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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963

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Needy People Put Used Faith 'Come Alive'. t By .2co. r2 s wBs asr/t it, ', CI thi g T ! i U "It's thesamefeelingtheApostlesmusthave "" " -- i 0 n 0 ngen OUS se experienced when they received the Holy Spirit on Pentecost Sunday." SEMINARIANS FIRST I0 PASS EXAM Ra Commission's By Charles Shreiner This statement by a layman " " summed up his response to the curs00Ho, a new lay aposto,c First Interim movement which has been Meeting Held growing like wildfire in the PERUVIAN YOUNGSTERS in rags, bare feet and with bewildered looks, approach a distribution center maintained by Catholic Relief Services, the overseas aid agency of American Catholics. Over 140 tons of used clothing reached Peru during the past year, All but a small reserve supply was distributed to the needy, regardless of race, creed or color. felt hats are also popular among Indian women. Galoshes, overshoes and rain- coats are most coveted by needy families who live in vil- lages built over swamps and in tropical jungle areas where the rainy season may last for half a year. Such places are common in Ecuador where CRS is aiding 352,000 needy persons. In one Eeuadorian sehool, 30 teenage girls spend their free afternoons m e n d i n g Thanksgiving clothing that will he given to impoverished year. Often the father of a large family earns only two dollars a week. "It is as ex- pensive for a Bolivian peasant to buy a new suit as it is for an American to buy an auto- mobile," said Hymans. In addition to this need for clothing and shoes, Bolivian families can use heavy blankets and bedding in unlimited num- bers because the "altiplano" is not only cold but it is virtually without firewood, being too high for trees to grow to maturity. " Three hundred tons of Thanks- giving clothing reached Colom- bia during the past year. Very families. Pressed, trimmed and sometimes decked with bows and ribbons, the cloth- ing is given a brand-new freshness by the student vol- unteers who at the same time improve their sewing skill. According to CRS director in Paraguay, Ray L. Wiggins, of Boulder City, Nev., used cloth- ng that is white is often con- verted into uniforms for school girls. Traditionally they wear a knee-length white smock called a 'dust protector" that is r eq u i red in classrooms throughout the country. Girls from poor families are fre- quently seen wearing these smocks made from men's shirts that once belonged to white-collar workers in San Francisco, Detroit, Baltimore, Seattle. Tiny Uruguay received about 1,500 bales of clothing and 60 bales of shoes during the past year. Distribution is made un- der the supervision of J u a n Forster, of Los Angeles, Calif. In hundreds of parishes of South America, the incoming clothing is mended and ironed by women volunteers before it is given to the needy. "And the recipients know that the clothing is donated by Catholics of the U.S.," Mr. Forster stated. By means of display posters, newspaper publicity, announcements from the pulpit, and public comment, the people of Par- aguay as well as of other countries are informed of the source of the donation. Peru, a country of complex geography including tropical jungle, arid desert and cold, mountainous highlands, r e- calves Thanksgiving clothing sorted into two weights, sum- mer and winter, as do several other South American coun- tries. Woolen headwear, h e a v y coats and gloves are regu- larly earmarked for frigid Patagonia when Argentina's share of the Thanksgiving clothing reaches B u e n o s Aires. The clothing, valued at $300,000 annually, distributed throughout the country by Catholie Relief Services rep- resentatives, John Fazio, of New York City. Across the Andes Mountains, in Chile, because of an unusual customs regulation, fur coats and the fur trimming on all coats must be removed when the bales arrive in a Chilean port. C R S delegate Armando Sonaggere, of Fairview, N.J., then arranges for the fur to be remade into blankets for orphanages and other welfare institutions in the colder re- gions of the country. The re- modeling of the fur is done by women volunteers using sewing maehines provided by the Chilean Catholic chari- ties. In every South American country, the distribution of clothing brings smiles of grati- tude to the worn faces of the poor. There are other smilles too, like those seen when a ragged, wrinkled Andean In- dian, after standing in line at a distribution center in a Peru- vian village, marched away the proud owner of somebody's castoff tuxedo. RIO DE JANEIRO The portion of the cloth- ing from the annual Thanksgiving Clothing Collec- tion that is consigned to South America is put to a hundred different, ingenious and some. times surprising uses by several million grateful needy persons, according to the delegates of Catholic Relief Services who personally supervise its distri- bution. How the clothing is transport- ed to distribution centers, even to those in the remotest vil- lages and settlements a t o p mountain ridges and by jungle streams, was described at a regional meeting of Catholic Re- lief Services staff members held here recently. "The Thanksgiving Clothing Campaign sponsored by the Bishops of the U.S. may well be considered a special and most valuable contribution by American Catholics to the government's A ! 1 i a n e for Progress program," asserted Monsignor Alfred A. Schneid- er of Green Bay, Wis., Di- rector of Catholic Relief Serv- ices projects in Latin America, who presided at the meeting. In the giant nation of Brazil where the coastline runs for more than 4,000 miles along the Atlantic, Thanksgiving clothing arriving from the U.S. is un- loaded at 11 different ports and then transported inland by train and truck. Where roads to the interior become impassable or simply narrow down into foot- paths that seem to get lost in the jungle undergrowth, donkeys are used to carry the clothing to the poor. Some of the clothing that reaches Brazil is put aboard boats thatferry it up the mighty Amazon to villages and towns located on the banks of the river. Other clothing is dis- tributed in Rio de Janeiro to many of the 700,000 destitute and homeless persons encamped -on the hillside slums that pock- mark the metropolitan area. High in Bolivia, on the cold and windy plateau called the "altiplano," Thanksgiving cloth- ing is worn for warmth under the bulky skirts and shawls that Indian women have been wear- ing, in the very same style, since the fall of the Inca em- pire in the 16th century. Thts climate is *so bitter and our people so impoverish- ed that they wear whatever they can find," said Elliotf J. Hymans, of Miami, Fla. He directs the CRS aid program from La Paz, the highest ma- jor city in the world at 12,130 feet. Because Bolivia is a nation without a seaport, its share of the Thanksgiving/:lothing must cross one of three other South American countries, Peru, Chile or Argentina, before it reaches the Bolivians, In the same man- ner, tons of food that are now arriving in Bolivh under the Food for Peace program are routed first through neighboring countries by Catholic Relief Services . Citing the 'enormous value" of the clothing when it finally reaches the Bolivian poor, Mr. Hymuns pointed out that the per capita income of most Bo- livians is less than $100 a often, through the ingenuity of Colombian housewives, s u i t s and dresses are ripped apart and re-tailored into garments for children, so that a single garment originally meant for a mother is converted into two for her daughters. When the heels of U:S. women's shoes are perched too high for comfort on the dusty, mountain roads of Co- lombia, the peasant women simply lower the heels or re- move them altogether. Low heels are definitely m o r e practical and more valuable in all rural areas of South America. But nothing goes to waste. Should a Thanksgiving bale, through oversight, contain a pair of women's fancy slippers featuring spiked heels and dec- orative cross-straps -- styled about 150 years in advance of the feminine footwear worn to- day in the Andes--it is likely to wind up at "the village shoe- maker's to be cut apart, and the leather used for patching other shoes. Thousands of Indian women in Colombia and other Latin American countries must go barefoot, but given a choice, they much prefer the broad and sturdy style of men's shoes rather than the delicate, elegant shoes of women. Men's U.S. The original name of the movement is Cursillo de Cris- tiandad which means "Little Course in Christianity." It has gradually become known sim- ply as the Cursillo (pronounced "Kur-see-yo"). It is something new in the spiritual life of America, having been intro- duced into this country from Spain in 1957. What is a cursillo? VATICAN CITY, Feb. 12 (Radio, NC)--The co- ordinating commission set up by His Holiness Pope John XXIII to keep the ecumenical council's interim work running smoothly and productively has held its fir:.t meeting. The meeting recently marked the beginning of the interim work of revising and compres- sing projects to be brought be- No matter how graphic the fore the council when it re- description of what occurs at convenes September 8. a Cursillo, it cannot be ade- A commumque of the eounc'l quately defined. It is an intense three-day course in the prac- tical living of the Life of Grace. It uses the elements of a re- treat (while not attempting to substitute for retreats) plus those of a study course and free discussion, and the whole program is conducted With an informal atmosphere which in- cludes time for a song, gaiety and good fellowship. The eursillo program in- volves intense prayer and study about the basic truths of the Catholie Faith whieh seem to "eome alive" to the eursillistas. Grace and the Mystical Body become more than theologieal eoneepts. "It's like St. Paul getting knocked off his horse again," is the way one man put it. The three-day (T h u r s d a y night to Sunday night) cursillo, however, does not affect all men in the same way. Some feel its results during the three-day program while others are like one man who admitted: "I didn't get a thing out of it then, but a week later it hit me like a thunderbolt." press office said with this meeting "the counciliar work, which took a moment of rest for the national holidays, picks up its full rhythm again, al- though in a method and form different from the period of October-December, 1962." Decisions taken by the meet- ing will be communicated to the 10 council commissions and the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity which are car- rying on their work during the nine month interim, it was re- ported. Announeement of the eo- ordinating commission's crea- tion was made December 6, two days before the eouneil's first session elosed. Francis Cardinal Spellman, Archbishop of New York, is among the six Cardinal form- ing the commission under the presidency of Amleto Cardinal Cicognani, Secretary of State. The commission's secretariat is made up of the council's secre- tary general, Archbishop Pericle Felici, and the five council undersecretaries, and one of whom is Archbishop John J. Krol of Philadelphia. Relaxation Of Celibacy Rules Study Suggested (Continued from Page 3) Neither'objection is surely insuperable, given good will and understanding. As for economics, even quite small Byzantine parishes in America have no more difficulty than Protestants have in maintaining a family in the presbytery. The avoidance of scandal and the force of traditional lat- inizing conservatism are factors which require great patience and much education. The very fact that in recent years Eastern Rite parishes have appeared side by side with Latin parishes is slowly making its impact. Their vernacular liturgies naturally attract the at- tention of the liturgical avant-garde, and there are grounds for hope that western Catholics are beginning to realize that the Latin rite, Counter-Reformation devotions, western spirituality and ways of thought, and Latin customs (including clerical celi- bacy) are not the universal norms of the Catholic Church. Changes and reforms will certainly emerge from the pres- ent general-council, and this has attractedso much publicity that Catholics everywhere are being conditioned to .expect change--conservative elements perhaps with some apprehension. New Era In Church A new wind is blowing through the Church. The increased interest in ecumenism and a more charitable approach to our separated brethren is helping us to realize that, although we have the fullness of revealed truth, they too have their positive religious insights, and that a custom or tradition is not necessar- ily wrong or un-Catholie just because Protestants happen to follow it. All these factors are helping to broaden both our minds and our sympathies. Bold experiments have today a better chance of being successfully accepted than at any time since baul, New Britain, Feb. 12 (NC)A milestone for the Catholic missions on this South Pacific island was passed when two native students successfully com- pleted a high school exam equivalent to that given to Australian youngsters. New Britain is under Austra- lian administration. The students, Leo Joseph Hammett and Michael Lugabai, are training for the priesthood at St. Peteuk Chanel Regional Seminary conducted by the Saere Heart Fathers at Ulapia, New Britain. They are the first pupils of any school for natives in the New Britain territory to pass the Queensland senior exam at the end of secondai'y schooling. r * -k BACKS FAIR HOUSINGProvidenee, R.I., Feb. 12 (NC)wThe Catholic Interracial Council has passed a resolution supporting fair housing legislation fo Rhode Island. Council President Frank Tabela said: "We feel that it is a matter of simple human Jus- flee, before God, that all people, and in particular the Negro people, be given the opportunity to obtain housing consistent with their means, needs and aspir- ations free from the irrational and profoundly evil chain of prejudice and segregation." -k -k -k SPIRIT FELT BY AUSTRALIANS--Sydney, tralia, Feb. 11 (NC)The Vatican council "ventilated the whole question of Christians acting together," a Protestant leader declared here, predicting that it would lead to important Australian discussions be- tween the major faiths. The Rev. B. R. Wylie, of the Australian Counci! of Churches, said he expected that invitations would now be sent to the Catholic Church to send observers to the council's meetings, setting a precedent in this field. 9r -k -k NUCLEAR WAR FORUM INVITES PRIEST Sydney,Australia, Feb. 12 (NC)A priest will share the rostrum next month with a Quaker leader at public forum organized by the Quakers on "The War in the Nuclear Age." He is Father John Farrar, of the Sydney Arch. diocesan Adult Education Institute. BRANDS FARMERS' GROUP COMMUNIST Zamora, Mexico, Feb. 12 (NC)A bishop here brand- ed a recently formed farmers' group a "Communist organization" and warned farmers not to join il Bishop Jose G. Anaya y Diez de Bonilla of mora, in a pastoral letter read Feb. 2 in all churches of his diocese, said that the Independent Central Farmers' Group is a "Communist organization, even though it is not declared such openly." Bishop Anaya said that the group's Communist character was kept hidden 'to deceive farmers and at. tract them to the group." The organization is strongly favored by forme: President Lazaro Cardenos (1934 to 1940) a 195 Stalin Peace Prize winner. ARCHBISHOP SLIPYI gained by a cautious change of policy. Cardinals Helped In any event, two of the per- sons present at that meeting-- Cardinal Testa and Msgr. Wil- lebrands--took a direct hand in the arrival of Archbishop Slipyi in Rome. In the first half of January the news came out of Moscow that the Russian Orthox ob- servers. Fathers Borovoi and Kotliarov, had made their re- port "to the proper authori- ties." One cannot know that any proposal made by Cardinal Testa would have also been communicated at that time. However, shortly after this, January 26, a dispatch out of Geneva said that Archbishop Slipyi was on his way by train to Moseow from a re- mote Asian village. On January 27, Cardinal Testa and Msgr. Willebrands w e r e seen in conference with Arch- bishop Angelo Dell'Acqua. Sub- stitute for Ordinary Affair's at the Papal Secretariat of State. At about the same time Msgr. Willebrands left Rome by plane, presumably for Moscow. It is known certainly that some days later, around February 6, Archbishop Slipyi and Msgr. Willebrands arrived by train to- gether in Vienna, where they remained for several days be- fore continuing to Rome. They arrived in Rome the evening of Saturday, February 9, al- most unnoticed and went by auto to the Ancient Besilian monastery in Gr0ttaferrata. Visits Hely Father Cardinal Testa and Amleto Cardinal Cieognani, Papal Sec- retary of State, were informed and, after Archbishop Slipyi had a night's rest, they called personally at the monastery the next afternoon and accompa- nied him to the Pope's private study. Pope John was seized with emotion at seeing Archbishop Slipyi and moved to embrace him. The Oriental Rite pre- late, instead of receiving the embrace, prostrated himself on the floor before the Pope as a sign of respect for the Pontiff. r. archbishop told seminarians here that the freedom of ex- pression at the Second Vatican Council surprised non-Catholic observers. Syro-Malankara Rite Arch- bishop Gregorios B. V. Than- galatbil of Trivandrum, speak- ing at the Poona Pontifical Seminary, said that the chief aim of the council is to place the Catholic Church in its true. light before the world. The Archbishop came to Poona to bless a new church at Bethany Ashram (monastery). Discussions in the presence of the observers, he pointed out, showed them that the Church is free. The Archbishop said that almost all of the world's non- Catholie churches sent ob- servers, "bat there was, however, nobody from In. dia." The Jacobite Patriarch of Antioch, who has about 700,000 followers in India, sent a rep- resentative, t h e archbishop disclosed. Archbishop Thangalathil said earlier, when he arrived at Trivandrum airport December 17 on his return from the. coun- cil's first session, that the council was successful "chief- ly b e c a u s e the discussions were attended by non-Catholic observers and (because) they were conducted in an absolute- ly free atmosphere." Thousands of people couldn't to the Pacific Northwest's be wrong. They all subscribe largest diocesan weekly--The Progress. How about you? a way which would go far to meet the needs of the 20th cen- tury. Ha Change in Sacramental Order In the sacramental order, of course, there has been no change, and can be no change. The diaconate is a major order. But in practice the Church treats it almost as a minor order, and like the minor orders it has become a mere stepping-stone to the priesthood within the seminary. Wilhelm Schamoni's :"Married Men as Ordained Deacons" first appeared in German in 1953, and two years later in an English translation. It has been very widely read and reviewed. Several bishops are known to be interested in the idea, and it may well be raised at the council. An order of permanent mar- ried deacons could be of inestimable help in catechizing, preach- ing, baptizing, and assisting with Holy Communion, thus to some extent making good the shortage of priests. They could be full time workers in the service of the Church --relieving the shortage of teachers in Catholic schools, and help- ing generally with parochial administration. Or they could be part-time only, supporting themselves with suitable secular pro- fessions during the week. The priest-worker movement in France floundered in the face of many unforeseen difficulties, but the idea was courageous and wholly good. A deacon-worker movement would avoid many of the pitfalls. Many Protestant clergy come from a class quite unused to factory work, but their witness as Catholic deacons in offices and other places could be invaluable. In the ecumenical sphere, such a provision would help to remove psyehologieal obstaeles to reunion with the Orthodox, and would make a special appeal to High Church Anglieuns. Face A Dilemma A married Protesant clergyman undergoes great mental and spiritual anguish when God leads him towards the Cath- olic Church, When he has the courage to be received, financial anguish often follows, despite several excellent Catholic char- ities for relieving their distress. Sometimes a Protestant min- ister feels compelled by the family obligations of the natural law to set all thoughts of the Catholic Church aside, and con- tinue with his Protestant ministry in as good faith as possible. "Meet my five reasons for not becoming a Catholic," a High Church Anglican cleric once said to me, as he introduced his wife and four sons. Their difficulties are great. The loss of their active witness and potential services to the Catholic Church is also great. Can we not do more to meet them hallway? Here's an ideal holiday in Ireland, France, Spain, Italy, and England. A swift Shamrock Jet wings ypu from New York to Ireland in less than six hours aloft. After Dublin, you'll fly to Lourdes and see its unforgettable wonderha ` Then Barcelona and a visit to Montserrat. Next stop Palma de Mallorca, picturesque island resort. In Rome see the Vatican Museums, the Sistine Chapel, the glorious treasures of the Church. Your tour of Paris includee all the sights that have made this the Queen of Cities. Then the grandeur of London. The Main Tour ends in London, but you can easily arrange an optional extension in Ire- land, which includes a day in 15th Century splendor on the Shannon Medieval Tour. When you leave, Irish tarnational will carry you in comfort to New York. the Main Tour from New York for just $83.74 down, in- cluding transatlantic economy jet flight and all European land arrangements. You'll have 24 months to pay the balance on our low-interest Shamrock Thriftair Plan. A 3-day extension in Ireland costs just $61. Why wait? Your Travel Agent can book your tour from May through Sep- tember. Optional extension to Beauraing Shrine tions, Belgium, August 22. f IffJ f f f INTERNATIONAl 1 H Hal H.%-H@ AIRLINES a l l I l U l I AIR llltOllS 681 MARKET ST., SAN FRANCISCO EXbrook 7-5863 [ Tour Manager, Irish International Airlines SP21S [ 572 Fifth Avenue, New York 36, N.Y. [ J Please nd mo the full detaih on Irish International's Tour of the [ Shrinea. " I ,I ,rome ' ' I I iAddres " I I I i. City ZoneState I (Continued from Page 1) guests at the Monastery of St. Nilus at Grottaferrata outside Rome, is seeing no one but close friends and Vatican offi- cials. He appears to be in good health. As lvents Happened The bits of information drawn from various sources present this picture: At. some point during the first session of the Second Vatican Council, which was held from October to December last, Gus- taro Cardinal Testa. Secretary of the Sacred Congregation for the Oriental C h u r c h, asked Augustin Cardilaal Boa, S.J., President of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, to arrange a meeting for him with the observer delegates of the M o s c o w Patriarchate of the Russian Orthodox Church. The meeting was arranged in Cardinal Ben's apartment in the Brazilian College. Pres- ent were the two cardinals, Arehpriest Vitali Borovoi of L e n i n g r a d, Arehimandrite Vladimir Kotliarov e f t h Russian Mission at Jerusalem and Msgr. Jan G. M. Wille- brands, secretary of the Sec- retariat for Promoting Chris- tian Unity. Unofficial leaks to the Ital. fan press say that Arehbishop Slipyi's release wasthe mare obiect of this meeting. There are further indications that if this is true, the initiative was suggested by His Holiness Pope John XXIII himself on the basis that nothing had been gained by past policy with the Soviet Union and that more was to be M =r.,e,4om the Council of Trent. Tomorrow the chances may be even opfs " I "  " brighter. Archbish Release ay A, Council Another suggestion for making a more valuable use of Vacation in Europ#B convert clergy is the establishment of a permanent diaconate Indicate Relaxed Tensi w.s Surprise whieh would be open to married men. There is plentiful prec- V/sit the Shrines edent for this in the early Church, and among the Orthodox m on POONA, India, (NC) -- An today. Such a step would in fact restore a primitive practice in