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February 15, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963

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rlday, Feb. 15,-t%3 THE PROGRESS5 Catholicity At The Council ' " ' , ,, . "Why Must Wife A]HAT I saw at the Council!" Thus these suffering bishops begged for a few Mass V V far we have written: '/I Saw stipends for their priests. When the stipends Fight -,,.. Poverty/i, "I Saw Holiness," I ,,Saw were gone, we saw the symbol of the world's Martyrdom and "I Saw a New World. This greatest pain--four empty hands: the two beg- article is entitled, "I Saw Catholicity at the giug hands stretched out to me, and the two By Rev. John L. Thomas, $.J. Council." empty hands I extended to them! Oh my fel-  : Associate Professor St Louis University Catholicity means universality; it means see- low Catholics! Will you not send $27, now or ing the Church everywhere in the world, as the throughout the year, to make up for the lowly Types Of Pacifist Literature By JOHN J. ECKHART EACE, it's wonderful, but at what price? As the killing power of the bomb increases, so does the amount of pacifist literature. It could be a full time occupation keeping abreast of the books nd articles flowing forth in a ver of fear, and we have little Vtime. Pacifist literature can be di- vided, roughly albeit, into two categories. The first are those who bleat that no war is worth millions of lives. What they imply in these instances, is that war is nOt w o r t h even a thousand as, or one life, meaning ulti- ately it is not worth their in- dividual hide. Norman Mailer, author of "The Naked and the Dead," is in the vanguard of this particular brand of cow- ardice. The second category of pact- is represented by s u c h authors as Thomas Merton. 7he reasoning holds greater justifi- cation in this instance. Thomas Merton, Gordon Zahn, and "The Catholic Worker," argue that a thermonuclear war where we compute in mega.corpses, can- not be the subject of the "just war" polemic. The Church, while continu- ingly declaiming against such a horror, has not spoken on the morality of thermonuclear war. To this date it would seem to be a matter of individual conscience. There follows a short resume of a few of the oks that have been read, an d perhaps, in the formation that conscience. "NUCLEAR WEAPONS AND THE CONFLICT OF CONSCIENCE," edited by John C. Ben- nett, Charles Scribner's Sons, 188 pp. $3.95 F the seven contribu- tors to this book, are university pro- While they could may- hap be accused of some small degree o f "ivory- towerism," each has given profound thought to the moral aspects of thermonuclear war. If they have a common bond, it is the conviction that the old times are past, old concepts of patriotism, war and peace, and e smug conviction that all is ht with good old Protestant America. They desire unilateral dis- armament. They would ask for recognition of the obvious, that politics and morality have been fused in the solar heat of The Bomb. "BREAKTHROUGH TO PEACE," Introduction by Thomas Merton,. New Directions Paper- back, 253 pp. NINE of the 12 authors n t h i s collection teach in universities. We keep getting the notion that the only persons concerned with peace, w al k the sacrosanct vales of academe. It is difficult to assess this book as the 12 contributors reflect varying p o i n t s of view from the Roman Cathol- icism of Merton and Gordon Zahn (German Catholics and Hitler's Wars), to the Freu- dian psychiatry of Eric Fromm. There are scare essays like Tom Stonier's "What would it really be like?" which miss the only valid p o i n t concerning thermonuclear war, and there is Morton's "Peace: A Reli- gious Responsibility," w h i c h makes the most sense of all. Perhaps no other collection better typifies the approach to the entire problem. We might consider the new kind of war in terms of human destruction "Kill and Overkill, The Strate- gy of Annihilation," by Ralph Lapp, Basic Books), mortal sin, horror and desolation, end of the Christian West, or the workings of the mind of man that would permit such a thing to happen. But no matter how we, or the authors consider thermo- nuclear war, all say the same thing. They say it can- not be allowed to happen, and if it takes unilateral disarma- ment, and world Communism, they are to be allowed. This makes particularly in- teresting reading in Moscow, where there has been a dearth of unilateral talk. "IN PLACE OF FOLLY," by N o r m a n Cousins, Harper a n d Brothers, 196 pp. R. Cousins does not consider: man and his relationship to God. Mr. Cousins considers himself very much a humanist, and like so many other pacifists he just doesn't bring the Creator into his plea for peace. He whimpers loud and long for "humanity," and is in the forefront of vocal pacifists Be- sides this book, he is one of the contributors to "Breakthrough to Peace." I can say no more for the man except that he writes in frantic fear. His is a world that does not need a God, as man, alone and unaided, is master of his own destiny. Mr. Cousins defeats his rea- son. As he pleads for sense and unilateral disarmament, he fails to call on the one Being that can give him what he wants. At least Dorothy Day and her wild cohorts at the "Catholic Worker," call on God to help us in these trying times. Peace is what we want. Peace we must have. Each must de- cide if he will take peace at the price of materialistic atheism, or peace with God, bomb or no bomb. Third Joyful Mystery THE NATIVITY Our * Father , It came to pass while they were in Bethlehem,/ that the days for her to be delivered were fulfilled. Luke 2:6 And she brought orth her firstborn SOIl,/ and wrapped him in swaddling dothes. Luke 2:7 Hail *Mary X And she laid him in a manger,/ because there was no room fur them in the inn. Hail *Mary Luke 2:7 And there were shepherds in the same district./ And behold, an angd o the Lord stood by them. Luke 2:8, 9 HUt , 'Do not be afraid, for behold, I bring you good news of great joy/ which shall be to all the people.' Luke 2:10 Hut, Good Samaritan saw the needs of the Jew be- fore he saw his own. During the Council we took notes on each of the 600 speeches. After listening to several hundred, we wrote this re- flection in the back of our note book: "The more a bishop has endured persecution, the more he has suffered or practiced poverty, the more Catholic he is." Not a single bishop from behind the Iron Curtain, not one who had endured persecution either under the Japanese during the war or from the Communists in China, Korea or Viet- nam spoke of their scourges or brainwashings. The great Cardinal from Poland never men- tioned his years in prison; the bishop who had gasoline poured over him and was then set afire never said, "Look at the condi:ions in my country"; the bishops who had been on death marches never spoke of how they got their sears. The personal, the local, the dio- cesan, the national interests were all sub- merged in great concern for the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ in the world. Like Our Lord in the Garden, they were saying: "Take me, but let them go their way." Prosperity narrow's one's vision; it insulates from suffering; it cramps apostolate. But piety, sacrifice, a spirit of poverty and a concruci- fixion throw open the windows to the world so 27 cents which is now the average annual per- capita contribution of United States Catholics for all the Holy Father's Missions? Thank you! GOD LOVE YOU to a missionary for $10, "'The Society/or the Propagation of the Faith has done so much /or us here in Brazil that I want to show my gratitude. This o/[ering was my Christ- mas present. Please use it for all those who received no Christmas presents." ... to Miss A.G.L. [or $20 "In thanksgiving /or finding a good place in a private home when 1 was ready to leave the hospital.".., to Mr. and Mrs. D.S.R. for $5. "Because o[ the newspaper strike in Cleveland we are [orced to save the money usually spent on papers. We know o/ no better place to send it than to the missions." . . . to S.K. [or $1 "This is an offering saved by drinking white milk instead o[ the more expensive chocolate milk at lunch." . . . to A.E.L. /or $2 "I don't have running water or TV, but I do have a home and six wonder/ul chil- dren and a loving husband, This i[ /or those with much less than I." We are not only asking for your sacrifices, but for your prayers. Send your request and an offering of $2 for the Worldmission Rosary. and that the Pole talks of Africa, the Yugoslav speaks of Asia, theKorean refers to Europe, we will send you these multicolored beads the Vietnamese talks of Oceania. But why? blessed by Bishop Sheen. Each time you say Then we recalled that Our Blessed Lord said it the Worldmission Rosary, you will remember to put aside a sacrifice for the Holy Father's would be so. When did He send His Apostles into the world? After He had suffered! "Go ye into the world" was not mandated during the Sermon on the Mount but after He rose with scars on Hands and Feet and Side. As John XXIII said, "The Catholic is to he missionary." The more we are one with Christ, the more we try to help others. At the Council, missions. Cut out this column, pin your sacrifice to it and mail it to Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen, National Director of the Society for the Propa- gation of the Faith, 366 5th Avenue, New York 1, N.Y., or your Archdiocesan Director, Ray. Stephen Szeman, 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 4. ..;rq00htraI )3.osar00 Part 3 'For today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you,/ who is Christ the Lord.' Luke 2:11. Hail ::Mary 'Glory to God in the highest,/ and on earth peace to men of good will," Luke 2:I4 Hail : Mary And behold, Magi came from the East,/ and entering they ound the child with Mary his mother. Matt. 2:2,11 HUt , Arid failing down they worshipped him./ /rod they offered him gifts d gold, rankincense and myrrh. Matt. 2:11 Ha,urn And Mary kept in mind allthese things,/ pondering them in her heart. Luke 2:19 Hail, Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit./As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. Editor's Note: This is the third of 15 dec- ades of the Scriptural Rosary, a modern ver- sion of the way the Rosary was once prayed in the Middle Ages. lVe are presenting the complete Scriptural Rosary in 15 install- ments as a service to our readers. You are invited to save these meditations for future use. Or you may obtain the complete'set in illustrated prayer-book form by sending $I to the nonprofit Scriptural Rosary Center, 6 N. Michtgan Avenue, Chicago 2, Illinois. ( ( ( ) ( } I, I, 1 i, Russia Still Has Her 'Defensive' Hardware In Cuba (Continued from Page 1) to abate until all the facts are known and a stiff bipartisan is formed effectively to this sword of Damo- cles, not only from Cuba, but from this part of the world. No aggressor--and the So- viet Union is an armed ag- gressor as truly as was Hit- ler--can be persuaded or ap- peased with kid gloves. Mu-, nich should have served as an object lesson. Quiet negotiation and even ompromise are insufficient to cope with an enemy dedicated to the destruction of the free world and domination of all peoples. The Administration planners are finding this out, although  few have yet admitted it open- ly. This is understandable, but thShOuld not deter them from anging their policy for the afety of the nation, before it is altogether too late. Playing party politics may become disastrous, and there are signs that is is being done, instead of facing the hard facts of life and working in unity to- ward a common goal. Communists, not Republicans Democrats, are the common Policy That Foiled The entire assumption of the policy, shown to be an abject failure, is that Communists think as we do, that they are basically honest and men of good will. The policy was based on onsistently rationalizing and xplaining away the obvious facts, even to the point of ex- cusing the Reds for their hos- tile attitudes and acts. Devious reasoning displaced straight-forward thinking. A simple fact was made to ap- pear involved. Here, briefly, is the way the government planners theorized: the massive defense installa- tions in Cuba were intended as protection for the offensive missiles and bombers. When forced to withdraw the offen- sive weapons, the Soviet lead- ers wanted to withdraw the de- fensive arms, too, but they could not give the appearance that they were abandoning Cas- tro. They had a problem trying to "appease" Castro. Then, Red China charged them with weakness as well as appease- ment. The Soviets wanted to risk neither blood nor pres- tige by pulling their troops out quickly, but they really hoped to bring them out gradually. For that reason, the Administration planners accepted Khrushchev's word that he would withdraw his soldiers "in due course." Since the "defense" forces were not regarded as an im- mediate threat to the U.S. our government was willing to bide its time. Pointed Question The interesting aspect of this line of thinking is that the plan- ners did not primarily pose the most logical questions Why did Khrushchev bring in the weap- ons and troops in the first place, and what right had he to do so? Scarcely anyone would dis- agree with the planners that the present forces in Cuba do not constitute a threat to the U.S. in the sense of a military invasion. But this is not the principal obieetion against their being there. The prime objection is that the Soviets are building a Com- munist arsenal from which both military and revolutionary sup- plies will be distributed throughout the entire hemi- sphere. Already there have been re- ports of the movement of mu- nitions and men out of Cuba to pro- Communist agitators in British Guiana and Venezu- ela. This week, there were likewise reports that Soviet submarines were t a k i ng on supplies at Castro's "fishing harbor" and probably deliver- ing some "supplies." Admittedly, "support s u p- plies" and even "defensive" arms have been brought in re- cently. All this does not ap- pear to constitute preparations for the withdrawal of Soviet troops or arms. Soviet Demands We probably have one an- swer this week as to why Khru- shchev poured arms and men into Cuba in the first place. They will be used as pressure and bargaining pieces as well as tools to spread Communism throughout Latin America. When the 17-nation disarm- ament conference resumed its negotiations in Geneva Tuesday, the Soviet Union presented a blunt demand that all overseas and sub- ,:,:::,- missiles with a range of 935 ?:i::':i:!::::.:;c:::il miles and their nuclear war- i(f:. marine bases be dismantled. This was presented in the form of a declaration which was given the US. and Bri- tain to sign. It again blasted the hopes of the West's negoti- ators that progrs would be made in the light of Khrush- chev's promise of two or three on-site inspections. If the U.S. planners at any time thought that removal of missiles from Turkey and Italy would placate the Soviets. they must now certainly be dis- illusioned, for instead of be- coming more willing to reach an agreement, the Soviets have made even greater demands. These demands followed the reading of a message from President Kennedy in which he stated that the prospects of obtaining a test ban treaty now "seem somewhat more encouruging." Aimed at U.S. The Kremlin sent its ace negotiator. De- puty Foreign Minister Vastly Kuznetsov. w h o immediate!y threw down the gauntlet m the form of four demands: Dismantle foreign bases for submarines carrying nu- clar weapons and renounce the use of foreign ports for such submarines. Dismantle missile bases on foreign territory and return to their national territory any heads. Withdraw f r o m foreian ports aircraft carriers equip- ped with nuclear bombers. Withdraw to their home- lands all planes "designed for delivering nuclear bombs as well as the bombs." Kuznetsov condemned what he described as "the latest steps by the Western powers to intensify the nuclear arms race and to disseminate further nu- clear weaponsY Th i s w a s specifically aimed at the U.S. Cuba, however, would be exempt, for the U.S. has often said that only defensive, short- range missiles are there. The Soviets are not ac- customed to using quiet tones or m a k i n g conciliatory de- mands. Lower and Lower As predicted here two weeks ago, the U.S. would snap at the chance to conclude a pact at Geneva. even though we would have to make further concessions. It was widely known before the opening of the present session last Tuesday that the U.S. and Britain would be will- ing to reduce the number of international on-site inspections formerly demanded for the policing of a nuclear test ban treaty. The spokesman was Bri- tain's Joseph B. Godber, Min- ister of State, who said, however, that a condition was attached to the probable offer. The Soviets would have to come up with scientific proof that policing with auto- matic recording black boxes and only two or three en-sito inspections would b ef- fective. The Soviets have already contended that this would be sufficient. However, this ar- rangement would be meaning- less because inspection pro- My wife has a problem 1 can't seem to help her solve. She comes from a /amily that specializes in bickering and fighting, and since she i.i very sensitive, she gets bounced back and /orth like a yoyo. No matter what she does, she gets accused o[ showing partiality. I tell her she can't please everybody  not in that tribe, at least! She agrees, but then gets terribly upset over their spite/ul bickering and [eels as guilty as if she were the cause of it. She's a sucker /or the "you don't love me" routine, and each o[ them knows it. How would you handle the situation? OUR wife's problem is one of the common type that involves more heart than head and you are going to have to keep this in mind when looking for a solution. She probably has little difficulty in understanding the reason- ableness of your advice in specific situations but unless you can show her how to resolve the deeper emotional problems resulting from her confused sense of conflicting loyalties and obligations, you won't help her much in the long run. It appears that in spite of her family back. ground, or perhaps because of it, your wife has never developed "elaws"--she doesn't like to fight--and you Can thank God for that. More- over, perhaps because of her past experience, she is hyper-sensitive about quarreling, par- ticularly when it involves persons to whom she feels bound by equal ties of love and loyalty. The other members of the family recognize this, of course, and try to use her as a con- FATHER venient pawn in their wretched game of bicker- THOMAS ing and fighting. As a sensitive, loving person, she is especially vulnerable to their abuse, for she would like to keep family quarrels at a mini- mum, and even when she is tempted to withdraw from this appar- ently hopeless endeavor, she can be drawn back into the game by a well-timed, "you don't love me" from mother, sister, or aunt. How can you help her? As I have suggested, you must start out by recognizing that the major source of her difficulties is her confused sense of conflicting family loyalties and obligations. Having helped her analyze her complex feelings in this regard, you must then work out morally sound solutions for each aspect, one step at a time; for in all difficulties involving deep emotions, careful analysis must precede solution, and only assurance based on sound moral principles supplies sufficient conviction to over- come the debilitating, false sense of guilt that sensitive persons usually experience when they must take a firm stand in dealing with those they love. . Idoior tors In onfu$1on HAT are the major factors in her Confusion? " First, there is the nature of her family obligations. As a wife and mother her primary obligations are to her hus- band and children--all others are secondary. Moreover, although she owes special love and esteem to all her relatives according to their degree of relationship to her, as an adult it is up to her to determine the frequency and extent of her association with them. and none of them have any direct claim on her in this regard. She needs to think through this point thoroughly, for she now feels obliged to associate with them at any cost and is unneces- sarily disturbed when they accuse her of partiality. Furthermore, your wife must le/ro to distingHsh betw Christian love or charity and affection. Charity must he nni- versul and can be chimed by all; affection nocessarily is lira. Red in scope and must be earned i'ather than demanded. Your wife feels guilty when she loses her affection for one or the other of her quarreling relatives. This explains why she's a "sucker for the old 'you don't love me' routine," though under " the circumstances they have forfeited any claim to receive her affection. Failure to distinguish between charity and affection is a earn- mon source of guilt and painful confusion in family relationships, because sensitive members often believe they must feel affection for others even though these others have destroyed any basis for it bY their conduct. Nature Of Concern INALLY, although it is easy to understand why your wife is disturbed at the thought of all this fighting among her rela- tives, she should carefully analyze the nature of her concern in their affairs. It seems to me that she has not yet found herself as u adult. This is revealed in her anxiety to please everyone, her sensitivity to obviously unjust criticism, her ruluctanee to take a stand based on reason rather than emotion, and her sense of frustration resulting from the refusal to face the hard, uncom  fortable reality that her relatives display some distre.sing traits : and conduct. :=' :: If you are patient I am sure you can help her think through situation successfully. At present she is still over-dependent on her relatives and not adequately emotionally weaned'from her . family. Help her to realize that her future fulfillment and hap#- " hesS must come primarily from the new family unit that you are now in the process of building together. : This must be the focus of her primarly loyalties and the source of her self-assurance and security. Legion Of Decency cedures have not even been Fun, Escape From East Bar- i determined. Listed here are ratings of the lin, Lad A Dog, The Longest , Why in the world the West |atest films received by the Na- Day, It s Only Money, No Man r wants to push for a question- tional Legion of Decency. Is An Island, Last Days of " able arrangement merely for the purpose of concluding an agreement is ever becoming more of a mystery. To tie our own hands from testing, some- thing which all our reputable scientists have warned against? In the final analysis, no agreement yet made with the Communists has ever been regarded as binding upon themselves. This has been shown by the long record ef treaties they have consistenly broken when they did not serve Communist purposes. In the light of what happen- ed when ey violated the mor- atorium m September 1961, they can be expected to vio- late any treaty now. Their promises are worthless. Wit- ness Cuba. Pompeii, Francis of Assisi. A-Z--Mvfiny on the Bounty, Roman Holiday, Savage Guns, ,: A-3--Period of Adjustment, ., Whatever Happened to B a b y .; Jane? B--G.I. Blues. Condemned-- Breathless and Phaedra. Separate Classification -- Di- vorce Italian Style. FirSt-Run Movies Showing In Seattle A-I--The Raven. A-3--Two For the Seesaw, Who's Got the Action? Other Movies Currently Showing A-I--Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm, 30 Years of Inseparable Love John the Apostle underlined now inseparable love of God and man are when he said: "How can one who does not love his brother, whom he sees, love God whom he does not see?" (I John 4:20). Which wine , with dinner? l001100e 00hri00tian Brother00 labd tells you/ PROOLO AND BOI"rLEO BY IdONT LA SALLI[ VINbWARD$, NPA, CALIF / /