals are boat-rockers like Washington, I imagine Miss Felix looks olics to "Love thy neighbor as thyself." I hope this letter Mr. Jefferson's). Jefferson, Paine, Hale, Jones. under her bed each night to seems a blast; it's meant to be. spot any Communists who If Negroes--within their priv- And if whites choose to join might be lurking there. JOHN L. BYRON ileges of citizenship--attempt to them, these whites, too, are 7540 40th Ave. NE. Better she should look up and Seattle secure these rights to Life . acting both within their rights see the condition of the Ameri- ("the grand total of 3,397 Ne- and in the best American Tra- can Negro. The Negro has been groes (were)lynched in the MIS nation from the beginning of dition, here longer than the Irish, the Critics sod 1882 until the close of 1938"; Miss Felix doesn't realize Germans, the Svenske/Norske, "The Mind of the South" by that to 11 per cent of this the Italians, the Slavs. Poole's Point W. J. Cash, p. 306), Liberty country's citizens, Mr. Char- For him a war's been Editor, The Progress: Liberty ("Bogalusa; La.: Angry lie is the enemy, not Commu- fought, three Constitutional Whew! Mr. Peele sure took whites today waded into a civil- nism. Because of this, there Amendments passed, count- a beating in "Our Readers rights march swinging fists and may have been a small num. less laws enacted, several Su- Write" of April 2 but I fear picket signs . . . only one man her of Communists (whatever preme Court decisions ren- most of his critics missed his was held." The Seattle Times, they are) accepted into the dared. Still, bigots (I repeat: point that the nuns taking part i I Nun Recounts Vivid March in Selma -Editor, The Progress: going. I have taken more time than this for educational meet- Mr. Edward Peele stated in his '.otter in your lags. March 26 issue that the picture of the six nuns from The request for the Sisters came from the Catholic Inter- Missouri leading a protest march brought questions Racial Council. They felt the Sisters would help keep down to his mind. violence and this was exactly What happened. Many of the I was not there at that time, bul I did participate in a march Negroes felt there would have been more tear gas and more in Selma shortly afterwards on March 13. It was the same one billy clubs except for the presence of the Sisters. in which Father 2ohn Cavanaugh, former president of the Uni- One of the Sisters who had been there a day before me re- versity of Notre Dame, participated, ported that one of the Negro ladies went up to her and said: Perhaps, I can answer a few of Mr. Peele's questions. "We will never be afraid again, Sister. The Catholic Sisters The Sisters of Alabama were conspicuous by their absence have e0me to stand by our side." from the protest march because THEY were forbidden to par- We were not just a bunch of agitators from the North who ticipate actively by THEIR Bishop. After being there, I think were going down righteously to take care of things in the South this was perhaps a prudential action since local parlieipants because everything was in perfect order at home. The plans are subject to reprisals and harassments, were made in the South. We initiated no plan -- we gave our We stayed at Good Samaritan Hospital run by the Sisters of Support to the plans already made. St. Joseph of Rochester, New York, who did their part by pro- Monsignor Cantwell from Chicago gave a statement to the riding hospitality for the Sisters and the Priests. press in which he outlined our purpose for being there. I had Those of us who went to Selma did not consider this a "vaca- hoped the Catholic Press would have printed that in full. I do 'tion" or a "pleasure trip." We went at the request of the Inter- not remember the exact words but the idea in it was that since Racial Council which asked us to go to give our witness, to stand at Selma the problem was brought into sharp focus we were beside our brothers in Christ, to give our support at this protest there to give our support so that discrimination would be elimi- of denial of human rights, nated every place -- North and South. We considered this a moral and religious witness more than Selma is not just a headline to me -- I see verb' vividly a political support, those two square blocks surrounded by troopers. I can identify The Sisters from Missouri, I'm sure, do not defy civil with all those who have lived in a police state situation rather authority in Alabama or elsewhere. I don't think any of the than in a police protected state. And I was there only one day accounts said they tried to push through lines when they were Going to Selma was a very humbling experience. The heroes stopped by the troopers. The same thing happened at our are the people who are there day after day working to gain march. We were stopped -- we stayed there and sang and. their human rights. prayed together for Reverend Reeh and all those who died I am a firm believer in State's rights, but not when they for the cause of racial justice, obliterate human rights, Demonstrations within legal limits are not violations of law Those of us who went to Selma knew we were not official but the exercise of the right of free assembly a,Jd free speech, representatives of the Church except in so far as we are Christ- While we were standing in our lines, the President of the United tians. We went to give our witness, to help our brothers who States in speaking to Governor Wallace said that he did not see needed our support. I read the editorial in The Progress that why citizens could not be allowed to make a peaceful protest in although physically we are separated from Selma there would be order to obtain their rights, a Mass and a march in Seattle  I was very happy to think Father Robert Drinan, dean of the Boston Law School de- that my being there unofficially represented the Northwest's par- fended the right of civil rights supporters to direct non-violent ticipation. action in a speech given to the National Legal Conference of the As we told the reporters -- those of us who were there rep- Congress of Racial Equality. (These excerpts came from Chicago resented many other Sisters who would have been there if cir- Studies, Fall, 1964, pp. 128-129.) He states most cogently: ' cumstances had permitted it. "Civil disobedience to law arises not from contempt for There were about 25 Sisters and 50 or 60 priests the day I the law hut rather from a profound respect for the majesty of participated. There were ministers from many other denomina- the moral law which the violated statute assertedly contravenes, tions. It was a very ecumenical group and the whole atmosphere "Civil disobedience to laws that are deemed to be unjust was one of reverence and prayer. involved the highest respect for the law . . . When citizens openly The presence of the Sisters at Selma let the people know disobey a law that they hold to be unjust and ask for penalty, the Sisters are involved. We are religious of the 20th century they are saying in effect that they would rather be in jail than -- these problems of civil rights are problems of our times. live freely in a society which tolerates such a law . . . Why is there so much fuss about the Sisters participating in "It is a false but widely held belief that no individual or the march? Could it be that in the minds of some the Sister is group should engage in direc[ non-violent action until all legis- not considered relevant so it comes as a surprise that she is lative and judicial means of relief have' been thoroughly ex- taking part in a movement which requires commitment, aware. hausted. Such an assertion fails to recognize the fact that there ness of need; which is of concern fight now and in which some- are some injustices which, even if eventually they will be eor- how by her presence she has become an influence? rected, are so inherently shameful that those who suffer them I think the part of Mr. Poole's letter which finally convinced have a right to exercise self-help . . . me I should write a reply was his ending: "Direct action furthermore, must be proportionate to the in- "Please, dear Sisters, remember Selma and Seattle in your justice sought to be corrected .... prayers, but keep your habits clean by keeping them at home." "A third requirement for the justification of conduct other- In fact, I wondered if he said that to provoke an answer. wise illegal is the nature and the importance of the moral rights Now, I have not made a thorough search, but nowhere in the sought to be vindicated. Mere personal preference or indeed Gospels do I recall: the assertion of any rights not grounded in the very heart of our "Blessed are they who pray and keep their habits dean." contitutional privileges and moral conceptions can hardly jus- But I do find: tify activities which cause serious inconvenience to large hum- "Blessed are the peacemaker.., and "Blessed are they bets of persons." who suffer persecution for justice's sake .... " Mr. Peele spoke of the Sisters' vow of obedience. I do not Did Christ worry about getting His .garments dusty as He think there is any religious order where the members vow obodi- "went about preaching and doing good?" ence to any civil authority. My vows were made to God, to the Father Schillebeeckx has said: ("Christ the Sacrament of the Blessed Virgin Mary, to our Holy Father, St. Dominic, to our Encounter with God, p. 206) Prioress General and to her successors according to the Rule of "To people who live today the meaning, of saving history St. Augustine and the Constitutions of our Congregation. and of the Church is found in encounter with present-day I have sent a complete report about our Selma participation Christians and their priests. Our Christian life must therefore to each of our houses. I'm sure Mr. Peele would be able to bor- be the outward embodiment of God's interior call to grace row a copy of the report from them. in the hearts of our fellow men . . . For all men, encounters The presence of the Sisters at Selma does not indicate with their fellow men are the sacrament of encounter with either a shortage or a surplus of vocations. All the Sisters God." there were present with the permission of their maior super- Sister Mary Catherine OP visors. They were not shirking duties at home. Our group left (Congregation of St. Thomas Aquinas, Tacoma Dominicans) South Bend on Friday and returned late Sunday. Most of the School of Theology, St. Mary's Branch, Box 142 Sisters did not stay very long--there were groups coming and Notre Dame, Ind. k house divided can long stand against the forces of evil. God's people working together posi- tively and with active love in their hearts to do His Will, not their own, have little to fear but much GROWING to ac- complish. The previous week's wonder- ful feature on Vocations was a joy to read as an awakened laity has tree( need for the leadership of dedicated priests and religious. Every Catholic should feel the necessity of his involve- ntent in vocations and to ex- press his concern by prayers and by contributing some small sacrifice each year to- ward the education of semi- narians in his diocese and the world. Catholic women in this dio- cese can contribute easily to- ward seminarian aid through their Altar Societies each year with a minimum of effort to gain this everlasting reward. MRS. STANLEY J. MICHALEK 520 W. Pioneer Ave. Puyallup Did Selma Need Them? Editor, The Progress: Why shouldn't we be over- joyed that priests and nuns participate in the Alabama Civil Riots marches and demonstra- tions? Archbishop Toolen of Mo- bile-Birmingham didn't seen enthusiastic about their pres- ence, but he is probably an old reactionary. We should be glad that there are priests and sisters who have time to trek from afar to Selma. They must have solved all of the problems in their own areas. They must have completed the job of brightening their own comers, and done it so well they don't even have to mind the store! Such people must have skills that are needed every- where. Archbishop Toolen, is an old Editor, The Progress: meanie, or he'd be grateful for such expert help, even though Efforts to secure dignity and. they didn't ask his permission. freedom for all Americans, morally undertaken, are a dic- tate of our faith in the Mystical Body of Christ. Furthermore, in working to remove the causes of social and political unrest on which Communism nurtures itself we are strengthening our Re- public. Wouldn't the Communists be d e I i g h t e d' if we Christians would stay out of Civil Rights and leave the driving to them? If there IS a strong leftist influence in this area, we need STRONGER Catholic participa- tion to nmttralize it. And one more thing: if so many of your fearful readers D O N' T want 'legislation, DON'T want direct action, what do they want? Status Quo? I sometimes suspect that if you scratch one of these citi- zens you might find a segrega- tinist hiding in there, subli- mating like mad! MRS. F. L. PROVO 9314 40th Ave. NE Seattle N. A. LLOYD, 428 Whidby Av. Port Angeles In the Name Of Democracy Editor, The Progress: I can think of nothing less pertinent than the remarks of a Mississippi Senator on the subject of Civil Rights, e.g., the statement of Senator Eastland quoted by Wilma F. Felix in her letter to The Progress, 9 April 1965. The Senator's unproven re- marks about the Freedom Par- ty and about the Civil Rights movement in general are sim- ply the mouthings of an avowed bigot on a subject close to his constituents' hearts. Miss Felix' implication that the proposed march to Olympia and indeed the entire Civil Rights movement are Commu- nist inspired and led is both ludicrous and irrelevant. The premise of Democracy is con- / in the Unlawful march from law is no good, we don't have Selma at the time of his let- to obey it. Sister says Martin ter,writing because a Federal Luther King is the greatest. Judge had issued an injunction against it and all laws must be obeyed by all citizens. The later, successful march was being performed when his critics composed THEIR letters and it was a LAWful march so they prohahly for- got that the first marchers were breaking the law and so were deserving of criticism. He's the one that's calling for all the marches. He's a Bap- tist minister. I don't think it's fair for us to have to go to school when all those kids in Selma get to take off and have a parade, etc., etc." And so, dear Father, Broth. ers and Sisters, a scandal is born, not in our eyes, but in the eyes of our children. Add We teach our children, as we to this the fact that some, not were taught, to look up to nuns many, but some of these pa- and priests and, for this reas- redes have included known and on, they must be ever so care- ful of the path they trod. I hope our religious continue to use every lawful means to help the Negroes assume their legal and moral rights. MRS. M. McJANNET 11557 Evanston Ave. N. Seattle Scandal in Rights' Marches Editor, The Progress: We are often reminded of the dangers of guilt by associa- tion. We warn our children that they are judged by the com- pany they keep so they should choose their friends wisely. Although we may be as in- nocent as lambs, a compromis- ing situation might cause irre- parable scandal before the truth is known and mistaken impres. sions corrected. That's why we seldom find priests at the tavern or Sisters at the bingo parlor. Any priest might enjoy a cold beer on a hot day and some nuns I know are pretty crafty card players, but there's a time and place for everything and in the case -of the clergy and religious, it's mostly not in public. Several years ago, there was a demonstration of faith at the University of Washing- ington football stadium. Some 25 or 30 thousand of the clergy, religious and laity of the Archdiocese took part in a public tribute to our Blessed Mother on the occasion of the Family Rosary Crusade. Par- ticipation in that event was something to beproud of and the rest of the community certainly sat up and took notice. Recently, however, demom stration t e e h n i q u e s have changed, especially in the civil rights field. Rallies are seldom held in stadiums or auditoriums any more. Now they are held in the street or on the front steps of public buildings. And, people don't just attend these affairs: they assemble some place else and march to them. These marches, which have been going on all over the country, have been anywhere from eieht blocks to 50 miles long. Although the exercise is certainly healthful, the main purpose of these marches is publicity and who can deny, a parade will almost always draw a crowd. The unfortunate aspect of all ef these marches is that the ones we remember most are the ones that have run into trouble. There haven't been many like that, but they are the ones we remember. On one occasion, a single, spoken order by a thoughtless police officer resulted in scores of citizens being injured by tear gas: and flying hilly cluhs and elbows,"On another the first in which nuns participated, a march began in defiance of police orders and ended abrupt- ly with a confrontation, sheriff and police versus nuns, priests and others. You and I might be in com- plete sympathy with these demonstrators and their cause. We are able to evaluate the cir- cumstances and agree, or dis- agree, that priests and nuns are justified in demonstrating of human rights. But, consid- er, if you will, the impressions which can be left on the chil- dren. "Sister isn't afraid of any cop, no sirl She agrees with Martin Luther King, ff the identified Communists hypocrit- ically singing "We Shall Over- come" as loud as the next fel- low. Think hard before standing up with company of question- able character. Wrong impres. sions, especially on the chil- dren. might be remembered for a long time. EDWARD L. POOLE, 11500 38th Ave. NE Seattle 'Political Blasphemy' Editor, The Progress: The truth is out! Mr. Peele over the past two months has endeavored with his f a u t t y logic to prove that the Eco- nomic Opporttmity Act was a "hoax, sham, fraud and fias- co." He maintained that "the end does not justify the means." He based his hazy testimony NOT on our process of repre. sentative democratic govern- ment but rather on the writings of a remote 19th century French economist named Bes- fiat which appear in a 'far- right' paperback entitled "The Law and Cliches of Socialism." Mr. Pooh is guilty of litical blasphemy when he accuses our president and our congress of acting fraud. ulcotly when in reality the Economic Opportunity Act is a valid law passed by our validly elected representa. fives, through valid process of our democratic govern. ment to cure in a small part one of the social ills of our modern society. Mr. Poole might achieve a more accurate lusion by relying on reason from reliable sources rather than on the prejudice contained in A Pa- perback. Politically intelligent observers study both sides. So read "The Law and Cliches of Socialism" by Frederic Bastiat and Various :, Authors. Published 'by Con-" structive Action, Inc. T h e n"" read Harrington's "The Other: America" and MyrdaFs "Chal- lenge to Affluence." In the Ave Maria (Decem- ber 5. 1964) is an excellent ar. tide "Poverty in the United States" by Kenneth W: Peter. Also there is a hondbook compiled by the Natierml Catholic Coordinating Commit- tee on Economic Opportunib (1312 Massachusetts Ave. NW Washington, D.C. $1.). This is a simple outline- guide for responsible citizens who would like an introduc. tory understanding to the WAR ON POVERTY which has been discussed by the 'President of the United States and recognized by Congress in enacting the Economic Opportunity Act of I964. A challenge to all Americans, this booklet aims to point out the MORAL responsiblities we all sham in cooperating with local community organizations as well as state and national avenues to solving a major problem in this country. MARGARET M. MURRAY 2312 NE 91st St. Seattle P.S. The editor neglected to give St. Thomas Aquinas the credit for the bulk of my letter (April 2) -- On The Truth of the Catholic Faith -- Summa Contra Centiles-- Book Three: Providence -- Part 2, Chapter 128, par. 6, 8&9.