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Catholic Northwest Progress
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March 30, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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March 30, 1962

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4-.L-THE PROGRESS Friday, March 30, 1962 Something Of Yourself OR THE PAST 15 years, on the Fourth Sunday (Laetare) of Lent each year, in most dioceses the Catholics of America have hearkened to the official appeal of their bishops to contribute to the aid of their needy brethren overseas. The Bishops' Relief Collection will be taken up in our Archdiocese this Sun- day, Before you determine the amount of sacrifice you are willing to make to this cause, here are some facts you ought to know: 1. During 1961, a shipment of CRS- NCWC supplies left an American port for a destination overseas on an average of every four and one-half hours through- out the year. The United States Govern- ment pays the ocean freight for most of the food it donates and for some types of medical and relief supplies. Host gov, ernments also help, some by paying ocean freight, most by helping to defray the cost of warehousing and transport in countries of distribution. 2. During 1961, Catholic Relief Serv- ices-NCWC distributed to approximately 28,000,000 persons more than $65,000,- 000 worth of flour, powdered milk, corn- meal, vegetable oils and dried beans donated by the U.S. Government from its abundant stores. Such foodstuffs were distributed as a gift of all the people of America. 3. Over one and one-quarter billion pounds of food, clothing and medicines were given to the world's neediest last year through Catholic Relief Services- NCFfTC, the Bishops' Fund agency... 1,294,610,849 pounds to be exact. 4. Catholic Relief Services-NCWC is increasingly promoting self:help projects to provide work and help to raise the standard of living of the masses in the underdeveloped countries of the free world. 5. The Bishops' Relief Fund agency operates at one of the lowest--if not the lowest--administrative costs in its field This means that more of "every contrib- uted dollar reaches the needy in the form of tangible assistance. Another reason why you should contribute to the Bish- ops' Fund! 6. Catholic Relief Services-NClVC is one o[ the voluntary non-profit agen- cies registered with and approved by the Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid o[ the Agency for Inter- national Development of the U.S. Department of State. Congress, in the Foreign Aid Law of 1961, requested the Federal Government to use the services and facilities of such voluntary agencies in the furtherance of Ameri- ca's objectives to the maximum extent practicable. 7. This vast program requires the dedicated efforts of hundreds of thou- sands of collaborators as well as the cooperation of host-country governments. Catholic Relief Services-NCWC itself maintains an overseas staff of 130 Ameri- cans to supervise its .Country's programs Of these, 20 are priests, 110 are laymen and women. Through these supervisors and Catholic agencies overseas, the help of countless other persons is enlisted. According to statistics based upon the latest (fiscal year 1960) official figures released by the Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid of the Agency For International Development, in Wash- ington, D.C., the Catholic Relief Serv- ices-NCWC donated $60,792,353.47 for overseas relief. All the other agencies for overseas relief combined totaldd $46,102,948.25. This means that the Catholic Relief Services contributed more to overseas relief during the fiscal year of 1960 than all other American voluntary relief agen- cies combified. The Catholic Church in America can be rightly proud of the generous sacri- fices that have been made for Christ's poor O f the world. Make sure this year that there is something Of yourself in that sacrifice. St. John has said: "Suppose a man has worldly goods he needs and sees hh brother go in want; if he steels his heart against his brother, how can we say that the love of God dwells in him?" It is difficult-to, see how any Catholic living in the midst of plenty can turn a deaf ear to the cries of his fellow human beings writhing in pain and hunger in poverty-stricken lands around the world and still say to himself that the love of God dwells in his heart. ? A Bit Discouraged: OMETIMES about mid-lent we tend LO to get a bit discouraged. The need for that cocktail before dinner and cigar with dessert has-begun to catch up with us. Fasting in general while not overtaxing physically has become a real nuisance We are tempted to say: What's the good of it all. What value does an Almighty God place on my littlesacrifices? When we begin to :feel this way it is well to recall that in the power-mad mind of the World; money, force, physi- cal strength talk. But God's mind is influenced by the prayers and sacrifices of little people, For Jacob's sake, God multiplied the flocks of Laban; for the sake of Joseph, God prospered the house of Potiphar. God would have spared Sodom and Gomorrah for 10 just men. Two hundred seventy-six souls were saved from ship- wreck on account of Paul. When the blind man asked for sight, he saw; when the widow of Naim wept, her son was brought back to life; when the good thief asked remembrance he received paradise. God, who sees (and, by the way, owns) all things i this entire universe, is not the least impressed by wealth and material power. He cannot be threatened with H-bombs or guided missiles. But God cannot resist the prayers and sacrifices of those who love Him. Next time you are tempted to give in, to break your lentdn promises, re- member it is the .little sacrifices of little people that are keeping the hand of God raised in blessing instead of chastisement. New Cardinals Noted For Diversity Of Background (Rdlo. /.CAV.C. News Service) "I'HE 10 new cardinals |have such viiri.ed backgrounds t h a t their elevation foreshadows the universality/of the coming efiumenical council, according to His Holiness Pope John XXM. The Pontiff spoke again of direction where the Church extends her shadow, gather around the humble successor of Peter for the uplifting and sanctification of humanity, presenting to the world a unique spectacle of their faith and charity." The Pope told the new card. the council during the semi- public consistory during which inals that "it 4s enough tO con- the new cardinals took their sider your places of origin to place among the old cardinals for ttm first time and received their red birettas and capes, Jose Cardinal da Costa Nunes; Vice Camerlengo of the Holy R.oman Church and senior of the new cardinals, had given a brief address on behalf of his colleagues. He expressed their gratitude and devotion to the Pope for the honor accorded them. In reply, Pope John told them that their new dignity "assumes in this year's con- sistory a character of special reference to the Second Vat- icon EeumonicaF Council." Then,he proceeded t 6 single out elements of the cOming gathering of.the C a t h o 1 i c bishops" of, the 2world which gave , special meatihag to- realize this heartening reality." He pointed-out that dioceses of Peru, Chile and Belgium are represented among the new cardinals (in the persons of Juan Cardinal Lendazuri, O.F. M., Archbishop of Lima; Raul Cardinal Silva Henriquez, S.D. B., Archbishop of Santiago, and Leo Cardinal Suenens, Archbishop of Malines-Brus- sels). In addition, he said the new cardinals came from the Church's central administra- tire offices and from the ranks of the Holy See's dip- lomatie corps. This reference was to Car- dinal da Costa Nunes, a Portu- guese, to Syrian.bern Gabriele Cardinal Coussa, who has been serving as 'Pro.secretary of the Sacred Congregation for the "The ing together i cil, e- fusses imposing manner fundamental marks of its di. vine institution,  namely that it is one, holy, catholic and apostolic,' he said. "The successors of the apostles, coming from every .. eom-' Oriental Church, and to Spain's Anselmo Cardinal Albareda, O.S.B., Prefect of the Vatieart Library, as well as to the three Italians who have r, erm as Impel envoys: Giovanni Cardinal Panico, Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal; lldebrando Cerdinal Antoniutti, Apostolic Nuncio to Slmin, mxl. E Cardinal Forni, Apostolic Nun- eio to Belgium. Apart from the eight nations which the cardinals come from, the Pope said, they also bring to the College of Cardin- als representation of some of the great religious orders and congregations. (Five of the new Cardinals are Religious: Michael Car- dinal Browne, an Irishman, isMaster General of the Do- minican Order. C a r d i n a I Landazuri is a Franciscan, Cardinal Coussa an Aleppine Basifian of the Melkite Rite, Cardinal Silva Henriquez a Salesian, and Cardinal Alba- reda a Benedictine.) The Pontiff said that there- fore "the universality d this eardinalitial elevation is a har- monious prelude to the unfree- sality of the great council." Pope John had spoken at the initial consig'tbry -- the secret one March 19 at which the 10 cardinals wer actually ele- vated -- lamenting the restric. tions "not only of Christian freedom but even of aleren- tory human freedom" in no-. tions under Communist rule. In that address, he also revealed he, will consecrate all 12 of the cardinal deacons as bishops this coming Holy Thtwsday. (lhe address ,at the sernipub. lie consis two days later was of a less formal nature. But contrary, to expectations, the Pope did not give a speech at the public consistory (March 22), when he conferred the great red hats on tha new eardim "Jesus Is Stripped of His Garments," reproduction of one ot the Way o/ the Cross stations in St. Thomas the Apostle Seminary Chapel. 'Alliance For [ "ogress' Begins To Take I hape By J. J. GILBERT ASHINGTON, March 28.  De- velopments in Argentina can have a great influ- ence on the success or failure of the Alliance for Progress. Events in Argentina are held here to have proved the need for the Alliance program. But they have presented the pi'ogram's management with embarrassing decisions. And they have raised the question whether this daring project m those the Alliance is intended to thwart To ignore and void the mili- tary leaders, who assert that they are acting only to head off the Peronists, would seem to favor the chances of the latter. More important, it would se- verely shake the military estab- lishments in other Latin Ameri- can countries, which may be called upon to put down Com- munist attempts to seize power by guerilla tactics in o t h e r Latin American countries. The fact the Peronists won their new influence in a free save Latin America. election only complicates the It is basic to United States whoie picture. policy thet social and economid reforms, coupled with the establishment of sound na- tional finances, offer the best hope of saving Latin Ameri- can nations from Red control. The austerity program in- troduced by President Arturo Frondizi was calculated to strengthen Argentina's econ- omy. But it stirred resentment, and this undoubtedly helped Peronists m win their stun- ning victories in the recent elections. Subsequent intervention by the Argentine military added to the dilemma fac- ing the U.S. and its Alliance program. Aid to a military dictatorship, if established, would be used by anti-U.S, propagandists, not only in the Argentine but throughout Latin Americal it was argued. On the other hand, it was asserted, discon- tinuance of Alliance aid to Argentina, whether Frondizi or the military were in charge, would seriously worsen that country's financial position, put off indefinitely the needed so: cial and economic reforms, and play directly into the hands of From Spain, where he has been living in exile, persons said to be close to Juan D. Peron, who ruled Argentina from 1945 to 1955, say he is very hopeful of returning to power in th e Argentine, and very soon. It is also implied that if the U.S. backs the Argentine mill- vary in the present-crisis, it might force Peron into a po- litical alliance with the Com- munist party in Argentina. The speakers said he has been of- fered such an alliance repeat- edly in the past and has re- fused it. Peron was also said to feel that the Alliance for Prog- ress was well-meant, but poorly implemented. It was explained that Peron himself would make no statement, for fear of embarrassing his host, the Spanish govermnent. What-has happened in Ar- gentina is expected to have im- pact in other Latin American countries. The longer the re- action takes in manifesting it- self, the better chance the Al- liance for Progress will have to take l.old and prove itself. It is felt here that Frondizi's program in Argentina, whatever its shortcomings, had not had time to be understood and ac- cepted. The resentment it stirred did not have time to wear off. The Peronists and Reds capitalized on this dis- content. The United States will have to meet the Argentine situation step by step as it develops. It may be called upon to do the same elsewhere. This is going to take great patience and wis- dom, but it is felt that is the way to bring about more de- mocracy, instead of less, in Latin America. OUt of The Past HE first Mass was offered April 5. 1914 in the new Sacred Heart Church, Bellevue, Washington, by Father Nich- olas O'Rafferty who blessed and distributed palms for l:lm Sunday ceremomes b e f o r e Mass. This first church east of Lake Washington had been erected with the help of the Extension Society. The Most Reverend Bishop O'Dea dedi. coted it June 7, 1914. In No- vember 1916 Bellevue was raised to the status of an inde: pendent parish with Father Patrick Donnelly as its first pastor. In 1926. Father Philip Cot- boy built u new brick church to replace the first one which had become inadequate. The Sacred Heart p a r i s h s c h o o 1 was established by Father Gerald Moore. Built on property donated by Patrick Downey, this was opened in September ]952 staffed by Sis- ters of St. Joseph of Newark. --A Chronicle of Catholic His- tory of the Pacific Northwest --Wilfred P. Schoenborg, S.J. Bess Had Better , enters By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Profesior of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore AS Shakespeare a political hack? It is a depressing thought for those of us who were taught that the. Bard of Avon embodied in himself all the glories of our Mother Country under Good Queen Bess, the "Virgin Queen." Our maturity, alas, has .been one long pas- sage of disillusionmentt We.learned: that George Washington never cut down the darn cherry tree and so never uttered the famous "I can. not tell a lie" quip. We leafried that there were certain "irregulai'ities" (shall we call them that?) in the life of old Ben Franklin, who founded the Saturday Evening Post and also found time to discover Philadelphia and light- ning. Somewhat later' on we were told brutally enough that Christopher Columbus was the first "New Dealer" in that he didn't know where he was going, didn't know where he was when he got there and had the whole thing financed with someone else's money. Anoth hem tarnished, As if this were not enough, we have lately learned, thanks to. "The New Republic" that there were Communists fighting against France in Spain. (Thank God. at least, that there is no Communist influence in our good old USA.) But now, Thomas B. Costain in "The Last of the Plantagenets" has struck the ultimate blow. His thesis is that Shakespeare portrayed Rich- ard III as a base, bloody villain (which he was not at all) only to glorify the upstart Tudors who produced Henry VIII and the bastard, Elizabeth. We can only say, this, 'ill we have time to digest the news, at least Queen Bess had better writers than our contemporary politi- cos. Oa3)y one Shakespeare could make an ad- ministration eternally glorious. Dozens have failed in our lifetime. Nor do we regret having had to memorize gobs of his gorgeous rhetoric under the tutelage of the Irish Christian Broth. ers. Genius is genius, whatever the circum- stances that attend it. Time has taken care of Bess, but we still have the sonnets. For Protestants Only 'More History Lessons' By Rev. John H. Thirlkel, S.S. T would seem utterly ridiculous, at- first sight, to contend that the success or failure of the whole, v a s t ecumenical movement could rest upon anything so apparently insignificant as a few words; cr to contend that the whole, vast, complex his- tory of the division of the Christian Churches s t a r t e d with division over the meaning of a few relatively simple phrases. But that is exactly what I should like to claim here to- dy. Such statements might be a s 1 i g h t over-simplification, but I think they can be sub- stantiated. The statements are basically true, and I should like to give some reasons and examples why I think so. Among all the thousands of religious words, phrases, and ideas whose history might be explored for better understanding, if I had to choose, I would pick these five as most important: "g r a c e ", "supernatural," "original sin," "faith," and "redemption." As far as C a t h o 1 i c s are concerned, these are most basic notions --vital and essential to the life of any Church that would call itself Christian. Unless we can come to some agreement on these, unless we understand one another most precisely on these points, un- less we all use these words in exactly the same senses, unless we can find the mind of Christ and the Apostles and the early Fathers on these ideas--better understanding is always going to be clouded, and union is going to be hopels. Now I do not intend to ex- pound here either the Catholic teaching on or the history be- hind these words. Such a task could well take several books of encyclopedic length. My point is only to try to convince my readers that an explora- tion nf these words, by both Catholics a n d Protestants, might provide a great step forward in ecumenism. Anglican claims to the con- trary notwithstanding, I have never met a Protestant who understood these five words exactly as I and other Cath- olics did. In the instruction of converts to Catholicism, I have always found--in every case, even with youngsters-- that my pupil knew all these words, but gave almost a totally different meaning to them than I did. 0 n c e understanding a n d; redemption', and the super- agreement were reached on these basic ideas, practically everything else fell into place; difficulties ceased; and the re- maining instructions became intelligent, orderly, and en- riching experiences. For a Catholic, grace is the most important and neces- sary thing in his whole life. The possession of it is not to be compared to power, wealth, material goods, or even the love of family and friends. It is dearer than life itself. It brings about an in- ternal change in his very soul. It is that which takes away sin, gives man a share ,in God's llfe, and whose pos- session insures sanctification and salvation. Without it, the Calendar SUNDAY, APRIL 1, FOURTH SUNDAY OF LENT, MASS: Laetare -- Rejoice (Rose or Violet). No. GI., Cr., Pref. of Lent, Mass for Parish.: MONDAY, APRIL 2, MON- DAY OF FOURTH WEK OF LENT, MASS: Deus--Save me, O God (Violet). No Gl., 2nd Pr. of Francis de Paula, Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. TUESDAY, APRIL 3, TUES- DAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Exaudi -- Hear, O God (Violet). No Gl., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. WEDNESDAY, A P R I L 4, WEDNESDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Cum sanctificatus--When I shell be sanctified (Violet). No Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. Isidore, Pref. of Lent., Pr. over People. Fast. THURSDAY, A P R I L 5, THURSDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, NLASS: Laetetur cor- Let the heart (Violet). No Gl., 2rid Pr. of FRIDAY, APRIL 6, FRIDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Meditatio cordis --The meditation of my heart (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast and Abstinence. SATURDAY, APRIL 7, SA- TURDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Justus--The just man (Violet). No Gl., Pred. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. St. Vincent Ferrer, Pref. of whole purpose of life, the reason why God created all of us, cannot possibly be achieved. Grace is a supernatural en- tity, and I do not know any Protestant who uses the word "supernatural" as Catholics do. Grace is What Adam and Eve had when they were cre- ated and what they lost by original sin, and I do not know any Protestant who under- stands the phrase "original sin" as I and other Catholics do. Grace is necessary to faith --which to a Catholic is accept- ance by the mind of revealed truth in God's authority--and I do not know any Protestant who will agree that this is what "faith" means. The restoration of grace and the means to obtain it was the whole reason why God beceme man in the person of Jesus Christ, the whole reason for Christ's life, passion, death, resurrection, and establishment of a Church and a sacramental system. This is what Catholics mean by redemption; and I do not know any Protestant who uses the term "redemption" in exectly that way. And yet history will show that it was Martin Luther who first changed the meanings of these words. Since his time, his fob lowers, particularly the ration- alist philosophers who took ove r Protestantism in the nineteenth century, have con- tinued to change them until even Luther would not recog- nize them in their modern Protestant usage. On the contrary, history will show that for 16 centu- ries, while Christians differed among themselves on many things, their basic agreement on these fuudamental notions of grace, faith, original siu, natural was unanimous; and they all took it for granted that the ideas had come orig- inally from Christ and the Apostles. This is a stupendous cMim. The achieving of the purpose and end of all our lives may rest on the validation of it. Isn't it worth a thorough in- vestigation by us all? That Ancient Faith... ONE the great attrac- of tions of the Catholic Church is that it is not an institution of protest, of nega- tion nor of denial. When a man -embraces Catholicism, he does not repudiate anything that was good or beautiful or true in his former religion. But he will find all these things affirmed and in due propor- tion in the Catholic Church. When a man accused David Goldstein of repudiating the rdigion of his ancestors and of the Hebrew Prophets, by join- ing the Catholic Church, Gold- stein stoutly, replied that he hed done nc such thing. In joining the Church he had only accepted the ful- fillment of the ancient Jew- ish prophecies, and indeed, if Moses,, and Abraham, and Isaac; and Jacob were-alive today, they would find their logical home in the Catholic Church. When a convert comes into the Catholic Church, it is in- deed true that he is not coming into a strange place, but is merely returning once again to his Father'S House. The fur- nishings may seem strange, but they are the very same as his ancestors left them 400 years ago. He kneels before the altar where his ancestors knelt before him, he says the prayers that they" said, he re- ceives the sacraments that they received, and he respects the authority that they respected. Each man well may find what he sought. Those mourning for the dead will find the consoling doctrine of the Communion of Saints, those burdened with a sense of guilt, will find the coufes- sionaL i Lent, Pr. over Peop!e. Fast. --Walter J. Sullen, an, C,S.P. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2.8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President,. Most Reverend Thomas A. Conn.lly, DD., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BREsNAHAN--Associate Editor i