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April 6, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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April 6, 1962

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*--THE PROGRESS  I II I I Frlday, Ap,ril 6, 1962 Views Differ About N APRIL 13 presses will roll out a colorful 16-page Guide to Cen. tury 21 It will be a publication which Progress readers can proudly send their friends and relatives from out of state. After a folksey welcome to Seattle, explaining things Catholic in the Queen City, Guide to Century 21 launches into a two-page spread giving a Progress recommended list of coming attractions at the Fair Four pages, including a colorful in- side double spread, will highlight the coming Liturgical Week to be held on the fairgrounds August 20-23, Other helpful and interesting fea- tures contained in Guide to Century 21 are as follows: A historical sketch of the Church in the Pacific Northwest; a map hsting Catholic Churches and their times of Sunday Masses nearest the fairgrounds; and finally a complete vacation Mass schedule for all the churches in the Arch- diocese, as well as of those in the Dio- ceses of Spokane and Yakirna. If you desire extra copies of Guide to Century 2l, be sure to phone or write The Progress before April 10. For details, see coupon on page 2, false hopes for the coming Ecumenical Council? The b r i 11 i a n t young Swiss theologian, Hans Kung, fears that we may be in for a painful disillusion. merit if we peg our hopes too high, If it were anyone but Kung who was offering this advice we might dismiss it as" a false alarm from a panicky pessi- mist, a ruddy. duddy. But Kung is one of t h • most radically pro- grive the- ologians in the Church at the present time. He looks for- FR. SHEERIN ward to the coming Ecumenical Council as to the coming of a new Pentecost. He sees it trandormin the Church into such a vision of unity, truth and charity that separated Christians will seek for unity with its Gospel splendor. When he warns against false hopes, it is a warning that is born of 'wisdom. enthusiasm and opti- mism. As far as I have been able to discover, there is -- sad to say --no need for such a warning in this country. On the contrary, the dan. ger here is apathy. Within the last year I have been traveling about in various Eastern cities giving lectures on the coming council and reunion. I have found a prevailing apathy to the council that is due almost entirely to a woeful A Vocation Issue? We want our adult readers, through studying this rather thorough treatment of vocations to the priesthood and re- ligious life, to re-examine and re-evalu- ate the value they have placed on self- less dedication in the service of God. We likewise recommend that this particular issue be kept around the house for some time to come, It could be a family reading project. Patents might see to it that every member of the house- hold read the vocation issue (baby can look at the pictures) Then all can make its contents the subject of an evening dinner conversation. This would be es- pecially worthwhile in homes where chil- dren do not attend parochial schools. The Progress wishes to think all those, religious and laity alike, whose cooperation and support have made this year's vocation edition possible. If, through reading its pages, but one soul answers the call to "Come Follow Me", all qf their efforts will have been emin- ently -worthwhile. CCORDING to the latest reports, parents are still the greatest ob- stacles to vocations. We have an abund- ance of idealistic young boys and girls who would willingly leave all things to follow Christ, were it not for the fierce opposition they meet from the two peo- ple who ought to be giving them their greatest encouragement: Morn and Dad. Instead of longing for vocations in their home. many otherwise excellent Catholic parents actually dread the thought of such things. They pray against it. All the reasons for this warped spit- : itual outlook are not known. But one cause high on the list is certainly ignor- ance of the nature and dignity of the life given totally to God. It is predseh' to remedy this lack of understanding that The Progress has produced this u, eek's 32-page tab- . laid supplement on vocations While the puhlicatio,/s pages are filled with pictures to fire the vivid imagination of Catholic )outh, /he editorial con- tent is largely aimed at the adult mind. Council By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. lack of information about it. One senses a certain amount of devout curiosity about the council but most Catholics seem to be timid about asking ques- tions about it for fear, of re- vealing their ignorance. This is truly disappoinling. Here it is the month of April, the greatest event in Catholic history in this century is only six months away, and yet few Catholics have any information about it, Whose is the fault? As Popq John says about the religious livisions of Christian- ity, let us not try to affix blame. I will say however that the Catholic Press has been ad- mirable in its coverage of anS for the coming event. e diocesan Press has car- ried the a m p I • NCWC re- leases and the Catholic magazines h a v e presented numerous articles on the council. Bishop d e S m e d t, in his "Priesthood of the Faithful," (P a u 1 i s t Paperbacks, 1962) says that the Church does not rely exclusively on the Holy Spirit's action on the bishops when it tries to arrwe at the full knowledge of revealed doe- trine. "It listens also to the action of the same Spirit at work in the People of God. Thus, the teaching body not only speaks to the People of God, it also listens to this People in whom Christ con- tinues His teaching." In my travels I have not met s single person who has written to the proper authorities any suggestions for the coming council's consideration. Cardin- al Koenig told some Austrian newsmen last year that they should not wait for the bishop or a report from Rome if they had something to say about the council• "S o u n d a warning whenever you feel you ought m." Several diocesan p a p e r s and Catholic magazines have published lay recommenda- tions for the council. One of the best articles of this type was the one that appeared in The Sign (October, 1961). Entitled. "What Lay People Want in the Church," it began with Donald Thorman's de- tailed list of fiw topic areas for the council to consider: the liturgy, the role of the layman, the role of the priest, Church- State relations and Free Speech in the Church. This was followed by short suggestions by nine other lay leaders. Douglas Woodruff of the "London Tablet," for in- stance, recommended that the seminary courses be remodeled in closer relation to the intel- lectual life of the non-Christ- ian societies in which nearly all priests have to do their work. Donald McDonald suggested that the nature and function of the parish be re-examined to see if it is a workable unit today. Margaret Mealey, di- rector of the NCWC, would like the Council to iscuss woman's role in the apostolate, Until such matters as these are a common topic of eon. versation among lay people I don't think we need worry about overoptimism in re- gard to the council. As to the clergy, many of them felt a keen sense of dis- appointment when .Pope John ordered seminaries to teach theology in Latin. But the clergy will take it in stride. Specialists View (N,€.W.G. News Set'vie, el CHICAGO  What ac- tion should the coming Vatican Ecumenical Council take in regard to the Index of Forbidden Books? Specialists in literature, law and theology grapple with that question in a magazine sym- posium and come up with sug- gestions ranging from restat- ing the principles underlying the Index, through making it easier to get permission to read forbidden books, to drop- ping the list of titles entirely. The symposium appears in the April-May issue of the Critic, a Catholic literary mag- azine published here by the Thomas More Association. The contributors include'Fa - thor Harold C. Gardiner, S.J., literar4" ' editor of America magazine; Robert Giroux. ed- itor in chief of Farrar. Straus and Cudahy publishers; Father Redmond A. Burke. C. S. V., director of libraries at De Paul University, Chicago; J u d g e Roger J. Kiley of the U. S, Court of Appeals; Msgr, Jo. seph C. Fefiton, professor of dogmatic theology at the Cath. olic University of America; and Father Francis X, Can- field, president of the Catholic Library Association. Father Gardlner notes that it ia "by no means certain" that the Vatican Council, which opens October 11, will do anything at all about the index, which contains a list of books which Catholics are forbidden to read. However, he addS. possible action by the council might in- clude two steps: 1) The listing of 4,000 titles in the present index might be "drastically reduced" to in- clude 0nly books which are now actually obtainable and hence represent a real danger to faith and morals. Such a "pruning" would leave be- tween 400 and 500 tiles, Father Gardiner estimates. 2) The means by which one obtains permission to read a book on the index might be made simpler. One possibility, the Jesuit editor says, is that faculties to grant such permis- sion might be granted to con- fessors as a standard practice. Several of the other contrib- utors also express the hope that the council will make it easier to obtain permission to read books on the index. Fathers Burke and Can. field put particular stress on the problems of librarians. who may be hampered in responsibilities by present regulations. These, in goner- el, reqmre individuals to seek permission to read spe- cific titles from their blsh- ops. Father Canfield notes that today a bishop cannot grant "across-the-board permission to read forbidden books. "Per- hops the council will allow lo- cal ordinaries to grant general dispensations." he says. Giroux centers his hopes on the relaxation of the ban on the reading of certain novels now listed on the index, "Many novels have been con. damned which gave scandal in their day," he says. "My hope is that some wa, will be found to reappraise these nov- els in the light of changing so- cial conditions." He argues that such novels --now on the index--as "Mad- ame Bovary," by Gustave Flaubert, and "Lea Misdr- ables," by Victor Hugo, are in fact "highly moral works." Father Burke points out that previous papal legisla- Index tion left it up to the indlvid. ual to decide whether or not t0 read books prior to 1800, in light of the general norms set down in canon law. He expresses the hope that the "beginning date" for a re- vised index would be moved forward to 1750 or 1800. Judge Kiley, in the most sweeping call for changes among the contributions to the symposium urges "radical ac- tion on the index." He complains that the name "Index of Forbidden Books" is an "irritant" to non-Catholics and a source Of uneasiness to Catholic.s, and suggests it be dropped in favor of something more "positive." He also suggests that the council "do away entirely with the lists of specific books and authors that now-form part of the,.index' and retain only the general norms govermng the reading of books. In these cir- cumstances, he adds, the coun- Cil might then give "a broad discretion" to pastors, edu- cators and others in positions of authority to settle the ques- tion of whether an individual should or should ,not read a book. By contrast, Mr. Fasten urges the council to restate in positive terms the teach- in8 on forbidden books con. tained in the index. He argues that the legisla- tion forbidding the reading of books dangerous to faith and morals can hardly be abolished or modified by the council, but should ,be called forcefully to the attention of Catholics. He adds. however, that the council might make it "a little easier" to obtain permission to read some of the books on the index, "particularly those which are helpful for the his- tory of sacred theology." College t/ASHINGTONIt is VV' becoming increas- ingly important for young people to know what they want to do in life by the time they enter college• This is so, because the sub- jects studied and even the school attended appear to have a growing influence on the occupations undertaken by col- lege graduates. With increased emphasis in college training -- more than 300,000 men and women have received bachelor's degrees annually since 1956 -- a study has been made of the career patterns of recent college grad- tmtes. The above conclusion, is one of the many interesting things it has disclosed. Based largely on a cross-sec- tion of 1958 graduates, the study shows that: •., In almost all professional and semi-professional occupa. tions, the majority of those questioned "were doing work related to a major subject they had in college. This was es- pecially true in science, engin- eering and education, but it al held true in other fields too. Over two.thirds of the graduates employed in busi- nes and managerial occupa- tions had majored in busi- Major Important By J. J. Gilbert nasa, economics, or engineer- ing and fewer than one-third in the social sciences or hnmanities. • . . It is not possible to judge whether this close correspon- dence between college major and later employment, even m non.technical jobs, results from the graduate's own choice of an occupation or from the em- ployer's preference for students who majored in a field related to the job to be filled. .... The ehoiee of a major reprets a clear xmcattonal commitment In the s e n s • that, more often then not, occupation and college major tend to be matebod. . . . In the fields relat to the humanities and social sd- ences, jobA are more frequently filled by persona with a bach- elor's degree in an unrelated field than ia the case in the sciences. For example, only half of the graduates working as newspaper reporters had majored in English or journal- ism. • . . About 80 per cent of the college graduates questioned who were working in 1960 re- ported themselves in profes- sional jobs. The largest group were teachers'. Close to 25 per cent of the men and 65 per cent of the women held teaching jobs. were teaching in secondary schools; the majority of the women w e r e In elementary schools. Ranking next were b u a t n e s s and managerial .posts (21 per cent), engineer- mg (19 per cent) and sales (10 per cent). One of the implications drawn from this study--which turned up a lot more information than is cited here--is that "whether one likes it or not, it is clear that the choice of a major may well turn out to be a serious career commitment -- not only for the pro-professional student, but for students majoring in the arts, sciences, and human- ities as well. Some doors are almost automatically closed and others opened once a decision is made to major in history, business or English." It is stated that "it is com- mon for students to select their school and especially their major field of study without giving much thought to the long-term implications of their cboiee, perhaps in the mistaken belief that they are not making major career decisioos when choosing a field of undergraduate study." The study was made in 1960- 61 by a staff member of the Bureau of Social Science Re- search, Inc., in this city. An article dealing with it has been made part of the latest issue No Laughing Matter ly REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.$., Pk.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, genmore T IS NOT that Khrushchev loses his temper but that he uses it. Richard Nixon made such an ob- servation in his new book on the crises of his life. He has faced many of them with" self- discipline and fortitude from the days of the frightfully unpopular Hiss investigation onward. His life has been a kind of profile m courage-- to coin a phrase. The simple fact which Nixon has in mind is that Khrushehev is a trained thinker, a phil. osoph if you like. He is deeply imbued with a comprehensive world view, known teehni. early as dialectical materialism. He has spent years of his life not merely in dirty politics but in serious reflection about what makes the world go round. Of course he knows how to make a deal and all that; but he is a com- mitted man and he has a cause. He has even what some intellectuals deri- sively call a faith, a faith in Hegel, as revealed of the Occupational Outlook Quarterly, put out by the U.S. by Marx. This is his old and new testament. Department of Labor. He thinks that he knows the laws of history and that he holds the key which unlocks the . future. So he has loudly proclaimed that "we will bury you" and that our grandchildren will be what he calls "socialists." Dear Godl He may be right, but not in virtue of his principles. Still it is no laughing matter to confront a man of faith (of what. ever persuasion). Our ancestors found this out when they faced the Arab menace and formed their crusades. Some of our contem. poraries learned the same thing when they were confronted by Kamikazis who behove in the divinity of the Japanese emperor. Pragmatism, or doing business as usual with the enemy, becomes not only silly but disastrous if one meets a man of principle. Call him Khrushchev or Stalin or Hitler or Attila. and no matter how pernicious the principles. Call him Socrates, nr, be it said with the utmost reverence as it is a sacred name. Jesus Christ Himself. Thd man in the middle with his vulgar compromt becomes t nothing. 'The History of Holiness' For Protestants Only By Rev. John HE HISTORY behind literally hundreds of topics might be explored and explained in the in- terests of mutual under- standing and ecumenism, and we are never going to exhaust them here. But today I would like to suggest one more that might prove interesting and helpful. The History of Saint- hood (with a capital "S"), it seems to me, opens up a big field of questions; and the answers, if they can be found might provide some basis of unity for many. I am probably extremely naive in my knowledge of Pro- testantism, but I do not know of a single Protestant Saint; that is, a person who was born, raised, lived and died a Pro- testant, and who is tmiversally recognized (even by Protes- tants) as a Saint. I know, of course, that there are men and women whom many Protestants re- vere as Saints. I have heard, for example, Joan of Arc and Francis of Assisi called "Pro- testant" Saints. But these two and all the other famous Saints of history were un- deniably Catholics. Doesn't anyone wonder and ask: "Why?" As far as I know, the Pro- testant Church has no organi- zational machinery for the making and declaring of Saints; and does not even lay claim to having the God-given authority to do so. A whole large segment of Protestantism aparently does nol even believe in Sainthood. They will not pay any kind of cult to Saints; they consider it some form of idol- atry; will not call their Churches after Saints; and so, I presume, they do not have the delightful custom of "pa- tron" Saints for whom they are named, or patronal feast- days and holidays (or holy days) in honor of Saints. Now we respect such be- liefs, even though we do not agree with them. But they remain nonetheless a cause of great wonder to us. Do such people really know what a Saint is? or what constl. tutes holiness of llfe? Do they honestly and really be- lieve that millions of Catho. lies were idolaters for 16 con. turies, before their own brand of Protestantism deny- ing Sainthood came along? What do they do in the face of history? What do they think when they read in ordinary history books or modern maga- zines like "Time" about such people as: St. Agnes, St. Au- gustine, St. Jerome, St. Pat- rick, St. Thomas Aquinas, St Francis Xavier, St, Theresa, St. Benedict, St. John Vianney, St. Frances Cabrini, St. Plus X? Are they totally unimpress- ed by the fact that history wit- nesses, even today, to the fact of national Saints: men and women revered as Saints by whole nations and great na- tions? St. Isidore of Spain? St. Edward or St. Thomas a Bec. ket in Egland? St. Boniface in Germany? St, Stephen in Hungary? St. Ansgar in Swe- Calendar SUNDAY, APRIL 8, FIRST SUNDAY OF THE PASSION, MASS: Judica me--Judge me (Violet). No GI., Cr., Prof. of H. Cross, Mass for Parish• MONDAY, APRIL 9, MON- DAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Miserere--Have mercy (Violet). No Gl., Prof. of H. Cross, Pr. over People. Fast. TUESDAY, APRIL I0, TUESDAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Expecta--Ex- pect the Lord (Violet): No GI., Pref. of H. Cross, Pr. over People. Fast. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 11, WEDNESDAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Liberator Meus --My deliverer (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr." of St. Leo, Pref. of H. Cross, Pr. over People. Fast. THURSDAY, APRIL 12, THURSDAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Omnia-- (Via- leO. No GI., Pref. of H. Cross, Pr. over People. Fast. FRIDAY, APRIL 13, FRI- DAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Miserere mihi -- Have mercy on me (Violet). No Gl., 2nd of Seven Sorrows of B.V. M., 3rd Pr. of St. Hermene- gild, Pref. of H. Cross, Pr. over People. Fast and Ab- stinence. SATURDAY, APRIL 14, SATURDAY OF PASSION WEEK, MASS: Miserere -- Have mercy (Violet). No Gl.. 2nd Pr. of St. Justin, 3rd of H. Martyrs. Pref. of H. Cross, "Pr. over People. Fast. H. Thirlkel, S.S. den? St. Louis in France? St. Casmir in Poland? St. Gregory in Greece? These people are, without exception, all Catholics and witnesses to the Catholic heritage of their nations. or other of them is in the cestry of practically every American! On the other hand, we know that there are many Protestants who believe in and accept Saints. They hold them in honor, name their churches and their children after them, and follow a ea!,dL endar of Saints' days througl each year. But these Protest- - tants cause us to wonder even more. They seem even more oblivious to their Cath. olic heritage. They give rise to many more perplexing questions? Do such Protestants realizlll L that they are revering, hon ing, and praying to Csthoh'L mm people? Are they impressed by the fact that the man or woman whose feast they cele- brate, whose name they have specially chosen for their chil- dren or their church is a Catholic? Is not this the height of incongruity? How can they be Protestants and have lic patrons? These are only a sampling of the many questions that a study of the history of Saint- hood produce. There are many more and it seems to me that they should be asked and, if possible, answered. Why have not four centuries of Pro- testantism produced S a i n patrons, and models who uniquely Protestant and univer- sally recognized as such? What Church alone is responsible for establishing the Calendar of Saints followed by so many Protestants? Why do all the Saints acknowledged and re- vered by the Anglican Church antedate the time of VIII when all of England Catholic? And why have there been no Anglican Saints since that time? Why is St. Patrick's Day practieally a national holiday in this country? We' ask these questions not to suggest that Catholics holier than Protestants, or make any such kind of parison; but simply to point out that the history of Saint- hood is a uniquely Catholic history that goes back to the time of Christ. Historically, it is an astounding fact that should make any one of us op, and wonder, and think. Anyone who does, it seems me, will have taken a firs giant step toward understand - ing and union. The Annunciation "Behold the handmaid of the Lord, be it done to me according to word." (Luke 1:38). HIS festival of the Virgin, placed nine months before Christmas, is also a feast of Our Lord as well because on that day is commemorated the conception of the Son of God. Allusions to this feast as universally celebrated appe in a canon of the council Toledo in 656. It was probably observed locally as early as the fifth century. In old calendars it i sometimes called Concep- tie Christi. The name Lady Day which originally was the name for all days in the church cal- endar marking events in the Virgin Mary's life has now be restricted to this feast. In Belgium there is a legend that Our Lord asked the birds and animals to observe the feast by remaimng quiet, The cuckoo disobeyed and as a punishment was doomed to spend his days in wandering without a nest of his own. In memory of the AnnuncH lion we still have the AngeIu Bell which is rung at morning, noon and early evening. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2.8880 Second-Class Marl Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor j t