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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 21, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 21, 1964

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'Clearly... Rejected,' Priest Says: F,,iday, Feb. 21, 1964 THE PROGRESS--3 Official Holy See Has Condemned Oral Contraceptives Washington's Birthday All the faithful of the Archdiocese of Seattle are hereby dispensed from the laws of fast and partial abstinence Saturday, February 22, a national holiday in observance of the birthday of George Washington. All who use this dispensation are exhorted to make, in a spirit of gratitude, some offering in favor of the poor for the intention of our Holy Father, Pope Paul VI. February 21, 1964 By Order of the Most Reverend Archbi, shop THE CHANCERY Florida Supreme Court D Upholds School Prayer TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (NC)The Supreme Court of.Florida has ruled for the second time that a state law requiring Bible reading and recitation of the Lord's Prayer in public schools is constitutional. The state court held unanimously January 29 that the law is based on "secular rather than sectarian The Florida Supreme Court upheld the same law in August, 1962, but its ruling was ap- pealed to the U. S. Supreme Court. In June, 1963, the U. S. high court struck down prayer and Bible-reading statutes in Penn- sylvania and Maryland. At the same time it sent the Florida said it would be "more fitting" for any further action to come from the U. S. high court. Florida public schools have continued daily Bible-reading during the current litigation, which began several years ago. The complaining parents in the case were supported by the case back to the state Supreme American Jewish Congress and Court for another look. the American Civil Liberties The state court has now Union. They were represented taken its second look and by New York attorney Leo reached the same conclusion as Pfeffer, long a prominent figure the first time. In doing so, it in the field of Church-State law. Speakers for Press Announced (Continued from Page 1) Seattle, Rev. John Sproule; St. Joseph's, Vancouver, Rev. Joseph Erny; Sacred Heart, Tacoma, Rev. John Doherty; Immaculate Heart of Mary, Sedro Woolley, Rev. James Mallahan; Our Lady of Good Help, Hoquiam, Rev. Vincent McEachen, O.P.; Holy Rosary, Seattle, Rev. James Gandrau; St. Mark's, Seattle, Rev. Michael Cody; St. Peter's, Seattle, Rev. Ray.mend Troik, C.Ss,R.; St. Joseph's, Cbehalis, Rev. Jerome Dooley; Holy D Rosary, Edmonds, Rt. Rev. Msgr. Philip Duffy; Our Lady of Perpetuai Help, Everett, Rev. John Bowen, S.S.; Assumption, Bellingham, Rev. David White; Holy Family, Seattle, Rev. D. Harvey McIntyre; St. Monica's, Mercer Island, Rev. Anthony Domandich; Queen of Angels, Port Angeles, Rev. Stanton Boyle; St. Mary's, Kelso, Rev. Desmond McMahon; Holy Cross, Tacoma, Rev. Walter Hallen, O.S.B.; St. Rite's, Tacoma, Rev. .Tohn Mitchell; St. Mary Magdalen's, Everett, Rev. John Fal- cone, S.S.; St. Gabriel's, Port Orchard, Rev. Gerald Moffat; St. Louise, B e I I e v u e, Rev. Stephen Szeman; Holy Family, Auburn, Rev. Joseph Kramis. Lay Retreat Schedule The Palisades VisHafion Retrea (Mm'l Rot limmm) (Womma's Retreat House) February 28 - March 1 St. George, Seattle St. Mark, Seattle St. Mary, Seattle Immaculate Heart, Sedro Woolley St. Charles Borromeo, Tacoma March 6-8 Our Lady of Mt. Virgin, Seattle Our Lady of Fatima, Seattle St. Anthony, Kent St. Margaret, Seattle St. Andrew, Sumner Our Lady Queen of Heaven, B. REV. JOHN FORD S.J. In discussion of the contraceptive p i 1 1 one cardinal factor is often omitted. It is a surpris- ing omission: The Holy See has already authoritatively condemned the use of the pill as a contraceptive. On Sept. 12, 1958, Pope Plus XII clearly and explicitly re- jected as immoral the con- traceptive use of drugs, or pills, or medicines, which "by preventing ovulation m ake fecundation impossible." There can be no doubt that he intended this teaching to be binding in conscience. He ap- peals to previous authoritative documents on direct steriliza- tion, whether permanent or temporary. He appeals, for instance, to the Encyclical Casti Con- nubii (1930), to a decree of the Holy Office published with papal approval (1940), and to several of his own al- locutions, notably the Ad. dress to the Midwives (Oct. 29, 1951). Of this latter address he said the following year: "Mindful, however, of the right and duty of the Apostolic See to inter- vene authoritatively, when need arises, in moral questions, in the address of 29th October last we set out to enlighten men's consciences on the prob- lems of married life." Furthermore, in his address of Sept. 12, 1958, in the sec- tion devoted to sterilization and the sterilizing drugs, he re- bukes moral theologians who defend the use of sterilizing drugs for the purpose of pre- venting conception; says they are in error; and threatens their opinions with ecclesias- tical condemnation. "The Holy See finds itself then," he says, "in a situation like that of Blessed Innocent XI, who saw himself more than once obliged to condemn moral theses put forward by theologians animated by in- discreet zeal, and a rashness showing little discernment." It is obvious therefore that the Holy See, through Plus XII. was a c t i n g authoritatively when it condemned the con- traceptive use of the new pills. It is true that theologians do not consider that such mor- al pronouncements are pro- posed to the faithful like an article of faith, taught with infallible authority. But it is part of Catholic teaching that even when the Pope does not use his supreme infallible pow- er, his authoritative pronounce- ments call for acceptance, and where moral matters are con- cerned, are binding in practice on the consciences of Catholics. The contraceptive pill as we know it today does not differ in any significant way from the pill condemned by the Holy See. No new medical factors have been made known which make its contraceptive use today morally different from the con- traceptive use which Plus XII declared immoral five and one- half years ago. Consequently, unless and until the Holy See gives its approv- al to some other teaching (a highly unlikely eventuality), no lesser authority in the Church, and least of all a private theo- logian, is at liberty to teach a different doctrine, or to free Catholics in practice from their obligation to accept papal teach- ing. This does not mean that there is nothing left for Catholic theo- logians to say about the pill. Theologians are still dis- cussing certain of its uses to determine whether they are really contraceptive. In Chapter 16 of our recent book "Marriage Questions" (Vol. II of "Contemporary Moral Theology," Newman Press) Rev. Gerald Kelly and I try to contribute to this discus- sion by explaining some of these possibilities. Furthermore, there is well founded hope that medical science will discover soon a pill Which will regulate evolution with enough precision to make the use of rhythm secure and effective. This is just what Plus XII hoped would take place. Theological journals will con- tinue to publish the specula- tions of moral theologians on these problems. Some of these speculations are merely tentat- ive, and among the nmst re- cent ones some are proposed for consideration of and cor- rection by fellow theologkms. Such publications cannot be considered definitive of pract- ical, moral obligations on which the Holy See has already given its decision. Catholics should realize, too, that not only those theo- logians who tend to enlarge the legitimate scope of the pill, but those who tend to restrict it, are equally con- cerned over the trying prob- lems married people face to- day. The moral dilemmas occas- ioned by generous married love, generous in its self-don- ation, generous in its fruitful- ness, are the preoccupation of all the theologians concerned. Neither they nor the married Catholics can hope to solve dilemmas by "ignoring the teaching of the Holy See. Requiem Sung For Luke Hart, K of C Head NEW HAVEN, Conn. (NC)-- Supreme Knight Luke E. Hart, 83, of the Knights of Columbus, died Wednesday, Feb. 19, at St. Raphael's Hospital which he en- tered February 18, suffering from a heart attack. One of the nation's most prominent laymen, H a r t served as an officer of the KofC for 45 years, including I0 as Supreme Knight Under the leadership of the Iowa-born lawyer who lived most of his life in St. Louis, KofC membership rose from 870,000 to 1,IS0,000 and the fra- ternal society's insurance in force went from $425 million to $1.1 billion. Hart was a leading figure in the KofC Catholic advertising program, sponsored microfilm- ing of documents in the Vatican library for 9se by U.S. scholars, initiated a-drive to put the words "under God" in the pledge of allegiance to the flag and directed efforts to finance construction of the $1.1 million bell tower at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Burial will be Saturday, Feb. 22, in St. Louis after requiem Mass there offered by Bishop Charles Greeo, of Alexandria, La., K of C su- preme chaplain. Hart will be succeeded by John W. McDevitt, former school superintendent of Wal- tham, Mass., now living in New Haven, and deputy Supreme Valentine Wishes for Caroline FIRST GRADERS at St. Thomas Aquinas School in students were sent to Caroline. Sister Rosaline, teacher of Dallas, Tex., could not contain their Valentine Day wishes the class, said the youngsters wanted to express their feel- for Caroline Kennedy. The card they made for the late ings at Christmas but decided to wait and construct the giant President's daughter was four feet high. Too large for the Valentine. Urban League Director Is Rally Speaker Whitney M. Young Jr.. Na- tional Urban League executive director from New York City, will speak at an interfaith civil rights rally at 7:39 p.m. Sun- day, Feb. 23, in Seattle Uni- versity Pigott Auditorium. The Rev. John D. Lynch of St. James Cathedral. co-chairman of the Seattle Conference on Religion and Race will preside. The Seattle conference is spon- soring the rally. Currently a member of the President's Commit tees o n Youth Employment and Equal Opportunity in the Armed Forces, Young is an alumnus of Kentucky State College. Massachusetts Institute of Tech- nolgy, University of Minnesota and Harvard University. His teaching posts have in- eluded being a member of the faculties of St. Catherine's Col- lege in St. Paul and Creighton University in Omaha. TV Program To Feature Religion School NEW YORK (NC)--A study of a "school of religion" as an alternative to the traditional parochial school will be fea- tured on the national television program "Directions '64: A Catholic Perspective" February 23 at 2:30 p.m. on KOMO-TV. Entitled "A New Catholic Schoolhouse," the program will focus on Assumption School of Religion in Fairport, N.Y., where four nuns and a group of parent-volunteers teach religion to 1,000 Catholic children in a Tacoma , Knight since 1959. mail, a photo of the card and I e t t e r s from each of the Seek Renewal in Church: -Millions of Latin A-merican Families The Bishops of the United States are spon- soring an organized. e//ort to aid the Church in Latin America. The D Alliance for Progress is being revamped. The Latin American Bishops are pushing /or an over- all renewal o] the Church there. The following article, dealing with the poverty in the area, was written D by the editor of Notlcias Catolicas, Spanish lan- guage edition of the N.C.W.C, News Service. BY JAIME FONSECA (N.C.W.C. News Service) OW POOR are Latin Americans? Twenty million families half the total popula- D tionlive on an average of $55 a month. The more dili- gent manage to make up to $100. A middle mass of 18 million families have an income of $200 a month. , Some have earnings of up to/$500, but not all the time. These families average from rive to six members. Next comes the big jump, to the contrast so typical in Latin America, between the rich and the poor: 3 per cent of the pop- ulation or about 1.2 million families have an income of $800 a month, and many make as much as $1,200. Close to them come the top rich, 2 per cent of the Latin D Americans receiving about 20 per cent of the total income. These are the 800,000 families earning $1,600 a month or more. These figures vary accord- ing to countries and regions, Feed 10 Million Latin American Children SOME TEN MILLION school children in 15 Latin American nations are being fed by Operation Nines in the Alliance for Progress Program, in which th U.S. Catholic Relief ServicesN.C.W.C. participates. Children pictured are at a child-feeding station in Lima. adorned with original paintings, the furniture comes from Eu- rope, and the house has the lat- est electronic gadgets from the United States. Don Manoel has a large family, several ser- vants, two ears, but otherwise he is a frugal man, devoted to his children, and pays fair wages to his workers. He con- tributes generously to church and charity drives. His earn- ings, he tells his guests, are at a standstill, because of the in- flation gripping this country. Aside from import duties on his luxury items, he pays little making about $1,000 a month. Bsides his home in an exclu- sive neighborhood, he owns a cottage in the countryside. His grandparents came from Ger- many, but he is for all practi- cal purposes a fullblooded Sal- vadorian. Among his customers for modern homes and commer- cial buildings are ,coffee grow- ers, high government officials, a few managers with American or European firms and other professional men. I was invited to the birthday party for Tony Fuentes in Qui- te, Ecuador, the five-year-old The partywas a gay, sim- ple affair, with about 15 chil- dren from neighboring homes. Their Sunday clothes were carefully mended. The furni- ture was equally modest. Re- men still had to put some fin- ishing touches on the house, bat it was pleasant. They had saved for six years and now had been able to put a small down payment on it. He makes about $40 a week. They have three children. There are millions of families of skilled workers, like the Fuentes, semi-skilled laborers maids and their dependents, and those street vendors that fill the capitals of Latin Ameri- ca. They live in slums or huts. There is a mass of Indians along the Andes and the Sierra Maestro, and Negroes and rou- lettes in sectors of Brazil and Haiti that don!t even "belong" to any economic group, because they do not receive any 'cash pay for their labors, and pro- duce just enough to subsist. "Five families in a hundred consume 0 per cent of all the goods and services, while 50 live on 20 per cent of avail- able goods, and the other 45 consume the rest," a young economist remarked. "In less technical terms, the wealthy class s p e n d s extravagant sums to maintain its social prestige, while large multi- tudes live in subhuman condi- tions, undernourished, clothed in r a g s, ill-sheltei'ed, un- schooled and sick." Someone figured that the rich family in Latin America spends 15 times more than the poor. In the countries of West- ern Europe, the rich spend only nine times as much as the poorest. "If we could only change the lavish habits of the rich, we could increase investment in local manufacturing and farm- ing, and raise the income of many poor families," the econ- omist said. Most Latin Americans are earnest, hard-working people. Out of 206 million, about 58,5 per cent are economically ac- tive and manage to produce some $60 million worth of goods and services a year (Americans produce $600 billion). On the average, the people south of the Rio Grande are 3 times poorer than those of Western Europe, and 10 times poorer than U. S. citizens. The "whys" of so much (Religious News Service Photo.) nearby public school. Live on $55.00 Month ways are expensive to build and waterfalls for power are far from population centers. While rich in most minerals, "Latin America is poor ih coal -- a must for heavy industry. Agriculture: 53 per Cent of the Latin Americans live from the soil, yet they cannot pro- duce e n o ugh to feed them- selves, bring in dollar exchange for mechanization and fertiliz- ers, and accumulate the sav- ings needed to capitalize for in- dustrialization. The big "lati- fundios" -- o f t e n worked by share-croppers--waste soil and manpower as the owners are content to extract a comfort- able profit for their immediate needs only. Much of the burden of earning real money falls on the modern big plantations in the Caribbean, Central America and the coastal, tropical plains of South America; they produce coffee, bananas and sugar. The La Plata countries sell wheat, corn, meat and wool. These are the raw materials, along with petroleum and min- erals in Venezuela, Chile and Bolivia, that make all these countries dangerously depend- ent on a one-crop, one-product economy. Any fluctuation in world prices spells disaster. Economists figure that 14 of these nations lost $700 million in one year recently as the re- sult of a slight decline in world prices. For instance, coffee has dropped more than 50 per cent since 1955. The families have seen their in- come declining I per cent per year since 1955. Americans do not realize it, but the Latins have been in a real "depression" over the last eight years. Food and mineral exports in the area have faced a decline of more than $10 bil- lion a year in the last decade. Inflation: The tremendous have suffered devaluations that hurt most the savings and wag- es of the poorer classes. In all, bread, meat, bus fares and clothing cost four times more now than in 1953. People: The fact that the 163 million mouths of 1950 are now 208 million and will be- come 300 million by 1975 is not helping things. Each year some 30 million new workers knock at the doors of farms, factories, offices and shops looking for jobs. Only a fraction find work. Unemployment is high. Argen- tina, with a labor force of 7 mil- lion, has 500,000 jobless. Vene- zuela had 350,000 men idle a few months ago. And this coun- try, along with Mexico, Colom- bia, Brazil and the countries of Central America, are among the areas making real economic progress and opening more job opportunities. Industrialization: M o r e manufacturing is under way--to diversify products, provide for local needs and save export dollars -- but not fast enough. With little savings, investment capital is scarce (with U.S., Western Europe and Japan sup- plying a good deal now). Native millionaires invest in manufacturing only as an ex- ception to the rule. There is lack of skilled labor, and out- side of Brazil, Mexica, Argen- tine and Central America, in- ternal markets are weak and small. Most governments take up industrial and trade pro- grams because private sourc- es cannot do it. There is another factor in the poverty of many Latin Americans: they do not care to be rich, Juan Sanchez, a mes- tizo vendor in Taxco in south- ern Mexico. would fold up his tent and put aside his tourist souvenirs promptly at five to go home and watch from his hill the beautiful sunset rather than exert himself to become rich. but are the ones given as the taxes, son of a linotypist I had known in construction and farming, poverty andcontrastare difference in the "terms of [[mV U LllUJLJLmrl more representative by ex- A m o n g his neighbors and for many years. Ramon, a artisans and small dealers run- many. Recent studies high. trade," the name given to the perts of the United Nations friends are high government Young Christian Workers' lead- ning corne rstores. Most gov- light the following: deficit resulting from exporting g o o d farm raw materials at low prices and Economic Commission for and banking officials, a few er, is one of my best sources of ernment and white collar work- Geography: buy'er a dryer00 Latin America. industrialists and importers information but never before ers are in this bracket, along land is scarce on the continent; importing manufactured prod-  D The figures mean tittle unless and other landed families, had he gone so far as to have , with a good number of small there are vast expanses of us- ucts at rising prices, has result- you visit with these families. The Tejeiras have counter- me at his home. I found out independent farmers all over able soil but they are difficult ed in spiraling inflation. Using At See Paulo in Brazil Don parts in Mexico, Argentina, why. They had lived in a shack, the continent. They provide the to reach. Rainfall is uneven, 1O0 as representing the cost of Manoel Tejeira gives a party Colombia and Peru, except This time Ramon and his xcife bulk of the government's bud- high ranges or deserts isolate living 10 years ago, Bolivia's for some visiting American that their ineomes mayeome --an attractive mestizo girl-- gets through indirect taxes, communities; except for La costs have gone up 3,350 per See y'ovf e/ec[r/e 00pp/i00nCe de/er businessmen. He is the owner from mining, cattle ranches had just moved into their new mostly on imports. Plata River, most of the big cent, Chile's 1,160 per cent, of a large coffee plantation and or manufacturing, home, a modest house in a row At the lower level are the rivers go to the jungles or sink Brazil's 500 per cent, Argen- aun.. SEATTLE CiTY LIGHT has substantial investments in At E1 Salvador a successful of dozens built with Alliance for farm hands, the thousands of into deserted lands. Port facili- tina's 600 per cent, Uruguay's real estate. His mansion is architect, Eduardo Strayer, is Progress funds, unskilled city "peones," the ties are few, railroads and high. 300 per cent. The currencies