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. . -, ._ Your Friends Advertisers in this paper are your friends. Tell them you saw their ads in The Progress. They will appreciate the courtesy. EASTER EDITION 3rd Section OF THREE N-E I | Vol. 50, No. lB. ' SEATTLE, WASHINGTONr FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 1947 (Published Every Fridayl $2.50 Per Year I " 1 French People Revere . LourdesNew Bishop; : Great National Hero BEATIFICATION I AS THOUSANDS PAID HOMAGE TO THE HOLY FATHER CAUSE 0F FATHER ] MORENO/S BEGUN I Augustinian Priest Served InPhilippines and By M. I%SSIANI [Council of Ministers. The Bishop South America, Died ! (Paris Correspondent, N. C. V. C. iwas prohibited from offering Mass 1 in the camp chapel because he at- In 1905 traeted too large a congregation, but he was allowed to offer Mass KANSAS CYIr, Kan., -- The in his room without any assistants. Antepreparatory Congregation for The Prelate was liberated when the beatification of Venerable U. S. troops approached the city, Ezechiel Moreno, O. R] S. A., has having narrowly escaped deporta- begun conferences in Rome, ac- tion to Germany. ' cording to word reaching St. Au- Upon his return to Montauban, gustine's Seminary. here, mother- the whole tom turned out to greet house of the Augustinian Recollect him. Military officiuls and gov- Fathers in the United States. the Southern Cross. It stands ernment representatives we r e Father Moreno, who" was born almost directly over the South lavish in their' praise of his cour- in Alfaro, Spain, in 1848, was Pole and has been the unfailing age. But the Bishop ' modestly ordained in Manila in 1871, and ignored the plaudits. He insisted remained in the mission fields in guide of mariners for centuries, hop Theas had served as Bishop of that he merely had done his duty the Philippine Islands and South taking the place of the ,Pole Star Montauban and it was there that "as a Christian and a Frenchman." America until his death in 1906. in the North. he won undying fame as a roar- He reminded that even the Holy His writings wereapproved by a Just below it, about eight times ageous Churchman and a patriot. Scripture "condemns leaders whol Congregation of Cardinals in 1921, its size is the "False Cross." It is When the war was over and eom- are as mute dogs," and added: and Pope Pins XI signed the de- a configuration of stars in the munications between France and "I did not wish to be a mute form of a large cross, much eas- Rome were opened, His Holiness dog its the face of danger, I cree for the introduction of the ier to see than the little true Pope Pins XII sent for Bishop barked. That was my duty. cause for his beatification on November 25, 1925.. cross, which moves in an ellipse of wide radius around the pole and Theas. He granted the French Silence would have been trea- Headed Mission Group has led many ships far off their prelate two lengthy audiences and: son." In South America in bidding good-bye, the Holy courses in the night. Father embraced the Bishop-and Prior to his departure from the In his Ash Wednesday service, said: "Tn you I embrace the en-POSTHUMOUS AWARD ,n Father Mor- the Re,'. William .I. Merter, of til;e French Episcopate, all of eno served as Vicar Provincial of Waterloo, Iowa, Navy chaplain FranCe." MEMORY his Order there. In 1888 he was with the expedition, called atten- A,,arded Legion Of Honor HONORS selected to head the first group tion to this curious symbol of the Bishop Theas, who has been /f missionaries to go to Colom- times--millions seeking the lax- decorated with the Legion of OF FRENCH lN-lTlbia' South America, :for the pur- ]urious, comfortable Christian life Honor by France, began his c0ur- JUU|lli'pse of restoring the first prov- on paths easy to follow, neglect- ageous stand against the nazis inca of the Order there which ing the hard roads symbolized by ear in the occupation of France. i PARIS--The French Govern- had been dealt a death blow earl- the true cross. He orde['ed a letter read in all lment has paid high tribute to ier in the century by a political uprising. churches and chapeLs in his diocese, ] the memory of Francis Chirat, In 1889 he was chosen as the When Father William .l. Men- protesting against nazi persecu- president of the Joeist movement ..... . ster celebrated Mass in a rude tions of the Jews A bit later, he ...... 'rovinciat oi ne new province, . ". . in Lyon, wno was snot curing . Antarctic hut a few Sundays ago spoke his mind m no uncertain ..... o- "'e and m 1893, Pope Leo XIII made .... .. ..... tne erman oceupatt n, so rm . Ti'ula Bisho- of Pinara and he became the first clergyman to erms aoou tne aeporruon OI,_ ........... mm t r p ]France's young manhood to Germ- 'rencn ralonat eereanaL or Vicar Apostolic of Casana/'e, an conduct public worship at the bet- the J O C reports any. . ". . " ..... ]unexplored area of Colombia al- tom of the world. Accormng co a aecree puDnsnea Reprisals followed. In May, " I most unimpregnable because of There is no record of any prev- m the Offmml Journal Francis 1944 in the town of Montpezat .... , " the wall of mountains that sur- ious service in Antarctica. It is ' ' " " " " e i Chirat was named Chevalier d not far from Montauban, the [rounded it. In 1896 he was named! known that the first great explor- parish rectol:y was set afire and t la Legion d'Houneur" and decor-[Bishop of Pasto. i er of the south polar seas, the the two priests of the parish asj ated with the Crmx de Guerre I In 1905 Bishop Moreno became Russian Admiral Bellinghausen well as townfolks, were prevented I with palm posthumously for ex- conscious of the infirmity which Hundreds of thousands of persons gathered in the square before St: Peter's Basilica reaffirmed their who circumnavigated the conti- from salvaging any of the furnishrlceptional services rendered to the was eventually to prove fatal-- loyalty to their Church and their bishop, His Holiness Pope Plus X/I, shom here as he looked out at sent in 1821, had a Greek Ortho- lngs, linens or sacred .vessels: [resistwnce, "-He -was arrested by Cancer of tie"i'n-s-I an-eff0rt" .... !r .... :=the: throng frbm-the balc-6ny of the mainentrance to the Basilica. (NC photo) dos priest on one of his ships Bishop Theas addressed a stern- the Germans for having in his to cure it he underwent two I land it is highly probable that this Iv-worded protest to the Germanpossession .and distributing books painful operations, one of which' $ TO OFFER MASSES clergTman conducted a service of commander at Montauban. Later on Christian doctrine'. In reprisal Congressman C,tes U' S l some sort on one of the outlying at Aucanville, petty officers who for the murder of a German of- lasted three hours, but refused to , take any aesthetic. DAY NIGHT DURING 00ooo occupied the town rectory, used alficer ' he was executed, with other Nine years after Bishop Mor- Precedents For Aid 001"O ' tually landed on the continent it- painting of Christ'on the Cross forlhostages" His brother Marius, is eno's death, his body was ex- MARIAN CONFERENCE] self withtargetpistolPractiCeshots.and TheydeStryedturnedit]atl the presentFrench j.generalo. C. secretary of humeri in the, presence era I[lUl II I00hrcLk:sLo-- 00cp,e'e-'nac I Aside from this the record is the rectory into a virtual brothel, large ecclesiastical gathering a complete blank, so far as Fath- To" and appeared in a perfect state } OTTAWA, Ont. -- By special er Menster wa. able to determine Placed In Concentration Camp France Awards Honor of preservation, from an extensive .tu'dy of ex- Bishop Theas spared no words t nermission of the Holy See, Mas- in his protest of these desecra- Cordinol Tisserant WASHINGTON.--.American history furnishes ample pre- es win he offered continuously ploration literature. tions and this landed him in a con- gAlES "FOR SEVEN  cedent for the U. S. Department of State to intercede on from the opening hour of the Mar- Franciscans 'ith Expedition 5entration camp. He was held at PARIS.--Acting on the proposal behalf of nationals of other countries persecuted for their ion -ongress here on June 18 un- 342 Years Ago the camp of Compiegne, where a f Georges Bidault, Minister of CANONIZATIONS I liefs, Representative John W..McCormack of til the closing on June 22, it has It was 342 years since another fellow prisoner was )5. Albert Sar- Foreign Affairs, the F r e n c h ' religious be been announced by Archbishop expedition with six Franciscans rout, former President of the President signed a decree award- Massachusetts, House minority leader, has written to Se- Alexander Vachon, of Ottawa, ing the scarf of Commander of: ARE ANNOUNCED the Legion of Honor to His Emi- cretary of State George C. Mar- who recently returned from Rome. NAT'L CONFERENCE officially ex- nence Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, i shall. Evans Masses will be said throughout prefect of the Sac'ed Congrega- VATICAN CITY. -- April 2 __ In asking that Secretary Mar- pressed disapproval of the action the .fur days, and nights. . of the OF YOUIH LEAOERS tips for the Oriental Church, who (NCl--Dates for seven canoniza-shall express for U. S. citizens of the Russian government in a Marlan Congress, which is expec- is a native of France. tions and three beatifications this "their earne.t hope for the imme- note transmitted to the Soviet ted to attract upwards of 200,000 l FORCLEVNg! The same decree names two year have been announced here. diate liberation of Archbishop government through the United persons to this city. Church dig- French prelates, stationed in On April 13, Venerable Contar- Stepinac and the cessation of re- States Embassy in Berlin." nitaries from many countries will t Rome, as Officers Of the Legion do Ferrinf, Italian scholar and ligious persecution in Yugoslavia," "On May 18, 1900, the United be present. BOSTON -- A National Confer- I of Honor; Monsignor Jullien and professor who died in 1903, will be the Massachusetts legislator cited States Minister at Peking lodged A survey of all Ottawa homes ence on Catholic Youth Work, the [ Monsignor Fontenelle. The latter beatified ; on April 27, the virgin four examples of similar actions a protest at the Chinese Foreign is now under way, and appeals first post-war countrywide meet- is a canon at St. Peter's Basilica and martyr Venerable Maria Go- in the past. Office against religious persecu- have been made by civic and re- ing for clerical and -lay leaders of I and Rome correspondent of La retti; and on May 4, Venerable Protest TO Russia tion of Christians," he continued, ligious authorities for all homes all types of youth programs spon- Croix, Paris daily newspaper. Marie Terese Alix LeClerc, who "In 1923," he wrote, "the gov- Scores Despotism to open their doors to accommo- sored or approved by the Church, Father Deseottes, a religious founded the Institute of Our Lady ernment of the United States pro- "In 18'57 Secretary of State date the visitors. will be held in Cleveland from Mayl scholar, also has been appointed in France in the early 17th cen- tested to Russia when Soviet lead- William H. Seward protested to In the Exhibition Grounds, a tury. ers sentenced Archbishop Cepliak, the government of Japan," he great outdoor altar will be erec-i 19 to 21. - i an Officer of the Legion. Archbishop Richard J. Cushing I The Swiss national patron and Msgr. Budiewicz and numerous stated further, "on behalf of no- ted, and on the elevated sanctuary of Boston, Episcopal Chairman of I Possibility of American hero, Blessed Nicholas of Flue, priests to death for treason. The tionals of a country ()ther than there will be accommodation for then Secretary of State Charles our own a mnt th r r the Youth Department, National] " , g " s e" pe secution 4,000 members of the clergy and Catholic Welfare Conference, an- S|ook Saint Hailed will be canonized on May 15, A,- cension Thursday. Three canoniz- -- ----- -- -- because of their religion: In 1866 Hierarchy. nouncl the meeting, ations are scheduled for 5une 22, r #! 1.   Secretary of State Seward pro- During the open air Midnight In issuing the call to the Con, PRAGUE. -- Katolicke Noviny those of the Portuguese Jesuit :DenVer LlUD 10 De tested the execution of Roman Mass it is expected 100,000 per- ference, Archbishop Cushing stat- (Catholic News), the Catholic SlO- missionary to India and martyr 'T &* " | l "  :Catholic clergy when religious per- som will receive Holy Commun- ed: "I believe the opportune time yak Weekly of Bratislava, hailed Blessed John de Britto; the cele- t00ationa..lost ror !secution broke out in Korea" ion. The various buildings of the has come to call together the lead- the possibility of an American brated 16th century Italian Jesuit _., _ i "The imprisonment of Archbi- Exhibition Grounds will include mg workers in every national, diG- Slovak saint in commenting on the preacher Blessed Bernardino Rea- Notre Dame Night shop Stepinac symbolizes despo- one of the most impressive ms- cesan and local program engaged irformatory proceedings regard'i linG, and the 19th century :Italian, __ tism in its extreme operation," siGnory displays ever helcl any- in the Apostolate of Youth. ing "the beatification of the late ..... i Representativ e McCormack as- where in the world. The agenda for the meeting, be- Sister Marie Therese Demyano- secular priest Blessed Joseph Ca- , DENVER. -- The Denver tuotre, s ........ Dame club wll be national host . Milk ing prepared with the help of a vitch, lasso. " . . ertea. 't vmw wtn sorrow this poll of youth leaders in many Sister Marie Therese was born On July 6, Blessed Michel Go- for the annual' universal No're I'thevimtin of the pledge made-by This Indian man fields, will include discussions of at Bayonne, N. J., in 1901, the ricoits, French founder of the : ........... ---,l government of Yugoslavia to laame mgnt to oe ne,a ,,,, ,-.p.. th -n" I 0 H'W 0 religious, educational and cultur- daughter of Alexander and Jo- Betharram Fathers of the Sacred 14. e u iced Nations that it would  n Is ay-- ut a! objectives in youth work, social hana Demyanovitch. The Slovak Heart of Jesus, and Blessed Jo- The Rev. John J. Cavanaugh C. respect the natural rights and problems, coordination between weekly notes that the Rev. Stephen[ anne Elisabeth Bmhmr" " des Ages, S. C., University President, will fundamental freedoms of man. ST. COLUMBANS, Nebr -- In central and local programs, lead- Findley, Morristown, N. j., haslCO-founder of the French corn- be one of the guests at a dinner Our national responsibility in the Mandalay, Burma, the Indian pop- ership training, use of non-sector- been named ecclesiastic procura- munity of the Daughters of the ere marking the occasion, cause of world peace demands for-, ulation have a corner on the milk ion programs, vocational activi- for in the informatory proceed- Cross, will be canonized and on Universal Notre Dame night is mal protest against the partisan:market. T h e s e dudb-wallahs ties, etc. rags. I July 20, Blessed Louis Grignion n annual event observed by more persecution of Archbishop Stepi- i(milkmen) 'always stretch their de ]Y[ontfort, founder of the So- than 100 local Notre Dame clubs nat." i milk supply with f rsh water a l Belliflgham Branch of ciety of Priests of the Holy Ghost in the United States. Interna- practice that has bern sanctioned I and the Institute of the Daughters tionally, alumni' clubs in Canada, THE NATIONAL BANK o Wisdom. Mexico, South America, Cuba, EU-rope, Hawaii and the Philippines Boston Priest Has Three ]hwYarl?ngdifficulties,becauseUSe'theHWever' during thedudh_wallahsOf transportatiOnwait. N. C. C. W. Directors gather in all parts of the world to Bread Lines In China ed until they got intothe city be- ar COHHERCE observe this tribute to their alma fore increasing the milk supply. To Meet April 14 mater. TOI SHAN, China -- Three Father James Stuart, Columban In Washington, D.C.  times a day the Rev. Lawrence missionary just returned from ConleJ/, a Maryknolt missioner of Burma, tells of one dudh-wallah H. S. VAN TINKER, Manager Jesuits Observatory ]oston, lines up the poor of this who became a very red Indian. WILLIAND S. PATES, Vic Pres. WASHINGTON--The board of |n China Is Open area to feed them. He was delivering milk to the Jap- LARRY CRAIT, A.ust. Manager directors of the National Council At nine o'clock every morning anese who were living in old Fort ' of Catholic Women will meet at SHANGHAI. --- Although the Father Conley feeds 1,500 poor[ Mandalay which was surrmmded MEMBER F. D. I.C. national headquarters here April weather observation service at who gather at the local railroad i by a moat. ' 14 to 16 it has been announced Zikawei Observatory here has station. Towards noon the priest I On his way in, the milkman re- by Mrs. Henry Mannix o( Brook' been ordered closed by the Chinese feeds another 300 who gather at ! plenished his milk with water LOFT ELECTRIC COMPANY l, president. Government, the mea.uure does not]the mission, but to get into this[from the moat. * One of the topics for discussion affect other operations of the lgrou p the person must be ill. In A few minutes later, he was Contracting -- Repairing -- Electroaire Furnaces will be the fothcoming interna- famed scientific post operated by ,the afternoon the poor children of very embarrassed when a Japan- Clean, Odorless, Silent, Sfe Electrical Appliances tional congress of the Internation- , the Jesuit Fathers. The Observa- ! the city and nursing mothers form ese officer nearly choked as he al Union of Catholic Women's' tory itself will remain open, and i the last line before the mission ltook a gulp of milk. Putting his 116 N. Commercial, Bellingham Phone 4221 League to be held in Rome in Sap- continue its work in other fields, ;while the Maryknoller distributes hand to his mouth, the Japanese tember, thedirector has announced. I dailyration of powdered milk. [took out--oafish!" News Service) ARIS--During the German oc- cupation the Most adv. Pierre arie Theas, the newly appointed, 53-year-old Bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes proved himself a tower of strength and a source of in- spiration throughout France In fact, his vigorous protests against eruelties by the nazis landed him, at length, in a concentration camp. In his new assignment, Bishop Theas succeeds the lateBishop George Choouet. Since 1940, Bis- e Navy Chaplain's Mass Was First Religious Service In Antarctic 'True' and "False' Southern Crosses Made A Striking Lenten Text For Priest With Admiral Byrd's Expedition By THOMAS R. HENRY THERE was a strange Christian symbolism in the skie over the Antarctic Circle in the brief interlude of dark- ness at midnight. Two crosses glittered among the stars, The first was a small golden object like the crucifix, dif- ficult to detect among the welter of constellations. This i, ship had crosed the Antarctic Circle, Father Meraster baptized Signalman -William Beye of the crew of the U. S S. Mr. Olympus. Thus the Colorado ranch boy had the distinction, which was not noted at the time, to be the first human being to receive the rites of Baptism in Antarctic waters. The first Mass ashore came about a month later when a base camp was set up beside the ice-filled Bay of "Whales, 750 miles from the South Pole, for 200 men engaged in building an air strip. Was Prepared F,r Long Stay Any expedition that ventures beyond the pack ice which fills the Ros.s Sea never knows wheu it will be able to reach civilizatiort and Father Menster had come prepared for a long stay. From the Chaplain's Aid Association irt New York hc had obtained several hundred military missals, hund- reds of rosaries and medals, boxes of candles ond pamphlets, a large supply of altar wine, several hun- dred large and several thousand small altar breads packed in air- tight, containors, ::evral new sets of altar linens, a new Ciborium and Chalice. With welfare funds hc had pur- chased a supply of choir music.. GI folding organ and folding al, tar--the ones used in the-first Mass on the ice --were aboard, lashed to a bulkheac] in th crew's t mess. From Navy stores tn Nor- folk he acquired a blue velvet backdrop for the altar. It was obvious from the first that he would be lhe only chap- lain with any opportunity of go- ing ashore The eastern and west- ern task forces,, to whir:n other chaplains were attached, were .destined to cruise outside the leo pack while the flagship was t sail straight into the Bay ol Whales. Navy Chaplain monks had sailed from Peru with [ Father Menster came to the Icx| . the avowed objective of evangeliz- continent after four years experi, ing the "millions of benighted hen- ence as a Navy chaplain. During then" who supposedly inhabited ] most of this time he was stationed the unknown lands below the Ant- lin the South Pacific. He is known arctic circle, ipartioularly in the sorvice for his The three ships commanded by l talents as a musician, glee clul Pedro Fernandez de Quiros end-i leader and choir leader. ed by discovering the New He-i He was the ideal welfare offi, brides in the South Pacific which leer for a. large body of healthy the leader mistakenly reported to! young Americans who had beer is sovereign, Phillip III, to be part i expected to make a long sojourn of the legendary continent. Since ] where there is no outside recreation then there had been no religious iwhatsocver. Before he had decid- concern about any lands below the ied to study for tho priesthood he 68tb.parallel of latitude. Ilhad playod in a dancc band and On Christmas Eve, after his i (Continued on Page 3) New, Modern, Fireproof Building MODERN EQUIPMENT SCHOOL OF NURSING CONDUCTED BY TIIE Sisfers of Joseph of Newark . . -, ._ Your Friends Advertisers in this paper are your friends. Tell them you saw their ads in The Progress. They will appreciate the courtesy. EASTER EDITION 3rd Section OF THREE N-E I | Vol. 50, No. lB. ' SEATTLE, WASHINGTONr FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 1947 (Published Every Fridayl $2.50 Per Year I " 1 French People Revere . LourdesNew Bishop; : Great National Hero BEATIFICATION I AS THOUSANDS PAID HOMAGE TO THE HOLY FATHER CAUSE 0F FATHER ] MORENO/S BEGUN I Augustinian Priest Served InPhilippines and By M. I%SSIANI [Council of Ministers. The Bishop South America, Died ! (Paris Correspondent, N. C. V. C. iwas prohibited from offering Mass 1 in the camp chapel because he at- In 1905 traeted too large a congregation, but he was allowed to offer Mass KANSAS CYIr, Kan., -- The in his room without any assistants. Antepreparatory Congregation for The Prelate was liberated when the beatification of Venerable U. S. troops approached the city, Ezechiel Moreno, O. R] S. A., has having narrowly escaped deporta- begun conferences in Rome, ac- tion to Germany. ' cording to word reaching St. Au- Upon his return to Montauban, gustine's Seminary. here, mother- the whole tom turned out to greet house of the Augustinian Recollect him. Military officiuls and gov- Fathers in the United States. the Southern Cross. It stands ernment representatives we r e Father Moreno, who" was born almost directly over the South lavish in their' praise of his cour- in Alfaro, Spain, in 1848, was Pole and has been the unfailing age. But the Bishop ' modestly ordained in Manila in 1871, and ignored the plaudits. He insisted remained in the mission fields in guide of mariners for centuries, hop Theas had served as Bishop of that he merely had done his duty the Philippine Islands and South taking the place of the ,Pole Star Montauban and it was there that "as a Christian and a Frenchman." America until his death in 1906. in the North. he won undying fame as a roar- He reminded that even the Holy His writings wereapproved by a Just below it, about eight times ageous Churchman and a patriot. Scripture "condemns leaders whol Congregation of Cardinals in 1921, its size is the "False Cross." It is When the war was over and eom- are as mute dogs," and added: and Pope Pins XI signed the de- a configuration of stars in the munications between France and "I did not wish to be a mute form of a large cross, much eas- Rome were opened, His Holiness dog its the face of danger, I cree for the introduction of the ier to see than the little true Pope Pins XII sent for Bishop barked. That was my duty. cause for his beatification on November 25, 1925.. cross, which moves in an ellipse of wide radius around the pole and Theas. He granted the French Silence would have been trea- Headed Mission Group has led many ships far off their prelate two lengthy audiences and: son." In South America in bidding good-bye, the Holy courses in the night. Father embraced the Bishop-and Prior to his departure from the In his Ash Wednesday service, said: "Tn you I embrace the en-POSTHUMOUS AWARD ,n Father Mor- the Re,'. William .I. Merter, of til;e French Episcopate, all of eno served as Vicar Provincial of Waterloo, Iowa, Navy chaplain FranCe." MEMORY his Order there. In 1888 he was with the expedition, called atten- A,,arded Legion Of Honor HONORS selected to head the first group tion to this curious symbol of the Bishop Theas, who has been /f missionaries to go to Colom- times--millions seeking the lax- decorated with the Legion of OF FRENCH lN-lTlbia' South America, :for the pur- ]urious, comfortable Christian life Honor by France, began his c0ur- JUU|lli'pse of restoring the first prov- on paths easy to follow, neglect- ageous stand against the nazis inca of the Order there which ing the hard roads symbolized by ear in the occupation of France. i PARIS--The French Govern- had been dealt a death blow earl- the true cross. He orde['ed a letter read in all lment has paid high tribute to ier in the century by a political uprising. churches and chapeLs in his diocese, ] the memory of Francis Chirat, In 1889 he was chosen as the When Father William .l. Men- protesting against nazi persecu- president of the Joeist movement ..... . ster celebrated Mass in a rude tions of the Jews A bit later, he ...... 'rovinciat oi ne new province, . ". . in Lyon, wno was snot curing . Antarctic hut a few Sundays ago spoke his mind m no uncertain ..... o- "'e and m 1893, Pope Leo XIII made .... .. ..... tne erman oceupatt n, so rm . Ti'ula Bisho- of Pinara and he became the first clergyman to erms aoou tne aeporruon OI,_ ........... mm t r p ]France's young manhood to Germ- 'rencn ralonat eereanaL or Vicar Apostolic of Casana/'e, an conduct public worship at the bet- the J O C reports any. . ". . " ..... ]unexplored area of Colombia al- tom of the world. Accormng co a aecree puDnsnea Reprisals followed. In May, " I most unimpregnable because of There is no record of any prev- m the Offmml Journal Francis 1944 in the town of Montpezat .... , " the wall of mountains that sur- ious service in Antarctica. It is ' ' " " " " e i Chirat was named Chevalier d not far from Montauban, the [rounded it. In 1896 he was named! known that the first great explor- parish rectol:y was set afire and t la Legion d'Houneur" and decor-[Bishop of Pasto. i er of the south polar seas, the the two priests of the parish asj ated with the Crmx de Guerre I In 1905 Bishop Moreno became Russian Admiral Bellinghausen well as townfolks, were prevented I with palm posthumously for ex- conscious of the infirmity which Hundreds of thousands of persons gathered in the square before St: Peter's Basilica reaffirmed their who circumnavigated the conti- from salvaging any of the furnishrlceptional services rendered to the was eventually to prove fatal-- loyalty to their Church and their bishop, His Holiness Pope Plus X/I, shom here as he looked out at sent in 1821, had a Greek Ortho- lngs, linens or sacred .vessels: [resistwnce, "-He -was arrested by Cancer of tie"i'n-s-I an-eff0rt" .... !r .... :=the: throng frbm-the balc-6ny of the mainentrance to the Basilica. (NC photo) dos priest on one of his ships Bishop Theas addressed a stern- the Germans for having in his to cure it he underwent two I land it is highly probable that this Iv-worded protest to the Germanpossession .and distributing books painful operations, one of which' $ TO OFFER MASSES clergTman conducted a service of commander at Montauban. Later on Christian doctrine'. In reprisal Congressman C,tes U' S l some sort on one of the outlying at Aucanville, petty officers who for the murder of a German of- lasted three hours, but refused to , take any aesthetic. DAY NIGHT DURING 00ooo occupied the town rectory, used alficer ' he was executed, with other Nine years after Bishop Mor- Precedents For Aid 001"O ' tually landed on the continent it- painting of Christ'on the Cross forlhostages" His brother Marius, is eno's death, his body was ex- MARIAN CONFERENCE] self withtargetpistolPractiCeshots.and TheydeStryedturnedit]atl the presentFrench j.generalo. C. secretary of humeri in the, presence era I[lUl II I00hrcLk:sLo-- 00cp,e'e-'nac I Aside from this the record is the rectory into a virtual brothel, large ecclesiastical gathering a complete blank, so far as Fath- To" and appeared in a perfect state } OTTAWA, Ont. -- By special er Menster wa. able to determine Placed In Concentration Camp France Awards Honor of preservation, from an extensive .tu'dy of ex- Bishop Theas spared no words t nermission of the Holy See, Mas- in his protest of these desecra- Cordinol Tisserant WASHINGTON.--.American history furnishes ample pre- es win he offered continuously ploration literature. tions and this landed him in a con- gAlES "FOR SEVEN  cedent for the U. S. Department of State to intercede on from the opening hour of the Mar- Franciscans 'ith Expedition 5entration camp. He was held at PARIS.--Acting on the proposal behalf of nationals of other countries persecuted for their ion -ongress here on June 18 un- 342 Years Ago the camp of Compiegne, where a f Georges Bidault, Minister of CANONIZATIONS I liefs, Representative John W..McCormack of til the closing on June 22, it has It was 342 years since another fellow prisoner was )5. Albert Sar- Foreign Affairs, the F r e n c h ' religious be been announced by Archbishop expedition with six Franciscans rout, former President of the President signed a decree award- Massachusetts, House minority leader, has written to Se- Alexander Vachon, of Ottawa, ing the scarf of Commander of: ARE ANNOUNCED the Legion of Honor to His Emi- cretary of State George C. Mar- who recently returned from Rome. NAT'L CONFERENCE officially ex- nence Eugene Cardinal Tisserant, i shall. Evans Masses will be said throughout prefect of the Sac'ed Congrega- VATICAN CITY. -- April 2 __ In asking that Secretary Mar- pressed disapproval of the action the .fur days, and nights. . of the OF YOUIH LEAOERS tips for the Oriental Church, who (NCl--Dates for seven canoniza-shall express for U. S. citizens of the Russian government in a Marlan Congress, which is expec- is a native of France. tions and three beatifications this "their earne.t hope for the imme- note transmitted to the Soviet ted to attract upwards of 200,000 l FORCLEVNg! The same decree names two year have been announced here. diate liberation of Archbishop government through the United persons to this city. Church dig- French prelates, stationed in On April 13, Venerable Contar- Stepinac and the cessation of re- States Embassy in Berlin." nitaries from many countries will t Rome, as Officers Of the Legion do Ferrinf, Italian scholar and ligious persecution in Yugoslavia," "On May 18, 1900, the United be present. BOSTON -- A National Confer- I of Honor; Monsignor Jullien and professor who died in 1903, will be the Massachusetts legislator cited States Minister at Peking lodged A survey of all Ottawa homes ence on Catholic Youth Work, the [ Monsignor Fontenelle. The latter beatified ; on April 27, the virgin four examples of similar actions a protest at the Chinese Foreign is now under way, and appeals first post-war countrywide meet- is a canon at St. Peter's Basilica and martyr Venerable Maria Go- in the past. Office against religious persecu- have been made by civic and re- ing for clerical and -lay leaders of I and Rome correspondent of La retti; and on May 4, Venerable Protest TO Russia tion of Christians," he continued, ligious authorities for all homes all types of youth programs spon- Croix, Paris daily newspaper. Marie Terese Alix LeClerc, who "In 1923," he wrote, "the gov- Scores Despotism to open their doors to accommo- sored or approved by the Church, Father Deseottes, a religious founded the Institute of Our Lady ernment of the United States pro- "In 18'57 Secretary of State date the visitors. will be held in Cleveland from Mayl scholar, also has been appointed in France in the early 17th cen- tested to Russia when Soviet lead- William H. Seward protested to In the Exhibition Grounds, a tury. ers sentenced Archbishop Cepliak, the government of Japan," he great outdoor altar will be erec-i 19 to 21. - i an Officer of the Legion. Archbishop Richard J. Cushing I The Swiss national patron and Msgr. Budiewicz and numerous stated further, "on behalf of no- ted, and on the elevated sanctuary of Boston, Episcopal Chairman of I Possibility of American hero, Blessed Nicholas of Flue, priests to death for treason. The tionals of a country ()ther than there will be accommodation for then Secretary of State Charles our own a mnt th r r the Youth Department, National] " , g " s e" pe secution 4,000 members of the clergy and Catholic Welfare Conference, an- S|ook Saint Hailed will be canonized on May 15, A,- cension Thursday. Three canoniz- -- ----- -- -- because of their religion: In 1866 Hierarchy. nouncl the meeting, ations are scheduled for 5une 22, r #! 1.   Secretary of State Seward pro- During the open air Midnight In issuing the call to the Con, PRAGUE. -- Katolicke Noviny those of the Portuguese Jesuit :DenVer LlUD 10 De tested the execution of Roman Mass it is expected 100,000 per- ference, Archbishop Cushing stat- (Catholic News), the Catholic SlO- missionary to India and martyr 'T &* " | l "  :Catholic clergy when religious per- som will receive Holy Commun- ed: "I believe the opportune time yak Weekly of Bratislava, hailed Blessed John de Britto; the cele- t00ationa..lost ror !secution broke out in Korea" ion. The various buildings of the has come to call together the lead- the possibility of an American brated 16th century Italian Jesuit _., _ i "The imprisonment of Archbi- Exhibition Grounds will include mg workers in every national, diG- Slovak saint in commenting on the preacher Blessed Bernardino Rea- Notre Dame Night shop Stepinac symbolizes despo- one of the most impressive ms- cesan and local program engaged irformatory proceedings regard'i linG, and the 19th century :Italian, __ tism in its extreme operation," siGnory displays ever helcl any- in the Apostolate of Youth. ing "the beatification of the late ..... i Representativ e McCormack as- where in the world. The agenda for the meeting, be- Sister Marie Therese Demyano- secular priest Blessed Joseph Ca- , DENVER. -- The Denver tuotre, s ........ Dame club wll be national host . Milk ing prepared with the help of a vitch, lasso. " . . ertea. 't vmw wtn sorrow this poll of youth leaders in many Sister Marie Therese was born On July 6, Blessed Michel Go- for the annual' universal No're I'thevimtin of the pledge made-by This Indian man fields, will include discussions of at Bayonne, N. J., in 1901, the ricoits, French founder of the : ........... ---,l government of Yugoslavia to laame mgnt to oe ne,a ,,,, ,-.p.. th -n" I 0 H'W 0 religious, educational and cultur- daughter of Alexander and Jo- Betharram Fathers of the Sacred 14. e u iced Nations that it would  n Is ay-- ut a! objectives in youth work, social hana Demyanovitch. The Slovak Heart of Jesus, and Blessed Jo- The Rev. John J. Cavanaugh C. respect the natural rights and problems, coordination between weekly notes that the Rev. Stephen[ anne Elisabeth Bmhmr" " des Ages, S. C., University President, will fundamental freedoms of man. ST. COLUMBANS, Nebr -- In central and local programs, lead- Findley, Morristown, N. j., haslCO-founder of the French corn- be one of the guests at a dinner Our national responsibility in the Mandalay, Burma, the Indian pop- ership training, use of non-sector- been named ecclesiastic procura- munity of the Daughters of the ere marking the occasion, cause of world peace demands for-, ulation have a corner on the milk ion programs, vocational activi- for in the informatory proceed- Cross, will be canonized and on Universal Notre Dame night is mal protest against the partisan:market. T h e s e dudb-wallahs ties, etc. rags. I July 20, Blessed Louis Grignion n annual event observed by more persecution of Archbishop Stepi- i(milkmen) 'always stretch their de ]Y[ontfort, founder of the So- than 100 local Notre Dame clubs nat." i milk supply with f rsh water a l Belliflgham Branch of ciety of Priests of the Holy Ghost in the United States. Interna- practice that has bern sanctioned I and the Institute of the Daughters tionally, alumni' clubs in Canada, THE NATIONAL BANK o Wisdom. Mexico, South America, Cuba, EU-rope, Hawaii and the Philippines Boston Priest Has Three ]hwYarl?ngdifficulties,becauseUSe'theHWever' during thedudh_wallahsOf transportatiOnwait. N. C. C. W. Directors gather in all parts of the world to Bread Lines In China ed until they got intothe city be- ar COHHERCE observe this tribute to their alma fore increasing the milk supply. To Meet April 14 mater. TOI SHAN, China -- Three Father James Stuart, Columban In Washington, D.C.  times a day the Rev. Lawrence missionary just returned from ConleJ/, a Maryknolt missioner of Burma, tells of one dudh-wallah H. S. VAN TINKER, Manager Jesuits Observatory ]oston, lines up the poor of this who became a very red Indian. WILLIAND S. PATES, Vic Pres. WASHINGTON--The board of |n China Is Open area to feed them. He was delivering milk to the Jap- LARRY CRAIT, A.ust. Manager directors of the National Council At nine o'clock every morning anese who were living in old Fort ' of Catholic Women will meet at SHANGHAI. --- Although the Father Conley feeds 1,500 poor[ Mandalay which was surrmmded MEMBER F. D. I.C. national headquarters here April weather observation service at who gather at the local railroad i by a moat. ' 14 to 16 it has been announced Zikawei Observatory here has station. Towards noon the priest I On his way in, the milkman re- by Mrs. Henry Mannix o( Brook' been ordered closed by the Chinese feeds another 300 who gather at ! plenished his milk with water LOFT ELECTRIC COMPANY l, president. Government, the mea.uure does not]the mission, but to get into this[from the moat. * One of the topics for discussion affect other operations of the lgrou p the person must be ill. In A few minutes later, he was Contracting -- Repairing -- Electroaire Furnaces will be the fothcoming interna- famed scientific post operated by ,the afternoon the poor children of very embarrassed when a Japan- Clean, Odorless, Silent, Sfe Electrical Appliances tional congress of the Internation- , the Jesuit Fathers. The Observa- ! the city and nursing mothers form ese officer nearly choked as he al Union of Catholic Women's' tory itself will remain open, and i the last line before the mission ltook a gulp of milk. Putting his 116 N. Commercial, Bellingham Phone 4221 League to be held in Rome in Sap- continue its work in other fields, ;while the Maryknoller distributes hand to his mouth, the Japanese tember, thedirector has announced. I dailyration of powdered milk. [took out--oafish!" News Service) ARIS--During the German oc- cupation the Most adv. Pierre arie Theas, the newly appointed, 53-year-old Bishop of Tarbes and Lourdes proved himself a tower of strength and a source of in- spiration throughout France In fact, his vigorous protests against eruelties by the nazis landed him, at length, in a concentration camp. In his new assignment, Bishop Theas succeeds the lateBishop George Choouet. Since 1940, Bis- e Navy Chaplain's Mass Was First Religious Service In Antarctic 'True' and "False' Southern Crosses Made A Striking Lenten Text For Priest With Admiral Byrd's Expedition By THOMAS R. HENRY THERE was a strange Christian symbolism in the skie over the Antarctic Circle in the brief interlude of dark- ness at midnight. Two crosses glittered among the stars, The first was a small golden object like the crucifix, dif- ficult to detect among the welter of constellations. This i, ship had crosed the Antarctic Circle, Father Meraster baptized Signalman -William Beye of the crew of the U. S S. Mr. Olympus. Thus the Colorado ranch boy had the distinction, which was not noted at the time, to be the first human being to receive the rites of Baptism in Antarctic waters. The first Mass ashore came about a month later when a base camp was set up beside the ice-filled Bay of "Whales, 750 miles from the South Pole, for 200 men engaged in building an air strip. Was Prepared F,r Long Stay Any expedition that ventures beyond the pack ice which fills the Ros.s Sea never knows wheu it will be able to reach civilizatiort and Father Menster had come prepared for a long stay. From the Chaplain's Aid Association irt New York hc had obtained several hundred military missals, hund- reds of rosaries and medals, boxes of candles ond pamphlets, a large supply of altar wine, several hun- dred large and several thousand small altar breads packed in air- tight, containors, ::evral new sets of altar linens, a new Ciborium and Chalice. With welfare funds hc had pur- chased a supply of choir music.. GI folding organ and folding al, tar--the ones used in the-first Mass on the ice --were aboard, lashed to a bulkheac] in th crew's t mess. From Navy stores tn Nor- folk he acquired a blue velvet backdrop for the altar. It was obvious from the first that he would be lhe only chap- lain with any opportunity of go- ing ashore The eastern and west- ern task forces,, to whir:n other chaplains were attached, were .destined to cruise outside the leo pack while the flagship was t sail straight into the Bay ol Whales. Navy Chaplain monks had sailed from Peru with [ Father Menster came to the Icx| . the avowed objective of evangeliz- continent after four years experi, ing the "millions of benighted hen- ence as a Navy chaplain. During then" who supposedly inhabited ] most of this time he was stationed the unknown lands below the Ant- lin the South Pacific. He is known arctic circle, ipartioularly in the sorvice for his The three ships commanded by l talents as a musician, glee clul Pedro Fernandez de Quiros end-i leader and choir leader. ed by discovering the New He-i He was the ideal welfare offi, brides in the South Pacific which leer for a. large body of healthy the leader mistakenly reported to! young Americans who had beer is sovereign, Phillip III, to be part i expected to make a long sojourn of the legendary continent. Since ] where there is no outside recreation then there had been no religious iwhatsocver. Before he had decid- concern about any lands below the ied to study for tho priesthood he 68tb.parallel of latitude. Ilhad playod in a dancc band and On Christmas Eve, after his i (Continued on Page 3) New, Modern, Fireproof Building MODERN EQUIPMENT SCHOOL OF NURSING CONDUCTED BY TIIE Sisfers of Joseph of Newark