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February 21, 1947     Catholic Northwest Progress
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Page Four 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 8880 Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postoffice at Seat)tle February 6, 1908, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 P• O'CONNELL REV. ANDREW PROUTY Managing Editor Editor Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Gerald Shaughnessy, S.M., S.T.D., Bishop of Seattle The Catholic Northwest Progress performs a vital function  as the official newspaper of our diocese. It is • a necessary • channel of information and instruction and a bond of union. The Catholic newspaper suports and de- fends the home, the school and the Church. i Our diocesan paper should be read in every l i Catholic home; it should be studied in every Catholic school, and it should have, as indeed it has, the unqualifiedly loyal support of every priest. Bishop of Seattle. 00Pc:00tce Tribes' Prime iE!Ftlect To Strengthen ' Hitler's Big Partne.r ..... By The Observer A NEW tragic chapter in E.tropean history was unfolded :when, on February 10, five former associates of the defttnct Nazi Reich were compelled to sign peace treaties thaC placed all of them completely at the mercy of Russia• The 4)reaties with Italy, Ht - " gary R.omania, Bulgaria and Fin- latent political conflict between land ,are really an implementation the Democracies and Russia. of tlie 'ill-famed war time agree- ment,_made at Moscow, Teheranl As Mr. Berle puts it: "It was and Yalta. They provide for the l not the problem of Italy. It was legal perpetuation of the Soviet the gulf between the Soviet Un- hold on ,ahosetof the countries al- ion and the group of nations un- ready in. the Russian zone and for der her control, and the practically the exthsion of that hold to Italy. unanimous opinion of the other Thus hey not only fail to lift the nations of the world. The negotia- comnluTtist Iron Curtain in Europe, tions in fact were only secondarily as they were intended to do, but i negotiations for a treaty of peace will result in pushing it still fro'- with Italy. They were all attempts ther West at the expense of dame- to reach a "modus vivendi" be- arctic influence., tween the Eastern and Western _ ' .......  Powers " In this "modus vivendi" Tne moss stoking paraaox aDou  " " ...... -'-- --d the the treaties and the best proof of I DUSmSoa;:ce:e%everYm:t: omises their  essential dishonesty lies in I ..... Y -P-'   .- the fact, that weak and war ray-ct numan rgncs ana zree navga- aged small nations are made to tion on the Danube, which, judging pay with their lifeblood for the by the past record of the oviet .mistake of having e v e r worked dominated regimes, will of course with Hitler, while great and paw- never be kept• ¢rful Russia, Germany's principal Moscow Levies on American partner in starting the war and Taxpayers Just Between Us God For Pardon S O DO Catholics, each eve- ning generally, when they say the prayer known as the Confiteor: "I confess to Al- mighty God . . that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed, through my fault." But in the Bible we read that Jesus appointed men His ambas- sadors: "I will give thee the keys of. the kingdom of heaven; and whatever that/ shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven, and whatever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven." (Matt. 16, 19). These words were addressed to St. Peter, the Head of the Church. The fulness of Jesus' authority was thereby con- ferred on him. o Elsewhere the Bible says that on the first Easter evening Jesus came to the Apostles, breathed on them, and then said, "Receive the Holy Ghost; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they re retained." (John 20, 22). St. Paul writes beautifully of this priestly power in his second letter to the Corinthians: "All things are from God, who has rec- onciled us to himself through Christ; md has given to us the ministry of reconciliation. For God was truly in Christ, reconcil- ing the world to himself by not reckoning against men their sins and by entrusting to us the mes- sage of reconciliation. On behalf of Christ, therefore, we are acting as ambassadors, God, as it were, appealing through us." (5, 18-20). Certainly, then, Jesus went to an awful lot of trouble, talking about Keys, breathing on the Apostles giving them super- and natural power, if He meant us to go directly to God for forgiveness. If that were the case, why give the power of forgiveness to His Apostles ? We find an instance of forgive- ness conferred through ambassa- dors which, strangely, no one dis- putes: the Sacrament of Baptism, which washe all sin from the soul --and yet no one would think of baptizing himself, and no one bog- gles in the least at going to an- other man and asking him to con- fer the Sacrament. How is the forgiveness of sin through confession any different in principle from the forgiveness of sin through baptism, except that the one instance involves the complete abandonment of spiritual in subsequently dividing the fruits cf. joint aggression in Europe, is not only immune from responsi- bility for her past but is the chief heneficiary of the treaties. Caught Between Two Savage Giants The Italian people can by no means be m a d e responsible for Mussolizii's alliance with Hitler. Finland was pushed inlo the Nazi camp solely as a result of Soviet aggression and the refusal of the DemoCracies to use pressure on her behalf. Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were too weak to resist German pressure, especially once it wasallied with that of the pow- erful Soviet Union. Thus, caught between two savage giants--Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia--and with tne Democracies unprepared and far away, those nations until Hitler's attack on Russia in June, 1941, had no choice but to surren- der to the power which was strong- est an closest to them. Thus, with the exception of Mussolini's tnane dreams of a new Roman empire, the fate of the other former satellites was the direct outcome of the Nazi-Soviet deal, V( h i c h divided Europe be- tween the two aggressive conquer- ors. What happened later was a mere matter of logic. Berle Speaks Out It is a very encouraging symp- tom of the sense of justice and politicl realism of American pub- tic opinion, that in reaction to the treaties so .ma0_y protests and de- mands, that they should not be ratified by U. S. Senate, have been ,voiced. The m o s t outstanding xnong these messages is the an- alysis of the Italian treaty pre- pared by Adolf A. Berle Jr. in a public letter to Common Cause, Jnc•, a pro-democratic and anti- communist organization in N e w York. Mr. Berle demands that the Ttalian treaty's "ratification be de- layed until the outline of the Eu- ropean settlement shall be agreed upon." The American-Hungarian Federation sent a violent protest tb Washington against the harsh treaty terms imposed on Hungary and the Polish-American Congress .ent also an appeal to the U. S. Senate on behalf of all the nations vy repara-i )ride and self-will which, to be t;: he eh:hmelll y te:e-countries[sure, is in perfect accord with the are to pay almost exclusively to spirit of the Gospels? Russia make them economically (Written by the Ray• Richard ndent on the]Grader for the Narberth Move and politically depe • - Soviet Union. And the Americanmen.f, sponsored by the National taxpayer will feel the impact of! Council of Catholic Men). this. Reparations will increase the misery and famine in Italy, Hun- gary, Romania, Bulgaria and Fin- land. Only American help and re- lief dan save them from utter col- lapse and bloody revolutions. Thus American money will continue to escue people from starvation, while Russia will empty their 1.arders under the guise of repara- tions. This is precisely the situa- tion the treaties were supposed to prevent. "With frontiers mutilated, tleir national morale crushed and made! totally defenseless, these unhappy countries will be as completely at the mercy of Stalin as they "once were at the mercy of Hitler. The Democracies have helped to dis- arm and humiliate friendly nations in order to accommodate their en- emy, Soviet Russia• This is the final balance. In fluid and chaotic conditions of Europe nothing is stable to- day. It seems incomprehensible that the stabilization of the con- tinent should begin by making the Soviet hold on its large por- tion permanent. The only way to stop this evil, is if the United States Senate refuses to ratify the treaties until they are com- pletely revised. Great Thoughts FROM THE PSALMS God, The Avenger Of Wickedness O Lord God, the Avenger, O God, the Avenger, make Thy appearance• -. Take action, Thou Ruler of the world. Repay the haughty with what they deserve. ffected. Russia Gains 1 Jockeying How long. 0 Lord, will evil men From the political point of view. exult; the treaties take no cognizance of tlow long will they babble with the existing realities of the day. / their insolent speech. The compromise on which they are! Surely the Lord will be my fort- Feast Days Sunday, lfebruary 23. -- St. Peter Damian was born in 988 and achieved great distinction at the University of Parma. He dew-erred the world and eventually became head of the monks of Font-Avails- no. Seven Popes in succession l made him their constant adviser l and he was at last created Card- inal Bishop of Ostia. He labored in defense of Alexander III against the Antipope, whom he forced to yield and seek for pardon. Monday, February 24. -- t. Matthias, Apostle Matthias was selected, after prayer, to fill the vacancy among the Apostles left by the betrayal of Judas. He was above all remarkable for his mor- tification of the .flesh. Tuesday, February 25. -- St.. Tarasius was bern ia Constantin- ople about the middle of the eighth century, of a noble fam;iy. He was made consul and afterward first minister to the Emperor Constan- tine and the Empress Irene, his mother. In the midst of the court he led a religious life and was chosen unanimously to be the suc- cshor of Paul, Patriarch of Con- santinople. Wednesday, February 26• -- St. Porplyry, Bishop. At the age of 25, Porphyry, a rich citizen of Thessalonica, left the world for one of the great religious houses in the desert of Scete. He follow- lowed Christ's counsel by selling all of his i)ossessions and di.tri- buting the returns to the poor. He was ordained: in 393 and three yeai-s later, much against his will, was made Bishop of Gaza, presid- ing over hat diocec for 27 years. He died in 420. Thursday, Frua- 7.  ,l. Leander, Bishop, one of the glories of the Spanish Church, was the eldest of five brothers. He entered a monastery when very young and in time his virtue and learning led to his elevation to the See of Seville, when Spain was in the CATHOL•IC NORTHWEST PROGRESS I TRANGE BUT TR Little-K=.ewt. [ectl e Cetellcsl liw 7 61NIOROU6 bTORI[b OFCATHOUf OAV[Pg First Chinese Cardinal A CARDINAL in China was such an unheard of thing heretofore, that a new word or phrase had to be found to designate a Prince of the Church. Tlie combination created by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Hung-ih-chu-chiao, when broken down into plain English means "redrobed Bishop." And it is thus that His Eminence Thomas Card- inal TienS.V.D., who started life with the pagans nartke of Tung-lai, - is now known in China. The father Of Chin,s first Card- inal was a teacher of languages. It was as a professor that he found the road iwhich figuratively led him .to Rome and which, ulti- mately, would lead to his son's elevation to the Sacred College. When Tung-lai was seven, the father, Tien Kai-liang, became lit- erature professor at Puo-li Semi- nary. Professor Tien Kai-liang soon became a Catholic but at the time of his death, in 1901, the son had not been baptized. Seminary authorities assumed responsibility for the boy and that same year, Friday, February 21, 1947 T Msgr. Sheen Details Reasons the Church Opp C " oses ommun|sm (This is the fourth in a series of addresses entitled "Light Your , Lamps" delivered in the Catholic Hour on February 16, 1947, by " Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of the Catholic University of, America.) By Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen "0E of the most common statements that is made to me by those who are not members of the Church is: "What I like about your Church, is its opposition to Communism." This compliment is deserved, for the Church is the only solid moral force in the world that is opposed to the new barbarism. "On the other hand, though, we are grateful to our friends for saying that the Church is the only bulwark left in the world against Communism, we are considerably embarrassed by it, because it praises us for being anti-some-i thing rather than pro-something; it makes us admired because we hate their enemy, rather than be-! cause they love our ideals. Their sentiments of praise are like those of a fat woman toward her physic- ian. She admires him because he is the enemy of her over-weight, but she does not like him becaue he recommends a diet to cure her of obesity. at the age of 11, Tien Tung-lal S 12 d through baptism became Thomas U rs u m o r a Ties. "Before passingon to thereas- In 1904 this young Chinese Cath- ons why the Church is opposed to olic began PreParing himself for[Communism, it might :be well to What's Right With the World? the priesthood, but the future was set down some reasons why the not as simple as he thought. Be- Chtlrch is no opposed to Cam- By Rev. James M. Gillis, C.S.P. cause of tuberculosis:--or the pre- munism. sumption of it he was advised "I It is not opposed to Cam- __ to leave the seminary. But two munism because Communism Littl Wi d priests and finally his bishop in- is anti-Capitalistic. If by Capital- e S om tervened and persuaded the auth- ie,m is meant, not diffused own- orities to permi continuation of ership of property, hut monopol- EVERY writer and every public speaker will confess, if he his studies. Fourteen years later, istic capitalism, in which capital is honest, that there are favorite notions of his own or in June, 1918, he was ordained and bids for labor on a market, and • served various missions before an- concentrates wealth• in the hands quotations from others which he inflicts upon his audience i taring the novitiate of the Society of the few, then from an econonuc again and again just as a raconteur repeats his favorite I of the Divine Word in 1929. Five point of view alone, the Church is ekes n years later he was named Prefect a d anecdotes. One of my favorite quotations is from l . . just as much opposed to Capital- Apostohc of Puo h Swedish diplomat of the 17th Century His name was Axel Ozen-I - • ism as it is to Communism. Com- . " . But it was after becoming Vicar stmrn and the saying by which he will be remem-I ................ munism emphasizes social use to ' ,, . . e. Aposcoue OZ xangKu, m lVS cnar the exclusion 'of personal rights, bared is this: My son, see wh how httle wsdomlh e made his famous journey to and Cpitallsm emphasizes per- this great world is governed." That saying comes I Rome -- 200 miles of it hy horse- serial rights to the exclusion of back to me when I read of wars and of the ief- drawn cart across Sine-Japanese social use. The Church says both factual attempts of nations to prevent wars; also battlefields. He wa literally, and are wrong, and refuses to main- when I read or hear news of strikes, of periods of with difficulty, traversing the road tain Capitalism as an alternative inflation and depression, of unemployment in a to Rome at the summons of His to the economic side of Commun- country like ours where edae natural resources are Holiness Pope Pins XII who ism. Communism is only rotted infinite and mechanical and industrial skill all hut wished personally to consecrate Capitalism. Capitalism cancan- infinite. In fact old Ozenstiern's sage remark pops, him Titular Bishop of Ruspe. trates wealth, in the hands of a into my head on almost any occasion. The reception of such signal few capitalists, and Communism It mounted from my subconscious or unconscious honors frofia the Sovereign Pan- in the hands of  ew bureaucrats, mind to the surface of my memory when I read tiff did not affect the traditional and both end in the proletarianiz- the new and amazing book .to which I have referred simplicity of this Chinese mission- ation of the maes. Concentra- momen,tarily before, "Pearl Harbor" by George cry. He continued to be a part of tion of wealth is wrong whether the daily life of his people -- a it is done on the Hudson or the Morgenstern. That book had particular interest for me because I Bishop one met up with most any- Volga. had read Admiral Kimmers defense before it was made public, and where, who toured his new Tsing- "2 The Church is not opposed to had been astounded to learn how little precise, immediate warning the vicariate on a bicycle, wearing Communism b e c a u s e the he had had of what was to happen on that fateful December 7th a plain Chinese garments and ac- Church is a defender of "the stat- Hawaii. Later on, like every good American citizen I went carefully companied by one servant, a us-qua. In every movement one over the newspaper accounts of the various investigations (there Bishop who always had a friendly must distinguis,h between protests were twelve in all). Also I had read certain penetrating studies of word and an affectionate glance and reforms. One can protest the Pearl Harbor catastrophe from the pens of such acute observers for the passerby, against a headacle without advo- as John T. Flynn and Charles A. Beard. Now all China takes pride in eating decapitation. The protests But perhaps the chief reason that old Ozenstiern quotation came the career of Cardinal Tien, Arch- of Communism are often right; to my mind was that I had myself (though a rank amateur) guessed, bishop of Peiping. But the Card- but the reforms are wrong. The inal is still the humble servant of Church agrees with some of the some three years in advance, what tlte Japanese might do at Pearl God and neighbor. Harbor. Stopping at Honolulu on the way to the Eucharistic Con- protests of Communism. In fact, there is a far better critique of grass in Manila in 1937, I was entertained by one of the most prom- YOUNGEST BISHOP IN WORLD the existing economic order hased inent citizens of the island, and was taken by him on a sight-seeing Bishop-elect Denis Eugene Hur- on the primary of profit in two tour which included Diamond Head, the Gibraltar of Hawaii. We were lay, O.M.I., newly-named Vicar Encyclicals of Leo XIII and Pins told indeed that Diamond Head was stronger than either GibraRar Apostolic of Natal (South Africa) XI than there is in all the writ- or Singapore. :and T2tular of Turuzi, is believed ings of Marx. But the reforms of "But," said I, being a brash amateur, "it seems to me that the here to be the youngest Bishop Communism are wrong, because entire defense is postulated on the guess, or the hope,'that the Japa- in the world. He is 31. The lowest they are inspired by the very err- nese will come in ships and will be sufficiently accommodating to sail canonical age for the appointment ors they combat. Communism be- around that promontory. In that case the guns of the fortress can of a Bishop is 30. gins with the Liberal and Capital- be fired at them a( point blank range. Suppose they come in planes and ignore the fortifications." I don't remember the reply except God and Your Child that I was pooh-poohed as an ignoramus and was made to feel silly. But what l had supposed was exactly what the Japanese did. I By Marie Cecilia McGrath, Ph. D. take no credit for that surmise. "Any fool" could see what they would do. But there seems to be something about the big brass that unfits them to see what a rank amateur could not help seing. Sm Is The Enemy Not only the big brass, but the big wigs; not only the fighting men on the spot but the higher ups at the national capital who give A SH WEDNESDAY begins the great season of penance. directions to the generals and the admirals. Why didn't they see It affects the church throughout the world. The day is " 4, ,, what was so obvious? Why so little wisdom? Catastrophe came named from the distribution of ashes. Remember man that[ because they didn't see. As for the attempt to locate the principal blame. I should imagine thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return, is the[ that the matter had been decided by the Commander-in-Chief himself, Church's warning.  --"- who said, as early as December 20, 1940: "There are two or hree The Church is our Mother even doesnt'want us to make a .mistake as she is the Spouse of Christ. In baptism she brought us forth as children of grace destined to in- herit with Jesus Christ, God's own Son, the wonderful life of God in heaven• We are on earth for only a few years. We are placed Sere to work out our salvation. Our Mother, the Church, does not wish us to forget, or neglect, or fail to appreciate why we are here. So she reminds us of our purpose very forcibly on Ash wednesday, holding before our eyes the fact of death and the fate of our body. However, she does not intend ti, at we be gloomy about death. Death is no tragedy. It is, instead, our hirth into heaven, our entrance into the great inheritance which the Saviour bought for us hy His i passion and death. The saints h.ave had the right outlook on death. They loved to think about it; they longed for it to come and free them of this life that they might enter into God's life. After all, it was for the life of God in heaven tltt we were made. Our destiny is so wonderful that the Son of God left heaven,• lived on earth 33 years, suffered most cruelly and died a most ignominious death on the Cross, to win tt for you and me. No wonder the Church ,and miss it. Theologians tell us that the greatest pain of hell is not the torture of fire suffered there. Nor is it being with everybody you despise and hate forever. No, the greatest pain of hell is that souls there have lost God. They have lost the life for which they were made--the life of God. They h.uve lost the treasure that Jesus Christ came Himself to win and safe- guard for them,--the possession of God. And they have lost it of their oa free iil and forever. No, death is not something to be feared..If we are in the state of grace, death is a friend. It is sin that is our enemy. It is sin that makes death a gateway to d,arkness. Our Lady, appearing at Fatima, warned against this ter- rible enemy of ours, sin, which is destroying Christ's work in the souls of so many. And as our, Lady, weeping in her sorrow, told the three children to whom she appeared, death is finding thou- sands of these souls in sin ,and they are being plunged into hell. What a dreadful price for men to pay for a little gratification of the body! We need the Chui'ch to re- mind us: Remember man that thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return. cardinal principles; and one of them is the fact that you cannot, under the Constitution, set up a second President of the United States. In other words, the Constitution states one man is responsible. :Now that man can delegate, surely, but in the delegation he does not dele- gate away any part of the responsibility from the ultimate responsi- bility that rev on him." Mr. Morgenstern qotes tlat statement from the President's Papers, 1940, p. 63. It is one of a thousand quotations thane make "Pearl Harbor" interesting. On whatever side of the controversy you may now happen to be, you should read that book. (Copyright 1947, N.C.W.C. zqews Service) based ignores the fact, that it is] tess, not in the interest of the Democ-[ _. ,^. possession of the Visigoths. He - . " [ And n,y ,,u will be to me a rock bacame the instrument of convert- facies that helpless and unhappy of refue nations, friendly to them, bet " ing the nation to the Faith. He crushed and punished for the mis-IHe shall reqte their m. alice. . Idled about the year 596. ! Their own wnckedness will he thmr Frt a Februa takes of their past leaders, b ut I destruction d y, ry 28.- SS. RO-i God, Who knows and sees all, that the Soviet tide be stopped I " i manuLs and Lupicinus, Abbots. Re-l is most understanding. We, ig- from enveloping Europe. The true The Jrd, our God, shall destroy[manus retired from the world at norant mortals, know and see very underlying issue of the treaties is I them. Ithe age of 35 and eventually as- llittle and are most intolerant.--  in the fact their relation to the! Excerpts taken from Psalm 93. [tablished himself ifl the forests of O. A• Battista. "Quotations Worth Quoting" Almost all of our faults are more pardonable than the methods we think up to hide them.--La Rochefoucauld. When you speak, you indicate your state of mind, your state of health and your breeding. One test of good manners is be- ing able to put up with bad ones. A bore is the kind of man who never knows how hadly he feels until you ask him. Moufit Jura, whither came Lup'ici-! nus, his brother, in the company of others. The brothers governed the monks jointly and in great harmony• St. Romanus died about the year 460 and St. Lupicintus survived him by 20 years. ,aturday, March 1. -- t, David, /Jishop. son of Sant, Prince of Cm'dian, was born in the fiisthl century and from his earliest years wa devoted to the service of God. He preached against heresy, was elected Bishop of Caerleon. He lived to the age of 80 years, dying on March 1, 561. @ istic error that man is economic, and instead of correcting it, mere- ly intensifies it until man becomes a robot in a vast economic ma- chine. There is a closer relation between Communism and Mono- polistic Capitalism than ' most. minds suspect. They are agreed on the materialistic base of civil= ization; they disagree only on who shall control that basis, capitalists or bureaucrats. " The Church is not opposed to i Communlsm necause Com- munism persecutes religion. Per- secution of the Church does not make an ideology wrong, though it proves the person who perse- "" cutes is. wrong. St. Paul pcrse- . cuted the Church, but that did not- mean that the ideology of the Old Testament was wrong. There are some believers in the Divinity of Christ who are bitter enemies of the Church, but the enmity is not in the belief. Even though Cam .... munism gave the fullest measure of liberty to the Church, the anti- . thesis between religion and Com- munism would still xist, just as it exists against Communism ,in the Russian Orthodox Churches outside of Russia. Though a measure of "liberty is granted to the churches within Russia pro- vided they become political instru- ments of Communism, the Ortho- dox Church, nevertheless, con- demns Communism. Communist: Philosophy Is ..... Intrinsically Wicked "The Church is in ineradicable .. opposition to Communism because its philosophy is intrinsically wicked. That is why the Church refused to accept the "extended left hand" policy of Communism a-few years ago. The Church ..... knew what was held in its right hand. If Communism ceased all religious persecution today, but continued to teach that the indi- vidual person had no value except as a unit in a collectivity, that there was no other morality than State morality, and no conscience " " but the conscience of the Polit- Bureau, then the Church would be just as much opposed to Com- munism as it is now. Throwing stones at Church windows does not .make Communism wrong; but saying that man is only a one- does--and it is at this point that. we part company. " The Church is not opposed to Commumsm uecause it he- lieves that Russia is the enemy of the world. The Church makes a distinction between an ideology and a people. The ideology is wicked; the people are good. It is not generally known, but actu- ally only 3 per cent of the popula- - tion of Russia. belong to the Com- munist party--and there is no other party to whom they may belong. The distinction between American Communists and the Soviet Government is spurious ...... just as the distinction between-- American Bundists and Hitler wa :-" spurious, but the distinction be- tween the Soviet Government with its police tyranny and the Russian people is solid, and it is on this • basis that we argue. "There is no way of measuring ..... it, but. it is my personal convic- than that there is a more genuin- ely religious fervor, a greater spirit of sacrifice, and a more tru- i ly Christian spirit in the broad masses of the Russian people, than there is in the United States. When finally the yoke of slavery, terrorism and secret police has been lifted from the Russian peo- ple, there will be less need of educating them in the Way of the Cross, than there will be of edu7 cating us; their pent-up spiritual aspirations will unfold in that hour in the flowing of a Christ- ianity that will be a model and an inspiration to the world. rhy The Chnreh Is Opposed '- To Communism . . "Now we come to the reason&. why the Church is opposed tn Communism. "1[ Because Communism is an op- iate for the masses. An opiate -" is a drug ' which deadens the. higher intellectual powers of man, but allows the lower powers to fnction, such a, the vegetative and the animal. Under the influ- ence of a drug, a man cannot think, but he can breathe: he can- not will, but he can digest; he cannot follow a reasoning process, but his blood circulates. In a word, he is no longer a man, but an animal. "Communism is an oniate in the. sense that it completely d?stroys (Contin)ed on Page 5/ Page Four 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 8880 Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postoffice at Seat)tle February 6, 1908, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 P• O'CONNELL REV. ANDREW PROUTY Managing Editor Editor Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Gerald Shaughnessy, S.M., S.T.D., Bishop of Seattle The Catholic Northwest Progress performs a vital function  as the official newspaper of our diocese. It is • a necessary • channel of information and instruction and a bond of union. The Catholic newspaper suports and de- fends the home, the school and the Church. i Our diocesan paper should be read in every l i Catholic home; it should be studied in every Catholic school, and it should have, as indeed it has, the unqualifiedly loyal support of every priest. Bishop of Seattle. 00Pc:00tce Tribes' Prime iE!Ftlect To Strengthen ' Hitler's Big Partne.r ..... By The Observer A NEW tragic chapter in E.tropean history was unfolded :when, on February 10, five former associates of the defttnct Nazi Reich were compelled to sign peace treaties thaC placed all of them completely at the mercy of Russia• The 4)reaties with Italy, Ht - " gary R.omania, Bulgaria and Fin- latent political conflict between land ,are really an implementation the Democracies and Russia. of tlie 'ill-famed war time agree- ment,_made at Moscow, Teheranl As Mr. Berle puts it: "It was and Yalta. They provide for the l not the problem of Italy. It was legal perpetuation of the Soviet the gulf between the Soviet Un- hold on ,ahosetof the countries al- ion and the group of nations un- ready in. the Russian zone and for der her control, and the practically the exthsion of that hold to Italy. unanimous opinion of the other Thus hey not only fail to lift the nations of the world. The negotia- comnluTtist Iron Curtain in Europe, tions in fact were only secondarily as they were intended to do, but i negotiations for a treaty of peace will result in pushing it still fro'- with Italy. They were all attempts ther West at the expense of dame- to reach a "modus vivendi" be- arctic influence., tween the Eastern and Western _ ' .......  Powers " In this "modus vivendi" Tne moss stoking paraaox aDou  " " ...... -'-- --d the the treaties and the best proof of I DUSmSoa;:ce:e%everYm:t: omises their  essential dishonesty lies in I ..... Y -P-'   .- the fact, that weak and war ray-ct numan rgncs ana zree navga- aged small nations are made to tion on the Danube, which, judging pay with their lifeblood for the by the past record of the oviet .mistake of having e v e r worked dominated regimes, will of course with Hitler, while great and paw- never be kept• ¢rful Russia, Germany's principal Moscow Levies on American partner in starting the war and Taxpayers Just Between Us God For Pardon S O DO Catholics, each eve- ning generally, when they say the prayer known as the Confiteor: "I confess to Al- mighty God . . that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed, through my fault." But in the Bible we read that Jesus appointed men His ambas- sadors: "I will give thee the keys of. the kingdom of heaven; and whatever that/ shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven, and whatever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven." (Matt. 16, 19). These words were addressed to St. Peter, the Head of the Church. The fulness of Jesus' authority was thereby con- ferred on him. o Elsewhere the Bible says that on the first Easter evening Jesus came to the Apostles, breathed on them, and then said, "Receive the Holy Ghost; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they re retained." (John 20, 22). St. Paul writes beautifully of this priestly power in his second letter to the Corinthians: "All things are from God, who has rec- onciled us to himself through Christ; md has given to us the ministry of reconciliation. For God was truly in Christ, reconcil- ing the world to himself by not reckoning against men their sins and by entrusting to us the mes- sage of reconciliation. On behalf of Christ, therefore, we are acting as ambassadors, God, as it were, appealing through us." (5, 18-20). Certainly, then, Jesus went to an awful lot of trouble, talking about Keys, breathing on the Apostles giving them super- and natural power, if He meant us to go directly to God for forgiveness. If that were the case, why give the power of forgiveness to His Apostles ? We find an instance of forgive- ness conferred through ambassa- dors which, strangely, no one dis- putes: the Sacrament of Baptism, which washe all sin from the soul --and yet no one would think of baptizing himself, and no one bog- gles in the least at going to an- other man and asking him to con- fer the Sacrament. How is the forgiveness of sin through confession any different in principle from the forgiveness of sin through baptism, except that the one instance involves the complete abandonment of spiritual in subsequently dividing the fruits cf. joint aggression in Europe, is not only immune from responsi- bility for her past but is the chief heneficiary of the treaties. Caught Between Two Savage Giants The Italian people can by no means be m a d e responsible for Mussolizii's alliance with Hitler. Finland was pushed inlo the Nazi camp solely as a result of Soviet aggression and the refusal of the DemoCracies to use pressure on her behalf. Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were too weak to resist German pressure, especially once it wasallied with that of the pow- erful Soviet Union. Thus, caught between two savage giants--Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia--and with tne Democracies unprepared and far away, those nations until Hitler's attack on Russia in June, 1941, had no choice but to surren- der to the power which was strong- est an closest to them. Thus, with the exception of Mussolini's tnane dreams of a new Roman empire, the fate of the other former satellites was the direct outcome of the Nazi-Soviet deal, V( h i c h divided Europe be- tween the two aggressive conquer- ors. What happened later was a mere matter of logic. Berle Speaks Out It is a very encouraging symp- tom of the sense of justice and politicl realism of American pub- tic opinion, that in reaction to the treaties so .ma0_y protests and de- mands, that they should not be ratified by U. S. Senate, have been ,voiced. The m o s t outstanding xnong these messages is the an- alysis of the Italian treaty pre- pared by Adolf A. Berle Jr. in a public letter to Common Cause, Jnc•, a pro-democratic and anti- communist organization in N e w York. Mr. Berle demands that the Ttalian treaty's "ratification be de- layed until the outline of the Eu- ropean settlement shall be agreed upon." The American-Hungarian Federation sent a violent protest tb Washington against the harsh treaty terms imposed on Hungary and the Polish-American Congress .ent also an appeal to the U. S. Senate on behalf of all the nations vy repara-i )ride and self-will which, to be t;: he eh:hmelll y te:e-countries[sure, is in perfect accord with the are to pay almost exclusively to spirit of the Gospels? Russia make them economically (Written by the Ray• Richard ndent on the]Grader for the Narberth Move and politically depe • - Soviet Union. And the Americanmen.f, sponsored by the National taxpayer will feel the impact of! Council of Catholic Men). this. Reparations will increase the misery and famine in Italy, Hun- gary, Romania, Bulgaria and Fin- land. Only American help and re- lief dan save them from utter col- lapse and bloody revolutions. Thus American money will continue to escue people from starvation, while Russia will empty their 1.arders under the guise of repara- tions. This is precisely the situa- tion the treaties were supposed to prevent. "With frontiers mutilated, tleir national morale crushed and made! totally defenseless, these unhappy countries will be as completely at the mercy of Stalin as they "once were at the mercy of Hitler. The Democracies have helped to dis- arm and humiliate friendly nations in order to accommodate their en- emy, Soviet Russia• This is the final balance. In fluid and chaotic conditions of Europe nothing is stable to- day. It seems incomprehensible that the stabilization of the con- tinent should begin by making the Soviet hold on its large por- tion permanent. The only way to stop this evil, is if the United States Senate refuses to ratify the treaties until they are com- pletely revised. Great Thoughts FROM THE PSALMS God, The Avenger Of Wickedness O Lord God, the Avenger, O God, the Avenger, make Thy appearance• -. Take action, Thou Ruler of the world. Repay the haughty with what they deserve. ffected. Russia Gains 1 Jockeying How long. 0 Lord, will evil men From the political point of view. exult; the treaties take no cognizance of tlow long will they babble with the existing realities of the day. / their insolent speech. The compromise on which they are! Surely the Lord will be my fort- Feast Days Sunday, lfebruary 23. -- St. Peter Damian was born in 988 and achieved great distinction at the University of Parma. He dew-erred the world and eventually became head of the monks of Font-Avails- no. Seven Popes in succession l made him their constant adviser l and he was at last created Card- inal Bishop of Ostia. He labored in defense of Alexander III against the Antipope, whom he forced to yield and seek for pardon. Monday, February 24. -- t. Matthias, Apostle Matthias was selected, after prayer, to fill the vacancy among the Apostles left by the betrayal of Judas. He was above all remarkable for his mor- tification of the .flesh. Tuesday, February 25. -- St.. Tarasius was bern ia Constantin- ople about the middle of the eighth century, of a noble fam;iy. He was made consul and afterward first minister to the Emperor Constan- tine and the Empress Irene, his mother. In the midst of the court he led a religious life and was chosen unanimously to be the suc- cshor of Paul, Patriarch of Con- santinople. Wednesday, February 26• -- St. Porplyry, Bishop. At the age of 25, Porphyry, a rich citizen of Thessalonica, left the world for one of the great religious houses in the desert of Scete. He follow- lowed Christ's counsel by selling all of his i)ossessions and di.tri- buting the returns to the poor. He was ordained: in 393 and three yeai-s later, much against his will, was made Bishop of Gaza, presid- ing over hat diocec for 27 years. He died in 420. Thursday, Frua- 7.  ,l. Leander, Bishop, one of the glories of the Spanish Church, was the eldest of five brothers. He entered a monastery when very young and in time his virtue and learning led to his elevation to the See of Seville, when Spain was in the CATHOL•IC NORTHWEST PROGRESS I TRANGE BUT TR Little-K=.ewt. [ectl e Cetellcsl liw 7 61NIOROU6 bTORI[b OFCATHOUf OAV[Pg First Chinese Cardinal A CARDINAL in China was such an unheard of thing heretofore, that a new word or phrase had to be found to designate a Prince of the Church. Tlie combination created by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Hung-ih-chu-chiao, when broken down into plain English means "redrobed Bishop." And it is thus that His Eminence Thomas Card- inal TienS.V.D., who started life with the pagans nartke of Tung-lai, - is now known in China. The father Of Chin,s first Card- inal was a teacher of languages. It was as a professor that he found the road iwhich figuratively led him .to Rome and which, ulti- mately, would lead to his son's elevation to the Sacred College. When Tung-lai was seven, the father, Tien Kai-liang, became lit- erature professor at Puo-li Semi- nary. Professor Tien Kai-liang soon became a Catholic but at the time of his death, in 1901, the son had not been baptized. Seminary authorities assumed responsibility for the boy and that same year, Friday, February 21, 1947 T Msgr. Sheen Details Reasons the Church Opp C " oses ommun|sm (This is the fourth in a series of addresses entitled "Light Your , Lamps" delivered in the Catholic Hour on February 16, 1947, by " Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of the Catholic University of, America.) By Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen "0E of the most common statements that is made to me by those who are not members of the Church is: "What I like about your Church, is its opposition to Communism." This compliment is deserved, for the Church is the only solid moral force in the world that is opposed to the new barbarism. "On the other hand, though, we are grateful to our friends for saying that the Church is the only bulwark left in the world against Communism, we are considerably embarrassed by it, because it praises us for being anti-some-i thing rather than pro-something; it makes us admired because we hate their enemy, rather than be-! cause they love our ideals. Their sentiments of praise are like those of a fat woman toward her physic- ian. She admires him because he is the enemy of her over-weight, but she does not like him becaue he recommends a diet to cure her of obesity. at the age of 11, Tien Tung-lal S 12 d through baptism became Thomas U rs u m o r a Ties. "Before passingon to thereas- In 1904 this young Chinese Cath- ons why the Church is opposed to olic began PreParing himself for[Communism, it might :be well to What's Right With the World? the priesthood, but the future was set down some reasons why the not as simple as he thought. Be- Chtlrch is no opposed to Cam- By Rev. James M. Gillis, C.S.P. cause of tuberculosis:--or the pre- munism. sumption of it he was advised "I It is not opposed to Cam- __ to leave the seminary. But two munism because Communism Littl Wi d priests and finally his bishop in- is anti-Capitalistic. If by Capital- e S om tervened and persuaded the auth- ie,m is meant, not diffused own- orities to permi continuation of ership of property, hut monopol- EVERY writer and every public speaker will confess, if he his studies. Fourteen years later, istic capitalism, in which capital is honest, that there are favorite notions of his own or in June, 1918, he was ordained and bids for labor on a market, and • served various missions before an- concentrates wealth• in the hands quotations from others which he inflicts upon his audience i taring the novitiate of the Society of the few, then from an econonuc again and again just as a raconteur repeats his favorite I of the Divine Word in 1929. Five point of view alone, the Church is ekes n years later he was named Prefect a d anecdotes. One of my favorite quotations is from l . . just as much opposed to Capital- Apostohc of Puo h Swedish diplomat of the 17th Century His name was Axel Ozen-I - • ism as it is to Communism. Com- . " . But it was after becoming Vicar stmrn and the saying by which he will be remem-I ................ munism emphasizes social use to ' ,, . . e. Aposcoue OZ xangKu, m lVS cnar the exclusion 'of personal rights, bared is this: My son, see wh how httle wsdomlh e made his famous journey to and Cpitallsm emphasizes per- this great world is governed." That saying comes I Rome -- 200 miles of it hy horse- serial rights to the exclusion of back to me when I read of wars and of the ief- drawn cart across Sine-Japanese social use. The Church says both factual attempts of nations to prevent wars; also battlefields. He wa literally, and are wrong, and refuses to main- when I read or hear news of strikes, of periods of with difficulty, traversing the road tain Capitalism as an alternative inflation and depression, of unemployment in a to Rome at the summons of His to the economic side of Commun- country like ours where edae natural resources are Holiness Pope Pins XII who ism. Communism is only rotted infinite and mechanical and industrial skill all hut wished personally to consecrate Capitalism. Capitalism cancan- infinite. In fact old Ozenstiern's sage remark pops, him Titular Bishop of Ruspe. trates wealth, in the hands of a into my head on almost any occasion. The reception of such signal few capitalists, and Communism It mounted from my subconscious or unconscious honors frofia the Sovereign Pan- in the hands of  ew bureaucrats, mind to the surface of my memory when I read tiff did not affect the traditional and both end in the proletarianiz- the new and amazing book .to which I have referred simplicity of this Chinese mission- ation of the maes. Concentra- momen,tarily before, "Pearl Harbor" by George cry. He continued to be a part of tion of wealth is wrong whether the daily life of his people -- a it is done on the Hudson or the Morgenstern. That book had particular interest for me because I Bishop one met up with most any- Volga. had read Admiral Kimmers defense before it was made public, and where, who toured his new Tsing- "2 The Church is not opposed to had been astounded to learn how little precise, immediate warning the vicariate on a bicycle, wearing Communism b e c a u s e the he had had of what was to happen on that fateful December 7th a plain Chinese garments and ac- Church is a defender of "the stat- Hawaii. Later on, like every good American citizen I went carefully companied by one servant, a us-qua. In every movement one over the newspaper accounts of the various investigations (there Bishop who always had a friendly must distinguis,h between protests were twelve in all). Also I had read certain penetrating studies of word and an affectionate glance and reforms. One can protest the Pearl Harbor catastrophe from the pens of such acute observers for the passerby, against a headacle without advo- as John T. Flynn and Charles A. Beard. Now all China takes pride in eating decapitation. The protests But perhaps the chief reason that old Ozenstiern quotation came the career of Cardinal Tien, Arch- of Communism are often right; to my mind was that I had myself (though a rank amateur) guessed, bishop of Peiping. But the Card- but the reforms are wrong. The inal is still the humble servant of Church agrees with some of the some three years in advance, what tlte Japanese might do at Pearl God and neighbor. Harbor. Stopping at Honolulu on the way to the Eucharistic Con- protests of Communism. In fact, there is a far better critique of grass in Manila in 1937, I was entertained by one of the most prom- YOUNGEST BISHOP IN WORLD the existing economic order hased inent citizens of the island, and was taken by him on a sight-seeing Bishop-elect Denis Eugene Hur- on the primary of profit in two tour which included Diamond Head, the Gibraltar of Hawaii. We were lay, O.M.I., newly-named Vicar Encyclicals of Leo XIII and Pins told indeed that Diamond Head was stronger than either GibraRar Apostolic of Natal (South Africa) XI than there is in all the writ- or Singapore. :and T2tular of Turuzi, is believed ings of Marx. But the reforms of "But," said I, being a brash amateur, "it seems to me that the here to be the youngest Bishop Communism are wrong, because entire defense is postulated on the guess, or the hope,'that the Japa- in the world. He is 31. The lowest they are inspired by the very err- nese will come in ships and will be sufficiently accommodating to sail canonical age for the appointment ors they combat. Communism be- around that promontory. In that case the guns of the fortress can of a Bishop is 30. gins with the Liberal and Capital- be fired at them a( point blank range. Suppose they come in planes and ignore the fortifications." I don't remember the reply except God and Your Child that I was pooh-poohed as an ignoramus and was made to feel silly. But what l had supposed was exactly what the Japanese did. I By Marie Cecilia McGrath, Ph. D. take no credit for that surmise. "Any fool" could see what they would do. But there seems to be something about the big brass that unfits them to see what a rank amateur could not help seing. Sm Is The Enemy Not only the big brass, but the big wigs; not only the fighting men on the spot but the higher ups at the national capital who give A SH WEDNESDAY begins the great season of penance. directions to the generals and the admirals. Why didn't they see It affects the church throughout the world. The day is " 4, ,, what was so obvious? Why so little wisdom? Catastrophe came named from the distribution of ashes. Remember man that[ because they didn't see. As for the attempt to locate the principal blame. I should imagine thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return, is the[ that the matter had been decided by the Commander-in-Chief himself, Church's warning.  --"- who said, as early as December 20, 1940: "There are two or hree The Church is our Mother even doesnt'want us to make a .mistake as she is the Spouse of Christ. In baptism she brought us forth as children of grace destined to in- herit with Jesus Christ, God's own Son, the wonderful life of God in heaven• We are on earth for only a few years. We are placed Sere to work out our salvation. Our Mother, the Church, does not wish us to forget, or neglect, or fail to appreciate why we are here. So she reminds us of our purpose very forcibly on Ash wednesday, holding before our eyes the fact of death and the fate of our body. However, she does not intend ti, at we be gloomy about death. Death is no tragedy. It is, instead, our hirth into heaven, our entrance into the great inheritance which the Saviour bought for us hy His i passion and death. The saints h.ave had the right outlook on death. They loved to think about it; they longed for it to come and free them of this life that they might enter into God's life. After all, it was for the life of God in heaven tltt we were made. Our destiny is so wonderful that the Son of God left heaven,• lived on earth 33 years, suffered most cruelly and died a most ignominious death on the Cross, to win tt for you and me. No wonder the Church ,and miss it. Theologians tell us that the greatest pain of hell is not the torture of fire suffered there. Nor is it being with everybody you despise and hate forever. No, the greatest pain of hell is that souls there have lost God. They have lost the life for which they were made--the life of God. They h.uve lost the treasure that Jesus Christ came Himself to win and safe- guard for them,--the possession of God. And they have lost it of their oa free iil and forever. No, death is not something to be feared..If we are in the state of grace, death is a friend. It is sin that is our enemy. It is sin that makes death a gateway to d,arkness. Our Lady, appearing at Fatima, warned against this ter- rible enemy of ours, sin, which is destroying Christ's work in the souls of so many. And as our, Lady, weeping in her sorrow, told the three children to whom she appeared, death is finding thou- sands of these souls in sin ,and they are being plunged into hell. What a dreadful price for men to pay for a little gratification of the body! We need the Chui'ch to re- mind us: Remember man that thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return. cardinal principles; and one of them is the fact that you cannot, under the Constitution, set up a second President of the United States. In other words, the Constitution states one man is responsible. :Now that man can delegate, surely, but in the delegation he does not dele- gate away any part of the responsibility from the ultimate responsi- bility that rev on him." Mr. Morgenstern qotes tlat statement from the President's Papers, 1940, p. 63. It is one of a thousand quotations thane make "Pearl Harbor" interesting. On whatever side of the controversy you may now happen to be, you should read that book. (Copyright 1947, N.C.W.C. zqews Service) based ignores the fact, that it is] tess, not in the interest of the Democ-[ _. ,^. possession of the Visigoths. He - . " [ And n,y ,,u will be to me a rock bacame the instrument of convert- facies that helpless and unhappy of refue nations, friendly to them, bet " ing the nation to the Faith. He crushed and punished for the mis-IHe shall reqte their m. alice. . Idled about the year 596. ! Their own wnckedness will he thmr Frt a Februa takes of their past leaders, b ut I destruction d y, ry 28.- SS. RO-i God, Who knows and sees all, that the Soviet tide be stopped I " i manuLs and Lupicinus, Abbots. Re-l is most understanding. We, ig- from enveloping Europe. The true The Jrd, our God, shall destroy[manus retired from the world at norant mortals, know and see very underlying issue of the treaties is I them. Ithe age of 35 and eventually as- llittle and are most intolerant.--  in the fact their relation to the! Excerpts taken from Psalm 93. [tablished himself ifl the forests of O. A• Battista. "Quotations Worth Quoting" Almost all of our faults are more pardonable than the methods we think up to hide them.--La Rochefoucauld. When you speak, you indicate your state of mind, your state of health and your breeding. One test of good manners is be- ing able to put up with bad ones. A bore is the kind of man who never knows how hadly he feels until you ask him. Moufit Jura, whither came Lup'ici-! nus, his brother, in the company of others. The brothers governed the monks jointly and in great harmony• St. Romanus died about the year 460 and St. Lupicintus survived him by 20 years. ,aturday, March 1. -- t, David, /Jishop. son of Sant, Prince of Cm'dian, was born in the fiisthl century and from his earliest years wa devoted to the service of God. He preached against heresy, was elected Bishop of Caerleon. He lived to the age of 80 years, dying on March 1, 561. @ istic error that man is economic, and instead of correcting it, mere- ly intensifies it until man becomes a robot in a vast economic ma- chine. There is a closer relation between Communism and Mono- polistic Capitalism than ' most. minds suspect. They are agreed on the materialistic base of civil= ization; they disagree only on who shall control that basis, capitalists or bureaucrats. " The Church is not opposed to i Communlsm necause Com- munism persecutes religion. Per- secution of the Church does not make an ideology wrong, though it proves the person who perse- "" cutes is. wrong. St. Paul pcrse- . cuted the Church, but that did not- mean that the ideology of the Old Testament was wrong. There are some believers in the Divinity of Christ who are bitter enemies of the Church, but the enmity is not in the belief. Even though Cam .... munism gave the fullest measure of liberty to the Church, the anti- . thesis between religion and Com- munism would still xist, just as it exists against Communism ,in the Russian Orthodox Churches outside of Russia. Though a measure of "liberty is granted to the churches within Russia pro- vided they become political instru- ments of Communism, the Ortho- dox Church, nevertheless, con- demns Communism. Communist: Philosophy Is ..... Intrinsically Wicked "The Church is in ineradicable .. opposition to Communism because its philosophy is intrinsically wicked. That is why the Church refused to accept the "extended left hand" policy of Communism a-few years ago. The Church ..... knew what was held in its right hand. If Communism ceased all religious persecution today, but continued to teach that the indi- vidual person had no value except as a unit in a collectivity, that there was no other morality than State morality, and no conscience " " but the conscience of the Polit- Bureau, then the Church would be just as much opposed to Com- munism as it is now. Throwing stones at Church windows does not .make Communism wrong; but saying that man is only a one- does--and it is at this point that. we part company. " The Church is not opposed to Commumsm uecause it he- lieves that Russia is the enemy of the world. The Church makes a distinction between an ideology and a people. The ideology is wicked; the people are good. It is not generally known, but actu- ally only 3 per cent of the popula- - tion of Russia. belong to the Com- munist party--and there is no other party to whom they may belong. The distinction between American Communists and the Soviet Government is spurious ...... just as the distinction between-- American Bundists and Hitler wa :-" spurious, but the distinction be- tween the Soviet Government with its police tyranny and the Russian people is solid, and it is on this • basis that we argue. "There is no way of measuring ..... it, but. it is my personal convic- than that there is a more genuin- ely religious fervor, a greater spirit of sacrifice, and a more tru- i ly Christian spirit in the broad masses of the Russian people, than there is in the United States. When finally the yoke of slavery, terrorism and secret police has been lifted from the Russian peo- ple, there will be less need of educating them in the Way of the Cross, than there will be of edu7 cating us; their pent-up spiritual aspirations will unfold in that hour in the flowing of a Christ- ianity that will be a model and an inspiration to the world. rhy The Chnreh Is Opposed '- To Communism . . "Now we come to the reason&. why the Church is opposed tn Communism. "1[ Because Communism is an op- iate for the masses. An opiate -" is a drug ' which deadens the. higher intellectual powers of man, but allows the lower powers to fnction, such a, the vegetative and the animal. Under the influ- ence of a drug, a man cannot think, but he can breathe: he can- not will, but he can digest; he cannot follow a reasoning process, but his blood circulates. In a word, he is no longer a man, but an animal. "Communism is an oniate in the. sense that it completely d?stroys (Contin)ed on Page 5/ Page Four 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 8880 Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Postoffice at Seat)tle February 6, 1908, under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879 P• O'CONNELL REV. ANDREW PROUTY Managing Editor Editor Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Gerald Shaughnessy, S.M., S.T.D., Bishop of Seattle The Catholic Northwest Progress performs a vital function  as the official newspaper of our diocese. It is • a necessary • channel of information and instruction and a bond of union. The Catholic newspaper suports and de- fends the home, the school and the Church. i Our diocesan paper should be read in every l i Catholic home; it should be studied in every Catholic school, and it should have, as indeed it has, the unqualifiedly loyal support of every priest. Bishop of Seattle. 00Pc:00tce Tribes' Prime iE!Ftlect To Strengthen ' Hitler's Big Partne.r ..... By The Observer A NEW tragic chapter in E.tropean history was unfolded :when, on February 10, five former associates of the defttnct Nazi Reich were compelled to sign peace treaties thaC placed all of them completely at the mercy of Russia• The 4)reaties with Italy, Ht - " gary R.omania, Bulgaria and Fin- latent political conflict between land ,are really an implementation the Democracies and Russia. of tlie 'ill-famed war time agree- ment,_made at Moscow, Teheranl As Mr. Berle puts it: "It was and Yalta. They provide for the l not the problem of Italy. It was legal perpetuation of the Soviet the gulf between the Soviet Un- hold on ,ahosetof the countries al- ion and the group of nations un- ready in. the Russian zone and for der her control, and the practically the exthsion of that hold to Italy. unanimous opinion of the other Thus hey not only fail to lift the nations of the world. The negotia- comnluTtist Iron Curtain in Europe, tions in fact were only secondarily as they were intended to do, but i negotiations for a treaty of peace will result in pushing it still fro'- with Italy. They were all attempts ther West at the expense of dame- to reach a "modus vivendi" be- arctic influence., tween the Eastern and Western _ ' .......  Powers " In this "modus vivendi" Tne moss stoking paraaox aDou  " " ...... -'-- --d the the treaties and the best proof of I DUSmSoa;:ce:e%everYm:t: omises their  essential dishonesty lies in I ..... Y -P-'   .- the fact, that weak and war ray-ct numan rgncs ana zree navga- aged small nations are made to tion on the Danube, which, judging pay with their lifeblood for the by the past record of the oviet .mistake of having e v e r worked dominated regimes, will of course with Hitler, while great and paw- never be kept• ¢rful Russia, Germany's principal Moscow Levies on American partner in starting the war and Taxpayers Just Between Us God For Pardon S O DO Catholics, each eve- ning generally, when they say the prayer known as the Confiteor: "I confess to Al- mighty God . . that I have sinned exceedingly in thought, word, and deed, through my fault." But in the Bible we read that Jesus appointed men His ambas- sadors: "I will give thee the keys of. the kingdom of heaven; and whatever that/ shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven, and whatever thou shalt loose on earth, shall be loosed in heaven." (Matt. 16, 19). These words were addressed to St. Peter, the Head of the Church. The fulness of Jesus' authority was thereby con- ferred on him. o Elsewhere the Bible says that on the first Easter evening Jesus came to the Apostles, breathed on them, and then said, "Receive the Holy Ghost; whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they re retained." (John 20, 22). St. Paul writes beautifully of this priestly power in his second letter to the Corinthians: "All things are from God, who has rec- onciled us to himself through Christ; md has given to us the ministry of reconciliation. For God was truly in Christ, reconcil- ing the world to himself by not reckoning against men their sins and by entrusting to us the mes- sage of reconciliation. On behalf of Christ, therefore, we are acting as ambassadors, God, as it were, appealing through us." (5, 18-20). Certainly, then, Jesus went to an awful lot of trouble, talking about Keys, breathing on the Apostles giving them super- and natural power, if He meant us to go directly to God for forgiveness. If that were the case, why give the power of forgiveness to His Apostles ? We find an instance of forgive- ness conferred through ambassa- dors which, strangely, no one dis- putes: the Sacrament of Baptism, which washe all sin from the soul --and yet no one would think of baptizing himself, and no one bog- gles in the least at going to an- other man and asking him to con- fer the Sacrament. How is the forgiveness of sin through confession any different in principle from the forgiveness of sin through baptism, except that the one instance involves the complete abandonment of spiritual in subsequently dividing the fruits cf. joint aggression in Europe, is not only immune from responsi- bility for her past but is the chief heneficiary of the treaties. Caught Between Two Savage Giants The Italian people can by no means be m a d e responsible for Mussolizii's alliance with Hitler. Finland was pushed inlo the Nazi camp solely as a result of Soviet aggression and the refusal of the DemoCracies to use pressure on her behalf. Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria were too weak to resist German pressure, especially once it wasallied with that of the pow- erful Soviet Union. Thus, caught between two savage giants--Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia--and with tne Democracies unprepared and far away, those nations until Hitler's attack on Russia in June, 1941, had no choice but to surren- der to the power which was strong- est an closest to them. Thus, with the exception of Mussolini's tnane dreams of a new Roman empire, the fate of the other former satellites was the direct outcome of the Nazi-Soviet deal, V( h i c h divided Europe be- tween the two aggressive conquer- ors. What happened later was a mere matter of logic. Berle Speaks Out It is a very encouraging symp- tom of the sense of justice and politicl realism of American pub- tic opinion, that in reaction to the treaties so .ma0_y protests and de- mands, that they should not be ratified by U. S. Senate, have been ,voiced. The m o s t outstanding xnong these messages is the an- alysis of the Italian treaty pre- pared by Adolf A. Berle Jr. in a public letter to Common Cause, Jnc•, a pro-democratic and anti- communist organization in N e w York. Mr. Berle demands that the Ttalian treaty's "ratification be de- layed until the outline of the Eu- ropean settlement shall be agreed upon." The American-Hungarian Federation sent a violent protest tb Washington against the harsh treaty terms imposed on Hungary and the Polish-American Congress .ent also an appeal to the U. S. Senate on behalf of all the nations vy repara-i )ride and self-will which, to be t;: he eh:hmelll y te:e-countries[sure, is in perfect accord with the are to pay almost exclusively to spirit of the Gospels? Russia make them economically (Written by the Ray• Richard ndent on the]Grader for the Narberth Move and politically depe • - Soviet Union. And the Americanmen.f, sponsored by the National taxpayer will feel the impact of! Council of Catholic Men). this. Reparations will increase the misery and famine in Italy, Hun- gary, Romania, Bulgaria and Fin- land. Only American help and re- lief dan save them from utter col- lapse and bloody revolutions. Thus American money will continue to escue people from starvation, while Russia will empty their 1.arders under the guise of repara- tions. This is precisely the situa- tion the treaties were supposed to prevent. "With frontiers mutilated, tleir national morale crushed and made! totally defenseless, these unhappy countries will be as completely at the mercy of Stalin as they "once were at the mercy of Hitler. The Democracies have helped to dis- arm and humiliate friendly nations in order to accommodate their en- emy, Soviet Russia• This is the final balance. In fluid and chaotic conditions of Europe nothing is stable to- day. It seems incomprehensible that the stabilization of the con- tinent should begin by making the Soviet hold on its large por- tion permanent. The only way to stop this evil, is if the United States Senate refuses to ratify the treaties until they are com- pletely revised. Great Thoughts FROM THE PSALMS God, The Avenger Of Wickedness O Lord God, the Avenger, O God, the Avenger, make Thy appearance• -. Take action, Thou Ruler of the world. Repay the haughty with what they deserve. ffected. Russia Gains 1 Jockeying How long. 0 Lord, will evil men From the political point of view. exult; the treaties take no cognizance of tlow long will they babble with the existing realities of the day. / their insolent speech. The compromise on which they are! Surely the Lord will be my fort- Feast Days Sunday, lfebruary 23. -- St. Peter Damian was born in 988 and achieved great distinction at the University of Parma. He dew-erred the world and eventually became head of the monks of Font-Avails- no. Seven Popes in succession l made him their constant adviser l and he was at last created Card- inal Bishop of Ostia. He labored in defense of Alexander III against the Antipope, whom he forced to yield and seek for pardon. Monday, February 24. -- t. Matthias, Apostle Matthias was selected, after prayer, to fill the vacancy among the Apostles left by the betrayal of Judas. He was above all remarkable for his mor- tification of the .flesh. Tuesday, February 25. -- St.. Tarasius was bern ia Constantin- ople about the middle of the eighth century, of a noble fam;iy. He was made consul and afterward first minister to the Emperor Constan- tine and the Empress Irene, his mother. In the midst of the court he led a religious life and was chosen unanimously to be the suc- cshor of Paul, Patriarch of Con- santinople. Wednesday, February 26• -- St. Porplyry, Bishop. At the age of 25, Porphyry, a rich citizen of Thessalonica, left the world for one of the great religious houses in the desert of Scete. He follow- lowed Christ's counsel by selling all of his i)ossessions and di.tri- buting the returns to the poor. He was ordained: in 393 and three yeai-s later, much against his will, was made Bishop of Gaza, presid- ing over hat diocec for 27 years. He died in 420. Thursday, Frua- 7.  ,l. Leander, Bishop, one of the glories of the Spanish Church, was the eldest of five brothers. He entered a monastery when very young and in time his virtue and learning led to his elevation to the See of Seville, when Spain was in the CATHOL•IC NORTHWEST PROGRESS I TRANGE BUT TR Little-K=.ewt. [ectl e Cetellcsl liw 7 61NIOROU6 bTORI[b OFCATHOUf OAV[Pg First Chinese Cardinal A CARDINAL in China was such an unheard of thing heretofore, that a new word or phrase had to be found to designate a Prince of the Church. Tlie combination created by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Hung-ih-chu-chiao, when broken down into plain English means "redrobed Bishop." And it is thus that His Eminence Thomas Card- inal TienS.V.D., who started life with the pagans nartke of Tung-lai, - is now known in China. The father Of Chin,s first Card- inal was a teacher of languages. It was as a professor that he found the road iwhich figuratively led him .to Rome and which, ulti- mately, would lead to his son's elevation to the Sacred College. When Tung-lai was seven, the father, Tien Kai-liang, became lit- erature professor at Puo-li Semi- nary. Professor Tien Kai-liang soon became a Catholic but at the time of his death, in 1901, the son had not been baptized. Seminary authorities assumed responsibility for the boy and that same year, Friday, February 21, 1947 T Msgr. Sheen Details Reasons the Church Opp C " oses ommun|sm (This is the fourth in a series of addresses entitled "Light Your , Lamps" delivered in the Catholic Hour on February 16, 1947, by " Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen of the Catholic University of, America.) By Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen "0E of the most common statements that is made to me by those who are not members of the Church is: "What I like about your Church, is its opposition to Communism." This compliment is deserved, for the Church is the only solid moral force in the world that is opposed to the new barbarism. "On the other hand, though, we are grateful to our friends for saying that the Church is the only bulwark left in the world against Communism, we are considerably embarrassed by it, because it praises us for being anti-some-i thing rather than pro-something; it makes us admired because we hate their enemy, rather than be-! cause they love our ideals. Their sentiments of praise are like those of a fat woman toward her physic- ian. She admires him because he is the enemy of her over-weight, but she does not like him becaue he recommends a diet to cure her of obesity. at the age of 11, Tien Tung-lal S 12 d through baptism became Thomas U rs u m o r a Ties. "Before passingon to thereas- In 1904 this young Chinese Cath- ons why the Church is opposed to olic began PreParing himself for[Communism, it might :be well to What's Right With the World? the priesthood, but the future was set down some reasons why the not as simple as he thought. Be- Chtlrch is no opposed to Cam- By Rev. James M. Gillis, C.S.P. cause of tuberculosis:--or the pre- munism. sumption of it he was advised "I It is not opposed to Cam- __ to leave the seminary. But two munism because Communism Littl Wi d priests and finally his bishop in- is anti-Capitalistic. If by Capital- e S om tervened and persuaded the auth- ie,m is meant, not diffused own- orities to permi continuation of ership of property, hut monopol- EVERY writer and every public speaker will confess, if he his studies. Fourteen years later, istic capitalism, in which capital is honest, that there are favorite notions of his own or in June, 1918, he was ordained and bids for labor on a market, and • served various missions before an- concentrates wealth• in the hands quotations from others which he inflicts upon his audience i taring the novitiate of the Society of the few, then from an econonuc again and again just as a raconteur repeats his favorite I of the Divine Word in 1929. Five point of view alone, the Church is ekes n years later he was named Prefect a d anecdotes. One of my favorite quotations is from l . . just as much opposed to Capital- Apostohc of Puo h Swedish diplomat of the 17th Century His name was Axel Ozen-I - • ism as it is to Communism. Com- . " . But it was after becoming Vicar stmrn and the saying by which he will be remem-I ................ munism emphasizes social use to ' ,, . . e. Aposcoue OZ xangKu, m lVS cnar the exclusion 'of personal rights, bared is this: My son, see wh how httle wsdomlh e made his famous journey to and Cpitallsm emphasizes per- this great world is governed." That saying comes I Rome -- 200 miles of it hy horse- serial rights to the exclusion of back to me when I read of wars and of the ief- drawn cart across Sine-Japanese social use. The Church says both factual attempts of nations to prevent wars; also battlefields. He wa literally, and are wrong, and refuses to main- when I read or hear news of strikes, of periods of with difficulty, traversing the road tain Capitalism as an alternative inflation and depression, of unemployment in a to Rome at the summons of His to the economic side of Commun- country like ours where edae natural resources are Holiness Pope Pins XII who ism. Communism is only rotted infinite and mechanical and industrial skill all hut wished personally to consecrate Capitalism. Capitalism cancan- infinite. In fact old Ozenstiern's sage remark pops, him Titular Bishop of Ruspe. trates wealth, in the hands of a into my head on almost any occasion. The reception of such signal few capitalists, and Communism It mounted from my subconscious or unconscious honors frofia the Sovereign Pan- in the hands of  ew bureaucrats, mind to the surface of my memory when I read tiff did not affect the traditional and both end in the proletarianiz- the new and amazing book .to which I have referred simplicity of this Chinese mission- ation of the maes. Concentra- momen,tarily before, "Pearl Harbor" by George cry. He continued to be a part of tion of wealth is wrong whether the daily life of his people -- a it is done on the Hudson or the Morgenstern. That book had particular interest for me because I Bishop one met up with most any- Volga. had read Admiral Kimmers defense before it was made public, and where, who toured his new Tsing- "2 The Church is not opposed to had been astounded to learn how little precise, immediate warning the vicariate on a bicycle, wearing Communism b e c a u s e the he had had of what was to happen on that fateful December 7th a plain Chinese garments and ac- Church is a defender of "the stat- Hawaii. Later on, like every good American citizen I went carefully companied by one servant, a us-qua. In every movement one over the newspaper accounts of the various investigations (there Bishop who always had a friendly must distinguis,h between protests were twelve in all). Also I had read certain penetrating studies of word and an affectionate glance and reforms. One can protest the Pearl Harbor catastrophe from the pens of such acute observers for the passerby, against a headacle without advo- as John T. Flynn and Charles A. Beard. Now all China takes pride in eating decapitation. The protests But perhaps the chief reason that old Ozenstiern quotation came the career of Cardinal Tien, Arch- of Communism are often right; to my mind was that I had myself (though a rank amateur) guessed, bishop of Peiping. But the Card- but the reforms are wrong. The inal is still the humble servant of Church agrees with some of the some three years in advance, what tlte Japanese might do at Pearl God and neighbor. Harbor. Stopping at Honolulu on the way to the Eucharistic Con- protests of Communism. In fact, there is a far better critique of grass in Manila in 1937, I was entertained by one of the most prom- YOUNGEST BISHOP IN WORLD the existing economic order hased inent citizens of the island, and was taken by him on a sight-seeing Bishop-elect Denis Eugene Hur- on the primary of profit in two tour which included Diamond Head, the Gibraltar of Hawaii. We were lay, O.M.I., newly-named Vicar Encyclicals of Leo XIII and Pins told indeed that Diamond Head was stronger than either GibraRar Apostolic of Natal (South Africa) XI than there is in all the writ- or Singapore. :and T2tular of Turuzi, is believed ings of Marx. But the reforms of "But," said I, being a brash amateur, "it seems to me that the here to be the youngest Bishop Communism are wrong, because entire defense is postulated on the guess, or the hope,'that the Japa- in the world. He is 31. The lowest they are inspired by the very err- nese will come in ships and will be sufficiently accommodating to sail canonical age for the appointment ors they combat. Communism be- around that promontory. In that case the guns of the fortress can of a Bishop is 30. gins with the Liberal and Capital- be fired at them a( point blank range. Suppose they come in planes and ignore the fortifications." I don't remember the reply except God and Your Child that I was pooh-poohed as an ignoramus and was made to feel silly. But what l had supposed was exactly what the Japanese did. I By Marie Cecilia McGrath, Ph.D. take no credit for that surmise. "Any fool" could see what they would do. But there seems to be something about the big brass that unfits them to see what a rank amateur could not help seing. Sm Is The Enemy Not only the big brass, but the big wigs; not only the fighting men on the spot but the higher ups at the national capital who give A SH WEDNESDAY begins the great season of penance. directions to the generals and the admirals. Why didn't they see It affects the church throughout the world. The day is " 4, ,, what was so obvious? Why so little wisdom? Catastrophe came named from the distribution of ashes. Remember man that[ because they didn't see. As for the attempt to locate the principal blame. I should imagine thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return, is the[ that the matter had been decided by the Commander-in-Chief himself, Church's warning.  --"- who said, as early as December 20, 1940: "There are two or hree The Church is our Mother even doesnt'want us to make a .mistake as she is the Spouse of Christ. In baptism she brought us forth as children of grace destined to in- herit with Jesus Christ, God's own Son, the wonderful life of God in heaven• We are on earth for only a few years. We are placed Sere to work out our salvation. Our Mother, the Church, does not wish us to forget, or neglect, or fail to appreciate why we are here. So she reminds us of our purpose very forcibly on Ash wednesday, holding before our eyes the fact of death and the fate of our body. However, she does not intend ti, at we be gloomy about death. Death is no tragedy. It is, instead, our hirth into heaven, our entrance into the great inheritance which the Saviour bought for us hy His i passion and death. The saints h.ave had the right outlook on death. They loved to think about it; they longed for it to come and free them of this life that they might enter into God's life. After all, it was for the life of God in heaven tltt we were made. Our destiny is so wonderful that the Son of God left heaven,• lived on earth 33 years, suffered most cruelly and died a most ignominious death on the Cross, to win tt for you and me. No wonder the Church ,and miss it. Theologians tell us that the greatest pain of hell is not the torture of fire suffered there. Nor is it being with everybody you despise and hate forever. No, the greatest pain of hell is that souls there have lost God. They have lost the life for which they were made--the life of God. They h.uve lost the treasure that Jesus Christ came Himself to win and safe- guard for them,--the possession of God. And they have lost it of their oa free iil and forever. No, death is not something to be feared..If we are in the state of grace, death is a friend. It is sin that is our enemy. It is sin that makes death a gateway to d,arkness. Our Lady, appearing at Fatima, warned against this ter- rible enemy of ours, sin, which is destroying Christ's work in the souls of so many. And as our, Lady, weeping in her sorrow, told the three children to whom she appeared, death is finding thou- sands of these souls in sin ,and they are being plunged into hell. What a dreadful price for men to pay for a little gratification of the body! We need the Chui'ch to re- mind us: Remember man that thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return. cardinal principles; and one of them is the fact that you cannot, under the Constitution, set up a second President of the United States. In other words, the Constitution states one man is responsible. :Now that man can delegate, surely, but in the delegation he does not dele- gate away any part of the responsibility from the ultimate responsi- bility that rev on him." Mr. Morgenstern qotes tlat statement from the President's Papers, 1940, p. 63. It is one of a thousand quotations thane make "Pearl Harbor" interesting. On whatever side of the controversy you may now happen to be, you should read that book. (Copyright 1947, N.C.W.C. zqews Service) based ignores the fact, that it is] tess, not in the interest of the Democ-[ _. ,^. possession of the Visigoths. He - . " [ And n,y ,,u will be to me a rock bacame the instrument of convert- facies that helpless and unhappy of refue nations, friendly to them, bet " ing the nation to the Faith. He crushed and punished for the mis-IHe shall reqte their m. alice. . Idled about the year 596. ! Their own wnckedness will he thmr Frt a Februa takes of their past leaders, b ut I destruction d y, ry 28.- SS. RO-i God, Who knows and sees all, that the Soviet tide be stopped I " i manuLs and Lupicinus, Abbots. Re-l is most understanding. We, ig- from enveloping Europe. The true The Jrd, our God, shall destroy[manus retired from the world at norant mortals, know and see very underlying issue of the treaties is I them. Ithe age of 35 and eventually as- llittle and are most intolerant.--  in the fact their relation to the! Excerpts taken from Psalm 93. [tablished himself ifl the forests of O. A• Battista. "Quotations Worth Quoting" Almost all of our faults are more pardonable than the methods we think up to hide them.--La Rochefoucauld. When you speak, you indicate your state of mind, your state of health and your breeding. One test of good manners is be- ing able to put up with bad ones. A bore is the kind of man who never knows how hadly he feels until you ask him. Moufit Jura, whither came Lup'ici-! nus, his brother, in the company of others. The brothers governed the monks jointly and in great harmony• St. Romanus died about the year 460 and St. Lupicintus survived him by 20 years. ,aturday, March 1. -- t, David, /Jishop. son of Sant, Prince of Cm'dian, was born in the fiisthl century and from his earliest years wa devoted to the service of God. He preached against heresy, was elected Bishop of Caerleon. He lived to the age of 80 years, dying on March 1, 561. @ istic error that man is economic, and instead of correcting it, mere- ly intensifies it until man becomes a robot in a vast economic ma- chine. There is a closer relation between Communism and Mono- polistic Capitalism than ' most. minds suspect. They are agreed on the materialistic base of civil= ization; they disagree only on who shall control that basis, capitalists or bureaucrats. " The Church is not opposed to i Communlsm necause Com- munism persecutes religion. Per- secution of the Church does not make an ideology wrong, though it proves the person who perse- "" cutes is. wrong. St. Paul pcrse- . cuted the Church, but that did not- mean that the ideology of the Old Testament was wrong. There are some believers in the Divinity of Christ who are bitter enemies of the Church, but the enmity is not in the belief. Even though Cam .... munism gave the fullest measure of liberty to the Church, the anti- . thesis between religion and Com- munism would still xist, just as it exists against Communism ,in the Russian Orthodox Churches outside of Russia. Though a measure of "liberty is granted to the churches within Russia pro- vided they become political instru- ments of Communism, the Ortho- dox Church, nevertheless, con- demns Communism. Communist: Philosophy Is ..... Intrinsically Wicked "The Church is in ineradicable .. opposition to Communism because its philosophy is intrinsically wicked. That is why the Church refused to accept the "extended left hand" policy of Communism a-few years ago. The Church ..... knew what was held in its right hand. If Communism ceased all religious persecution today, but continued to teach that the indi- vidual person had no value except as a unit in a collectivity, that there was no other morality than State morality, and no conscience " " but the conscience of the Polit- Bureau, then the Church would be just as much opposed to Com- munism as it is now. Throwing stones at Church windows does not .make Communism wrong; but saying that man is only a one- does--and it is at this point that. we part company. " The Church is not opposed to Commumsm uecause it he- lieves that Russia is the enemy of the world. The Church makes a distinction between an ideology and a people. The ideology is wicked; the people are good. It is not generally known, but actu- ally only 3 per cent of the popula- - tion of Russia. belong to the Com- munist party--and there is no other party to whom they may belong. The distinction between American Communists and the Soviet Government is spurious ...... just as the distinction between-- American Bundists and Hitler wa :-" spurious, but the distinction be- tween the Soviet Government with its police tyranny and the Russian people is solid, and it is on this • basis that we argue. "There is no way of measuring ..... it, but. it is my personal convic- than that there is a more genuin- ely religious fervor, a greater spirit of sacrifice, and a more tru- i ly Christian spirit in the broad masses of the Russian people, than there is in the United States. When finally the yoke of slavery, terrorism and secret police has been lifted from the Russian peo- ple, there will be less need of educating them in the Way of the Cross, than there will be of edu7 cating us; their pent-up spiritual aspirations will unfold in that hour in the flowing of a Christ- ianity that will be a model and an inspiration to the world. rhy The Chnreh Is Opposed '- To Communism . . "Now we come to the reason&. why the Church is opposed tn Communism. "1[ Because Communism is an op- iate for the masses. An opiate -" is a drug ' which deadens the. higher intellectual powers of man, but allows the lower powers to fnction, such a, the vegetative and the animal. Under the influ- ence of a drug, a man cannot think, but he can breathe: he can- not will, but he can digest; he cannot follow a reasoning process, but his blood circulates. In a word, he is no longer a man, but an animal. "Communism is an oniate in the. sense that it completely d?stroys (Contin)ed on Page 5/