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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 28, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 28, 1964

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2THE PROGRESS Frida 7, Feb. 28, I964 Patriarch May Visit U.S. DETROIT (NC)--Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I may visit the United States this fall, according to a Greek Orthodox priest here. Roy. Miltiades B. Efthimiou, pastor of SS. Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox church, said unofficial reports from New York indicate that the Orthodox leader, who met Pope Paul VI in Jerusalem last month, would make a tour of the U.S. in November. The Patriarch was the Archbishop of North and South America from 1930 to 1948. Expect Cardinal Koenig BOSTON (NC) -- Francis Cardinal Koenig of Vienna will arrive here late in March and is scheduled to speak in a lecture series April 1. The Austrian Cardinal is a member of the theological com- mission of the Second Vatican Council and served as a personal emissary of Pope John XXIII to Poland, Hungary and Czecho- slovakia. The lecture, sponsored by the Paulist Fathers, has been moved to the main ballroom of the Statler Hilton Hotel because of the large crowd expected. Mindszenty Talks Resume BONN (NC)--Negotiation between the Vatican and the Hungary government for the release of Josef Cardinal Mind. szenty have resumed, it is reported here. The report asserted that the Hungarian priest who has been sent to Budapest for the negotiations has also been chosen to succeed the Cardinal as Primate of Hungary. He is further reported to be accompanied by the Vatican official who travelled to Budapest last May and talked to Hungarian Church and State officials at that time. This news was issued here by the German Catholic News agency, KNA, which is supported by the nation's bishops. (No confirmation of the report was available at the Vatican.) Little Singers to Meet LORETO, Italy (NC)--More than 2,000 choir boys and other singers are expected to gather here from April 1 to 5 for the 10th international congress of Little Singers. Opening address of the congress will be delivered by Msgr. Fiorenzo Romita, president of the International Federation of Little Singers, who will talk on the "Role of the Little Singers after the Promulgation of the Conciliar Constitution on Liturgy and the Place of the Federation." During the five-day meeting concerts and competitions will be held with choirs from Australia, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Scotland, England, France and Belgium taking part. No representatives from the United States or Canada will be present this year, Monsiegneur Remits said. Denies It Helped Nazi VIENNA (NC)--Austria's Catholic charities organization, Caritas, has denied it ever heard the name of Hans Hefelmann or helped him to escape to Argentina. The claim was made by Hafelmann, former nazi official on trial in Limburg, Germany, for complicity in the murder of 73,000 mentally retarded persons during the Hitler regime. had helped him get a visa to go to Argentina in 1948 after he had fled from Germany to Austria. CWV Cross of Peace Drive MARY FLEMING, Catholic War Veterans state comman- der, shows a poster depicting the CWV's annual Cross of Peace drive, to Richard Nevers, a patient at Seattle's Veterans Administration Hospital. The drive, being chair- manned by Everett McLeod (center), state welfare officer, will be conducted Sundays, March 1-8-15, by CWV posts in Seattle and Tacoma. Proceeds will help benefit the CWV welfare, V. A. Hospital, use and CYO activities. Recognized everywhere NATIONAL BANK of COMMERCE Bd plaee to bank..,.., .o,= ]l III I I . I ..... Disputes South African Bishop on Apartheid BY REV. JOHN F. CRONIN, S.S. (N.C.W.C. News Service) (The author o/ the tollow. ing article, w/rich disputes the thesis that Catholic social dec. trine can tolerate enforced seg- regation, is the assistant di. rector o/ the Social Action Department o[ the National Catholic Wellare Conference. He was one o/ three clergy. men who presented a joint statement to a congressmnal committee in September back- ing the administration's civil rights program.) The conflict on racial segregation among the Catholic archbishops of South Africa was widely reported in the American press. It is already being used to discredit the 1958 stand of the Catholic Bishops of the United States. Our Bishops said: "Legal segregation, or any form of compulsory segregation, in it- self and by its very nature im- poses a stigma of inferiority upon the segregated people . . We cannot reconcile such a judgment with the Christian view of man's nature and rights. Yet Archbishop William P. Whelan, O.M.I., of Bloemfon- tein wrote that apartheid, which involves extensive segregation, is not immoral. While admitting that the actual application in South Africa does lead to se- rious injustices, he holds that separate development of the races can be defended. He quotes as justification Pope John XXIII's Pacem in Terris, which upholds in a qualified fashion the rights of minorities with- in a nation to some degree of cultural independence. It is only a practical answer to Archbishop Whelan to note that Archbishops Owen McCann of Cape Town and Denis Hur- ley, O.M.I., of Durban, took ex- ception to his position. They held that he was speaking only for himself and that his views could not be interpreted as the official position of the Church in South Africa. Still the ques- tion is going to be asked: If segregation is immoral in the United States, how can it be moral in the Archdio- cese of Bloemfontein? To answer this question, we must distinguish between clear moral principles and the appli- cation of these principles to concrete social and political conditions. For example, it is immoral to risk one's health unnecessarily. Does this mean that boxing or cigarette smok- ing are immoral? Much de- pends on circumstances, and even here there may be differ- ences of opinion among theo- logians. In regard to the race prob- lem, it is clear that all men are fundamentally equal in the sight of God. People do differ in ability, character, tempera- ment, and cultural back- ground. But such differences do not affect their basic rights and their moral equality. In the judgment of the Ameri- can Bishops, compulsory seg- regation here does lead to dis- crimination and the violation of the rights of the Negro. Segregation was tolerated for many decades, in the hope that separate development would lead to cultural equality and an eventual voluntary abolition of enforced distinctions. It was clear by 1958 that such a hope was empty. Hence our Bishops concluded compulsory segregation to be that segregation, by its very nature was infringing on bas- ic human rights of the Ne- gro. The views of Archbishop Whelan are similar to those held by Americans who for- merly tried to justify segre- gation. He holds that, given the wide cultural differences be- tween Negro and white in South Africa, Negro rights will best be protected by separate development. He is making his moral judgment on the basis of conditions that are enor- mously different from those in the United States. Even in this judgment, he evokes disagree- ment from his fellow arch- bishops. It is not for us to enter into this controversy. We must simply restate the fact that, under American conditions, our b i a h o p s have judged immoral. This is an authori- tative judgment and it should help American Ca,holies in forming their consciences on the problem We do feel, however, Archbishop Whelan has mis- interpreted Pacem in Terris, Pope John was speaking of the rights of minorities to claim separate treatment within a state. He was not justifying the imposition of such separation against their will. On the con- trary, the entire encyclical is a ringing declaration in favor of giving basic human rights to every person. The correctness of Arch- bishop Whelan's judgment of South African conditions is be judged by his peers in country. His arguments mus stand or fall in that court. They certainly cannot be sus- tained by an appeal to Pacem in Terris. Statement Charities Official Said 'Not Backs Housing Bill Official' {N.C.W.C. Ulw, Service, foreement -- he said failure to (Continued from Page 1) released taking into account his responsibility to the Church as Director of the Press, Cin- ema and Radio Department of the Bishops' Conference. He said it was based on the ency- clicals of Pope John XXIII and on statements made over the years. He singled out a 1952 Bishops' statement which said that "the great majority of non-Europeans and particular- ly Africans, have not yet reached a state of development justifying integration." Archbishop Whelan's state- ment was issued February 19 to the whole South African press through the South African Press Association so that it could ap- pear in all papers at the same time it was published in the Cape Town Catholic weekly, The Southern Cross. Named Bishop Of Canada See VATICAN CITY (NC)--Pope Paul VI has named Auxiliary Bishop Gerald E. Carter of London, Ont., as Bish,p of that See. Bishop Carter succeeds Bishop John C. Cody, who died Dec. 5, 1963. The new Ordinary is an auth- ority in the field of Catholic education. He is a brother of Bishop Alexander arter of Sault Sainte Marie, Ont. He was born March 1, 1912, in Montreal. Following ordina- tion in 1937 he became a school inspector. He founded St. Joseph's Teacher School in Montreal and was a cofounder of the St. Thomas More In- stitute for adult education. He was consecrated a bishop in 1962, WASHINGTON. -- The secretary of the National Conference of Catholic Charities called here for enactment in 1964 of a "strong ') Federal public housing program to benefit needy families, the aged and others who lack ade- quate housing. Msgr. Raymond J. Gallagher told a Senate housing subcom- mittee that "the breadth of housing needs is such that it requires a broad base of ac. tion by the Federal govern- meat." Lack of decent housing "con- tributes to the preservation of poverty and perpetuates sub- minimal levels of life," Mon- signor Gallagher said Feb. runty 24 in testimony before the Senate Banking and Cur- rency Committee unit weigh- ing the proposed Housing and Community Development Act of 1964. The Catholic Charities of- ficial endorsed the act's va- rious proposals, including au- thorization for a larger num- ber of public housing units; special provisions for hous- ing for the elderly; supple. mental benefits to individuals and small businesses dis- placed by urban renewal, and maxLmum use of existing structures In public housing On Lenten Visits to Rome act forcefully "protects those who would prosper by reason of the hardship of the poor." On the other point, he said not enough attention has been given to the "housing priva:. tion" experienced by. manl families with a weekly mcome, in the $100 range. In many places, he said, the housing supply is "critic- ally below average" for this group. He urged that a "re- vision upward" be considered for income limits of people who are eligible for admis- sion to public housing. Monsignor Gallagher said he a g r e e s t h a t "government should do for its citizenry only those things which they cannot do for themselves.' Civil Rights Mass To Be Sung Monday (Continued from Page 1) Civic officials and leaders of organizations will join the gen:. oral public at the Mass, a cording to Walter T. Hubbarc] mV Jr., steering committee chair- man of the CIC. The CIC also calls for an ex- tensive Catholic participation in the civil rights march and rally Saturday, March 7. The Cathedral will be the assembly point at 11 a.m. for Catholic POPE PAUL VI is welcomed joyously on a Lenten visit to the Church of St. Plus X in Rome where he joined the faithful at evening rites. The pontiff is making a series of visits to stational churches of Rome during Lent, an ancient custom renewed by the late Pope John XXIII. St. Plus X Parish, in northeast Rome, was established in 1957, but its church building, seating 4,000, was erected in 1961 on the initiative of John XXIII, (Religious News Service Photo.) programs, participants, who will j oili, He also said the bill should other marchers for the rally i be strengthened to deal with the downtown Westlake Mall. lw "two items . . . not sufficient- ly covered" in the present leg- islation. He identified these as stronger support of code en- forcement in cities that partic- ipate in the Federal public housing program, and more effective provision for middle and lower-middle income fam- ilies. On the first point--code en- Practice Is Needed for Participation be a long and complicated task. This is the source, in turn, of a temptation to postpone liturgical participation i n places where it has not yet been developed, to wait for the finished product of the liturgical reform. Such action or inaction Is of course lust the opposite of what the bishops decided almost unani- mously. Speculation a b o u t future changes is profitable and neces- sary, but the council's im- mediate concern is "to pro- mote the liturgical instruction of the faithful, and also their active participation in the liturgy, both internally and ex- ternally." 2. A second difficulty, really no more than a pretext for putting off the action demand- ed by the council, is the pro- spect of using English in parts of the Mass and other services --perhaps within a few months or within a year. In 1062, six months before the council opened, the rite of Baptism of adult converts was revised and the Holy See per- leaving the whole question of translation to the bishops and without requiring that trans- lations be examined in Rome. The same policy was a- dopted b] / the council in the Constitutmn on the Liturgy: the decrees or decisions of the bishops in each country were to be submitted to Rome for confirmation, but not the actual translations of the liturgical texts, prayers, etc., from Latin into English, French, German, or other modern languages. Now, however, Pope Paul has prescribed that, whenever a Latin text is translated into. the vernacular by authority of the body of bishops, it must be sent to the Holy See for ex- amination and approval (Jan- uary 25, 1964). Whether this procedure may delay a little the use of English in the Mass is not really the issue. Here and now the ways to promote con- gregational participation are el- FATHER MeMANUS ready clear and definite, what- ever the future holds: Responses. These acelama. tions or responses are men- tioned first by the council as the way in which the people express publicly their part in the Church's life of worship and prayer. At Mass there are only six or eight different phrases of this kind, all simple, all coming at key moments. If for the present they must be said in Latin, at least they are not difficult for any con- mitred the mother tongues to gregation anywhere. be used for most of the prayers, The important thing about people may (and should) say the Lord's Prayer before Com- munion: either in Latin with the priest or, under the pre- sent rule, in English after the priest has said the Latin. The question presented by the council's teaching can be ex- pressed in the concrete: Is there any congregation, Sunday or weekday, so inattentive or indifferent to holy Mass that it cannot r e c i t e the Apostles' Creed or the Our Father with spiritual profit? Is there any parish where the few words of the Sanctus in English are too difficult to learn or to pray? Readings in English. Already the reading of the Epistle and Gospel in English while the priest says the Latin is com- mon at, Sunday Masses. Logic and good sense demand that the practice become common at weekday Masses, too, even if the council had not proposed to promote a "warm and living love for Scripture," to provide "richer fare for the faithful at the table of God's word." For the same reason the council recognized the "genuine litur- gical functions" of lectors or readers (as well as of leaders of congregational participation or "commentators"). Hymns and psalms. In 1947, in 1955, and again just before he died in 1958, Pope Plus XII tried to stir up interest in religious singing by the people. The Constitution on the Liturgy makes the same point, not only for devotional services but for the Mass. Parish experience has translated this into a pat- tern of hymns or psalms in English at low Mass: at the priest's entrance and while he says the preparatory prayers with the server; briefly, be- tween the Epistle and Gospel; at the Offertory; during Com- munion; after the blessing. Such a pattern is not neces- sarily possible at every Sunday Mass; a Communion hymn or a recessional hymn is not diffi- cult, as a beginni: ,. The pur- pose: to restore the sense of community worshi- which the Mass is by its nature. Corn- munal celebration, says the council, is to be preferred. The pattern of singing, al- ready familiar in many parishes, h a s another ad- vantage. It simplifies the Mass rite for the people by not i=volving them in the secondary and rather private prayers of the priest at the beginning of Mass, at the Offertory etc. The council's constitution has other features of renewal for the parish Mass: daily homilies "from the sacred text," obvi- ously very brief ones, to unfold God's word to the congrega- tion; participation in t'.:e Mass whereby "the faithful, after the priest's Communion, receive the Lord's body from the same sacrifice , . . " The fact is that not a single one of these many instances of active, conscious participa- tion by the people is dependent upon future reforms and re- visions, or upon the official in- troduction of the mother tongues into the Catholic liturgy. All have an immediate urgency if the renewal decreed by the council is to be ef- fective. Knowledge Of Bible Urged In Pastoral PARIS (NC)--The Bish- ops in a Joint pastoral let- ter on liturgical participa- tion stressed the importance "of the word of God, know. ledge of the Bible and the Gospels." "If we are not familiar with tha Bible and the truths of salvation, how can we take part in the liturgy?" the Bishops asked. The pastoral, read in all French Catholic churches February 2, revealed that several commissions a r e working on suggested steps toward liturgical revisions, and are due to present their recommendations to t h e Hierarchy presently. (The author o/the eighth of a series on the liturgical reform provided by the ecu- menical council, serves as one of the council's official advisers on liturgical mat- ters. A professor of canon law at the Catholic Univer. sity of America, Washing- ton, he is the immediate past president o] the North American Liturgical Confer. once.) By REV. FREDERICK R. McMANUS saav,c) ull participation in the Mass and the sacra- ments must be experienc- ed, both by congregations and by their members as individuals. Neither talking nor reading about the laity's part in Catholic worship is enough. The best theoretical prepara- tion or the soundest instruction will not take the place of actual celebration. This is why the Second Vati- can Council, in its Constitution on the Liturgy, lists the parts of Catholic worship which the people should say or sing: "ac- clamations, responses, psal- mody, antiphons, and songs . ." And the participation of the laity is supposed to be the primary aim, again according to the council, not only in the future "restoration" o f t h e liturgy, but in its "promotion" here and now, The immediacy of this pro- motion was stressed by Pope Paul VI January 25 in his document on putting the con- stitution into effect and to work. But there are two apparent obstacles: 1, The council decreed that all the official service books-- missal, ritual, etc.--should be revised by experts "from var- ious parts of the world." But neither the council's require- ment that the work be done "as soon as possible" nor Pope Paurs quick announcement of the establishment of acom- mission for the same purpose disguises the fact that this may "Et cum spiritu tuo," "Dee gratias," "Amen," etc., is this: Unless the people say or sing them at every Mass, low Mass and high Mass, Sunday Mass and weekday Mass, it will never be truly evident that "liturgical services pertain to the whole body of the Church ... manifest it and have effects upon it... concern the individual m e m be r s of the Church in different ways, ac- cording to their differing,rank, office, and participation. Community prayers. Perhaps only a few congregations are able to recite (or sing) the Gloria, Creed, Sanctus, and Agnus Dei in Latin, but it is easy enough for them to pray these texts together in English while the priest--for the pre- sent-recites the Latin. To simplify matters more, they may say the Apostles' Creed in place of the longer Mass Creed, as is already a wide- spread custom. In addition, the The demonstration is being held to point up the impor- tance of the passage of the Open Housing Ordinance, ap- pearing in the Seattle mu- nicipal general election on March 10. The ordinance has received the unqualified endorsement the Catholic Interracial cil. The CIC will join represent- atives of the National Associa- tion for the Advancement of Colored People, Congress of Racial Equality and the Sub- urban League, all of which comprise the Seattle Central District Coordinating Commit- tee for Civil Rights. h, As a public service KIRO-1 also is presenting a documen. "" tary on segregation in Seattle. "The Black and the White of It" will be shown Tuesday, March 3, from 7 to 9 p.m. on Channel 7. Among the partici- pants in the telecast will be Father Lynch. Cathollcs Urged To Join CIC Catholics are urged to join the Catholic Interracial Coun- eil of Seattle to spearhead Catholic participation in civ- II rights, provide necessary assistance and representa- tion, disseminate information and encourage the further in- volvement of the clergy, ligious and laity in the terment of human relations. The CIC may be reached fr further information at MA 2-7936. Interradal Dialoque Set An lnterracf, al dtalogu I with severalNegro and'-" White c o u p I e s sitting down together and frankly discussing the present-day ra- cial situation in all its aspects will be held Thursday, March 5, in Blessed Sacrament Par- ish Hall. The public gathering will start at 9 p.m. Participants include Mr. I and Mrs. Herb Altschull, Mr.  and Mrs. Edwin Pratt, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Hundley and Mr. and Mrs. Tom Hunger. ford. Altsehull is the news analyst for KING Broadcasting Co. Pratt is director of the Seattle Urban League and Mrs. Pratt a social worker at Neighbor hood House. Hundley is direcn ,or of the Metropolitan Youtli h'qD Development Council. Hunger- ford is a University of Wash- ington faculty member. The dialogue is being spon- sored by the Christian Family Movement. Admission is free. . r't