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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 9, 1962     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 9, 1962

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D Links Council Opening -- With Marian Dogma Vol. 66No. 6 . 41 Seaffle, Wash., February 9, 1962 $4.00 per year10c per copy i C .k--^l Aid Measure Progress I)JE, X/UUI Gains 2,126 Passed By Senate WASHINGTON, Feb. 6, P(NC)--The senate to- day passed the $2.67 bil- lion aid program for the Nation's public and pri- vate colleges. The final vote was 69 to 17. The bill provides for $300 illion annually for the next ve years in loans for con- struction o f clessrooms, li- braries and laboratories; au- thorizes 212,500 four-year schol- arships over the next five years at an estimated cost of $924 million; and authorizes $50 mil- lion annually for five years in matching grants to help build community junior colleges. D The measure goes to con- ferenee with the house which January 30 passed the $1.5 billion bill providing for con- struction funds but no schol- arships. Prior to the final vote the senate defeated by 72 to 15 an amendment sponsored by Sen. Sam J. Ervin, Jr., of North Carolina which would have prohibited use of federal loans by private or church- related colleges. An amendment sponsored by Sen. Pat McNamara of Michi- gan to tack on nn administra- tion bill to aid public grade and high schools was defeated by voice. The religious issue was raised in the Senate during de- bate prior to the vote on its program. Senator Irvin noted that the original bill made no distinc- tion between public and private institutions, including t h o s e conducted by church groups, in assigning aid. He said this "clearly vio- lates" the First Amendment to the Constitution. He stated this amendment "prohibits Congress from giving aid to any institution for the pur- pose of teaching the tenets of any religion." Supporters of the administra- lion's college aid plan moved quickly to head off. controver- sy over the religious question raised by the Ervin amend- ment. Sen. Wayne Morse of Ore- con, floor manager for the bill, and Sen. Lister Hill of Ala- bama, Labor Committee chair- man, cosponsored an amend- ment February 5 to bar Fed- eral loans for classroom con- struction in divinity schools or for facilities for religious in- struction or worship. This amendment would bring the measure in line with a ver- sion passed earlier by the House of Representatives. It would leave priwate church- supported colleges eligible for Federal loans for academic fa- cililies. subscriptions and St. Louise, Bellevue, was third with 154. Eighty-four g i f t subscrip- tions were included in the total number of new subscrip- tions received this week, Gains Listed In addition to the three par- ishes already named, parishes reporting n e w subscriptions were as follows: St. Edward, Seattle, 121; St. Benedict, Seattle, 112; Assumption, Bellingham, 108; St. Augustine, Oak Harbor, 97; Holy Family, Auburn, 89; St. Patrick, Tacoma, 85; 00res ident' s New Appeal ,500ur Lady of Fatima, Seatt|e, St. Joseph, Vancouver, 60; St. Michael, Olympia, 58; St. Bars Private Schools spokesmen estimated the total cost at $5.7 bil- lion. Last year, the Senate passed his proposal for Federal aid to public schools. But the House rejected it and a key factor was the contro- versy over aiding parochial and other private schools. Kennedy has maintained in previous mes- sages, at press conferences and in his State of the Union address that "across-the-board" aid would conflict with the Federal Constitution. He repeated in his new message the same sentence used in the State of the Union ad- (Continued on Page 2) WASHINGTON, Feb. 6 (NC)Pres- to Congress asking adoption of n many-faceted ident Kennedy has stressed again in a program. He gave no figures, but administration Thomas, Riverton, 54; St. Anne, Seattle, 52; Holy Rosary, Tacoma 50; Our Lady of Lourdes, Seattle, 52; Our Lady of Lourdes, Vancouver, 51; St. Patrick, Seattle, 43; St. Vincent de Paul, Federal Way, 34; Our Lady of Mr. Virgin, Seattle, 33; St. Mon- tea, Mercer Island, 29; St. Margaret Mary, MeKenna, 28; Sacred Heart, Belling- ham, 27; St. Joseph, Lyn- den, 21; St. Peter, Suquam. ish, 21; St. Joseph, Taeoma, 18; St. Mary Mission, Coupe- ville, 14; St. Philip, Woodland, 11; St. Francis Mission, Winlock, 7: St. Joseph, Kalama, 6; Our Lady of Lourdes, Wilkeson, 4: Ss. Peter and Paul, Aberdeen. 1; Sacred Heart, Lacey, 1. Pastors preached the ser- new appeal for Federal aid to education that he rates "across-the-board" aid for ""private grade and high schools as un- constitutional. However, the Chief Executive did call for legislation to help all colleges finance construc- tion of academic facilities mad for a program of matching construction grants to medical and dental schools. Church-related institutions would be eligible. The President headed t h e administration into the controversy over Federal aid to education in a 4,000-word special message VATICAN CITY, Feb. 6. --In setting the date of October 11 for the long- heralded e c u m e n i, c a 1 council, H i s Holiness Pope John XXIII chose to tie it to the Council of Ephesus in S b ipfi 431. It was at Ephesus that u set on  decisions upheld belief in the During the first week Virgin Mary as Mother of God, of Catholic Press Month, which remains today a key- The Progress gained a stone in the belief of both total of 2,126 subscribers. Catholics and Orthodox Christ- Special sermons were given ions. October 11 is the feast in 33 parishes Sunday, Feb. 4, of the Divine Maternity of opening the Press Month ob- Mary. servance. The Pope said his main hopes St. James Cathedral, with a for the results of the council, total of 438 new subscribers, to be known as the Second had the largest number of new Vatican Ecumenical Council, subscriptions in a single par- are "that the Church, Spouse ish. Holy Family Parish, Se- of Christ, may strengthen still attle, was second with 170 new more her divine energies and extend her beneficial influence in still greater measure to the minds of men," He added: "In this way there is further reason to hope that all peo- ple--especially those whom we so sorrowfully see suffering be- cause of misfortune, discords and mournful conflicts--turning their eyes more trustfully to- ward Christ . . . may finally achieve true peace in respect for mutual rights and duties." Pope John announced the date for the eouncii February 2, the feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin--three years and eight days after he first revealed his intention to summon all the Catholic bish- ops of the world for a 21st ecumenical council. He made the date known in a "muto proprio," a document drawn up and issued on his own initiative and personally signed by him. The document is not an actual summons to the council. That was issued in the bull of convocation which the Pope published Christmas Day of 1961. In the bull, Pope John specified that titular bishops, who do not have a strict right under Canon Law to attend councils, are invited to the Second Vatican Council. The Pope has not stated in either CYO Di T H Le d in several parishes not nner o onor a ers ers. Preparing For 1,500 CYO Guests THESE MEN are anmng 100 Carroll Club members who are preparing for the sixth annual CYO Dinner Thursday, Feb. 15, in Seattle's Civic Ice Arena. Shown above (from left) are Lee Sinclair, vice president; James A. Rider, and P. D. (Dan) Rooney, executive secretary. The Carroll Club, whose sole function is to support the CYO, will be host to approximately 1,500 adult youth leaders from throughout the Archdiocese. Challenge Of Common Market Called Moral Approximately 1,500 adult youth leaders from throughout the Archdio- cese will be honored at the sixth annual CYO Dinner Thursday, Feb. 15, in Seattle's Civic Ice Arena on the World's Fair grounds. No stone in the vast arch- diocesan CYO program will be left unturned. The spotlight wilt be focused on CYO teen club advisers, coaches, other athletic instructors, camp staf- fers, leaders of special interest groups and other adults direct- ing the CYO spiritual, social, cultural and athletic programs. Guest speaker will be the Most Reverend Thomas A. C o n n o 11 y, Archbishop of Seattle. The annual Carroll Club- sponsored dinner, billed as the "biggest recognition banquet west of the Mississippi," will have an outstanding program and array of individuals to present, starting at 7 p.m. Two of 24 teen club mem- bers from 10 cities will be named as CYO Teen-Agers of the Year and presented with a $500 scholarship. Adults, providing 10 years or more of continuous service to the archdiocesan youth pro- gram, will be given the na- tional Pro Deo et Juventute Award. A firm or organization will be honored for outstanding contribution to youth by be- ing given the Carroll Club's Civic Youth Service Award. Vying for the CYO Teen- Agers of the Year Award are the following teens, listed by their designated months, par- ishes, clubs and cities: April--Gone M e G r a t h, St. Benedict's and SherylSauvage, St. Matthew's, Seattle. May--Edward J. Gray, St. Francis of Assist, Seahurst, (Continued on Page 8) l ln Today's Pro.ressa . . . All Colleges Participated in Various Aid Programs .... 2 The Progress Among Others Cited by USO-NCCS Club. 3 Hard Facts (Editorial) ............... 4 Physical Punishment for 16- Year-Old? (Family Clinic) 5 Western ACCW Sets Burse Film Benefit ............. 6 Albert Koobs Celebrate 50 Years of Marriage ........ ? Bellarmine lees NCA Title.. 8 DUBLIN, Feb. 6. (NC) "The challenge of the Common Market is above everything else a moral challenge," Bishop William Philbin of Clonfert said Speakers Sunday Twenty-one parishes will be visited by Press Month priest- speakers Sunday, Feb. 11. The parishes and their respective speakers are: Assumption, Seattle, Rev. Philip Duff y; Immaculate, Seattle, Rev. Gerald Brunet O.M.I.; Christ the King, Se- (Continued on Page 3) Help For The Lepers ....... 10 regard their entry into the Common Market as a national crisis, then they might realize the necessity of personal psy- chological training for their momentous test. "Let us then, in the midst of all our detailed and tech- nieai preparations for the Common Market," said the Bishop, "not neglect to think and persuade ourselves about what it entails in terms of moral caliber. "We are meeting, in the current phrase a moment of truth. Let us see and acce, pt that a challenge faces us, simply as men and women to prove what we are made d." here. "We ought to carry out some moral stocktaking even before we go into other matters," the Bishop said January 30 at the opening meeting of the Mange- meat Students of the Catholic Workers College. "Having a look at ourselves would be an advisable kind of thing if there were no Common Market," said the Bishop, "and it will be rather more than ad- visable if we are not found dlh,worthy of admission to that 'body." Bishop Philbin declared that perhaps the European Common Market is just the instrument the Irish nation needs to jostle it out of its complacency and lethargy. He said that if the Irish could SIGNING DECREE, Pope John XXlII formally announces that the Ecumenical Council will open in St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, October 11. It will be the first in nearly 100 years. document what topics are to be discussed at the council. The motu proprio recalls that Pope John issued a state- meat last Christmas Day an- nouncing that the couneii would take place in 1962, and states that the date for the opening is being announced now so that the participants can plan their schedules ac- cordingly. The Pope again appealed for prayers for the success of the council. "We can do no less." he said, "than exhort once more all Our sons, together with all the clergy and the Christian people who await it with great anticipation, to in- tensify ever more their pray- ers to God for the happy suc- cess of this undertaking . . ;' The time lag between Pope John's initial announcement of the councilJanuary 25, 1959- and the date for the opening is well under the five years which elapsed for the last council-- the Vatican Council of 1869-70. Pope Pius IX first revealed his intention to convoke a council December 1864. It did not open until December 8, 1869. That council lasted 316 days. It was adjourned sud- denly on October 26, 1876, after Rome had been taken by Piedmontese troops, thus ending the Papal States. Pope John in June of 1960 set up a dozen preparatory, commssmns and three secre- tariats to lay the groundwork Mass Offered For 737 Attend Nocturnal Vigil Cardinal Cicognani Nocturnal vigils on the eve of the first Saturday of Febru- ary attracted a total of 737 persons in St. James Cathed- ral. Seattle. and Our Lady Queen of Heaven Church, Ta- coma. The Cathedral had an at- tendence of 436 and there were 301 present in St. Ann Church The devotions are held on the eve of the first Saturday of each month in answer to re- quests of Our Lady of Fatima for prayerful observance of first Saturdays. Progress Readers Give Views On Coverage ers' policy when editorials are written and this, I feel, is very good." Charles K. Lonergan, Jr., attorney, 714 20th Ave. E., St. Joseph Parish: "I look for the i n t ernational church news, news of the hierarchy and pronounce- ments of Pope John. His views on eco- nomics and so- cial conditions I feol are very important and hard to find m the lay press." Dr. John L MeKay, physi- cian, 1124 22nd Ave. E., St. Joseph Parish: 'q have read The Progress more in the pest few months than ever before bause of the writings on anti - Communism. So many times the lay press white-washes controversial issues and fails to editorialize on them while The Progress will let go with both barrels when a real answer is needed." Rev. John J. Murphy, O.M.I., Port Chaplain and President National Catholic Apostleship of the Sea Con- ference: "To voice from me The Prog- gross is like a near and far. It's the voice of young and old, the holy and the mighty, but also the voice of *the poor, the silent and the persecutel. It tolls of good, clean literature and wholesome, worthwhile movies. It's the voice of fair play for the whole community. It is the voice of truth, honesty and jus- rice in ell facets of life and, above all, it is the voice of the clergy, laity, the Archbishop and the Holy Father. Mrs. H. T. Buckner, past president Seattle University Guild, 1223 Spring St., St. James Cathe- dral Parish: "I keep up on ell the Catholic activities with The Progress. I .enjoy read- ing the news of the clubs and always take a look to see who's in the pictures of parish activities. Then I do cut out the Legion of Decency list and keep it as a guide." Mrs. Tony Jausoro, house- wife, 16436 13th Ave. S.W., St. Francis of Assist Parish: ,"As a housewife and mother of five I don't get a chance to talk to people about C o m m u nism and world events. I de- pend on The Progress .to have a good evaluation of the Church's attitude on specific events. And I especially recall the editorial on the Hollywood Communism program. It was such a clear answer to all the controversy that followed that program." Jack Drummey, secretary- treasurer Bonney-Watson Co., 1138 16th Ave. E., St. Joseph Parish: "The :i:;:iii:i P r o g r e s s shows Seattle readers what Catholics feel about specific issues . . . what we feel the moral tone of this city should be. For me the most important part of the paper is the editorial page because it presents Cath- olic feelings. Also, The Prog- ress isn't bound by its advextis- ROME, Feb. 8.(Radio, NC)A pontifical requi- em Mass was offered here today for Gaetano Cardinal Cicognani, 80, a veteran of 38 years of diplomatic service for the Holy See and brother of Aleto Cardi- nal Cicognani, Vatican Secretary of State and former Apostolic Delegate to the U.S. The Cardinal, who was Pre- fect of the Sacred Congregation of Rites. which deals with the canonization of saints, died February 5 in Rome of a heart attack. He received the last for it, and he has personally attended their meetings to spur on their work. Longest of the ecumenical councils was the 19th, the Coun- cil of Trent. It dragged on from 1545 to 1563, during the reigns of three popes. In con- trust, none of the first four councils lasted as long as four months. One of them, the fourth, at Chalcedon, lasted only three weeks. Shortly after becoming Pope in 590, St. Gregory the Great referred to the first four councils--Nicea in 325, Constantinople in 381, Ephesus in 431 and Chalcedon in 451--and declared: "On these as on a four- square stone rises and stands the strueture of faith and of eaeh one's life and action. Whosoever does not cling to their solidity, even though he be a stone, lies outside the strueture." In setting October 11 for the opening of the council, the Pontiff put major stress on the ancient doctrine that Mary is Mother of God rather than on more modern Marian defini- tions, which are viewed by some Christians as a stumbling block to unity. "We have especially chosen this date," the Pope said, "be- cause it links us with the memory of the great Council of Ephesus, which was of ex- treme importance in the history of the Church." Actually, the Council of Ephe- sus-held in the early Christ-, ion center which had been visited by St. Paul, and whose ruins are located about 30 miles southeast of the western Turk- ish city of Izmir--opened Jund 22, 431, and concluded that September. Three other ecumenical coun- cils- Chalcedon in 451, Con. .staninople in 869 and Vierme in 1311--opened within a week before or after October 11. The feast of the Divine Maternity of Mary October 11 was made a feast of the univer.- sol Church in 1931 by Pope Plus XI in an encyclical commemor. ating the 15th centenary of the Council of Ephesus. Headlines And Deadlines rites of the Church shortly be- fore his death. His Holiness Pope John XXIII sent him a Bright Splashes Cardinal De In News Gouveia Dies " Georqe N. Kmmer, Ph.D. Doomsday came and ! n Afric a weo so quietly hardly LOURENCO MAR- anyone noticed it. It was specia blessing. one of the most unevent- Present at the deathbed of QUES, Mozambique, Feb. the Cardinal was his brother, 6--TeodoSio Cardinal de Amleto Cardinal Cicognani. Gouveia, Archbishop of The death of Cardinal Ci- Lourenco Marques, has eognani and of Teodosio Car- died here February 6 at the dinal de Gouveia, Archbishop of Lourenco Marques, Mo- age of 72 after a long battle zambique, on the following against leukemia. day, February 6, leaves the He was the second cardinl College of Cardinals with a to die within 24hours. A day total of 78 members, 27 Ital- earlier Gaetano Cardinal Ci- ions and 51 non-Italians, cognam, Prefect of the Sacred Gaetano Cicognani was born Congregation of Rites, died in in Brisilghella. Italy, Novem- Rome. her 26, 1881. He was ordained His death in a general hos- in Rome Sept. 24, 1904. pital here leaves Africa with Gaelano Cardinal Cicognani only one cardinal, Laurean Cr- climaxed his long and distin- dinat Rugambwa, Bishop Of guished career in the Vatican Bukoba. Tanganyika. Shortly diplomatic corps by embarking before his death. Cardinal de on another one in December, Gouveia received a message 1953, when he was named Pre- and a blessing from His Holt- feet of the Sacred Congrega- ness Pope John XXIII. tion of Rites. Cardinal de Gouvei was born to a poor, peasant, family As a diplomat and a head, of on Funchal, in the Madeira the congregation which "makes saints," C a r d i n a I Cicognani islands, May 13, 1889. shunned the limelight. Ordination came on Easter Sunday in 1919. He served his Archbishop Cicognani w a s early years as a priest in Pot- named a cardinal at the con- -tugal, but was recelled o sistory of January 12, q953, and Rome in 1929 to serve on the in December. 1953. he was faculty of the Portuguese Col- named Prefect of the - Sacred lege. Congregation of Rites. Named a bishop by lope Beatification causes Plus XI in 1936. he was put in brought to a successful con- charge of the missions in Mo- clusion under the Cardinal's zambique. He was created a leadership included those of cardinal by Pope Plus XII on the 56 martyrs of the Boxer February 18, 1946. Rebellion, who were raised to For t4 years the only cardin- the honors of the altar in al on the African continent, he April, 1955, and Blessed Inno- was uncompromising in up- cent XI, the 17th-century holding Portuguese rule in Mo- Pope who was beatified in zambique. When the independ- October, 1956. ence movement in Angola--the Cardinal Cicognani served as huge Portuguese-ruled terri- a member of numerous secred  tory in western Africe--erupted congregations or commissions, into violence early in 1961, These included the Congrega- tion of Religious, the Coasts. (Continued on Page 3) torial Congregation, the Congre. cation of Sacramental Disci- pline and the Pontifical Com- mission for the Authentic In- terpretation of the Code of Canon Law. Cardinal Cicognani also headed the Frascati diocese, one of the nine so-celled sub- urbicarian dioceses in the Rome area whose heads are cardinal-bishops. Pope John offered his Mass February 6 for Cardinal Ci- cognani and was present at the funeral Mass in St. Peter's February 8 offered by Fer- (Continued on Page 3) ful week:ends in a long while. Probably the most catas- trophic incident occurred in Honolulu Buy when Attorney General Robert Kennedy's boat dunked him into the water. "It was nothing," he said, as he swam out, smiling. Even Khrushchev remained quiet, something he has been doing for 3ome time, and that m itself is an inauspicious omen. Instead of being a week of disaster, there were some bright splashes in the news. For instance, President Ken. nedy's proclamation last Sat- urday banning almost all trade with Cuba. This was undoubtedly news to many people who were un- der the impression that all trade hod been suspended a long time ago. Actually, the U.S. merely stopped buying Cuban sugar and prohibited the exportation of strategic materials to Cuba. It still conducted a brisk trade amounting to some $50 million annually with that country. This is now stopped, thus depriving Castro's regime of a much-needed ineome ex- pressed in American dollars. Litle wonder thet, as a result of the President's action and the O.A.S. snub last week, Communist Castro is again at- tacking the U.S. in the U.N. Assembly for what he calls "another economic aggression., ]'he U.S. replied that Castro is merely attempting to "ob- scure" the decisions made at Punta dot Este. Ambassador (Continued on Page 5) .# /'