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March 22, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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March 22, 1963

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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, March 22, 1963 Mothers Without Joy oe Public doesfi't trust statistics any- more. He has been 99-and-44-one- hundredths-per cented to death. But it would be impossible for most of us not to come away deeply affected by Jona- than Rinehart's frightening report in the March 23 issue of the Saturday Evening Post entitled, "Mothers Without Joy". We can question his sources and sci- entific accuracy in statements such as "While the total birthrate has increased by 60 per cent in the last 25 years, the illegitimacy rate has more than tripled-- to the point where about one out of every 18 babies in 1963 will be born out of wedlock." "" Our, Sophisticated eyebrows will Surely arch when we read: "At least even million Americans now living were born to unmarried parents; with the increasing rate of illegitimacy, there will bean.estimated three million more ib;]ore t970." But whether one quarrels with this or that isolated bit of data, one crushing fact emerges from Rinehart's hard-hitting article---the number of illegitimate babies born in America is reaching alarming new heights. What interests us even more than the fact of an increase in illegitimacy are the reasons espoused for it. In referring to the surging growth of illegitimacy the Post article elicited these comments from two sociological experts: "The figures aren't surprising," says world-uranus anthropologist Margaret Mead. "It's simply one of the prices we pay [Or the way our so- ciety organizes its marriage and sexual behavior. We push youngsters into dating too early, into going steady. I[ you have a society which permits and ilmost forces its members into extra- marital situations, then you are going to have illegitimacy. We're just trick- ing these kids." Dr. Clark Vincent, chief of the So- cial Sciences Section of the National In- stitute of Mental Health, says: "Ours is a society which condones, contrives and consumes sex enticements. The current notion that sex is fun openly permeates our novels, films and plays. It is the keynote in the way we sell many of our products and services, and the beauty queen is the centerpiece for everything from football games to trade fairs. We inadvertently encourage, if not explicitly condone, the biological cause of preg- nancy, and then explicitly censure and condemn the inevitable result." perhaps some intelligent Americans are becoming disenchanted with the kind of cheap, shallow cosmetic-covered face that modern society has held up for teen- age girls to worship. Perhaps at long last the Hollywood honeymoon is over and Morn and Dad are beginning to see that there is a relationship between what their children see and what they do. But it is frightening to note that what the experts are now beginning to discover is nothing new at all. The Church has taught the existence of re- mote and proximate occasions of sin ever since Christ said, "Any man who looks with lust on a woman has already com- mitted adultery with her in his heart; if thy right eye scandalizes thee, pluck it out. Could it be that the morals of this nation are disintegrating simply be, cause Christians who alone have the complete answer to lust and sensual- ity haven't the courage to teach that answer to a disillusioned world? The first step towards curbing sen- suality is prayer and penance, both bad words on Madison Avenue these days. How are you doing this Lent? iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiifiiiiiii Characters Of Hero00 [ was impure. You can sense and see and almost smell and feel impurity in every word and act of his. It is as clear as any adolescent finger-gesture pointing and proclaiming to the world: "1 am impure!" But so are we. Impurity is more and less than sex or any act of sin. It is a mockery of who we are and what we are meant to be. Each of us is but an.empty shell surrounded by the many layers of our skin. We cannot fll the hole with flesh or food and drink. There is not enough of being, not enough of goodness, truth or beauty in all the creatures of fhls universe to fill that aching emptiness. We know what Herod was. We see him in ourselves. He is the image of our own desire, naked, brutal, and demanding, savage in its starving hunger for a food it cannot find. God's 00World: Pray For All By REV. LEO J. TRESE HERE are many well-intenti,oned persons who think of prayer almost entirely in terms of "asking." They come to God always with hand extended: "Give me, give me, give me." They fail to realize that our first duty in prayer is to give something to God to give God our adoration. In prayer of petition there is some element of adoration, in- asmuch as we do confess our dependence upon God and do admit that all good comes from Him. In real prayer of adoration, however, God is the whole ob- ject of our attention. Our eyes are completely upon Him. Adoration includes all those acts of mind and heart which acknowledge God's i n f i n i t e greatness, His wisdom, good- ness, justice, mercy and love. An act of faith is a prayer of adoration; so are acts of hope, of contrition, of thanks- giving and of praise. An act of love, above all others, is the pray of ador- ation most pleasing to God. It is by giving Him our love that we give Him greatest honor. "My God, I love You." is so easy to say. God Is Pleased Weak though our present love may be, God still is pleased to hear us assert it. We can depend upon Him, too, to strengthen our love--to in- crease the value of the gift which we offer. Likely the steady beat of the drum in an orchestra, "My God, I love You!" should reverberate steadily through all our other prayers. These other prayers neces- sarily will include some prayers of petition. At a minimum, God expects us to ask for the graces we need in order to reach heaven. This is the one great responsibility we have in life: to save our soul. It is the one thing above all others that God requires of us. If we fail in this, then we have failed in the only thing that really matters. It is a duty, too, which we must fulfill ourselves. It is not a task that others can do for US. Ordinarily, selfishness is not an admirable character trait. In the area of prayer, how- ever, it is our obligation to be selfish. In all our prayers of peti- tion our first intention always must be, "For the graces I need, God, to do Your will and to come safely to heaven." We pray, in brief, for the grace of final perseverance, for the grace of a happy death. There is no other request that we can make of God which may take precedence over this. Needs No Qualifications It is the one request we can make of God, too, to which we do not have to add the quali- fications, "If it be Your will." All other prayers of petition are conditional. We ask for this favor or that, provided that it is in ac- cordance with God's will. Not, however, when we are praying for our eternal salvation We know that this is according to God's will. We need add no "if." Our neighbor's salvation is likewise of urgent importance to God. Having discharged the duty of holy selfishness by praying for our eternal union with God, charity demands that we pray for others. There should be no limits here to our love. At Mass and in our other prayers, our list of intentions should be a long one. Pray For All "For my parents, family, friends and relatives, living and dead. For all for whom I ought, or have been asked, or have wished or have promised to .pray. For all for whom I am m any way responsible, es- pecially for all who may have suffered because of my bad ex- ample or my neglect of chari- ty. For my enemies. "For our Holy Father, for all bishops, priests, and re- ligious; especially for our own Bishop, for our own par- ish priests and for the Sisters in our school. For mission- aries and for the people among whom they labor. For the sick and the dying. For the souls in purgatory." It is a long list, and our own particular intentions will make it still longer. It may be well to have it written down so that, under pressure, we simp- ly can say, "For all the inten- tions, Oh Lord, on my list." Fortunately God can read, our mind as well as our writing. Beneath his haughty pride and scorn and sneerl Sovi we feel the sad familiar Sorrow of our race. Pope John and The Jews .... et America Is .o. we wish that we could glee it phrase, /i Moscow's Cuban Goal HIS March of 1963 continues to be the month in which some of our biggest newspapers are comingforward with admis- sions they should have m a d e weeks ago. On Marqh 4, t h e Washing- ton Post joined the procession with its lead- i ng editorial, "NO Peace with Cuba." I  invite you to examine close- "'%':..) " LOUIS BUDENZ ly the first sentence of that editorial: "Peace in this hem- isphere will not be secure as long as castro rules in Cuba." Where, may I ask, did you first read that thought? It was in this very column but at the time of the 'Cuban crisis," when it was timely. :Unabashed by its failure to make that comment at the, time, the Post goes on to re- peat in different form the idea that "the regime in Cuba is one with which its neighbors will not be permitted to live in peace." And yet, this eminent paper is totally at a loss on what to do, saying that "there is no easy escape from the Cuban nuisance." Success Of 'Retreat' This is also the theme of , other papers across the coun- try, including the influerttial St. Louis Post-Dispatch. They testify to the utter confusion that Khrushchev has now suc- ceeded in bringing into Ameri- can thinking by his use of Stalin's "strategic retreat," as Stalin predicted would be the case. Clearly and sharply, in con- trast, The Worker of March 10 knows exactly what to say. It may sound repetitious, but it is nevertheless important to read: "Invasion, sabotage, block- ade and threats against Cuba have brought us ominously close to the brink of thermo- nuclear war. Yet Cuba re- mains free, independent, and socialist, despite the Alliance for Progress and the manipu- lations in Washington." Why is it that those great publications were so laggard in helping offset the. invasion of the West? It is because they refuse to understand the pres- By LOUIS F. BUDENZ ant Moscow campaign for wide- spread atheism and with it the intensification among the com- rades of "knowledge" of "the Communist society by 1980"- making Soviet world rule nee- essary. They have no excuse from any reticence by Moscow or its followers on these ideas and predictions. *There is now be- ing widely distributed, by the hundreds of thousands of cop- ies, a pamphlet entitled "The Philosophy of Communism:" This was prepared by James E. Jackson, editor of The Worker, as his text for debate at Colby College, Maine, with United States Senator Edmund S. Muskie. There was 'much talk then about this discussion by a United States Senator with a Communist leader as "an ex- ercise in freedom of speech." But we can see how much freedom of speech the Commu- nists allow their opponents, for not one word of what Senator Muskie said was reflected in this pamphlet. His words are today all but forgotten, while Jackson's are winging across America. Materialist Conception I am compelled, even at the expense of being charged, with "monotony," to quote f r o m Jackson's work, as follows: "Dialectical materialism is the philosophy and method of Marxism-Leninism for study- ing and divining the laws of motion and actual force which transforms everything that exists. It is a dynamic materialist conception of the world and a method of scien- tific knowledge of the laws of its motion." "Dialetical materialism" is thus that fundamental denial of the existence of God which envelopes all Communist thought. In order that Colby students might know this bet- ter, Jackson recommended that they read Lenin's Materialism and Empirio-criticism. This is a book with somewhat heavy contents, but all clearly directed against "every form of priest-craft". The central thought of that book is to alert the Marxist to the vigilance of Marx and Engels in detecting "any deviation from material- ism" dad "any concession to idealism and fideism," that is, to believe in God in any way. By a peculiar coincidence, the Foreign Languages Pub- lishing House in Moscow has just issued this very volume ahead of its order among the new translations of Lenin's works. Both this sophisticated pub- lication and t h popular pamphlet by Jackson are only part of the artillery for atheism and "the Communist society by 1980," which are being brought forward. Jack- son's great ,theme, in con- elusion, is just this: Prepara- tions for building Commu- nism should be concluded by 1980, and this gives us all hope to follow in the Soviet steps. It is precisely this w o r ld view and this prediction that will make Castro's Cuba work ceaselessly for a Soviet Amer- ica, both in the northern and southern sections of the West- ern Hemisphere. Calendar SUNDAY, MARCH 24, FOURTH SUNDAY OF LENT, MASS: Laetare--Rejoice (Rose or Violet). No. GI., Cr., Pref. of Lent. Mass for Parish. MONDAY,, MARCH 25, AN- NUNCIATION OF B.V.M., MASS: Vulture tuum--All the rich (White). Gl., 2nd Pr.of Feria, Tract, Cr., Pref. of B.V.M. Mass for Parish. Fast. TUESDAY, MARCH 26, TUESDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Exaudi--Hear, O God (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, WEDNESDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Cure sanctificatus--When I shall be sanctified (Violet). No. GI., 2nd Pr. of John Damascene. Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. THURSDAY, M A R C H 28, THURSDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Laetetur cor--Let the heart (Violet). No. GI., 2nd Pr. of St. John Capistrano, Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. FRIDAY, MARCH 29 FRI- DAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Meditatio cordis --The meditation of my heart (Violet). No. Gl., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast and Ab- stinence. SATURDAY, M A R C H 30, SATURDAY OF FOURTH WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Jus- tus--The just man (Violet). No Gl., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. to our own minds an ordered evidence. But who can find a word, an utterance, or even tongue to say the emptiness. We only know that it is there. It is a quenchless thirst, a never'ending hunger, buried in the very marrow of our brain and blood. It is the great enigma of our lives, so much a part of us, so interwoven wlfh the pattern of our nerves and cells, that we can never separate the 'T' from "it". So I sympathize with Herodwffh myself. I plfy him who cannot bring himself to see the emptlne., the one who Herod-llke is but an onion now end all his llfe is in his skin. I wish that I could take the peelings from him one by omD and strip him bear to nothingness. Then I am sure that he would vomit self end pride end all the vanity of sin and in his sickness open up o Him who is. He stands before us end our sin in silence waiting for a chance to enter in end fill us wlth Himself. Shall we, llke Herod, mock and sneer, and make Him out o be e silent fool? Shall we send Him back, or do we dare admit our emptiness? By Rev. Earl ka Barge 'What's In A 1 ame?' By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S,S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore E have not yet read "The Great Ascent" by Robert L. Heilbroner but we shall soon, having read and re- read his first book, "The Worldly Philosophers," both with pleasure and profit. Heilbroner is sowewhat unusual in that he has the faculty of making sense in economics--which Carlyle, who had been reading Malthus, called "the dismal science." To date we have seen only a review of Heil- broner's latest, but we liked what we saw so far. Perhaps, further on, we shall have to make exceptions but the author will not mind. He is not one to demand subservient readers. Just as he can avoid being dismal so he is quick enough and agile enough mentally to recognize that his chosen field of exposition exists often times not as a science but "by guess and by God." Whole areas of it have thus been given over to solemn nonsense emitted by little moralizing pontiffs who enjoy a vogue but no "magisterium" or teaching authority. This much of Heilbroner has caught our eye so far, his observation that "capitalism and democracy are luxuries that no underdevel- oped nation can afford." It may be difficult to define capitalism as such but bypassing this we looked back upon the ghastly mess Woodrow Wilson foisted upon the world in the name of democracy as he broke up the Austro-Hungarian empire. Com- munism has taken over all of those now viable pseudo-democracies today. We looked also currently at what the Com- munists call free elections wherein everybody is free to vote for the one only candidate the party sponsors on its ballot. And then we cast an eye upon some of the new democracies we are creating today where illiterate savages, unable to read the names of those seeking office, identify their candidates by pictures (a donkey or an elephant?) and make X marks. What's in a name? By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. re Jews interested in the Second Vatican Council? Recently I ad- dressed an Orthodox Jewish audience on the topic of. the Vatican Council and what struck me forcibly was the contrast between their interest in the Council and the interest I find among Protest- ants. The Protestants generally are concerned about Council topics such as Mariology, the nature of the Church, mixed marriages and religious liberty. My Jewish audience was chiefly interested in Pope John. This became very apparent in my conversations with mem- bers of the audience after my talk. Perhaps one reason for their personal rather than theological concern was that a number of them had the pleas- ure of an audience with the Holy Father and remembered it as an unforgettable and delight- ful experience. They were impressed by his democratic spirit, his simplicity and friendliness but especially by his sense of humor. (The Irish and the Jews have this in common -- that they have plucked the flower of humor from the thorns of persecution.) Helped Rescue Jews I find that Jews generally look to Pope John as a provi- dential Christian leader who will do his utmost to improve Christian-Jewish relations. But even before ascending the Papal throne, he had helped to rescue thousands of Jews from Nazi death camps. Chief Rabbi Herzog of Israel paid tribute to his work as Papal Nuncio at Istanbul: "Cardinal Roncalli is a man who really loves the people of the Book and through him thousands of Jews were rescued." Look to Pope John Responsible Jewish leaders therfore pin their hopes on Pope John to see to it that the second session of the Council should issue a statement clari- fying the Catholic teaching on the Crucifixion. Were the Jews responsible for his death or was all mankind responsible? The World Council of Church- es in its General Assembly at New Delhi denounced antisemi- tism and put the blame on mankind corporately for the death of Christ. Pope John has asked this Council not to issue condemnations of errors but the Council Fathers could certainly restate the teaching of the Council of Trent that all men share in the guilt for Christ's death. New Testament Anti-Semitic? It is possible that the Council might deal with the question of the New Testament and anti- semitism. When a case involv- ing the reading of the Bible in public schools was being heard recently in the Federal Court in Philadelphia, a Jewish theol- ogian testified that passages of the New Testament can be con- sidered anti-semitic. As a contribution to the all- too-slowly-developing Catholic- Jewish dialogue, Rev. Gregory Baum answered the above charge in his "The Jews and the Gospels." He showed that Christians who have tried to justify anti-semitism on Biblical grounds have done it by garb- ling the Gospel message. The sacred writers castigated not the Jewish people but their leaders -- in the tradition of the old Jewish prophets. See Possible Council Action Cardinal Bea and Dr. Label Katz, president of B'nai Birth, February 16 discussed possible action by the Vatican Council against bias as known to the world. As to action by the Council, I might point out that many of the Council Fathers were pro- foundly shocked by a vicious and scurrilous booklet that cer- tain professional anti-semites put in the Bishop's mail boxes during the first session last fall. Next fall the culprits may find they have brought down coals of fire on their heads. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor