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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963
 

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Pontiff Sends Candles Behind Iron Curtain A SMILING Pope John XXIII promised to relay many of the candles presented to him by the Roman clergy to Catholic faithful behind the Iron Curtain. It is an old tradition that candles--symbolizing the light of faith--are presented to the Holy Father on Can- dlemas Day. During the ceremony, the Pontiff said he was sending the candles to "the four corners of the earth," but he laid special emphasis on those going to the "Church of Silence" in the Slavic countries. Bishop Sheen Advocates Annual &apos;Science Sunday' WASHINGTON, F e b. 12 (NC)mBishop Fulton J. Sheen has proposed in- auguration of an annual science S u nd ay when persons of all religious faiths could join in thanking God for the blessings of modern science. "We have not been suffici- ently mindful of such blessings from God. So at least on one Sunday of the year we should thank Him for these great blessings of our material civili- zation," said the national di- rector of the Society .for the Propogation of the Faith and auxiliary Bishop of New York. The New York prelate, For the UNUSUAL IN GIFTS... GUnDERSOn S27 PINE 764 IROADWAY SIL&TTLE TACOMA speaking to some 700 men and women at the annual Com- munion breakfast here of the Catholic Apostolate for Mass Med:a (CAMM), said greater recognition "of values outside ourselves" is a principal means of more patriotism among the American people. Remarks Telecast Bishop Sheen's remarks, tele- cast locally, said TV arouses various emotions, all good in themselves, in people. He add- ed if such emotions are aroused without a proper ob- jective, they become "mythical and unreal." Americans owe "a great debt to the world, which cannot be satisfied by taxes or foreign aid," the Bishop said, stressing greater use of TV and world education. He said: "We have not only an ob- ligation to educate people by this means, but to do so in a morally responsible way." The Bishop said the nation's opportunity to help strength- en Western civilization is "a nobler burden than we know, perhaps a greater burden than we deserve." He called upon Protestants, Jews and Catholics to petition their spiritual leaders to work for observance of an annual science Sunday in the United States. Communications Role Cited Earlier the CAMM members assisted at Mass and received Holy Communion in St. Patrick's church. The Mass was offered by Auxiliary Bishop Philip M. Hannah of Washington, who emphasized in his sermon the vital role which the communications media has in "shaping public opinion, which is another way of saying public morality." Pope and Prime Minister Talk VATICAN CITY, Feb. 3 (Radio, NC) -- British Prime Minister H a r o I d Macmillan conferred privately with His Holiness Pope John XXIII for a half hour February 2. The Vatican press office described the Prime Minister's call at the Vatican as "a cour- tesy visit to the Supreme Pon- tiff on the occasion of His Excellency's visit to Rome." It was the second meeting be- tween the Pope and Macmil- lan. Use,a .... w :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: ::::::::::::::::::::: ========================== iiiiii!:iiiiil,iiiiiii!ii!!i:ii:iiii:iliiiiiiiiii,#!:.!:!L. ii!iiiiii!i:i!i:iiii!ii!!iiiiiiiiii!i:iiiiiiii#i!ii:i!;ii:;i!?  ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: l!!ii00i00i00i!iii!i!i00!iiiiiii!ii!i00iiiiii00!!00!i!i00i! iiii!:ii!iii#!.iiii!ii!!i:il} :i i.:i :" :i ?i ::iii:: !:i:: i: :i :::H i!i!i:i::::ii!:ii:iiiiiiii:::: < \\; @ OCKET SIZE 512 pages 92 A DALLY WITH THE RESTORED FOR HOLY WEEK Authorized Hew Translation from New Testament Dialogue Mass Unique, Self-instructing, Easy-to- use number system plus many other exclusive features. RECOMMENDED FOR SPIRITUAL READING DURING LENT My Meditation on the Gospel ........ 1.10 The Whole Story ............................ 1.10 My Way of Life ............................ 1.56 My Daily Prayer ............................. 92 My Daily Bread ............................. 90 My Imitation of Christ ................... 90 My Daily Psalm Book ..................... 70 My Mass ......................................... 84 Christ in the Gospel ....................... 75 The New Testament ...................... 1.14 Urges Closer , " 15, P.00OG00ESS--7 Church-State j Relations Mental Sickness Not Ma or SAN JUAN, P.R., Jan. 8 (N C)--Advantages of harmonious Church-State relations in a na- tion were pointed up by Arch- bishop James Peter Davis of San Juan in a sermra at the Cathedral of San Juan Bau- tista. Gov. Luis Munoz Marin of Puerto Rico was in t2  con- gregation which assi:ted at the Mass honoring Our Lady of Providence, protectress of Puerto Rico. Also present was Bishop Alfred F. Mendez, C. S.C., of Arecibo, P.R. "There are several authori- ties in this world," Archbishop Davis said. "When these au- thorities unite in the harmon- ious understanding of fruitful collaboration, society is well served and God is truly served. "The fundamental princi- ples of morality revealed to man in nature, in the exer. cise of his proper reason and in the divine positive revela- tien are the norms of con- duct and the fruits are peace and prosperity." the Arch- bishop said. The Governor had been in- vited to the Mass by the Con- fraternity of Our Lady of Providence, which sponsored the ceremony. The Goveor's presence was regarded as an- other step in healing the breach between Church and State which flared into the open two years ago. Steps toward healing the -olit were taken last August when visits were exchanged between Archbishop Emanuele Clarizio, Papal Nuncio to the Dominican Republic w h o s e jurisdiction covers Puerto Rico, and Gov. Munoz Matin. Grand Duchess Charlotte Will Visit U.S. WASHINGTON, Feb. 11 (NC) --Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg will come to this city April 30, the White House has announced. The visit was originally scheduled for last October 30, but was postponed because of the Cuban crisis. The 86-year-old head of Lux- embourg will remain here through May 1, and then visit other parts of the United States. The ruling family and most of the people of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg are members of the Catholic Faith. The Grand Duchess will be accompanied by her husband, Prince Felix de Bourbon- Parme, Prince Consort. i!:i:!!iiiii:ii:iii!iii: Medical Problem In Washington By EDWARD F. NEILAND Reaction to President Kennedy's recent mes- sage to Congress on mental health has re- sulted in a marked in- crease of interest in the prob- lem of mental health and retardation. In the special message the President outlined a program of treatment, prevention and rehabilitation which w o u I d "cut by half, in a decade or two" the 600,000 persons now institutionalized f  r mental disorders. Just how the proposals of the president would effect our own area of Western Washing- ton is of great interest to Cath- olics in the" Archdiocese of Seattle. A run down of statistics of the hospitalized in Western Washington State hospitals in- dicates that, although mental illness is a problem, it does not seem to be as great a prob- lem in this locality as it is in other parts of the nation. Survey Findings Surprising In August of 1962, two local physicians, Robert A. Tidwell, M.D., Seattle, and Daniel A. Lagozzino, M.D., Everett, de- signed and supervised a sur- vey which revealed that men- tal illness comprised a small percentage of the presenting complaints of patients who visited doctors' offices or as they were seen by doctors in hospitals. Their findings are at sharp variance with popular news- paper articles that state one out of every 10 persons is consid- ered to be mentally ill as ap- peared in the February 14, 1962, ssue of the Everett Daily Her- ald. Their report does not sup- port headlines such as, "Mid- town Manhattan psychoana- lyzed; only 18.% considered 'well' ", or ambiguous state- ments such as "Four out of five suffer from mild to se- vere mental disturbances". These phrases appeared in an article published by the Seattle Post-Intelligencer March 30 of last year. Such statements tend to equate emotional disturb- ances with mental illness. The purpose of the survey was to get some indication of the pattern of mental illness in the Snohomish.King County area by m e a n s of sampling private physicians' practices DR. DANIEL A. LAGOZZINO President Snohomish County Medical Society. fines mentally ill persons as follows: Define the Mentally II! "Mentally ill persons,' shall mean any person found to be suffering f r o m psychosis or other disease impairing his mental health, and the symp- toms of such disease are of a suicidal, homicidal or incen- diary nature, or of such nature which would render such per- sons dangerous to his own life or the fives or property of others. If the above definition is ac: cepted, a mentally healthy person can be defined as one who is not suffering from psy- chosis or any other disease which lessens his mental health, or who does not have symp- toms of impaired mental health which would be suicidal, homi- cidal or of such a nature that would render such a person dangerous to his own fife or the lives or property of others. These definitions are legal, fair and well founded. They lend merit to the physicians' belief that there is an immense difference between me n t a 1 health and mental illness and these are two separate and distinct entities. The U.S. Department of Pub- lic Health lists alcoholism as a major "mental health" prob- lem. The alcoholic, finding the problems and responsibilities of everyday life painful, seeks relief through the use of in- toxicants. Anxiety, emotional disturb anees and abnormal behavior are the trademarks ef the el- and the discharge diagnosis coholic. Such persons are not from local hospitals according to be confused with those, to twenty-one general cute- defined by law, as mentally gories of illness. In the division of mental ill- ness, Tidwell's and Lagozzino's findings, which appeared in the December 1982, edition of "Northwest Medicine" paral- lel the reports published in '!Why Patients See Doctors" as well as those of the National Disease and Therapeutic Index in the annual report of July 1981-June 1962. The State of Washington, in the Revised Code of Washing- ton, Volume 5, 71.02.010, de- ill. Dr. Tidwell's and Dr. Lagoz. zino's investigation which in- eluded a random survey of pa- tients as they were seen in the doctor's office or admitted to the hospitals in Snohomish and King County, recognized that there is an emotional compon- ent attached to any organic ill- ness. There was general agree- ment that such symptoms are easily recognizable, treatable and lessen as the organic con- dition mended. DR. ROBERT A. TIDWELL President, North Pacific Pediatrics Society The researchers "take issue with references as four out of five people suffer from mild to severe mental disturbances and articles captioned "Men- tal Disorders Lead" (Everett Daily Herald). These articles tend to equate emotional dis- turbances with mental illness. Call Problems Stepping Stones The tempo of modern living, daily challenges, problems and road blocks encountered in everyday life can cultivate frustation and tension, b u t these encounters can serve as stepping stones to greater un- derstanding, happiness a n d achievement. Failure to over- come an obstacle, along with its attendant mental stress, does not justify the labeling of such a condition as a mental illness. The findings of Doctors Tid- well and Lagozzino indicate that mental illness does not present a major problem in this area, This is further sup- ported by the State of Wash- ington Department of Institu- tions Biennial Report of July 1061-June 1962. The Truth About Our State Hospitals Although many h ave been led to believe that mere is a high admission rate and a long waiting list to Western and Northern State Hospital, actu- ally the number is relatively small. T h e average monthly admission rate at the two hos- pitals in 1962 was 226 per month. There were 2721 new patients admitted in 1962 and 3248 departures. The average monthly population in b o t h hospitals during 1982 was 4397. The population and departures from Medical Lake Hospital are not mentioned for it serves the central and eastern part of the state. However, it is interesting to note that there was an all time low population of 5184 in the three state hospitals on July I, 1962, compared to a peak load population of 7476 m 1955. The general practitioners visits in the local survey of Says Laws Will Hot Solve Racial Bias Problems PROVIDENCE, R. I., Feb. 13 (NC)A priest- lawyer said here laws will not solve the prob- lems of discrimination, but they will educate majority groups and raise the level Of hope among minority groups. Father Robert. F. Drinan, S.J., dean of the Boston Col- lege Law School, told a Brown University audience February 6 a moral revolution is needed to rid American communities of discrimination in housing and other areas. The leader in causes for equal rights said until that happens, legislation w o u I d have to open the way for minority groups to escape from their "ghettos" and find better homes. Law educates, d e t r s and changes attitudes among those blocking social progress, Father Drinan said. He urged the pub- lic to challenge the "selfish" motives of real estate dealers who have supported campaigns against fair housing. "No one claims that the on- Ancjlican Praises Holy Father COLOMBO, Ceylon (NC) -- The "humility, affection and love" of His Holiness Pope John XXlII have been praised by an Anglican observer at.the Second Vatican Council. Arch- deacon Harold de Soysa of Co- lombo, who was one of three Anglican observers at the coun- cil, said these qualities of Pope John "won all our hearts." Archdeacon de Soysa made the statement in a talk to the So- ciety of St. Francis Xavier, a Catholic organization. actment of a law preventing discrimination is a panacea," he said. "Law alone cannot change opinion or eradicate deep seat- ed fears. "At the same time the law has been one of the great educational forces in the his- tory of American institutions. Law sets a standard and an - ideal which within a short time becomes a reality of the citizenry." Father Drinan said the most compelling reason for the en- actment of legislation which will assist Negroes in securing adequate housing "is the basic spiritual principle that each in- dividual human being has cer- tain inalienable rights given to him by the Creator." 'Today the Negro community in America feels quite rightly that its rights are being con- stantly violated by a white majority," he said. Padua's Saint Anthony Honored PADUA, Italy, Feb. 15 (Ra- dio, NC)--Celebrations marking the seventh centenary of the transferral of the body of St. Anthony of Padua have started here February 15. St. Anthony's body brought in 1263 into a church built in this city in his honor, 32 years after the Franciscan saint's death and 31 years after his canonization. St. Bonaventure, who was minister general of the Fran- eiscans at that time, found that although St. Anthony's body had fallen to dust, the tongue of the famed preacher was preserved and had a lively red color. St. Anthony was canonized by Pope Gregory IX in 1232 and declared a Doctor of the Church in 1946 by Pope Plus XII. broad illness categories re- vealed that mental disturban- ces constituted 1.9 per cent of the visits or 780 patients of the 41,210 examined. The internist, as would be expected, saw a greater number in this cate- gory -- 404 patients compris- ing 6.5 per cent of 6216 pa- tients seen in the office. The pediatrician thus categorized 14 patients out of a total 2491 for 0.6 per cent of pediatric visits. Of the ten types of illness categories m o s t frequently seen by the physician in the office, nervous system illnesses ranked 7th in the office, and 9th in the hospital. The non- organic portion, of the mentally disturbed individuals, made up 3.4 per cent and 2.9 per cent of the total patients seen in the office and hospital respectively. The number of patients un- der private c a r e or private senatorial care cannot be de- termined, but this group pres- ents no problem to the com- munity since they are receiv ing therapy. Give Conclusions At the completion of the sur- vey Dr. Tidwell and Dr. Lagoz- zino voiced the following con- clusions: I. Mental illness, by defi- nition, is not a major medi- cal problem in the State of Washington. 2. Confusion exists in the minds of many relative to the differentiation between mental illness and "every- day problems." 3. A plea is made for bet- ter understanding of the situ- ation as it exists today so that people will not be led into false evaluation of our communities. In his recommendation to Congress President Kennedy placed emphasis on the prob- lem of mental retardation, say- ing that "mental retardation ranks as a major national health, social and economic problem." It is estimated that 5,400,000 Americans are retarded. At the present time there are 14,0OO mentally retarded per- sons known to Washington State agencies. As of Novem- bor 30, 1962, there were 3823 residents in the f o u r state schools for the mentally re- tarded, and about 1200 appli- cants on the waiting list for admission, and an estimated 8500 attending classes in pub- lic schools. A Word of Wisdom A national mental health program should avoid the risk of false promise in "public education for better mental health." It should focus on the more modest goal of dissemi- nating such information about mental illness as the public needs and wants in order to recognize psychological forms of sickness and to arrive at an informed opinion in its res- ponsibility toward the mentally ill. Marriage Volume Reprinted WASHINGTON (NC) -- "To- gether in Christ," a marriage preparation volume consisting of 11 booklets, which has reached the 40,OO0 mark in sales in three years, is under- going a third printing of 20,1)00 copies, the Family Life Bureau, National Catholic Welfare Con- ference, which issues the vol- ume, has announced. Modern Noah's Ark AMONG THE animals accompanying Father tones Thai. iadh, O. Carm., back to his native India by 1 lane is this young cow, a gift to the Indian people from a group of American children. The animals which changed planes at the Frankfurt, Germany, airport, witl be raised and bred by Father Thaliadh and eventually distributed to the poor of India. Other inhabitants ofthe Carmelite priest's "ark" in- cluded young pigs, goats, and calves. !t