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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 9, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 9, 1962

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2T--THE PROGRESS ,Friday, Feb. 9,,I,9,62 REDS IN U.S.S.R. ARE WORRIEDmBerlin, Feb. 6 (NC)--A Moscow newspaper received here has ex- pressed concern over the gro.wing influence of reli- gion in the area of Vladimir, one of Russia's ancient centers of the Orthodox faith. Komsomolskaya Pravda, organ of the Soviet Union's Young Communist League, said that in 1960 more parents in the region had their children baptized than ever before, including league mem- bers and even officials. Vladimir, 110 miles northeast of Moscow, is the site of a number of famous 12th and 13th-century churches and monasteries. SOCIAL JUSTICE PROGRAM URGEDSantl- ago de Los Caballeros, Dominican Republic, Feb. 6 (NC)--The social teachings of the Church are being put forward aggressively here as Dominicans shape a new economic and political life in the wake of the Trujillo dictatorship. A nastoral letter by Bishop Hugo Eduardo Po- lance Brlto reviews the country's social and eco- nomic problems against the patterns of the recent Mater et Magistra encyclical of His Holiness Pope $ohn XXHI. Here as elsewhere in the Domini,can Republic the Sunday sermons throughout 1962 will deal with Mater et Magistra and its answers to social ills. TAKES PART IN VCI-IEAT MEET--Geneva, Feb. 5 (NC)mThe Holy See has sent representatives to a United N a t i o n s International Wheat Conference, called here to ensure the free flow of that vital food throughout the world. The five-week wheat conference which wi,ll end March 6 is considering the renewal or renlacement of the present three-year International Wheat Agree- ment, which expires July 31. Since 1959 Vatican City State has been buying all its wheat through the International Wheat Court- ,ell, a body set up by the Internati,onal Wheat Agree- ment. AIDS JEWS TO GET WHEAT FROM ISRAEL-- Washington, Feb. 6 (NC)President Kennedy has is- " sued a suecial proclamation that will enable Jews in the U.S. to have ritual flour from Israel during the Passover season. The flour, known as sehmurah, is usually pro- duced from American wheat. The Jewish ritual re- quires that the flour not become wet before the actual mixing preparatory to baking. A White House source said that all the wheat growing areas of the U.S. had rain this year during the harvest season. Therefore, rabbinical emissaries supervising preparation of the flour sad they could not testify that any of the available wheat in this country had remained dry. CLERGY ACT FREELY IN GOA--Goa, Feb. 7 (NC)The head of the Church in Gee has reported that he and the other Portuguese clergymen in Gee are being given full freedom to carry out their duties by Goa's new Indian rulers. Archbishop Jose Vieira Alvernaz of Gee, who holds the title of Patriarch of the East Indies, made this statement in an interview at his residence. Next to the Patriarch's home in Panjim city is a base of the Indian Army, which took Gee from the Portuguese a week before Christmas. But there are no armed guards in front of the residence. TAKE ROUTE OF BATAAN DEATH MARCHm Manila, The Philippines, Feb. 7 (NC)Thousands of pilgrims moved by truck, bus and on foot along the route of the Bataan Death March to hear Father Pat- rick Peyton, C.S.C., preach in San Fernando on the Family Rosary. The Holy Cross priest's Rosary Crusade in San Fernando marshalled the largest crowd in the his- tory of Pampanga province. San Fernando, 35 miles northwest of Manila, is the provincial capital. Rufino Cardinal Santos, a native, of the province, Journeyed from his archiepiscopal see of Manila to the San Fernando rally. WARNED AGAINST POLITICAL DISPUTES Paris, Feb. 7 (NC)Maurice Cardinal Feltin has is- sued a statement calling on priests not to take part in partisan political and economic disputes. The Archbishop of Paris spoke shortly after a French priest was sentenced to three years in jail for helping Algerian nationalists sought by the French police to escape secretly tO Spain. His statement came at a time when many priests are being urged to take sides in labor dis- pfutes, particularly in economically distressed areas the country. Girls' College 47-Years-Old, To Enroll Men WISE SHOPPERS ALWAYS SELECT-- AT ALL BETTER GROCERY STORES SUNNY JIM WEBSTER GROVES, Me., (NC)--For the first time in its 47-year history Webster Col- lege for women here will en- roll men students next fall. Courses leading to a bache- lor degree in fine arts will be available to the men students at the institution conducted by the Sisters of Loretto. Sister Francetta Berberis, c o 11 e g e president, explained that ar- rangements have been made with the Jesuit Fathers who conduct St. Louis University, ten miles from here, for the men students to take their scholastic work at the univer- sity, but their training in fine arts will be given at the col- lege here. Sister Francetta said the men students will be gradu- ated with Webster College de- grees although they will do part of their studying at the university. She said the ar- rangement with the Jesuits was completed after several months of discussion and after the Sisters had been assured the univsity had no plans for a meier music and art center, Thousands of people couldn't be wrong, They all subscribe to the Paeifie Northwest's largest diocesan weekly--The Progress. How about you? r Past Role Reviewed: Grant Enforcement Stay In School A00il Colleges Participated Bible-Reading Case in Various Aid Programs WASHINGTON, Feb, 7. ties, argued that the bill put that Stetson has received Welfare," she said, "the Bap- (NC)  Overwhelmi, ng House passage of Federal aid for college construc- tion came after debate brought out that the govern- ment had helped all colleges in a variety of other programs for 20 years. The House approved January 30 by a vote of 319 to 79 a bill to provide $1.5 billion in five years in both loans and grants to cover part of the cost of building academic facilities. The bill (H.R. 8900) would give Federal grants to cover one-third of the cost of each project and loans, to be repaid with interest within 50 years, to cover up to 75 pe'r cent of the cost. Some objectors to the pro- posal questioned the use of tax funds to assist church-related institutions, but there was no extended debate on this point. Rep. Edith Green of Oregon, sponsor of the measure and chairman of the House special subcommittee on higher educe- forward no new form of aid for church-related colleges and universities. She appeared on the floor armed with a summary of all Federal loans and grants to in- stitutions of higher education to back up her position. When a member inquired about funds for church-re- lated institutions, she con- sulted her summary and pointed to colleges in the ob- jector's district or state which had aceepted either Federal loans or grants. Rep. Billy Matthews of Flor- ida charged the bill was the first to propose outright grants to church-related schools. Mrs. Green denied this, add- ing: "Grants have been made by the Federal governments to all types of colleges and uni- v e r s i t i e s, private, public, church-related and non-church. related for the past 20 years." She cited Stetson University in Matthew's home state. This institution in De Land, Fla., is operated by Smithern Baptists. Stetson, she said, has received $105,416 from the Department of Health, Education and Wel- fare "that might be part loans and part grants." Mrs. Green also reported $193,205 from the National Science Foundation. This is a quasi.governmental a g e n e y which distributes Federal funds to encourage research and other work in the basic sciences. "I would say," she said, "that there are hundreds -- I think that would be a conservative estimate--hundreds of colleges in the United States that are church-related or other private colleges, as well as public col- leges, that have received both grants and loans in substantial amounts during the last sev- eral years." In another exchange, Rep. Eugene Slier of Kentucky, who said he is a trustee of a small Baptist college in Kentucky, said he believed both loans and grants to church-related col- leges to be unconstitutional. 'I am very much opposed," he said. Mrs. Green responded that her bill set no precedents and noted that in Siler's congres- sional district there are one Baptist and two Methodist col- leges all of which have gotten Federal funds in the past. "Through the Department of Health, Education and tist college received $84,514; the Bennett College, Method- ist, $7,084; and Union College $70,355." Rap. Joe D. Waggoner of Louisiana charged Mrs. Green with taking an opposite side on the constitutionality of such aid from President Kennedy. She responded that the President's medical - d e n t a I school aid program would benefit both public and pri- vate schools, adding: "I do not know what the President's position is with reference to the constitutionality of loans and grants to higher educa- tion institutions." When the college bill was in- troduced, the administration called only for loans to col- leges. But after House testi- mony from college officials that they also needed a program of grants, the administration gave its blessing to this addition. The House bill requires appli- cants for Federal funds to show that the facility the gov- ernment is aiding will not be used for "sectarian instruc- tion," nor as a place for re- ligious worship nor primarily in connection "with any part of the program of a school or department of divinity," Centenary Spain's national pontifical missionary society has desig- nated 1962 as a "Year of the Propagation of the Faith" to mark the cen- tenary of the death of Pauline J a r i c o t (above), foundress of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith. In Space Race: President's New Appeal Bars Private Schools (Continued from Page 1) dress. In appealing for adoption of a bill pro posing a $2.3 billion, three-year program of grants for public school construction and for teachers' salaries, he said in both statements. "It offered the minimum amount required by our needs and--in terms of across-the-board aid --the maximum scope permited by our Consti- tution." The President did not spell out what he meant by "across-the-board" help. But in the past Congressional session, official spokesmen for the administration indicated in legal memorandums that "special purpose" loans for parochial and other private schools-- such es for science and mathematics facilities-- might be constitutional and did not fall into the President's "across-the-board" classification. The President's bill for public school aid did not come to the House floor in the past session because the Rules Committee denied clearance for debate. A watered-down version was prepared. It dation's program to further scientific and engin- eering education in high schools. Cost would be about $96 million, administration sources said. --Matching grants to states to build educa- tional television stations. The cost was esti- mated at about $26 million in five years. --A program of scholarships for grade and high school teachers for a year of advanced study and other steps to "improve eduoational quality." The estimated cost is about $747 rail. lion. --Broadening the present program of Fed- eral aid to train teachers of mentally retarded to include help for training of teachers of all handicapped youngsters. A five-year, $47 mil- lion cost was estimated. FH ffttlllllll Cardinal Warns NEW YORK, Feb. 7--Cardinal Spellman told a Cetholic Teachers Institute here that the adoption of the Administration's proposals for PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 6 (NC)A stay of en- forcement of a Federal court injunction barring Bible reading in the Ab- ington Township senior high school was granted here. The delay was allowed Feb- ruary 5 to permit the township school board tim e to decide whether an appeal will be taken against the February 1 ruling of a special three-judge Federal court which held the Bible reading was unconstitu- tional and a "promotion of religiousness." O. H. English, township su- perintendent of schools, said that all legal preparations for an appeal have been made, but a final diecision on such action has not yet been reached. The injunction handed down by the three-judge court spe- cifically enjoined the Bible reading at the Ahington Sen- ior High School, the school named in the suit instituted to test the law. English said that: while lhe decision was directed against the one high school, the ruling had no effect upon the practice of Bible reading at 14 other public schools in the township. He said that Abington "sup- Fr. Keller Names Book Winners NEW YORK, Feb. 6.-- (NC)Seven winners of the annual Christophers Book Awards were named here. Father James Keller, direc- tor of the Christophers, cited the six authors and one editor for "using their God-given tal- ents to produce works repre- sentative of the best in the lit- erary field published during 1961." Each recipient was given a bronze medallion bearing the words, "Better to light one candle than to curse the darkness"--the motto of the Christophers. The award winners were: Bruce Carton for "The Com- ing Fury," (Doubleday); John Gardner f o r "Excellence," (Harper & Brothers); William Harbaugh for "Power and Re- sponsibility," (Farmr, Straus and Cudahy); Jacques Mari- tain for "On the Use of Phi- losophy," (Princeton Univer- sity Press); Marion Mill Prem- inger for "The Sands of Tam- ported and will continue to sup- port the reading of the Holy Bible in our schools because of its educational value." The suit attacked eo amend- ed Pennsylvania law requiring Bible reading in the p u b I i c schools of the state, but was directed only against the prae- t ice in the Abington senior high school. The law was amended by the state Legisla- ture after a Federal District- Court in September, 1959, ruled the originel Bible-reading law was unconstitutional on the ground it amounted to religious instruction. The decision was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, but in the meantime, the state legis- lature enacted an amendment permitting children to be ex- cused from attendance at Bible- reading sessions at the request of their parents. The U.S. high court sent the case back to lower courts for review in light of the legish- ture's action. But the s p ec i a 1 Federal court found the amendment made no difference. It said that reading of ten Bible verses daily without com- ment, as required by the law, constituted religious in- struction and "the promotion of religiousness." It held further that the read- A ing was a "religious eere- I mony." The challenge to the practice was begun by Edward L. Schempp,  resident of nearby Roslyn, Pa., against the Abing- ton Township School Board. When he initiated the suit in 1958, one of his sons was a senior at the township's senior high school. Two more of his children now attend the school. Schempp is a Unitarian. The Pennsylvania P u b I i c School Act of 1949 required the Bible reading. In addition, many schools voluntarily adopt- ed mass recitation of the Lord's Prayer, although Abington drop- ped this while the law suit was m progress. Schempp attacked Bible read- ing as a violation of the First Amendment's provisions o n separation of Church and State. A brief also attacking the practice was submitted to the court by the Jewish Commun- ity Council of Greater Phil- adelphia which argued that the practice established one religion over another. The special court's opinion was written by Chief Judge John Biggs, Jr., with Judge C. Williams Kraft, Jr., and Judge Will H. Kirkpatrick concurring. Federal Aid was to be brought to the floor by a parliamen- Federal aid to public schools exclusively would anrasset," (Hawthorn); M. L. try move skirting the Rules Committee, but the D Tell ,ou,oo,,,o 169 not to consider it. create "a dagger threatening our very exist- Shrady, editor, for "In the To Universities r. er In his new message, Kennedy said no task ence." Spirit of Wonder," (Pantheon); When questioned about the Cardinal's state- and Father Roland de Vaux Hiked In Canada Predicts U.S. Success PHILADELPHIA, Feb. 7. (NC) Russia today is ahead in the field of space transportation but the U.S. may surpass the Soviets by 1970, Dr. Ed- ward Teller said here. The "father of the H-bomb" who is director of the Univer- sity of California's Lawrence Radiation Laboratory, specu- lated before 1,000 students and faculty members of La Salle College here about "What We Shell Find in Space." 'I hope that when we do get to the moon," Teller said, "that the form of life we find there will not be Russian." He envisioned for man more complete control over his en- vironment and a super com- munications system stemming from-the conquest of space. He cited a vast, global communi- cation network for radio, tele- vision and telephone, totally accurate weather prediction and, eventually, weather con- trol. "The greatest difficulties in this field," Teller asserted, "may be to get the nations to agree upon them, not the t e c h n i c a I difficulties in- volved." "If we do master weather prediction and control," Teller added, "we will have lost the last safe topic to conversation." The college is conducted by the Christian Brothers. English Cemeery Bans ' R.I.P. WILMINGTON, England (NC) --The doctrine of Purgatory is at issue in an order by the Anglican rector here banning certain inscriptions from ceme- tery headstones. The Rev. Tom Shaw has forbidden the use of the phrase "Pray for the soul of Oswald Smith" because it implies ac- ceptance of P u r g a t o r y. He banned the initials "R.I.P." for the same reason. The cemetery is used by Catholics as well as Anglicans. A hearing will be held here to determine whether the rector's edict applies to the whole cemetery. The local Catholic pastor, Father William Diver, has declared that he will de- fend the Catholic view. facing the nation is more important than ex- panding and improving educational opportun- ities of all Americans. "The concept that every American de- serves the opportunity to attain the highest level of education of which he is capable is not new to this administration-- it is a traditional ideal of democracy. "But it is time that we moved toward the fulfillment of this ideal with rdore vigor and less delay," he wrote. He called Federal aid for public school con- struction and teachers' salaries "imperative." The principal pieces of legislation sought by Mr. Kennedy-are already in Congress. He asked for Federal aid to colleges, and scholar- ships for needy students, proposals which were before the Senate at the time of his message. The bill to aid medleal and dental schools is also in Congress. It proposes a ten-year program of matching grants to expand existing sehools and construet at least 20 new medical schools and an equal number of dental schools. In the first five years, the eost would be most, President Kennedy did not comment di- rectly. He only reiterated at his press conference that he will maintain opposition to Federal aid to church-related schools "unless there is a new judgment by the Supreme Court." The Cardinal had told 1,500 teachers that "if the Administration's bill and the Adminis. tration's desire should become factual, that means the end of our schools because, while we pay our municipal taxes, taxes for educa- tion, and while our parents assume the volun- tary taxation of building and supporting our schools.., nevertheless if the Federal govern- ment should favor public schools and put an additional tax on us, from which we shall receive no benefit then, my dear friends, it is the eventual end of our parochial schools be- cause we cannot compete with Federal govern. ment support and subsidy of the public schools only." President Kennedy, in describing his stand, said it was based on his oath to defend the Constitution, legal advice from the Attorney General, advice from the Health, Education and O.P. for "Ancient Israel," (McGraw-Hill), The aim of the Christopher movement is to encourage in- dividuals in all walks of life to show personal responsibility in applying sound human and spiritual values to the vital spheres of influence, especial- ly government, education, lit- erature, entertainment and la- bar relations. Named Bishop In Philippines VATICAN CITY, Feb. 6 (Ra- dio, NC)--The regional super- ior of Maryknoll Missioners in the Philippines has been named a bishop by His Holiness Pope John XXIII and put in charge of a newly erected independent prelature there. He is Father Williem Joseph abOUtother$600KennedymilliOn;proposalsin fiscal include:l3' $9 million. Welfare Department and his own interpretation Regan, M.M., who was named of Supreme Court rulings. Titular Bishop of Isinda and --Expansion of the National Science Foun- ""'''''"''''''"'''"'"""'''''''''''"''"'''''''''''"'"'''''''''''''''"'"""'''''"""" .......... "'"'"'"',",,,,,, Prelate Nullius of the new Pre- lature Nullius of Tagum. The Bishop-designate w a s born in Boston April 5, 1905, and ordained for Maryknoll in New York Jan. 27, 1929. For 15 years he was a mis- sioner in China where he was Superior of the Kwelin region. In 1952 he brought Mary- knoll Missioners to the Philip- pines, working in the Diocese of Lips and the Prelature Nul- lius of Davao. His territory is in the interior of Mindanao, southernmost of the major islands in the Phil- ippine Archipelago. Bishop - designate Regan's only sister is Sister Rite Mar- ia, a Maryknoll nun stationed in Formosa. There were no other children. Their mother, Mrs. William D. Regan, lives in Fairhaven, Mass. OTTAWA, Ont., Feb. 7. (NC)--Prime Minister John Diefenbaker announced in the House of Commons the govern- ment would increase Federal aid to universities. He said January 22 that the government now will pay a grant of two dollars per capita, an increase of 50 cents. The universities had asked for an increase o one dollar, basing their reqdest on what had been estimated by them as absolute minimum require- ments. While appreciating the increase of 50 cents the univer- sities feel that it is not suffi- cient to meet their rapidly ex- panding needs. In 1951-52, on the recom- mendation of the Royal Com- mission on National Develop- ment in the Arts, Letters and Sciences, the Federal Govern- ment headed by Louis S. St. Laurent began direct and regu- lar grants to universities on the basis of 50 cents per capita of the population of each prov- ince. Each province's share was divided among its universi- ties and colleges in propor- tion to student enrollment. In 1956 the St. Laurent gov- ernment increased the grant to one dollar per capita, and in 1958 the Diefenbaker govern- ment made it $1.50 per capita. Note Jaricot Centenary MADRID. (NC)--A "Year of the Propagation of the Faith" to mark the centenary of the death of Pauline Jaricot, foundress of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith, has opened under the sponsorship Spain's national pontifical mis- sionary society. Primate Eyes U.S. Breviary Gift TWO THOUSAND SETS OF BREVIARIES for the needy priests of Poland, a gift from American Catholics, are inspected by Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, (right) Primate of Poland, and his secretary, Father Jerome Gozdziewicz. Valued at $55,000, the bre- varies were shipped to Poland by the Catholic League for Religious Assistance to Po. land after a national drive was held in 50 U.S. dioceses. Diplomat Presents VATICAN CITY (Radio, NC) --Nicaragua's long-time Minis- ter to the Holy See, 85-yeer-old Francisco Medina Tomes, has presented his credentials to His Holiness Pope John XXIII as his country's new ambassador. New Credentials The Nicaraguen mission to the Holy See was raised from a legation to an embassy June 28. Ambassador Medina has rep- resented his country at the Holy See uninterruptedly since June of 1946. See's First Negro Priest Ordained BOSTON, (NC) -- The first Negro of the Greater Boston area to become an archdioce. san priest was among 27 sem- inarians ordained here by Rich- ard Cardinal Cushing. Catholic Northwest Progress 907 Terry Ave. Seattle 4, Washington I would like to send ...... copies of a special Preview Edition Century 21 Of the Catholic Northwest Progress to my out-of-town friends. These copies would be sent to .................... 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