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February 21, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 21, 1964

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' 4.---THE PROGRESS Friday, Feb. 21, 1964 May I Help? God's World: Even The Unimpeachable Justice ......................................................... ' .......... ".":'"! :-, -; .". ".;':::?: "-:?'.;f/':.'.T.:;,.::?'?: .: 7:.':'1":.'": '- :: !.' i',':: f.' ."' ":  !:-. :..'!;;:. ;/2 .: :" ' ':: :... ;' -'.-. : 7;;: ;:"::,"?. Humble Can Be Hurt .,.'!r':7 :::r`:.,,.!.:.>-:7:..:::":`:DS.:).....:?;.:``...'`??..:"`.:.....:.,.::,:-'-..:L '':.'" ..";(' .,:'"::-',',,;; :' :2:" The report that Princess Caroline Lee :i:.:.;;G/.:::i;i.':;:.,':,::..:.";":. ..... " " ". " ........ ." .'".::;%;:'.:;!:':::'."'.":,::;:;.:::;?-:;i :,'.. :::,.::':";....'., ......:...'. .... ...,.::;; By REV. LEO J. TRESE Radziwill, sister of Mrs. John F. to be married must sign sworn statements ..... . or wrong intention, especially when those concerning freedom and intention before marriage. Furthermore, even if one has a possible case of invalidity, evidence must be established in a court of ec- clesiastical law. This process is long and difficult, sioce the Church is bound to defend the bond of marriage to .the very end. On this point, Prin- cess Radziwill's lawyer, Fernado Della Rocca, had this to say: "It was a hard and difficult strug- gle in which canonical legislation regard- ing matrimonial cases was applied with unimpeachable justice after an inquiry so strict that it made one think of a mathe- matical table. "It took four years, several hundred pages written in Latin and many wit- nesses before the matter was concluded." Whenever one reads about annul- ments and remarriages on the part of Catholics, it is well to keep the above in mind. Also, it must be pointed out that the exact reasons for the annulment will rarely, if ever, be disclosed. This is as it should be. After all, marriage is a. very personal and intimate relationship. The testimony given at such trials is confidential. But one thing is certain, if the Church should in some rare instance, as in the case of Princess Radziwill, de- clare a marriage null, you can be cer- tain that the marriage was never really valid in the first place. Some may say that such privileges apply only to the rich and influential. This is not the case. It just so happens that prominent Catholics hit the head- lines. The Church defends the rights of every party, regardless of social back- ground if they are sincere, and if they have solid grounds for investigation. "he Catholic Church has not and never .Jk will change her teaching on the per- manence of marriage. She never has and never will dissolve a sacramental union freely and knowingly entered into. She cannot, because it is an affective partici- pation in the mystery of the indefectable union between Christ and His Church. One need never fear that the Church will show favoritism in this regard. If Rome refused a King when the faith of England was at stake, she would hardly concede to a Princess unless the evidence was overwhelming. Kennedy, had been granted an annul- ment by the Catholic Church of a pre- vious marriage has caused eyebrows to raise and rectory telephones to jingle. The confusion in the minds of some is most understandable. Had the former Miss Bouvier been married'to her first husband outside the Catholic Church, the ceremony would have obviously been in- valid since CatholiCs are bound to ob- serve the Catholic form of marriage. But the former Lee Bouvier was married to Michael T. Canfield before a priest and two witnesses. How can the Catholic Church, whose uncompro- mising doctrine on divorce and emar. riage is well known to all, ever annul so sacred a contract? The answer lies in the fact that mar- riage is essentially a contract which in- volves specific commitments and must be freely entered into by both parties. The Church, realizing the importance. and sacredness of marriage, makes every effort to be certain that both parties are free to marry and are aware of their re- sponsibilities long before the ceremony takes place. Furthermore, when a young couple walks down the aisle, stands before the priest, hears the terms of the marriage contract, and says "I will," the Church presumes they meant what they said. And every marriage before a priest and proper witnesses is always held as valid. However, in certain extremely rare cases, it is possible, even after careful investigation and admonition, for a marriage to be proven invalid through deceit on the part of one or other of the parties. In other words, it is conceivable that two people could go through a nuptial ceremony, yet secretly have no intention of living as husband and wife or of fulfilling the marriage contract. This deception could be entertained by only one of the parties and be unknown to the other. If this is discovered and can be absolutely proven, the marriage would be invalid. e cannot insist enough, however, on the rarity of such cases. It is only natural for couples whose mar- riages are not successful to look for loopholes in the law. But 99 times out of 100, there are no loopholes. It is next to impossible to prove lack of freedom 'Roman' Ecumenical Movement By REV. JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. RE Roman Catholics taking over the ecu- menical movement? Dr. Lukas-Viseher, a World Council observer at the determined to develop an ecu- menical method which corre- sponds to its own concept of unity and union, and thus to seize the leadership in the ecu- menical move- ment." In anoth- er talk on the same subject, at Fribourg, S w i tzerland, Dr. Viscber went so far FR. SHEERIN as to say that the Pope himself is trying to give a Roman style to the ecumenical movement. "Does not the dynamic initia- tive of the Pope indicate that Rome wants to force upon the ecumenical movement the ori- entation which is to its own liking?" One Concept of Unity Dr. Vischer, like most of the other Protestant observers, was happy about the general tone of the Ecumenism schema at the Council but unhappy about the concept of unity contained in the schema. That concept is that the Roman Catholic Church is not seeking for a non-existent unity but possesses it here and now. It is the one, true Catholic Church and it aims to enable other Christians to share in its fulness of unity. The schema makes no men- tion of the Protestant church- us. It admits that validly b a p t i z e d Protestants are members of the Roman Catholic Church at least in some degree and it expresses the hope that they will come to enjoy the plenitude of graces in the Catholic Church. This concept of unity, ac- cording to Vischer, givesRome a position of leadership on the ecumenical movement and any claim to leadership is out of line with the equalitarian fel- lowship of the ecumenical movement, especially of the World 'Council of Churches. A Different Concept The right concept of unity, says Vischer, is to regard Christ as the center of ecu- menical striving. He is the head of he Church and where He is, there is the Church. The individual Christian churches, by reason of sin and ignor- ance, are all off center but Christ is the center. The ecumenical t a s k, as theologians like Viseher see it, is not for one great Church to absorb the other Christian churches but for each church to strive to be the Church of Christ in all possible fulness. Does this mean that the Roman Catholic Church will have to give up its concept of unity in order to stay in ecu- menical wok? Will it have to stay out of membership in the World Council of Churches for- ever because it is suspected of being a proselytizing super- church? I don't t h i n k sot The World Council does not ask any Christian Church to sur- render any of its teachings. It provides opportunity for the various Christian groups to engage in dialogue about their doctrines but makes no demands that they renounce doctrines. HoWever, there is one thing that the Roman Catholic Church can do in order to make dialogue more fruitful. It can recognize Protestant commu- nities as churches. The World Council of Churches is after all a Council of Churches and each church recognizes the other as a member of the fellowship. There would be no dialogue at all in the World Council if the churches refused to recognize each other as churches in some shape or form. Means of Grace I see no valid reason why the Catholic Church cannot recog- nize the Protestant bodies as churches. Many bishops at the second session of the Second Vatican Council asserted that God uses these religious so- cieties as means of grace and that they are far more than mere natural associations. Men of the stature of Car- dinals Koenig and Ritter, Archbishop Baudoux, Bishop Helmsing and Abbot Butler contended that the Roman Catholic Church at this Coun- cil should acknowledge the supernatural and ecclesiasti- cal character of these Chris- tian bodies'. If the Council does grant this recognition at the next ses- sion, Protestants will welcome the new surge of Catholic ecu- menical activity as a help and not as a threat. CIC Needs Your Support a recognized force for equal rights for all minority people. The Seattle council is the product of almost a year of hard work which began at the instigation of the Catho- lic Northwest Progress. The purpose of the council will be to foster an educational program to fa- miliarize the clergy, religious and laity with the enormous issue which faces both our nation and our city. We trust it will have the enthusiastic support of all the Catholics in the Greater Seattle area. nce again, the Church has taken an effective role of leadership in the struggle for Civil Rights for all Ameri- cans. Under the direction of His Excel- lency, the Most Reverend Archbishop, the Catholic Interracial Council of Se- attle came into being this week. This Council will be affiliated with the Na- ational Catholic Conference for Interraci- al Justice with headquarters in Chicago. The founder of this Council was Father La Fargo, S.J. The NCCIJ has long been / First Things First By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore HERE is a unique relationship which is of paramount importance but which, possibly, may be relegated to a second place today. It is the relation of oneself to God. Upon it de- pends eternal life or death--heaven or hell. There is so much, in itself healthy, emphasis upon social life today, upon one's duty to others at all levels, upon conformity, even upon prayer in common, that it is not at all unthinkeble that neighbor may come before God. This must never be. One can understand easily how thls phe- nomenon has become a prime source of fallacies in our times. In an earlier century we were extremely "individualistie"--whieh meant in practice that the wehk went under and that raw power and ruthlessness built economic empires in politics, labor, the press er anywhere else. Then the world, or the more sensitive part of it, suffered from an overdue burden of guilt. But guilt is not necessarily healthy. It must, always come under the scrutiny of judgment. "First things first" is still a good solid rule for conduct. Guilt must be rigorously examined by conscience. And conscience means merely right judgment in practical moral matters. "Can I do it? .... Did I do it rightly?"--here are samples of what conscience asks. A well informed conscience will soon tell us that our salvation under God is entrusted in God's order to us. This is the possibly terrify- ing obligation of being human, of having free- dom and an intellect. No neighbor can save your soul. You cannot sav e your neighbor's SOUl. Christ Himself has stated the right order: one must love God first; next, his neighbor as him- self. Self love follows next to love of God; both are expressed necessarily in love of neighbor. Billfold Research "kAY friends tell me that I must be very proud be IVI cause I am so sensitive to criticism. It is true that my feelings are easily hurt, but is it true that this in- dicates great pride on my part?" So reads an inquiry from a reader of this column. The answer is, "No, hurt feelings are not necessarily an indication of pride." A person may be strong in virtue and still suffer from hurt feelings. Grace is not an anesthetic. A saint still can suffer from men- tal pain as well as from physi- cal pain. : Extreme sensitiveness usual- ly is an indication of an in- feriority complex rather than of pride. A person whose feelings are bruised at the slightest touch is a person who already has a low opin- ion of h i m s e 1 f. Criticism and slights intensify his pain- ful feelings of inferiority and wound him more deeply than they would wound a person of normal susceptibility. It is true that a proud per- son will be resentful of crit- icism, resentful that anyone should question his wisdom or ability. However, the proud person will be ang.ry rather than inwardly hurt. He is more likely to strike out at his critic than to weep on his pillow. Not Same Thing It s h ould be remembered that a feeling of inferiority is not the same thin'g as the vir- tue of humility. Psyclogical feelings of inferiority imply a dissatisfaction with oneself, a rejection of oneself. The ave- rage person, with a normally balanced personality, accepts himself as he is. He knows that he is not perfect, that he can goof and probably will, but he also feels a wholesome confi- dence that he can deal with any reasonable demands that may be made upon him. He is grateful to God for having made him who he is and not someone else. This feeling of satisfaetlon with self in not at odds with the virture of humility. In- deed, it is a basic ingredient of humility. It is pretty hard to be grateful to God for having made us what we are, if we are dissatisfied d un- happy with the self which God has given us. Except that it is not voluntary and therefore not culpable, an inferiority complex really would dishonor God. The essence of humility lies in the acknowledgement that whatever gifts we may possess, we owe to God. We cannot take personal credit for our as- sets, be they physical, mental or spiritual. We are grateful for whatever talents God has given us. We try to use them wisely and in accordance with His will. We do not resent the fact that others have different or even greater gifts than we. We do not chide God for not having emptied His entire trea- sure chest upon us. Our Status We know that God has en- dowed us with all the talents we need for fulfilling our part in His plan of creation. These are the only gifts for which we shall have to answer. We shall not be held responsible for the gifts which we lack. Our part in God's plan may seemingly be a very modest one, but to God it is a very important part. Realizing that, we are not overly concerned with the world's estimate of our status. We have wandered a bit from the subject of hurt feel- ings. Coming back to it, we would emphasize again that FATHER TRESE while humility does free us from excessive dependence- upon the judgement of humans, it does not guish in us the very normal desire for the liking and the approval of our fellow-men. When dislike or disapproval is shown towards us by others, it still hurts, no mat- ter what our degree of vir- tue. The humble man, however, does not panic in the face of such hurt. If the criticism or- rejection has been brought by his own foolishness or - ror, he moves to make the necessary, correction in him- self. If the criticism or rejec- tion has been unjust, he sees it as an opportunity to share in Christ's suffering, an op- portunity to gain merit and to atone for sin. He does not w low in self-pity. He does n burden others with his unhap- piness. He does not seek for a shoulder (unless it be Christ's) to cry on, Calendar SUNDAY, FEBRUARY SECOND SUNDAY OF LENT, MASS: Reminiscere -- Remem- ber (Violet). No GI., Cr., Prof. of Lent. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 24, MONDAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: I dime me--Redeem me (VioleflJl No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, ST. MATTHIAS, A P O S T L E, MASS: Mihi autem--But to me, O Lord (Red.) Gl., 2nd Pr. of Feria, Cr., Pref. of Apostl I Mass for Parish. Fast. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 28, WEDNESDAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Ne derelinquas -- For- sake me not (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over Peopl II Fast. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, THURSDAY OF THE SECOND WEEK OF LENT, MASS: Deus --0 God (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. F R I D A Y, FEBRUARY 28, FRIDAY OF SECOND WEEII OF LENT, MASS: Ego, autem--l As for me (Violet). NO G1., 2nd Pr. of St. Gabriel of the Sor- rowful Virgin, Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast and Ah- stinence. SATURDAY OF S E C O N D LENT, MASS: Le WEEK OF domini--The law of the Lord (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast. ! 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second.Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. AI 11 Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Eiitor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor a grant from the organization. During the past year, the organiza- tion's Blood Donor Service provided whole fresh blood for 170 open heart patients in Seattle. This included many patients at Providence. More than 3,000 rheumatic fever patients throughout the state receive free penicillin under the organization's Rheumatic Fever Control Program. This is to prevent recurrence of the disease and possible heart damage. n the 14 years of the Association's existence in this state, $1,066,355 has been given to research. During this same period the deaths from cardiovascular diseases among middle-aged men has dropped six per cent. This is the time of life when the man is most needed by his family and his community. That progress is being made in this area is proof of the effectiveness of better medi- cal care. The Heart Association hopes to raise $500,460 this year to continue its much needed program of research  A little research into your billfold is the one thing that can make it possible ashington State Heart Association is conducting a statewide appeal for support this month. The climax will come Sunday, Feb. 23, when residents will be asked to make their annual Heart donation. In King County, where Heart par- ticipates in the United Good Neighbor Campaign, residents will have the op- portunity of becoming Associate Research Members of the Heart Association. In view of the Association's magnificent ac- complishments, this is a privilege not to be taken lightly. The organization devotes 37,2 per cent of its budget to research, The Heart Center at Providence Hospital in Seattle has often been the bene- ficiary of research grams from the Heart Association. Presently Dr. S. A. Allen Carson is studying anesthesia and care of the heart surgery patient at Providence un- der a grant from the Heart Association. Dr. Luster R. Sauvage of the Provi- dence staff, was able to perfect heart surgery techniques while working under # ta