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February 15, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 15, 1963

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4=--THE PROGRESS Frida 7, Feb. 15, 1963 Sunday For The Family HE merchant who opens the doors of his store on Sunday, whether he be Catholic, Protestant, Jew, atheist, or Mohammedan, is a menace to the public welfare of the State of Washington. For he seriously disrupts and impairs the so- cial and economic life of his community. Sunday observance is not a religious question. The Supreme Court of these United States, in upholding the right of a community to set aside Sunday as a day "of rest, recreation and worship, has ' stated that religion is not the issue. For apart from religious belief, a uniform day of rest involves the common good of all citizens within a given community. The 1909 "Blue Laws" of this state were written in "horse-and-buggy days." They are no longer either operable or forceable. New legislation is a must. ": The vast majority of 6mericans have fixed Sunday as the one day of the week 0 be with their families and friends, to tax from the tensions of work, to wor- ip  God .and enjoy cultural pursuits. If a single merchant refusing to respect and honor the needs of his community opens his doors on Sunday, everybody in town will sooner or later be affected by his selfish greed and lust for profit. Competitors will be forced by sheer economic necessity to a seven-day week also. And since women comprise the vast majority of retail employees, mothers will be torn from their families on the Lord's Day. They will become the helpless slaves of ruthless profiteers. Employer-employee relationships will strain. Workers will begin to fight among themselves because some of the part-time Sunday help already working a 40-hour week will help out on Sundays for less than a union wage. The slothful shoppers who sneak into the Sunday supermarket becausethey wasted Saturday will soon be disturbed by higher prices. Sunday help is paid double-time, and to be sure, it is the buyer, not the seller, who will absorb the cost. Children of Sunday workers will scarcely see their parents. Parents will seldom see each other. The problem of divorce and juvenile delinquency, already at an all.time high, will continue to eat at the roots of society. Will we experience a richer economy when Sunday' has become just another work day? No! For total consumer profit has not increased--it has just been di- vided by seven instead of six. All these evils are possible simply because there is no law that can protect the good from the greedy, the principled from the unprincipled. IVhere will all this materialism end? Communism claims to have arisen from the abuses of capitalism. "Open on Sunday" is a prime example of the abuse of capitalism in our own midst! How can we call Communists slaves to material things when we, with all our wealth and means of leisure, cannot even close the cash register one day a week in order to appreciate the good things God has given us? Perhaps we are the real slavesEwe who give lip service to principles eminently higher. It is true that moral convictions can- not be legislated. We are not trying to so legislate. Sunday observance legislation does not invade the intersanctum of a man's soul, but deals rather with the common good of the community as a whole. True, those of us who believe in the God of revelation have more at stake than a common day of rest. But we cannot impose the Third Commandment of the Decalogue as law in i pluralistic society, nor do we desire to do so. When the Supreme Court ruled that Sunday could be set aside as a day-of rest, it was well aware of possible incon- veniences to religious minorities who wor. ship on the sabbath, but the highest court of the land did not consider this objection sufficient in view of the greater good achieved by uniform Sunday observance. There is a bill before the 1963 Legis- lature which would bring up to date and effectively protect Sunday as a day of rest. It is called Senate Bill 175. As a citizen, you should do all in your power to pro- mote the passage of this legislation. A letter to each of the following sena- tors on the Committee of Commerce, Manufacturing and Licenses is in order: George W. Kupka, Frank Connor, John L. Cooney, David C. Cowen, Martin J. Durkan, F. Stuart Foster, Michael J. Gal- lagher, R. R. Bob Greive, James Edward Keefe, Reuben A. Knoblauch, August P. Mardesich, Ted G. Peterson, W. C. Rau- gust, Ralph L. Rickdall, Albert C. Thomp- son, Jr. If you do not inform your elected representatives concerning the kind of legislation you want, who will? The letter and the telephone are democracy's probe and scalpel. Freedom dies when they lay idle. 7 U.S. To Crush Nanons. HILE official Wash- ington is busying it- self in making second- c 1 a:s s citizens of Americans who send their children to re- ligious schools, our nation is hit hard from another quar- ter. Soviet :i Russia has By LOUIS F. BUDENZ brought together "scholars, workers of plan "'ng bodies, journalists, lecturers on inter- national affairs, post.graduate students, and representatives of various publishing houses." This wide attendance indicat- ed how seriously Moscow views the attempt to get us to support economically So- viet slavery over the captive peoples. Oddly enough to Americans, but quite logically to Commu- BUDENZ socialism permanently over the captive nations. The suggestion for this drive was first made by Nikita Khrushchev himself in the leading article in the Septem- ber 1962 World Marxist Review. There it was that he reviewed the previous meeting of the Council of Mutual Economic Zssistance formed by the "so, cialist countries" and told of the prominent part Red Poland played: in initiating it. I did not see in our daily press one word about this article, although I referred to it at some length in this column 19 weeks ago. Inter-Communist Conference Since then, Khrushchev's con- tribution has been published in booklet form by thdForeign Languages Publishing House of Moscow and is hailing down just launched nists, this drive arises in large . a long-ter.a part out 9f the Sino-,oviet dis- drive to get us pure. We shall have to look into to help build that again for proper enlighten- ment. For weeks. The Worker had announced that it would publish February 17 a large supplement. T h i s supplement would contain all the important documents dealing with that debate, from Soviet. Red Chi- nese, and American sources. Those who study the origi- nal Communist documents did not have to have this supple- ment before them to analyze the true meaning of the inner. Communist discussion. These were contained in the repub- lications from Renmin Ribao (People's Daily) and Hongqi (Red Flag) the official or- gans of the Chinese Commu- nists. They were also embraced in Khrushchev's address to the Supreme Soviet in December and in the able summary from like a snowstorm on the Corn- the munist camp. In addition. Oc- tober 5 d this past year, there took place in MOsCow itself one of those big inner-Communist conferences which are so dam- aging to the United States. It was based on Khrushchev's article. It dealt with "Problems of Development of the World Socialist System" and was ini- tiated by the Academy of Social Sciences of the Soviet Union jointly with the edito'ial board of International Affairs. As reported in the Novem- ber International Affairs, it Soviet Communist view- point appearing in the Decem- ber World Marxist Review. It is a serious reflection on the manner in which the American people are being denied infor- mation that this article has not been analyzed fully by our jour- nalists. I will give it more d e t a i 1 e d consideration very shortly. Fooled or Frightened? When the thousands of Red words are read and analyzed, it will be discovered that orld war or peace (which has been played up so much) is not the issue at all, as I have previ- ously said. The issue is simply tiffs: The Red Chinese contend that the American" nation can be frightened into submission; the Soviet Communists con. tend that we must be fooled into defeat. The one reflects on the stamina of this na- tion, thinking we will easily crumble under threats; the other reflects on our in- telligence i n psychological warfare, insisting that we will largely give in to the Com- munist line by continued in- filtration of our minds. The Worker of February 3, in preparing a series of re- views as supplementary mate- rial to the Foreign Policy Association's discussions, has accordingly s a i d: "The per- spective, therefore, is for a res- olution of differences between the two parties through the cur- rent struggle and the achieve- ment of a stronger unity." But emphatically it con- eludes, in answering the ques- tion of what we are to do, with the following: "The true interests of the American na- tion require policies that will strive not only to eliminate the danger of a third world war, but to promote friendly business relations w i t h all countries" including above all our trade and aid to the "so- cialist countries." If you and I really want to fend off the oncoming of Com- munism, which has now planted itself 90 miles from our shores, we shall have to bestir our- selves to c o m b a t American trade with Soviet-ruled coun- tries. This we could do at once by asking our Representatives and Senators to stand firm against any aid or trade con- cessions to Red Poland or Red Yugoslavia. fd 'The Answer-Conversion' ?: "IF: YOU ASK ME WE GOTTA CONVERT "EM" Some Thought Rules 'Strange' By JOHN B. SHEERIN, C.S.P. ATHOLICS seem to the minority that liked the take it for granted scheme submitted instantly and that the Protestant ob- without audible murmur when servers at the Council the Pope made his decision. At first glance, it may look w e r e tremendously ira- pressed by the freedom of speech allowed the bishops. One Protes- tant observer, however, is du- bious about the effect of the free discussion on the attitude of the other observers. In an article in Presbyteri- an Life (Jan.), Dr. James H. FR. $HEERIN Nichols, an ob- server for the Reformed and Presbyterian c h u r c h e s, re- marks that the observers came to the Council expecting to hear a free and .uninhibited debate onthe Council topics. The observers, h o w e v r, were surprised by certain lim- its and rules that had been placed on the agenda and pro- cedure. For instance, any change in the agenda or pro- cedure had to have the ap- proval of the Pope. These rules vesting final de- cisions in the Pope seemed "strange" to the Protestants, according to Dr. Nichols. Then, too, there was the matter of the Pope's initiative on November 21 in breaking an impasse and sending back to committee a schema the majority did not like. "The spectacle of this kind of ecclesiastical discipline was to the Protestant observer a more striking phenomenon than the previous freedom of speech- making." Why was this so? Because as though Dr. Nichols is mere- ly repeating the old charge that the Catholic Church is a mono- lith in which the Pope gives the order and the subservient bish- ops echo the master's voice. But I don't think he intends to criticize adversely here. He is simply stating that the power of the Pope and the unity of the bishops look "strange" to Prot- estant eyes. What, then, did impress Dr. Nichols? He says that the most striking feature of the Council, as far as his personal experi- ence was concerned, was the genuine ecumenism he found among bishops and theologians. Previously the Roman Catholic Church had always seemed to him "the very type of a closed and complacent sectarianism," but the Coun- cil demonstrated that there is in the Church "a genuine, profound and intellectually m a t u r e ecumenical move- ment." Nichols cautions against over- emphasizing the significance of the courtesies shown the ob- servers. He mentions with gratitude the fact' that they had front seats of honor in St. Peter's and that many bishops, in be- ginning their: addresses, saluted the observers as "carissimi" (dearly beloved) and "dilectis- simi" (most dear and most be- loved). But he remarks that perhaps some of the bishops thought all this benevolence was simply a tactic of conversion, "the use of the carrot instead of a stick." Nevertheless, Dr. N i c h o I s feels that it is safe to say that Catholic ecumenism g a i n e d both in depth and extent during the Council and that the seed has been scattered throughout the episcopate of the w h o 1 e worldwide Church. Calendar SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 17, SEXAGESIMA SUNDAY, MASS, Exsurge--Arise (Violet). No. Gl., Cr., Pref. of Trinity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 18, COMMEMORATION OF ST. SIMEON, BISHOP, MARTYR, Mass as on Sun. (Violet). No. Gl., 2nd Pr. of St. Simeon, omit Tract, no Cr., Com. Pref. Or MASS of St. Simeon, Statuit --The Lord made (Red). Cal., Tract. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, FERIAL TUESDAY, MASS as on Sun. (Violet). No Gl., omit Tract, no Cr., Com. Pref. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, FERIAL WEDNESDAY, MASS as on Tues. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21, FERIAL THURSDAY, MASS as on Sun. (Violet). No Gl., no Tract, no Cr., Com. Pref. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 23, CHAIR OF ST. PETER, MASS: Statuit el--The Lord made to him (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Paul under one conclusion, Tract, Cr., Pref. of Apostoles. Abstinence. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 23, ST. PETER DAMIAN, BISHOP, CONFESSOR, D 0 C T O R OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In medio--In the midst (White). Gl., Tract. Irony Is Inescapable By lILT. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore HIEF Justice Warren recently made an eloquent and moving plea be- fore a select audience at the Jewish Theological Seminary. He argued against more legalism for the pressing need of ethics (or we would say, moral theology). As John Wesley put it, our hearts were strangely warmed by his words. He reached the heights of true eloquence when he said, "If there were no sense of loyalty, if friendship meant nothing . . . society would collapse:" True! True! True! The law would collapse, as it almost did in the days of the monstrous hypocrisy called Prohibition. (Warren's exam- ple). As it does now with silly, not really ju- dicious, taws about gambling, when women can't walk the streets at night and one is court- ing disaster not to lock one's doors and win- dows and even car doors, in certain unnamed cities. (Our own little example). But if our society has lost its ethical view- point so that we must try to define everything in terms of mere legality, is it not because education has broken down? The irony is inescapable. We find our Chief Justice eloquently pleading for most of the things that all of us hold dear but can one somehow perpetuate this moral and spiritual heritage? Not in our public schools, apparently. As The Wall Street Journal pointed out, "There has been a deliberate and concerted effort on the part of many vocal people to eliminate religion from the public schools and they even atack the church and private schools which retain it." It was the Warren Court which decreed that the utterance of even a non-denominational prayer is to be prohibited by law. God's World: Are You A Punctual Person? BY REV. LEO J. TRESE RE you a punctual person? If so, you are ing the virtue of charity in an area in which many people fail. Perhaps it never has occurred to you to ask yourself, when examining your conscience, "Was I late, through my own fault, in keeping an appoint- ment?" Few persons do advert to the fact that habitual tardi- ness indicates a lack of charity. Almost everyone is unpunc- tual on occasion. The family arives a little late for Mass because baby needed attention just as it was time to leave for church. A man leaves for work at the usual hour, only to find that his car has a flat tire. A couple enroute to a dinner engagement are delayed by an accident on the freeway. The Real Offender This kind of unavoidable tar- diness is easily borne with. The real offender against charity is the chronic late-comer who wastes hours of other people's time. Time may not be money, but to most of us it is a very valuable commodity. A theater party waits impa- tiently for the arrival of one of their group. "So sorry, I just couldn't find my scarf," the lady exclaims when she finally appears, the first act half over. A man hurries into the airport twenty minutes late to meet his arriving relatives. "Hope you haven't been here long," he pretends to apologize. "Some- thing came up just as I was I e a v i ng" (the "something" being the sports page). A luncheon group grows hun- grier as it watches the door for the missing member. "Oh, you shouldn't have waited for me," the tardy one exclaims insin- cerely. "I had to stop on my way to exchange a pair of shoes." She didn't really "had to," but the shoes meant more to her than did the conveni- ence of her friends. In a wide variety of guises, young or old, male or female, the habitually unpunctual per- son falls into one of two gen- eral classifications. The more innocent of the two types is the "disorganized" per- son. He may say, "I'll meet you at seven," without stopping to estimate realistically how long it will take him to get to the place of meeting. In his book, s t o p lights and heavy traffic do not exist. He does not remind himself, either, of the things that will have to be done before he is ready to leave. With his poor sense of timing, he may undertake a half-hour task ten minutes before he should depart There are few excuses more time-worn than, "I didn't think it would take so long." The Repeater Obviously, t h e disorganized person also is a thoughtless person. He (or she) will repeat the same pattern of tardiness over and over, without seem- ing to realize, "There must be something wrong with me, I must learn to plan my time more realistically." The second and more vicious type of unpunctual person is the self-centered individual. His first love is for himself. He d o e s n o t particularly care whether he keeps other persons waiting or not. There even may be a latent streak of sadism in his nature. He (or she) may take unconscious delight in an- noying people by making them wait. FATHER TRESE It may be, too, that he suf- fers from feelings of insecurity or inferiority which make him wish to magnify his own lm. portance. By his late arrival attracts notice and becomes the center of attraction. Whatever variations of mo- tive there may be, this type of tardy-arriver is basically a self-centered person. No one should be so compul. sire in the matter of punctu- ality as to become nervousb/ disturbed by an occasional and unavoidable delay. However, if we truly do have the love for our neighbor which Jesus de- mands of* us, we shall not often be guilty of wasting another's time. Role of Catholi, Citizens It ts a source of profound satisfaction to Us to see the prominent part which is being played by Catholic citizens of the less wealthy countries " the economic and social opment of their own State. Then, too, the Catholics of the wealthier States are doing all they can to increase the effec- tiveness of the social and economic work that is being done for the poorer nations. We would give Our special ap- proval to the increasing assist- ance they are giving, in all sorts of ways, to .African and Asian students scattered throughout the universities of Europe and America; and to the care that is being devoted to the training of those persons who are prepared to go to the less wealthy areas in order to W engage in work of a technical and professional nature. To these Our beloved sons in every land who, in promoting genuine progress and civiliza- tion, are a living proof of the Church's perennial vitality, We wish to extend Our kind and fatherly word of appreciation and encouragement.--Mater et Magistra, Pope John XXIII. What Is Justice? USTICE means the honorable fulfillment of our duties to society and to each other. But it especially m e a n s the proper discharge of our obliga- tions toward God. St. Thomas rightly includes the practice of religion as a division of justice. The man who admits that he never attends church, neglects to pray, and offers no worship to God, and then boasts that he is as good as or even better than those who do, is not only a braggart, but an ignorant braggart as well. He could not speak more foolishly were he to stick out his chest and shout, "I am a cheat, never pay my debts and avoid my obligations, but I am just as good, or perhaps better, than one who abides by the laws of justice." Nonsense. A dishonest man is a rogue. And a man who fails to give due worship to God is failing in justice. He is dishonest and guilty of a particularly ob- noxious type of roguery. Not infrequently he attacks hypn- crites, but practices a not too subtle hypocrisy himself. Our Lord uses a violent meta- phor when He speaks of hun- gering and thirsting for justice, These two appetites are as- sociated with self-preservation,ll which is the first law of nature, q more basic and insistent even than sex. Consider what men will do when tortured by the pangs of hunger and maddened by thirst. Hence in the Fourth Beati- tude, our Lord was not speak- ing of justice of the respected citizens who avoid wanton de- struction of property, pay their bills and stay out of the hands of the police. Or, let us say, He was speaking of that and much more- our obligation to give due worship to God. ---Walter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privilege Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor