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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 21, 1902     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 21, 1902

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)F SEATTI,E I }ra St. ic, residence, I T T, LT. deral Coart. FLE, WASH. }mpany lers in mkets and Lumber. Irts and Un- ase Ball and J E. " OLASSBS ;ALLY tre learal m they jot ; US they are eus, flnldt, nTthlns. a= tmtl abhlt'. ad Zv McDonald. EMENI {0. |, CAR. "88. (} H/PI,m. Io, Wlts  "* r.' WILsonqL..= '-T OF TII ' County. Gustav inted for dmtnlstra. strlbutlon. Theresa on [i'ei)- and pre- In this admlnls. petition be dls- ed there- lnted the the set- earing of notice be II, hi.. tt No. 4, y, In tbe been ap- ' tim set- hg of said ry, A q. D. x CIeH, Clerk. :le. 1902. W, my .hing of @ A WEFI(LY FAMILY NEWSPAPER. VOL. IV. NO. 8. i PENAL DAYS ' force all eutrance and search tile dwelling from garret to cellar. Woe THE SEARCH FOR RECUSANTS AND PRIESTS WAS OF THE MOST RIGOROUS AND UNSURPASSING CHARACTER. An Interesting Article by Ellis Schrei- bet in the Ave Maria. On occasion of tile ililgrimage to the venerable shrine of Our lm(ly of Consolation at West Grinstead last July, the devout llilgrinls who jour- _ neycd thither fl'om all parts of Eng- land were invited to inspect the an- tique ln'esbytery which in days of yore formed liars of the residence of the Carylls, the former lords of the nalltlr. Fl'Oln its moss-covered roof, Zleomposed tit thik slabs of gray stone. lises a chimney stack of somewhat Cll- rious coustruetion. Within it, mr in the lmrt of the building immediately ad- joining it. are as many as four hiding placcs--"priests'-holes," as they used to be called, since ill the clays of llerse- cution they afforded many a priest or ]'eeusant a means of chiding his pur- StlPI'S for a time. at ally rate. if not of escal)ing ultimate eapttu'e. History relates that Father Bell, a Franciscan concealed ill the mansion of which we speak, venturing to leave, his hiding- place, was captured lly the priest- hunters ill a lane close hy. and was Inartyred at Tyl}urn in 1643. Indeed, a considerable number of these hn'kfng places existed in the cas- tles and mansions of the wealthy at a period anterior to the persecution in the time of Queen Elizal}eth. In trou- tnmls and lawless times, when family feuds were rife and party spiri t ran high, wiletl persons who had real 0r imaginar'y grievances against others took the law into their own hands and often executed summary vengeance on tile offender, many fugitive, political or otherwise, owed his life and liberty to contrivances of this sort, which enabled him to evade the arm of pub- lic justice or tile weapon of a private enemy. Yet a large majority of the secret chambers and hiding-places in our ancient buildings date from the reign of Queen Elizabeth, when san- guinary laws were enforced with the utmost severity against our Catholic forefathers who remained faithful to the ancient faith. This fact it is which invests these relics of a past age wlth peculiar interest for Catholics. We who live in peaceful times and enjoy freedom of worship can scarcely credit the stringency of the enact- ments against those who refused to conform to the heretical use of divine service. Every recusant over the age of sixteen years who would not attend the Protestant rites was at first fined twelve pence every Sunday, later on condemned to forfeit 20--a large sum in those days--every month to the Crown. "Thundering statutes" were passed in regard to Jesuits and so-called "seminary priests," whose object, it was alleged, was to stir up treason against the Queen. Every clergyman who should administer the sacraments or celebrate rites accord- iig to the Catholic use was condemned for the first offense to imprisonment for six months; for the second for- feiture of his living, and a year's ira. prisonment; for the third to incarcera- tion for the remainder of his life. Nor was this all: any one convicted of bringing into the realm crosses, pic- tures, beads, Agnus Dots, or the like, incurred the penalty of perlletual im- prisonment and loss of all his goods. No wonder, then, when such laws were in force, that in the manor-houses or mansions of old Roman Catholic falnilies an apartment in a sech|ded part of the house, or perhaps a garret in the roof, which served as a chapel, is generally found; an{l near to it some artfully contrived hiding-place, into which the officiating priest could quicMy retire, and in which the sa- cred vessels, vestments, and altar fur- uiture could I}e hidden. No wonder that when the faithful, apprised by means of a l)reconcerted signal--such as the spreading of linen to dr)' u,pon a hedge--that tile rare and often dear- ly-1}ruchased privilege of hearing Mass was to be enjoyed at the residence el' a nKm'ing squire or nobleman, lnet togel"/ for divine WOl'ship, the ut- most llrecautions were taken against deteetion and surprise. For the'emis- saries of the law WCl"e authorized to pay a domiciliary Visit at any hour of the day or night to the house of Iietide the unhaptiy i}riest who was taken ill the act of celebratiug the holy mysteries'. \\;Vith scarce a form o1' trial he was cast into llrison, tor- Lured an(I cxeeltte(I with barl}arous cruelty. Tile search for recusants and priests was of the Inost rigorous and nuspar- ing charactcw. Father Gerard. ill his autobiogral}hy, gives a detailed ac- count of tile lnode of [}Pocedul'e. Tile searclt-llarty wouhl briug with tllem skilled carlienters and masons, and try every expedient, fronl mcasure- ulents and Stll'l'{}tllldillgS to tearing down panelling and pulling ut) floors. lie hinlself escalipd Callture many times by taking refuge ill the secret ehanll)ers ill different Catholic man- sions, \\;vhen the llue and cry after hiln was at its highest pitch, lte thus re- lates his exciting exl}eriences ill all ohl house in Essex. where the (hal}el and "priests'-holes" may still he seen and also a fine ohl stone fireplace that was strilIlIed of its overmantcl and ornaments of carved oak hy the pur- suivants in their search for Fathcr Gerard. He tells us with what success the house which was noted as a resort for llriests, tile owners being stanch "Papists," was eolored in tile year 1594: "On Easter Monday, on a(.count of the dangers that threatened us, we were trying to get ready for Mass before sunrise, when suddenly we heard the noise of horses galloping and of a multitude of men coming to surround the house anti eat off all escape. Immediately tile ornaments were pulled off the altar, the hiding- places thrown open, my hooks and pa- pers,carried into them, and an effort made o ljid( me and my effects toge- ther. I wanted to get into a hiding- l}lae near the dining-room, as well to be farther from the chapel and the more suspicious part of the house as because there was a store of provisions there. Moreover. I hoped to hear our enemies' talk. wherein there might be something which bm'e upon our inter- ests. But the mistress of the house would have me go into a place near the chapel, v]here the altar furniture could be stowed with me. I yielded, and went in after everything was safe that needed putting away. "Scarcely had I done so wimn the searchers broke down the door, and, forcing their way in, spread through the house with great noise and racket. Their first step was to lock up the mistress of the house in her own room with her maids; and all the Catholic servants they kept locked up in divers places in the same house. They then took to themselves the whole house, which was of a good size, and made a thorough search in every part, not forgetting to look even under the tiles of the roof. The darkest corners they examined with the help of candles. !Finding nothing, however, they began to break down certain places they sus- pected. They xneasured the wails with long rods, so that if they did not tally, they might pierce the part not account- ed for. Thus they sounded the walls and all the boards, to find out and break into any hollow places there might be. "They silent two days in this work without finding anything. Thinking, therefore, that I had gone on Easter Sunday, the two magistrates went away on tile second day, leaving the pursuivants to take the mistress of the house and her Catholic servants of both sexes to Lonllon to be examined and imprisoned. They meant to leave some who were not Catholics to keep the house, the traitor (one of the servants) being one of them. The good lady was pleased at this, for she hoped he would be tile means of free- lng me and rescuing me from death; for she knew l had made up my mind to suffer and (lie of starvation hetween two walls rather than come forth and save my life at the exl/ense of others.* * The crinle of receiving and assist- ing llrieuts was at thit tilue punisha- tile with death. In fact, daring tile four days that l' lay. hid, [ had nothing to eat hut a hiscuit :or two anlt a little quinee jelly which !inY hostess had at hand and gave me as I was going in. She did not look :for ally more. as she supposed tile search wonhl not last beyond a {lay. [ I "But now tlmt two (lays 'were gone, ] and she was to be carried off on the I I third, with till her trusty servants, she hegan to be afraid of my dying froni slicer hunger. She bethought herself then of the traitor who she" SEATTLE. WASH., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1902 ileard ,,,as to he left behind. He had FEBRUARY ulade a great fuss and show of with- standing tile searchers when they first fro(ell their way in. For all that, she wouhl not have let him know of tile hiding-places had she not been ill such Sll'aits. Thinking it better, however, to rescue me t'ronl certain death, though it was at her own risk.she charged him, when everyone had gone, to go into a certain l'(1onl, call lUe by nly wonted nanle, and tell nle that tile others had heen taken to l}Pison but that he was M't to (leliv{,r me. I wouhl then an- swer. she said, fronl behind the wains- cot where I tay con((ale(1. "Tile traitor llromised to obey faith- fully, bnt he unfoldc{1 tile whole mat- ter to tile rultians who had been left ON THAT DAY THE ENTIRE NA- TIAN PAUSES TO LOOK BACK BEYOND A CENTURY AND RE- COUNT HIS VIRTUES AND DEEDS OF VALOR. Address Before the Young Men's In- stitute Last Evening by A. J. Bookmyer. To uudc;rstan(l the conditio|ls of life ill lhe days ot Washingtolt is to Iehind. than they ('ailed Ilack tlie nmgistrates who had #leliarted. These returned very early ml the following nlorning und renewed tile search. They ll]oaSUl'ed and SOlllldod everywhere mu(.h nlore car(q'lllly than hefore, es- ii(,{,ial]y ilt the (,hanlller allove inen- tioned, ill order tu lind (lilt sonic hol- low I)lace. But, findning nothing what- ever during the whole of tile third day, they set guards in all tile rooms aliont to watch all night lest I should rscaile. [ heard from my lliding-l)lace the pass- word which the captain of the band gave to his soldiers; and I might have got off hy using it. were it not that they would have seen me issuing from lily retreat. "But mark the wonderful providence (if God. Here l was in my hiding-place, The way I got into it was by taking till tile floor, made of wood and ln'lcks, ! under the fire place. The place was so: coustructed that a fire could not be lit in it without damaging the house; though we made a point of keel)ing wood there, as if it were meant for a fire. Well. the inen on the night-watch lit a fire in this very grate and began chattering together close to it. After a time the bricks, which had not bricks hut wood nnderneath them, got loose and nearly fell out of their places as the wood gave way. On noticing this, and probing the bottom with a stick. they found that the bottom was made of wood; whereulion they remarked that this was something curious. I thought that they were going there and then to break open tlle place and enter, but they made up their minds at last to put off further examination till next day." Hearing this, Father Gerard tells ns that he besought the Lord earnestly-- though he had no thought of escaping ---that he might not be taken in that house, and so endanger his entertain- ers. His prayer was granted; for, though the search was renewed on the following morning, God had blotted all remembrance of what the watchmen had noticed out of their memory. "Not one of the searchers entered the place the whole day," he contin- ues; "though it was the one that was most open to suspicion. And if they had entered they would have found me without any search,--rather, I should say, they would have seen me; for the fire had burnt a great hole in my hid- ing place, and had I not got a little out of the way the hot embers would have fallen on me. The searchers, forget- tlng or not earing about this room, busied themselves in ransacking the rooms below, in one of which I was said to be. In fact. they found the other hiding place to which I had thought of going, as 1 mentioned be- fore. It was not far off, so that could hear their shouts of joy when they ill'st found it. But after joy comes grief, and so it was with them: they found only a goodly store of pro- visions laid up. "They stuck to their lmrllose, how- ever, of strillping off all the wains- cot of tile other large room. So they set a man to work near the ceiling, close to the place where I was; for the lower ]art of the walls was eov- ered with tapestry, not with wains- cot. They striplled off the wainscot all round till they came again to the very place where I lay; then they lost] heart and gave Ull tile seareh. My hidulg-l}lace was ill a thick wall of the ehimney, llehind a finely inlaid and carved mantlepiece. They eouhl not well take down the carving with- out risk of In'caking it. Broken it wouhl have been into a thousand pieces had they ally conception that 1 was (',./n(.ealed hellind it. Plt know- ing there were two tlues, they did not think that there could he rooln enough tilers fol' a lnan: llay, I)efore this. on the sccond (lay of the se,eh, they had gone into tile room above and (Continued on Page Five.) No sooner Jaid they lieal it nlore fully alll}reciate the events that Inake this anuivcrsiiPy uleulol'able an(l worthy of (..(!lel/ration. To {h} this V,'{ lllUS f{)l'Jet a ('ontury (}f l}ea('e ilIld II{1Vall{,e!ll(qlt; We lnllst g(} I}ac I}ast the {layB of honlcly (,oulfol't an{1 Ll'a- ditional (untentnlcnt {}f our gral)dfaih- ers into a renloter ]/as[ with lcss of {.onffurl, with more of righteous dis- content; we nlust sec nlen and wonlen in honlcsl)un (lress and cowhide shoes, with tawny skin, smoked in part by a hundred clearing tires, and ill part by rebellious iireplaces, for it was be- fore the age of stoves; we lnust see them fell the forest, rear the home, blaze tile way through pathless woods to church and friends, contend with nature cu every hand till contention seemed a very life, and then we will understand vhenee came their stout he.arts and rugged ln'acttcal manhood. We will Ileal' theh' cheerful voices like woodbh'd's irate, at dawn of day, shlg praise to tfhn whose native tem- llle is their abode. We will admire their peace prompted by mutual de- pendence an{! the universal struggle. We Will council with them and defer the day that threatens to mar this hal}py, natural life, though dread of war caunot mean a compromise of principles. Yes, we Ileal' the nanle of mother conlltry spoken wtth less of pleasure and in tones subdued, portending ill. We hear "England" wlth a shudder and often., in contempt. We hear of taxes, petitions, the landing of troops and armed resistance. The huntsman- farmer puts his flint-lock in order and awaits the crisis. The clay came. Lt oegan at Lexing- ton and ended at Yorktown we know the whole story. It is a distinct epoch, its results are the heritage of the world, Though nature has been subdued, and we are surrounded by more of re- finement and the elements of higher life, the principles for which they lived and fought have not changed--like our mountain streams, they run on forever. Mind may be developed, or even perverted, yet fundamental principles do not change, and from them spring our patriotism and our statesmanship. Peace may have its victories, but strife is the nursery of principles and unless this strife is perpetuated through emulation, and not through praise, weak is our life, wasted is our inheritance, and our epi- taph, ah'eady written, speaks of misery and shame. Gratitude is the language of the heart and speaks of the past in rec- ognition of deeds done for the general good and in defense of human rights. Today an entire nation Imuses to look back iitto another century and to re- count he valorous deeds of heroism that brought human equality into the world, and secured to us the natural rights su long assumed as inhering only to crowned heads, to royal blood or to princes of fortune. Politically we are what our forefathers made us. i The unfclding of our nationalism and [the development of our institutions no less than the influence of {}Ill' voice among the nations of the earth, show tile wisdom and foresight o1" the found- ers of this government: and tonighL it is our 1)rivilege to crown again the heroes of the Revolution, to reassert [or thera the Declaration of Independ- ence. to rene%v our fealty to tile con- stituHon and to show what liberty has dlnle fo,' us. To fully aplu'eci:tte this it is not enough to estimate our multi- plied population ur point to the re- sources of au inlnlensc area. l'iche" than tile fabled gardens of the world No, we must go to Vallty l'ol'ge and sec the starving, shatlerell pioneer, we lunsE join ill tlle reu'eat from Long Ishutd. we nnlst go with Washi,ngton I across the 1)elaware 'mid blinding I I snow. we must pray with him on many a battle fi0.hl and realize how mueh ............................................ -i i-i-C--E-- F-iy -----diiii .--  har(ler it is to fight without a coun- ring trihcs into nations of t)eaee. Our try than in defense of one. There zeal led us out (if the sentintent of was ,it is true, the scnlhlan(!e o]' OI'- hunlanity iuto the Sllirlt of entcrprise, ganize{I govrnnlcnt, but it was inl-lfroIn l)rotcctor we have turned con- llotent. It eouhl neither point the way nor fuPnlsh the nleans to carry on the war. The colonies were rich only in inanhood. They were horn with the instinct of patriotimn, while we are patriots by education. Their l}atriot- ism was sclf-sacrifiee, ours often is .,wlt'-htterest and polities. The t,Oll(lilions under which, for which, oP against whi{,h l 1)a{/I)l(' strug- gle genoraI{, exalled ('oncel/tions and strenuous life ill childrcn llorn at such times which are readily fornul- latcd into rot}tires and l}rin('il}les that nlak{ all el}t}{'h heroic. ,Sl{'ll were the linles when Washington and his ('ol- leagues came into the world. Such were t]/o nlcn ;t Celltury and a ha]f of Vl'l}llg" 1)l'odll(:cd, Su('h were the I)Poad prin(.iples of ol'ganized lillerty established that every man was nlude a .I}al't of tile I)eoph, and tile peollle are the governnlenl, Rank anll class and blood are made aliens, (idi(}us to free institutions. The l(a(hws WCl'C nlen of (.(instrnc- tire genius as well as iletermincd llur - I)OSO, SO nut of the destructh)n war had wrought sprang the splendid creallon we call ()Ill' governnlent. The cost was war six ycars of war and war is only a name. It ineant to give up peaceful industry, to distrust, to kill; it meant loss of sensibility, question- .hle hahits, hunger ill the camp, pri- vation al honle; it meant shops with- out artisans, farms without plownlen, homes without habitants; it meant mothers without children and ehll- dren without fathers, nameless graves and life without hope. Its end is songht through destruction. To lllUn- der, to burn, to kill, are other nantes for conquest. Invasion and de- vastation blast and impoverish tile land ; they dishearten and sul}juate the common will; they excite men to rage rather than reason; take from life its buoyant hope and gladness and pervert the whole natnre of a people. This was the pros- pect confronting our Revolutionary Fathers. Under such conditions the colonists might be ruled, but it re- quired their consent to make it effec- tive government. It is not in nature to bless the hand that smites, nor is it the province of empire to aban- don rule or rots-rule witllout a strug- gle. Realizing these facts and to pre- vent a worse condition, Washington collected his scanty forces, directed their movements, shared with them hardships, honors, victories and the final triumph. Under his direction war was not all bloodshed, but it was strategy, and he gave it something of the character of its purpose and of its leaders. Washington, Lafayette, Sullivan, Ma- rion and Green are not half the names that will live always wherever truth- fulness, generosity, valor and liberty have a name. No condition in life and no p.hase of ambition can be more surely attained than by imitating their excellent qnalities. Politeness, dignity and resolution alone are enough to make Washington great. Neitller superior numbers and reverse ill arms nor the assaults of intrigue and falsehood quite overcame him. To be brief, we adopt the sentiment, "First in war, first in peace, first in tile hearts of his countrymen." Our liberty is the light of the cen- turies, it is true. but it remains for us to make it the light of the world. We have the instinct to do good and daily we realtze we owe tile worhl a: debt as we look around and see that still "Man's inhunmnity to man makes I e0untless thousands mourn." lint how shall we best discharge tile debt? First of all, Liberty, as we understand it, is the rightful possesmon of the ln- telligent races and may be recom- mended to theln with all the persist- ence consistency will allow, but it cannot be made a pal's of tile eoncep- tiun. nor shouhl we seek to make it a liars of tile in'aetiee of a lleople in(Il- l)able oJ its applieation. To tell the truth wc seeln t(} have (lone I)oth., Filled with the spirit of our heroic forefatlwrs and smarting under tile charge of indiffereuce and ingratitude, we assumed a grave dolneltnor and looked restraint at the efforts or tyr- anny to fasten upon o/u' llttie southern neighllor and tile far away Philil}- llines tlle gallillg yoke of the hated and inso]ellt renlnant of a once noble and ehivah'ous ra{.e. We struek the blow that we llope will transform war- ]queror--a subject we forbear to dis- cuss. Our action excite(t the envy of the worht, and so inlhuned our step- mother country that she has gone into tile tlusiness of insisting on "re- dress {if wrongs." Verily, it is little less than "crucifying l,illerty between two thieves." We are disciplining ehildren not our own, and England in. sists her (.hihh'en shall play as they please ill her neighhor's front yard, even tu the exclusion of tile neighl)or's {.hildrcm. q'his spoils the 1)cst (if chil- dren. The lUeulory of the Revolution- ary hel'ees calls the whole world to wiincss (}Ul' deeds and to (!ondelnn onr iadifference at tile crushing of a hclllless relmblic. This lUay be the spirit of good gov- el'nlP.enr, but it is llainfully in(ensist- ont. If Anlcrican has a nli88ion and a futnre it is to infinitely inc:'ease the nuulher of true hearted m(fu and wo- nlen at home and to hohl out exanl- Ill(), hul; not to enf(}rcc preccpt at the uXl)cnse of trHe national eharacter. We InHS I}e as unconlpronlising as justice to the tyrant and mercy to the Ot}l}resseal will permit, else our praise of the goo(I and great nlen of Ameri- ca will fail of purl}ose und tile age of great nleu and nohle wonlen will have pltSSell away. TO SUPPRESS ANARCHISM. Archbishop Ireland Urges the Iassage of Federal Laws. CHICAGO, Feb. 15.--hi tile name of liberty itself Arehbishol) Ireland, of St. Paul, demanded tonight the pas- sage o[ federal laws for the suppres. sion of anarchism, the enemy of lib- erty. Speaking at tile inonthly dinner of the Merchants' Club, the archbishop specified three kinds of legislation to this end, each of which he regarded as essential to the welfare of the eoun- try. By the first anarchist immigrants must be exchlded. By the second the life of the chief executive must be effectually protected. By the third the formation of plots on American soil against the lives of foreign rulers must be l}rohiblted. And in case congress has no au- thority fro" such legislation, the arch- bishop saw his way forward unhesi- tatingly. "Let the constitution be so amend- ed that thls anthority be allowed con- gress beyond a doubt," he said. "The matter is of sufficient seriousness to warrant the proi)osal of an amendment to the constitution." Of the so-called philosophic anarch- ism Archbishop Ireland had no good word to speak, and he recelved a round of applause when he said: "As it is, men who dress up such theories in florid language and cover them In the respectability of a liter- ary name, do immense harm and shmlld at all times receive the scorn and contempt of right-thinking men." The following is Archbishop Ire- land's eloquent tribute to the Catholic Church in America during the twen- tieth century : "The Catholic Chureh In America during the twentieth century! O Church of ages and of nations, was there ever ol}ened before thee an 0p- portunity so glorious, so worthy of thy 9 power and majesty. Be thine, then, to reign queen of truth! Wherever seckers after truth journey, be thou their guide, ilhmtinatlng thetr way with thy light and crowning their conquests with thy Sul}ernatural revelation. Be thine to reign queen of humanity! Proclaim with voice that none call fail to hear, those snI}reme in'inciples of moral vir- tue. of social order and liberty, of rights and duties of men, Christ's Gospel taught thee. Pro- claim, then. with the higil authority oil Shy mission, and will to thcm the obe- dience of men by Shy Christlike zeal and Christlike h}vc. Reign iu knowl- edge and tn grace; reign to the glory of thy Christ. and the twentieth ccn- airy will serve him with all tile en- ergy of its intellect and all the as- ilirations of its heart. Thc greatest of centuries will lie the lnl)SL loyal to Christ; and. as hefore. Cilrist will reign in glory over the world.--" Je- sus 'Christ yesterday, todny and the Saule forever."