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Catholic Northwest Progress
Seattle, Washington
February 9, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 9, 1962

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4--TH E PROORESS i Friday, Feb. 9, 1962 Hard Facts E read this statement in The Busi- ness Bulletin of the West Seattle Commercial Club, dated Feb. 1, 1962: ONE MORE HEADACHE "As if Centre 7 21 doesn't have enough woes, comes now an angry pro- test about having the big 7-hour "kick- off" party for the World's Fair on Good Friday. Many feel that this particular day does not lend itself to a spMt of festiveness. On the other hand, the Chamber of Commerce (the sponsor of the party) points out that regardless of the date, the hard facts are that the whole town will be jump- ing on the eve of the opening of the World's Fair. Someone goofed when the Fair opening was set to have it on Easter weekend--but there's not much which can be done about it now. Any- way, only 450 couples are involved in this big party, a mere drop in the buc- ket to our total religious population." I suppose it depends upon which side of the fence you are. Which set of values you consider to be the most basic and most important in your life. To those who consider the Seattle World's Fair the most important thing in their lives date, we can see why the fact that Good Friday falls on the eve of the World's Fair kick-off constitutes "One More Headache." To those who consider the death of Christ far more important than a hundred thousand World FairS, the fact that Good Friday might not be a day of penance and mourning in Seat- tle this year constitutes "One More Heartache". Our Lord summed it all up when He said: "For where thy treasure is, there also will be thy heart." (Matthew 6,21). These expressions used in this news release are certainly not very convincing for anyone who calls himself Christian: "Many feel that this particular day does not lend itself to a spirit of festive- ness." Anyone who would consider Good Friday a good day for a gala celebration is totally lacking in basic respect and charity. It is the mark of a true gentle- man to respect the religious convictions of his neighbor, we m i g h t even call it democratic to say n o t h i n g of being Christian. To disregard the feelings of ,,t' Christians on so sacred a day as Good Friday is unthinkable regardless of one's religious preferences. "- - . regardless of the date, the hard facts are that the whole town will be jumping on the eve of the opening of the World's Fair." The "hard facts" also are that it is Good Friday, and we can not employ as a principle of conduct the fact that everybody else is doing it. "- . . only 450 c o u p l e s are in- volveda mere drop in the bucket m'' We think that 450 couples, which put another way means 900 people all of whom are considered important civic and national leaders in this community and in our count7, are capable of con- stituting a big splash, rather than a mere drop, on the city of Seattle and on the world for that matter. The truest thing the article pointed out was the fact that "someone goofed when they set the opening of the Fair on Easter weekend." With this we agree and we are sympathetic with the error. It is possible for anyone to make a mistake. There is nothing more human than to err, but we do not agree that "there is not much which we can do about it now." r'l" We feel certain that the Chamber of 1 Commerce would gain the respect and admiration of every Christian and of every American if they would just plain admit their mistake, postpone the party, and recommend in its place an evening of solemn silence for world peace and harmony in the scientific age to be ush- ered in by Century 21. Allow us to reiterate. We whole- heartedly support the Seattle World's Fair. It is precisely our deep concern for the total impact of the Fair on this com- munity and on the world that the above matter causes us much concern. It is for this reason that we hope the motion not to hold the preview and celebration on Good Friday made at yesterday's meeting of the World Fa,ir Commission will be taken seriously. Baptists Yes, Catholics No ARDINAL SPELLMAN this week described the Administration's pro- posals for Federal aid to public schools exclusively as "a dagger threatening our very existence, ,' This was not a statement of exaggerated rhetorici but of cold logic. "If the Administration's bill and the Ad- ministration's desire," Cardinal Spell- man reasoned, "should become factual, that means the end of our schools, be- cause while we pay our municipal taxes, taxes for education, and while our par- ents assume the voluntary taxation of building and supporting our schools... nevertheless, if the Federal government should favor public schools and put an additional tax on us, from which we shall receive no benefit, then my dear friends, it is the eventual end of our parochial schools because we cannot compete with Federal government support and subsidy of the public schools only." If you want the short and sweet of it, we might say that the Admin- istration's bill is pricing private schools right out of the education market. We think that there are a few points that must be constantly kept in mind in dealing with this whole issue of Fed- eral aid to education. First of all, the American people ought to realize what would happen to this country should the private school systems fold. The private school makes America free for Democracy, serves as a check and balance to the public school system. If there were no private schools, e state school would have a complete monopoly on the education of the Ameri- can citizen, and intellectual freedom would be nothing more than a high- sounding phrase. Secondly, Federal' aid to education may be considered unconstitutional at the present time, but this ruling is an in- terpretation of our Constitution, an in- terpretation which is not infallible and Which President Kennedy himself im- plied could ,be changed should the Su- i preme Court make a ,new judgement" on the case. (see "Cardinal Warns" on page 2) Exhaustive and extremely scien- tific legal studies have been made in re- cent months which prove at least that aid to private schools is not certainly unconstitutional. Another point, the Catholic Church does not want direct aid from the Fed- eral government for her schools. What Catholic Americans do want, however, is some legal means whereby through di- rect payment to the parent or the child, or possibly through long-term loans, there could be a just return of the education tax money which they as citizens must pay. Finally, it must be kept in mind that the present Administration's stand on Federal aid to public schools only, is discriminatory. Here is but one of literally hundreds of examples of discrimination and incon- sistent policies concerning Federal aid to private schools: The Friday, February 10, 1961 issue of the Catholic Northwest Progress car- ried a story by James Francis Cardinal McIntyre concerning a situation which arose in Miami, Fla., as a result of the Cuban exodus. Some 3,500 Cuban refu- gee children arrived in Miami that month. 2500 of these same type refugee children chose to attend our parochial schools. For this choice, Abraham A. Ri- bicoff, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare, made it clear that no fi- nancial aid could be given to offset this tremendous burden which our parochial schools had freely undertaken. The reason Mr. Ribicoff gave for being un- able to help was that such aid would be "unconstitutional," But here is the rub. The lead story on page 2 of this week's Progress points out the fact that Stetson Uni- versity in DeLand, Fla., operated by the Southern Baptists, has in the past five years received $105,416 from the Department of Health, Education and Welfai'e. At the very time that Mr. Ribicoff was saying no to the Cath- olics he was saying yes to the BapIists. You figure it outl 'Glass.House Dwellers' To The Rescue For Protestants Only .o Is the Same Language Spoken? By Rev. John H. Thirlkel, S.S. long with ecumenism, there is much talk today of "The Dialogue" between Protestants and Catho- lics. A TV Special on CBS a week ago called it "The Great Conversation." I have been asked what the phrases mean and I should like to spend sev- eral columns in answer and comment on them. "The Dialogue" is simply another way of describing ecumenism--today's world-wide effort and movement toward P" / unity among the world's re- ligious faiths and Churches. M o r e specifically, t h e phrase means that Protest- ants and Catholics, in the person of their religious lead- ers and teachers, are meeting all the time is of the utmost, I  [ tgether; sitting dwn with vital imptrance! The Cath" one another, more than ever lic Church stands or falls on " before, to discuss their dif- . : :. " ferences, in the hope of pro- them. To us, it is not a ques- moting greater nnderstanding tion of personal option, pref- and perhaps finding, with erence, a take-what-you-like- God's help, some common it makes-no-difference atti- grounds on which to unite. If this Dialogue is to con- tude. A Catholic's whole moral tinue and if it hopes to be suc- life--the way he thinks, eessful to any great degree, I speaks, acts, and desires; would like to suggest that we what he does or does not do; , begin with language--with the way he lives--is moti- words and their meanings-- with those verbal symbols vated by the meaning of through which we give expres- these words and 100 more sion to our ideas, like them. " . ousPerhaps someone should onThedivorce,mralitYbirth-control,f our positiOnSwar compose a dictionary of religi- terms. For as it stands right now, Protestants and polities, economics, education, e q?roubled Anglica By REV. JOHN B. $HEERIN, C.S.P. That superb Broadway drama, A Man for All Seasons, focuses its main attention on the consci- ence of St. Thomas More. He reused to accept King Henry's break with Rome and adamantly r e j e c t e d Parlia- ment's attempt to establish Henry as head of the Catholic Church in England. Today the Church of .England f i n d s that many of its members are troubled in conscience over the question of intercom- munion. Whereas Thomas More held for the maintenance of Catholic tradition, rebellious voices in the Church of Eng- land are calling for a radical departure from Catholic tradi- tion. They claim that the doe- trine of Apostolic succession is not an essential Christian teaching and that Anglicans may receive communion from unordained clergymen. The quarrel becomes more intense as the Church of Eng- land begins to take a larger part in the work for Christian Unity. Thirteen months ago, the Archbishop of Canterbury visited the acknowledged, leader of the Orthodox Churches, Pa- triarch Athenagoras. Then he "" 00urch paid a "courtesy visit" to Pope John. As he himself said, "For the first time in 400 years an Arch- bishop of Canterbury has come officially to Rome not to air his own views or complaints but solely to show respect to His Holiness, the Pope, in the spirit of courtesy and Christian brotherhood." And Pope John, in return, said the mutual cordiality and sympathetic understand- ing generated by the meeting were important fruits of the visit even though the two leaders did not discuss dog- marie differences. However, the Church of Eng- land seems somewhat uncertain ments are influential but not final and absolute. Therefore, according to the New York Herald Tribune of December 23, 1961, in a report by Rich- ard C. Wald, a group of 32 prominent Anglican theologists wrote an open letter to the Archbishops of Canterbury end York in which they rejected the doctrine of Apostolic succes- sion. They said they recognized that the "historic episcopate has importance but also, we recognize that it is Our Lord Who calls and commission His ministers and that He is not tied to any one form of min- istry." They went on to assert that even unordained ministers can as to the precise role it should convey grace through commun- play in reunion work. This hes-, ion and that Anglicans were Station was obvious at the World Council assembly at New Dellii. A very vocal group of FR. SHEERIN delegates from the Church of England called for intercom- munion so that an Anglican could receive communion from ministers of other faiths even if these ministers were unor- dained. The delegates complained that it is rather futile to talk about unity unless you, take the first elementary step on the way to reunion --the reception of commun- ion from ministers of other faiths. The Lambeth Conference of 1958 stated that: "Anglicans conscientiously hold that the celebrant of t h e Eucharist should have been ordained by a bishop standing in the his- toric succession . . ." However, it must be remem- bered that Lambeth pronounce- under no obligation to refrain from receiving communion at the hands of other churchmen. The signers were men of such considerable prestige in Church of England circles that the ensuing controversy creat- ed an uproar. The Church of England Newspaper said: It has set the Church alight as nothing else has in recent years and the absolutely amazing thing about it is the way it has caught the imagination of the laity." Since the Lambeth decisions do not have binding force, only Parliament c o u 1 d definitely settle the controvrrsy. But it is highly dubious that Parliament will do so. Meanwhile, Cath- olics can only view with sur- prise and disappointment this development that will ulti- mately remove the Church of England one step farther away from Rome. _ ._ I It.m...ll I LI I 'Sa e Use of Extra 00ours E were reading recently that His Eminence the Cardinal Arch- bishop of Montreal has predicted the advent of wide-spread automation and the four- day work week within 10 years. Indeed, one would long hesitate to question the accuracy of the prediction if one keeps up on popular science as purveyed by the press. But the point His Eminence made in an ad- dress to professional and amateur athletes was more important than the mere prediction. He stressed the heightened role of leisure in this forthcoming-transformation of social life. The occasion being what it was, he took pains to teach his audience the value of sane and healthy recreation as a partial but important solution the problem of spare time which could possibly be tragic for some. But the chief point he made, it seemed to us, was his elucidation of the mean- ing of leisure. So many people think thatit is mere lazi- ness, stagnation, inactivity, passivity. It con- sists rather in his words of "the sane use of extra hours", if we may offer this as a kind of definition. It was the priestly caste in Egypt as Aris- totle once pointed out which developed mathe- matics-because priests had "leisure". It is the man who has leisure who creates great music although no one would call this inactivity; who creates great poetry, although no one would con- sider this passivity; who thinks great thoughts By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. " Professor of Philosophy, Sf. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore Catholics do not even speak the same language on religious issues. The horror of it is that we beth use the identical same words but their meaning to Protestants and their meaning to Catholics are worlds and oceans apart. Let me give a mere handful of examples. Some of the most import- ant words in a Catholic ro- e a b u I a r y are: "Christ", "Mary, the Mother of God", "Trinity", "Sin", "Grace", "S a e r a m e n t s", "Mass", "Supernatural", "A n g e I s", "Devils", "Heaven", "Hell", "Creation", Faith", "Bible', "Church', "Man", and "God". Now these are all simple words and we certainly do not have the space to define them here. We hope to define most of them in future columns and try to show the different mean- ings Protestants give them. But the point is, if we did de- fine them, we believe that there would not be another man in the whole world, except an- other Catholic, who would agree 100 per cent with all our meanings. How can there be any sen- sible or successful "Dialogue", if we disagree on words as fundamental as these? What meanings do you give these words? And how much of your life is based on them? Once you have a definition, how do you know that yours is true and any other is false? To Catholics, the meaning of these terms which we use or lays down world shaking systems like Des- cartes in his idle winter camp on the Danube, and Descartes' mind was never so furiously en- gaged. Someone has defined leisure as disinter- ested activity. Works of worth or even of gen- ius are its fruit. Laziness, or better sloth, is simply one of the capital sins; a source of sin because in this listlessness one shuns the labor required for virtuous life. The late Pope Plus XII saw the increasing relevance of the use of leisure in this new world almost upon us. He declared it to be his hope "that the profound needs of the soul will find their satisfaction in the greater amount of free time available because of modern machin- ery". Automation must liberate the spirit not paralyze the mind or it will be instead of a blessing just another curse inflicted upon us by the industrial revolution. It will fill not the temples of God and the museums and the in- stitutions of learning and concert halls and the homes of gracious friends but the low taverns and the cheap dance halls and the dives and even the prisons. The problem of automation is naturally the problem of threatened jobs and shaken security. It may be that for a painful period of transi- tion but basically it is not only an economic but a spiritual and religious issue which must be solved. Quotable Quotes ... the role of the Church is "not to evangelize by civiliz- ing, but to civilize by evangel- izing."- Archbishop Sebastiano Baggio. g "The world is not made, and much less rebuilt, on battle- fields, but rather at debates of ideas--debates spurred by a quest of truth."--Gaetano Car- dinal Cicognani. O "Perhaps the greatest con- tribution we can mzke is to know with greater depth, and sincerity why we are Catho- lics .... by being better Chris- tians, with all that is implied by the term."--Rev. Edward Duff, S.J., priest-observer, World Council of Churches meeting at New Delhi. "Neither the Bible nor his- tory shows us that a nation shall or should be formed ex- clusively of citizens of one race or living in adjacent territo- ries. What constitutes a nation is the community of peoples under an authority which gov- erns and maintains order for the common good, administers justice, and defends from ex- ternal enemies .... "-- Cardinal de Gouveia. Professional competency is "a prime obligation of e Chris- tian layman.., in today's sophisticated world."-- Martin Work, N.C.C.M. executive di- rector. and society depends upon them. Without a definition of these terms which we believe and know to be true, we could not live! If the Dialogue would that the meaning Catholics give to .any single one of these terms (not just all), is wrong, then the whole Catholic world would collapse. There would be no such thing as Catholicism. That is how important these words are. They stand for ideas which we believe are God-given, revealed. If the meanings our Church gives them and the meanings we hold for them as Catholics can be wrong, it means that God can be wrong. And if God can be wrong, then there is no God and no need for religion, or Church, or faith of any kind. It is no exaggeration to say then, that our whole, life as Catholics literally de- pends upon the meaning of words. If there is going to be union, if the Dialogue be- tween Catholics and Protest- ants is to produce results, we had better start talking the same language. And Protest- ants had better accept the meanings we give to these words. The alternative--that we ac. eept some other meaning-- would mean that we accept falsehood. It would mean our dissolution. There would be no Catholic Church to unite with. These are some of the reasons why the Dialogue is one of the most important things that has ever happened in the history of mankind, and why all of us should pray daily and earnestly for its successful conclusion. Calendar SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 11, SIXTH SUNDAY AFTER EPIPHANY MASS: Adorate Deum--Adore God (Green). GI., Cr., Prof. of Trinity. Mass for Parish. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 12, SEVEN HOLY FOUNDERS, Confessors, MASS; Justi--The just (White). GI. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 13, FERIAL TUESDAY, MASS as on Sun. (Green). No GI., no Cr., Com. Prof. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 14, COMMEMORATION OF ST. VALENTINE, MASS as on Sun. (Green). No GI., 2rid Pr. of St. Valentine, no Cr., Corn Pref. Or MASS: In virtute--In thy strength (Red). GI. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, COMMEMORATION OF SS. FAUSTINUS AND JOVITA, MASS as on Sun. (Green). No GI., 2nd Pr. of SS. Faustinus and Jovita, no Cr., Com. Prof. Or MASS: Salus autem--But the salvation (Red). G1. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 16, FERIAL FRIDAY, Mass and Office as on Tues. Comp. of Fri. Abstinence. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 17. SATURDAY OF OUR LADY, MASS: Salve--Hail, Holy Mother (White). Gl., Prof. of B.V.M. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published by the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor TACOMA--Mrs. Ethel Hannah Egan, BRoadway 2-3356