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March 8, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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March 8, 1963

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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, March 8, 1963 'Not Negc iable' F THERE is any lesson that can be learned from Castro's takeover of Cuba it would seem to be this: That as far as our State Department goes--we have learned absolutely nothing at all. The U.S. policy in Cuba is based upon the same political principle that has determined our dealings with atheistic Communism in China, Hungary, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia, Poland, and all the other nations that have fallen to Red aggression. Our State Department has always oper- ated on the principle that Communism, however dangerous, is negotiable. As long as that principle is maintained as a modus agendi by the U.S. Government regardless of the sincerity of the men involved or the name of the administra- tion, what happened in Hungary had to )ihappen in Cuba and what has happened qn Cuba" must happen in '11 of America, :,North and South, unless we change our !i :policy. Communism is not negotiable. The reason for saying th# # not po#tical, but philosophical. Despite the new "nice guy" mask Khrushchev is wear- ing, he is still a Communist. As such, he will be content with but one objec- tive: mastery of the entire world. He has told us this, he has set about scien- tifically and methodically to prove it. Cuba is iust one more step along the way. Communism understands but one law: force. And brute force is not negotiable. Force is only countered by counter force. The brief blockade was a beautiful exam- ple of this simple fact. We have been told that we must not "fear to negotiate." Where Communism is concerned, dare we make such a state. ment? It might be good rhetoric--but what about the logic? It would seem that in dealing with Khrushchev negotiation ought to be our greatest fear. If Cuba has not taught us this, it has taught us nothing. Our verbal threats against Russia's presence 90 miles off the Florida coast are beginning to sound about as danger- ous as the "Do that again and I'll spank" of an indulgent mother to her spoiled child. Soviet presence on the bland of Cuba cannot be tolerated. Everybody in the free world agrees to this. This presence cannot effectively and com- pletely be removed by mere negotia- tion. Recent history attests to that. An editorial in this week's issue of Life magazine outlines some excellent steps that could be taken to rid ourselves of Castro's so-called defensive Russian army. While the Life editorial's specific rec- ommendations may not be in every in- stance as carefully conceived or outlined as those of a military strategist, still the principle upon which they are based is absolutely correct. The editorial rightly contends that "It is time for deeds as well as negotiations..." Magyar's Fate Spe, ds War. TRY as we may, we can- - not conjure away Communist threats. The magic twins of compromise and false hopes will not h e I p us here. Commu- nism itself will not permit this. That is the message of the January 28 New Times in !)'i "iiiiii ; ;: .... :;i its final analy- i"ii ...... S i S O f o U r American con- sent to Hun- gary's d o w n- BUDENZ fall. And such a view is" re- a f f i r m e d by Khrushehev's By LOUIS F. BUDENZ the Hungarian question in "The Rise of Khrushchev," Moscow promptly ejected its correspon. dent. The sort of discussion Moscow therefore w a n t s is something different. Moscow does not want us to show that official Washington was stupi- fled at the time of the Buda- pest Massacre, that it an- nounced that "we do not know what Soviet Russia will do." Anyone who knows the nature of Communism understood what Soviet Russia would do: It would crush anyone turning against it. The unforgiveable sin of /rare Nagy was that he proclaimed the end of the Soviet regime in Hungary and appealed to the United Nations and the United grand design for t h e present States. His appeals w e r e in period as sweepingly presented vain, and he had to die. in all directives from the Janu- ary World Marxist Review to the January Political Affairs. This plan is aimed at leading on to the Communist society, ending for good all "capitalist remnants" and all belief in God. NBC Broadcast The New Times chides the "Western press" "for not dis- cussing the conclusions to be drawn from our debacle in Hun- gary. We quote: "There has been very little comment on these develop. ments in the Western press. Writers who treated the pub- lic to lengthy articles on the 'Hungarian issue' have sud- denly fallen silent, though now there is much material for analysis and comment." When the National Broad- casting Company, however, be- gan on February 3 to discuss The New Times insists our press champion abandonment of Free China and the captive nations and accept Soviet Cuba's demands. It may be that I shall be ac- cused of sentimental attach- ment to Hungary because my grandfather's cousin, Dr. Jo- seph Budenz," graduate of the University of B o n n, was the Webster of that country. His first Magyar dictionary is to be found in our Library of Con- gress. But it is not sentiment that is necessary. It is the recogni- tion that our collapse in Hun- gary has prepared the way for the great consolidation of Soviet Power which Khrushchev is planning. In September, he called for "a single planning body" for that combination of "socialist countries" in the Council of Mutual Economic Aid. This council could be called in one sense a Soviet Common Market, but it differs sharply with the Common Mar- ket in its aim. Empire Under Russia The Soviet-controlled group is dedicated to building Com- munism. That is precisely the message given by Todor Zhiv- kov, head of the Red Bulgarian Government, in the January World Marxist Review. There he says that there must be brought about, at first from Berlin to Vladivostok, the be- ginning of "the single world- wide socialist cooperative en- visaged by Lenin." This will not only mean the fusing of the economy of "the socialist countries" but also of all industries. In effect, it will form one empire under the leadership of Soviet Rus- sia. Therefore Zhivkov stated: "True Marxist-Leninists con- sider it their prime duty to work in every way to strenth- en the unity of the socialist camp around the Soviet Union." And he entitled his article "Unity ,of the Social- ist Countries is Decisive in Building Communism." Moscow has just issued its second English edition of The Fundamentals of Marxism-Len- inism. In that book a fundamen- tal thought for Reds is this: "For centuries, the Church has tried to instill contempt for earthly life and fear of God .... The Church threatened w i t h the wrath of God and torment in hell those who dared rise against the divinely established rule of the exploiters." r00ne---nr- :.IE: m Seminary-A Proving Ground By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore NE OFTEN reads today about how can Sulpician Fathers. The story goes that a the evils of the world around us worried hospital Sister once told him in great choke off the incipient crop of voca- alarm that one of his seminarians then con- , fined to the hospital was losing his vocation and +ions. We do not for a moment doubt that there falling in love with one of the nurses. Father is an element of truth in this allegation. But Dyer, they say, answered: "Sister, he is not before one takes too dark a view and makes losing his vocation. He is finding it!" gloomy forecasts it would seem to us to be Too many people think that, to discover a relevant to recall how the Church first made vocation to the religious life or any variety of its headway in the midst of a decadent or even it, one must first look for some anemic Pre- rotten Roman world. Raphaelist figure, a travesty of the real rays- We have long maintained that a true voca- tic, some willowy wisp of a girl with faruous tion is pretty impervious to the lures of the ideas of "piety" or some effeminate char. world provided that it be properly nourished acter who could not make his way at all in in a good home and school and strengthened the world he would forswear. by prayer. The boy or girl who decides to Genuine vocations and long fruitful careers marry because of a more or less chance ac- which are their expression, on the contrary, are quaintance with a desirable partner has not found only among representative young men lost his or her vocation; the vocation simply and women. But the seminary is also a proving was not there, ground. If students did not sometimes leave We are sometimes reminded, in this coonec- seminaries, then and only then, would this writer tion, of a rather celebrated story told about after some 25 years' experience begin to get the late Father Dyer, Provincial of the Ameri- worried. Characters Of The Passion God's World: (Repentant Peter by Francisco Goya, Courtesy Seattle Public Library) Peter swung down the road with a strong stride, shoulder to shoulder with Christ, savouring in silence the deeply satisfying rich sensation of the remembered words that kept coming back and filling his soul with warmth. 'Rock .... upon this Rock I will build my Church." Then Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things ...and be put to death. Peter stopped, turned, and stood square in front of Christ. "Far be it from Thee, O Lord; this will never happen to Thee." "Get behind me, satan, thou dosf not mind the things of God, but those of men." Crimsoned, with sudden shock and shame he fell back and walked behind the rest. If this must be, he thought, then I will die with Him. On Holy Thursday', afier Mass encl Holy Communion, they went out to Mount el;vet. Then Jesus said to them, "You will all be scandalized this night because of Me; for it is wrltton, '1 will smite the shepherd and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.'" But Peter answered and said to Him, "Even thouqh all shall be scandalized because of Thee, I will never be scandalized." Jesus said to him, "Amen I say to thee, this very night, before a cock crows, thou wilt deny Me three times." Peter said to Him, "Even if I should have to die with Thee, I will not deny Thee!" I will be a Rock, unyielding, Christ will see. Peter slept with the rest when Jesus ;rayed in the Garden of Gethsemane but he came wide awake when he heard the cries of the crowd. He saw the mob. Now he would prove himself. With a surge of strength he drew his sword and swung hard at the nearest head. He cut off a man's ear and pulled back to swing again when suddenly stroncj fingers grabbed his arm. "Put back the sword into its place; for all those who fake the sword will perish by the sword." Humiliated acjeln, he stood silent and helpless as they led Jesus away. Afraid, frustrated, and alone, he followed behind at a long distance. In the courtyard of the high priest, h; was cj;zlncj into the changing heart of fire following the flames with the torturous terror of his own thoughts, when a woman's voice cut through the night, "Thou also wast with Jesus the Galilean." But he denied it before them all, saying, "1 do not know what thou art saying." Slowly dawn appeared and a soft gray light gave shape to the shadows. another maid saw him, end said to those who were there, "This man also was with Jesus of Nazareth." And aqaln he denied it with an oath, "1 do not know the Man." And after a little while the bystanders came up and said to Peter, Surely thou also ere one of them, for even thy speech betrays thee." Then he began to curse and to swear that he did not know the Man. And at that moment a cock crowed. The night was over and they led Him out of the house. They all looked up to see the criminal, (Poem by Rev. Earl LaBerge Continued on Page 5) Nature of Prayer By REV. LEO J. TRESE "[.4ow well do you pray?" To that question the aver- '  age Catholic probably would answer, "Not as well as I'd like to." The better the Catholic, the more likely it is that such would be his answer. To those of us who are dis- satisfied with our efforts at prayer, it is a comfort to re- member that God asks of us only that we do our best. It may be that we are not praying as well as we might wish: but, if we are praying as well as we can, we are praying well. However, it is possible that some of us are more imper- fect in prayer than we need to be, simply beeause we understand poorly the nature o1 prayer. We all learned, in childhood, that prayer is "the raising of our mind and heart to God." In spite of having learned the de- finition, a surprising number of persons think of prayer as "talking to God," as though words were the important ele- ment in prayer. No Wards Necessary Some of our best prayer is prayer in which we use no words at all. Silently we turn our thoughts to God in a spirit of reverence. We think of Him, of His goodness and His mercy perhaps. Our heart moves in an act of gratitude to Him, or we experience a sense of shame and sorrow at not having done more for Him. We think of His lovableness and wish that we could love Him more ardently: perhaps resolve that we shall try harder to deserve His love. All this is done.- or can he done-- without any words at all. This aetivity of mind and heart is called mental prayer, as distinct from voeal prayer. To make more graphic the nature of mental prayer, let us imagine a father standing at a window, watching his children playing in the yard. Wordlessly he gazes at the children, while his heart goes out to them in an act of love and protectiveness: with a de- termination, too, to be a good father to them. Similarly, in mental prayer we "look at" God, and our heart goes out to Him in an act of love. Per- haps with our love are mixed sentiments of gratitude, or of repentance or of renewed and more generous loyalty. This is , a moment of prayer at its best. Many Opportunities If we wish to make pro- gress in prayer, we have only to make room for more such mo- ments in our life. We can do it in church, prayerbook closed as we gaze at the tabernacle. We can do it in the privacy of our own room. We can do it on a solitary walk. We can do it on the bus, with eyes closed to the passing scene. There are many opportunities, if we watch for them. The g r e a t advantage of mental prayer is that is gives God a chance to speak to us, and this is essential to fruit- ful prayer. I am not saying that vocal prayer is to be abandoned. There are times and places when vocal prayer is the best prayer; at Mass, for example, and in other public services when we pray together. There are times, too, when the mind is too distracted or tired to focus wordlessly upon God, and times when we wish to gain the indulgences attached to certain vocal prayers. The point I am making is that prayer is (or ought to be) an interchange with God. It is an occasion of special and intimate union with God. If it is to be a true interchange, a g e n u i n e union, God must have His op- portunity. There must be mo- ments of silent contemplation when God can speak (wordless- ly, as we have spoken) in His turn to our heart. These moments will come more easily if we try, habit- ually, to live our lives in union with God. This means that we begin our day with a whole-hearted offering of our day to God--all our thoughts, words, actions, joys and sufferings. U n d e r the Midas touch of our morning offering, our day becomes one great prayer, every moment a source of eternal merit. Our mind will not consciously be on God all the time. We must give attention to our work and other activities. However, the thought of God will not be far below the surface. We shall find it easy to cast Him. now and then, a quick glance of love. Calendar SUNDAY, MARCH 10, SEC- OND SUNDAY OF LENT, MASS: Reminiscere -- Remem- ber (Violet). No. GI., Cr., Pref. of Lent, Mass for Parish. MONDAY, MARCH 11, MON- DAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Redime me --Redeem me (Violet). No. GI., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. TUESDAY, MARCH 1, TUESDAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Tibi dixit--My heart hath said (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Gregory, Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 13, WEDNESDAY OF THE SEC- OND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Ne derelinquas -- Forsake me not (Violet). No GI., Pref..of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. THURSDAY, MARCH 14, THURSDAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Deus --O God (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People, Fast. FRIDAY, MARCH 15, FRI- DAY OF SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Ego antem--As for me (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent. Pr. over People. Fast and Abstinence. SATURDAY, M A R C H 16, SATURDAY OF SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Lex Domini--The law of the Lord (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent, Pre. over People. Fast. Would Not Be Temporary By J. J. Gilbert WASHINGTON, Mar. 6 Could broad Federal aid to education be tem- porary? This is an important consideration in the present effort to get a new Federal aid program through Congress. Experience would seem to prove that, once inaugurated, such a program could not be discontinued. The Administration realizes the real popular concern that revolves around this point. President K e n n e d y demon- strated this in his message to Congress. "I do not say the Federal government should take over responsibility for education. -'Yhat is neither desirable nor feasible. Instead, its partici- pation should be selective, stimulative and, where poss- ible, transitional." Over the years, congressmen and others here have made two observations so often that they have virtually become axioms "on the Hill." One is that almost any kind of Fed- eral financial assistance must entail Federal control: because Congress wants to know how money it appropriates is spent. The other "axiom" is that once an appropriation measure is put on the books, it is next to impossible to repeal it. Several examples might be cited to substantiate the second axiom. Legislation to give aid to Federally-impacted areas comes readily to mind. In 1950, Congress enacted legislation (P. L. 815 and P.L. 874) to assist public school financing in areas which had large military or defense in- dustry establishments. The theory behind thls legislation was that the sud- den influx of people into these areas, plus the fact that land was taken off the local tax rolls, made it im- possible to maintain adequate publie school systems in the areas thus affected. This legislation was generat- ed primarily by the Korean con- flict. The need has since dim- inished, but the legislation has been regularly extended and appropriations have been sub- stantially increased. Both the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations have endeavored to eliminate or phase out these laws, but with- out success. Congressmen who ordinarily oppose general Fed- eral aid measures support this legislation, since many school budgets rely heavily upon the Federal money coming from the impacted area program. This is an invariable pat- tern: anee Federal money is integrated in the school budget, the legislation provid- ing the funds is regularly extended and expanded. While the President has ex- pressed the wish that his new Federal aid program should be "where possible, transition- al," experience would seem to indicate that it is impossible to make such programs transi- tory. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Cormolly, D.D., LC.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor