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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 28, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 28, 1964

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4---THE PROGRESS ml F,,,r,!dey, Feb. 28, 1964 That I May See ost of us are aware that opthalmolo- gists are now performing cornea transplants which restore sight to those who suffer corneal defects. As we under- stand it, a little piece is cut out from a clear cornea and inserted into a hole 0dude in the cloudy cornea of the patient. Usually the transplanted tissue will be accepted and grow fast to its new host. There is a desperate need for cornea donors at this time. Providence Hospital has what is known as an eye bank for this purpose. Have you ever thought about giv. Jug your own eyes to someone? Re. member the joy of the man in the Gospel who after pleading "Lord tha I might see" received his sight. Your charity could bring similar Soy to a fellow human being if only you would resolve to be generous. There is certainly no moral objection to your being an eye donor in this man- ner. On the contrary, it is an act of love and generosity by which you prolong your charity to your fellow man beyond your death. J. D. Conway in an article on willing one's body to science which appeared in the February issue of Catholic Digest summed it up beautifully when he wrote: "If a drop o cold water given in the name of Jesus receives its reward, how much more will you be blessed if you give the very eyes out of your headr' It's something to think about. 'The Greatest' ving Cassius Clay is indeed "the great- 1" est." He is the very best the present boxing world can produce. What a devas- tating indictment against professional pugilism ! The once highly respected "manly art of self defense" has all but been betrayed by the greedy fists of actor-boxers and sharp promoters. Boxing as a legitimate amateur sport concentrates upon scoring points. Maiming or rendering an oppo- nent unconscious is not directly intended. But once big money gets involved, the picture changes radically. Promoters blow up fighters out of protmrtion to their true ability, Fans, who pat down $200 a head to witness the contest, lose interest in sweat--they want to see blood. Professional gam- blers move in to put the pressure on for a/ix. And the fighters, themselves, for whom boxing is now just a hard, dirty way to et rich quick, spend a minimum of tir time training and a maximum of their waking hours trying to figure out whom they can trust to manage their fortunes. Big money is making a mockery out of boxing. For this reason, Cassius Clay may well be the greatest thing that ever stepped into the ring. The high-pressure promo- tion system and big money produced Clay. Now the system has to live with its loquacious brainchild. Cassius the King may well become the albatross flung about the neck of professional pugilism. Everyone knows that boxing is down for the nine-count. Clay and Listen could easily make it ten. There will always be boxing matches of some kind or other, this we do not deny. But the Clay-Listen fiasco of last Tuesday night had all the earmarks of professional wrestling, not boxing. There is the good guy-bad guy buildup. The clowning, the braggadocian air--and if Cassius had let his hair grow a bit and used a few bobby pins dipped in Chanel No. 5, he could be boxing's Gorgeous George. The Tuesday evening performance may have been just enough to put box- ing in the harmless class of profes. sional wrestling, where the only cre- dentials required are an actor's license and the ability to make faces at the crowd. In the fifth round, Clay was almost totally blind. He wandered around the ring feeling for his opponent. Yet, Sonny Listen, the great champion, was helpless against the blind and fumbling youngster. They say Sonny had a sore left arm. This may be so, but what was wrong with his right? Two founds later, the same P/World Champion decided he didn't want to fight anymore because he had a sore left, and to keep on fighting wasn't really good for it. It was at least five minutes after the fight was over before anyone knew what had happened. Most people still aren't sure. We make these observations because professional boxing does have moral overtones. Many theologians claim it is out-and.out immoral. Perhaps the Clay- Listen fight with all its ramifications will shock the American people into reality. Professional prize fighting is one of the last phases of brutal savagery to leave modern society. assius Clay, by reducing professional boxing to the absurdity it really is, may well be not only King, but Prophet. He may be predicting the end of an era of great and dedicated athletes, supreme heroes of every schoolboy. The John L. Sullivans, Gone Tunneys, Joe Louises, Rocky Mardanos--may well become leg- ends of the past to be replaced by actors who place more emphasis on noise, clowning and good looks than they do upon dedication to the manly art of self defense. Perhaps there is a genuine service to humanity in all this. For while we must admire the skill, courage and bravery of a champion boxer, still his sport is primi- tive and but one step away from the jungle. With Clay as Champ, few will be able to take boxing seriously. This fact in the final analysis may be a contribution rather than a detriment to a questionable profession, obviously on the ropes. CIC Endorses Open Housing (The [ollo,,i,g statement has been issued by the Catholic Interracial Council of Seattle, declaring its unqua/qied endorsement o] the 0 pen Housing Ordinance, appearing in the Seattle municipal genera/election March I0.) HERE is an appalling I a e k o f knowledge among our Catholic pro. ple concerning the real issue in the race question. The real evil is segregation. Segregation means the isola- tion and confinement of minor- ity groups culturally and geo- graphically within defined bor- ders of our large cities and such a situation is fraught with disastrous consequences. As the minority races, es- pecially the Negro, increases, we find our cities developing an entirely new pattern of living. Before World War II 75 per cent of the Negroes lived in the South. After the war and dur- ing the Korean conflict thous- ands of Negroes moved into the industrial northern cities. Since then cities like New York and Philadelphia have doubled their Negro population to 1,100,O0O and 529,000, re- spectively. Chicago and Detroit have trebled to 812,000 and 480,. 000. Los Angeles has multiplied five times to 335,000. It is estimated that if present trends continue in the next two decades, Detroit, Baltimore, Chicago, Cleveland, St. Louis, will be predominantly In other words, seven out of the 18 largest cities in the U.S. will be predominantly Negro. It is in the segregated areas that we find dilapidated dwell- ings and sub-normal housing conditions. It is here where we find lower standards of educe. tion and where the unemploy- ment rate among the Negro is one out of every four workers. T h u s artificial segregation has created great social prob- lems. Seattle is fast following the atterns of development of the Eastern cities. Our Negro ulation has more than led during the last 14 years. Cut off from full participa- tion in the full life of the city, the Negro suffers as a second rate citizen. As an example, although he constitutes only four per cent of the population, 20 per cent of the children on public assistance are Negro. To care for a child for 10 years, i.e. from six to 16, there is a cost to the tax payer of more than ten thousand dollars per child. There are about 175 such Ne- gro children now being cared for under our public assistance programs. Segregation is ex- tremely costly and it would be a better investment to use such money integrating and rehabili- tating. Everyone thinks he has a solution to this most urgent problem. We go to the employer beg- ging him to hire Negroes. He tells us that he would if the Negro were better educated and trained by our schools. So we go to the schools. The edu- cators inform us that the Negro is uneducateable because of poor home conditions where ere are no books or intelli- gent conversations. Improve the home conditions and then we can do something. So over to the housing people we go. "If only the Negro has the money there are many good home= available," they tell us. "Go to the employers and have them employ the Negro." So we are back where we started. It's just one vicious circle. Only when we get a breakthrough in all these areas, can we make some progress. Since Housing is an issue on this coming March 10 ballot we might as well begin here. But over and above all this, is the fundamental right of all men, considering their financial and cultural status, to live wherever they may so choose. It is beginning to become ap- parent that it is not only the Negro but also the white per- son who is segregated. We are complacent to live in our all- white neighborhoods with the security that our children will not be associating with Negro, Filipino, Japanese, Chinese or Indian children. But how unreal and short. sighted is such an upbring- ing! How are such children going to adapt themselves in adult llfe to the real issue that more than 75 per cent of the world is non-white. With methods of transporta- tion improving and the inter- mingling of people inevitable, will the white adult of the fu- ture be able to adjust himself to the fact that most people are not of the same race or color as himself? It is only when the children learn to meet and know chil- dren of other races will they ever be creative and produc- tive, otherwise their experience is narrow and stilted. Hence, the Catholic Inter- racial Council of Seattle sup- ports and recommends the passage of the present Open Housing Ordinance. The mi- nority races are here by the Will of God and they nell their rights protected by law. Those who have full under- standing of the real issue and have mature judgment will likewise support it. The Open Housing Ordinance is not the answer to the racial problem but it is a necessary beginning. 'We Had A Water Fight' God's World: Let's Children: Boycott Weapons By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. "1 think it is one of the I essentials of demo- cracy to learn that we have a democracy by pressure." So spoke a white teacher of geography who took part in the boycott of New York City public schools Febru- ary 3. "It's all pressure. You lean on the door and it opens. That's why I'm pick- eting." The boycott that day was a great success. S o m e 464,000 FR. SHEERIN pupils stayed out of schools in the greatest civil rights demon- stration in American history. Yet many of the Negro leaders are having second thoughts about this success. They have withdrawn from plans for other boycotts. The NAACP and the New York Urban League have announced they would weigh their future actions regarding boycotts independently of the local Citywide Committee for Integrated Schools that spon- sored the first demonstration. Ominous The ominous praise of "pres- sure" uttered by the geography teacher mentioned above was surprisingly echoed by certain responsible New York figures. The eminent Dr. John C. Ben- nett, head of the Union Theo- logical Seminary, praised the boycott: "I think the white people of New York are so far removed from the real dynam- ics of the problem that the Ne- groes have to apply more and more pressure. Without pres- sure, the white people always postpone. They never do enough." There are, however, others who disagree. Certain forms of pressure are altogether undesirable and in my opin- ion, no group should use children as a means of exert- ing pressure. Such a weapon is dangerously explosive, es- pecially in t h o s e sections where the schools are al- ready riddled with hoodlums. It is also unfair to the chil- dren to use them as pawns in a game they don't understand. The president of Teachers Col- lege, New York City, Dr. John Fischer, said that the use of children during the school boy- cott as a means of pressure was "entirely and fundamen- tally wrong." It was Dr. Fischer who effected the pea:eful desegregation of pub. lic schools in Baltimore in 1954. Other Cases The Negro sit-in strikers and those who took part in the bus boycotts in Alabama deserved our enthusiastic approval. They were fighting to establish the case for civil rights as against a citizenry that refused to ack- nowledge these rights. In the ease of the New York City Board of Educe. tion, the situation was radi- cally different. Not a mem- ber of the Board denied the necessity of integration but some differed as to the measures that might be tak. en to solve the problem with. out c r e a t i n g educational chaos. Not all agreed that sending Negro children hither and yon through the city in buses would improve the educational facilities for these children. Where you have a Board of Education that has been known for its sympathy for school in- tegration, the obvious answer to the problem is patience and sweet reasonableness, not the use of pressure. In due time the New York Negroes could have expected a satisfactory program of integration. Frightening Bayard Rustin, the man who directed the boycott, has said that "the winds of discontent are about to sweep over our city" and that the new move- ment will change the face of New York in housing and jobs as well as schools. Will the Negro leaders use children as weapons to force housing inte- gration and job quotas? The prospect is frightening. One Negro clergyman in Harlem, Bishop James Rob- erts of the Liberal Catholic Church (not Roman Catholic) called for "responsible lead. ership." He claimed that he wanted to see his race make progress but he did not want to join with any and every rabble-rousing group. He warmly applauded the NAACP for withdrawing from plans for other demonstra- tions and declared that if his people were asked to express their opinion, they would have opposed the use of their chil- dren as a means of boycott. No Neutral School System By REY. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Konmore "THE present public school monop- ,./ oly of the education tax dollar must be ended if freedom of mind and conscience is ever to be fully attained in American education," Dr. Francis J. Brown, Professor of Economics at DePaul University (Chicago, Ill.) and Chairman of the National Association for Personal Rights in Education (NAPRE), claimed recently in a talk to the Serrans in Milwaukee, Wis. We would add that he is speaking the real language of the First Amendment, which, be- lieve it or not, proclaims that Congress shall make no law prohibiting the free exercise of religion. Congress has not done so, perhaps. But the Supreme Court in its new roi of legisla- tnr definitely has, in recent decrees. Dr. Brown's point is that "every school teaches two things: its academic content (read- ing, arithmetic, science, etc.) and its educa- tional philosophy, which includes values on God. man, religion, morality, rights, duties and other ultimates. This means that the State public school, in addition to teaching academic 'Do It Now' By REV. LEO J. TRESE s' I really ought to... " These are words spoken quite I frequently ha the average home. The frequency with which we speak the words provides a pretty good index of the degree to which we have develop- ed self-discipline. Self-discipline is the ability to make ourselves do, now, something which should be done, however distasteful the task may be. Let us assume that you have been watching the early-even- ing news program on televis- ion. The program ends. Do you rise immediately, turn off the "IV set, and go to fix that leak- ing faucet or sticking door, write that long-overdue letter or balance the checkbook against the b a n k statement which came today? Or do you remain staring at the "IV screen through a succession of commercials, then find your- self trapped as a new program begins? It may be a third-rate program, but you have to see it through to the end. Anything . . . Instead of a television set it may be a newspaper in which, after scanning the principal news stories, you still must peruse a host of filler-items of no significance. Or it may be a phone call to a friend who can be depended upon to keep you in conversation for half an hour or more. Or it may be a trip to the drugstore where, after buying your cigarettes, you can browse among the magazines and linger over the greeting card rack. Anything rather than get at the things which need doing. The person who procrastin- ates, who always postpones distasteful duties as long as OsciSSible, is lacking in self- pline. He er she is lack- ing in mastery over self. He or she is a victim of the vice of sloth. It is not for nothing that sloth is classified as one of the seven capital sins. Sloth is bad enough on the natural level, where it wastes so much of precious time and of human resources. Because of sloth, physical or mental, work is neglected or done in shoddy fashion. Duties are skimped. Acts of charity are omitted. Evils which should be corrected are allowed to accumulate and to grow in intensity. Supernatural Harm On the supernatural level the effects of sloth are even more damaging. We quiet an ac- cusing conscience by promising that "some day soon" we shall began to pray more regularly, receive the sacraments more frequently, s t o p drinking so much, quit the gossip or give up some other habit or occasion of sin which is impeding spirit- ual progress. The "some day soon" seems never to come. Sloth is not an incurable affliction. Most of us slip into our procrastinating habits by inadvertence. We let our- selves follow the line of least resistance without realizing that, in so doing, we are abandoning command o v e r sell Self-discipline, like any other habit, is developed and deepen- FATHER TRESE ed by practice. We begin by resolving, "From now on, when j there is something that should ! he done, I shall do it im- mediately. If something has to be postpormd, it will be my own ease and pleasure, not my duties." The implementation of this resolve will call for con. siderable firmness. Sloth yields, but it yields stubbornly. Good Feeling However, as time goes on we begin to enjoy a sense of satisfaction in disposing of tasks and duties as they occur. It is such a good feeling know that we am "on top of ourselves," that we are in the driver's seat, effectively man. aging our time and energies. Moreover, we are released from the hidden tensions which we suffer when conscience con- tinually chides us for duties undone. With "do it now" as our motto, we enjoy our leisure twice as much when we come to it, because our leisure is unmarred by uneasy aware- hess of neglmted obHgations. In our spiritual life, especial. ly, conquest of sloth will have remarkable results. Each new act of self-discipline brings an increase of grace. We begin to j enjoy the religious practices l and acts of charity which form. erly were a burden grudgingly borne. We are able to look at the crucifix without having to turn our eyes quickly and guilt- ily away. Most Precious f all the blessings t ha t life and history have to offer, the individuals and fam- ilies and nations, truly the most precious and important is peace. The existence of peace and of zeal to preserve it is the assurance of the world's tran. quility. But a necessary con- dition of peace is the good- will of each and every one. Where this is lacking it is vain to hope for happiness and blessings. -- Pope John XXIIII Calendar content, is also imparting value to its stu. dents." There can really never be a neutral school system morally and religiously speaking. SUNDAY, MARCH 1, THIRD SUNDAY OF LENT, MASS: Oculi mei -- My eyes (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, MARCH 2, MON- DAY OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: In Dee -- In God (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. TUESDAY, MARCH 3, TUES. DAY, OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Ego Clamavi-- Now I Cry (Violet). No GI., Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 4, WEDNESDAY OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Ego autem-- But I will hope (Vio- let). No GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Casi- mir, 3rd of St. Lucius, Pref. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. THURSDAY, MARCH 5, THURSDAY, OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Sal- us populi -- I am the salva- tion (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. FRIDAY, MARCH g, FRI- DAY OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Fac mecum -- show me (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr. of SS. Perpetua and Felici- tag, Pro. of Lent, Pr. over People. First Fri: Votive Mass of Sacr. Heart permitted (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of Feria, 3rd of SS. Perpetua and Felici. tag, Prof. of Lent. Pr. over Heart. Fast and Abstinence. SATURDAY, MARCH 7, SATURDAY OF THIRD WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Verba mea --Give ear (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Thomas Aquinas, Pref. of Lent, Pr. over Peo- ple. First Sat: Votive Mass of Immaculate Heart permitted (White), GI., 2nd Pr. of Ferla, 3rd of St. Thomas, Tr., Prof. of B.V.M. Fast. Every democracy save America seems to ree- N ,N\\; i, /Z/ / -" ognize this. The O. S. is the only democracy _ '.."./'lg'Y,.. _ which grants a "monopoly of the education --"--.;2/% __ tax dollar to State sehaols," - '''l In any case to ignore all religion, to prohibit " ____.Z=Z.g_,/'w the name of God, in one's schools, is to point out, and not very subtly, the unimportance of all this. It implies that religion and moral train- ing are a weekend pursuit at best. One's important tasks and duties are at- tende to in five full days. Then what really counts is a diploma or a B.A., not a baptismal certificate. To return to Dr. Brown. It is his view that academic aid can be given through a State Junior G.I. Bill under which parents not ac- cepting the State's educational value system would receive tuition grants for their children in the form of vouchers negotiable only at approved schools of their own free choice and conscience. ! 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. RE/. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor