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February 7, 1964     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 7, 1964

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4--THE PROGRESS Friday, Feb. 7, 1964 Shrewd Shopping verything in l!fe has got a price tag on it and we ve been given just so much to spend. Our sense of values will determine what we buy. If you pick ten men and women at random, give them each $100 and turn them loose in the Ben Marche, the items they bring home will tell you a great deal about their character. One woman might spend the entire hundred on lipsticks and hair rinse---another might use the money to buy clothes for needy friends. The lady who rushed to the cosmetic counter would agree that buying clothes for the poor is a worthwhile project, but she couldn't do both. Subconsciously, each person chooses to spend money where his greatest interests and values lie. When God created our soul, He gave us a certain purchasing power called time and talent. Then He turned us /tee into the department store o[ His universe. How we use that time and that talent is up to us. We can't buy everything and we can't enjoy what we do buy forever. There has to be a weighing of things--a choice. There are some immediate advan- tages in squandering our lives on pleas- ures of the body, but there is always the gnawing fact of conscience that knocks the edge off from even the most exciting forms of sensuality. There are even greater advantages to be found in pursu- ing pleasures of the soul. But, again, The dedicated scholar cannot spend his life at the beach, or on the cocktail circuit. The man or woman striving to spread the Kingdom of God cannot live the dissipated life of the worldling. Lent is a time to take stock of our lives. Have we been using our talents as though this world is everything, or have we concentrated on the things that will buy eternal life? The Church is asking us to re-focus our eyes on the values given us by Christ. If we really want Christ and His Will, the things we can't have won't really matter. If a man is really sold on a Chev- rolet, it won't matter that he can't own a Ford or Plymouth. If we really believe in Christ, the comforts we must give up to follow Him won't matter either. It comes down to a question of values. odern man has gone mad over free- dom. Yet, freedom is not an abso- lute. It's how we use our freedom that counts. When a Christian makes Lenten sacrifices, he is not hampering his free- dom. He is rather exercising it to its full- est degree, by passing up something good for something better. To the worldling who thinks only in terms of bodily pleasure and material comforts, Christian mortification is bad business. To those who know the peace and joy of Christ and have tasted the riches of the supernatural world, shrewd shopping for pleasures of the soul. self-denial is these joys have their price. , :es of the s, tl. Only 'The Spiritual Keys' VATICAN CITY fNC) --Pope Paul VI declared that his rule over Vatican City is essentially a sign of his independence, and that modern popes not only cannot but should not exercise any power other than that of the "spiritual keys." The Pope was addressing the nobles of Rome (Jan. 14) at their traditional papal audience at the beginning of a new year. He told them that the papacy is "wholly absorbed in its spiritual functions" now that it has been stripped of its temporal possessions. Referring to the fall of Rome and the Papal States to the Kingdom of Italy in 1870, the Pope said, "History marches on." He continued: "And while the Pope finds in his sovereignty over the State of Vatican City a shield and a sign of his independence from any authority of this world, he can no lotger and should no longer exercise anything but the power of his spiritual keys." Earlier in his formal ad- dress, Pope Paul told the no- bility: '"You know that we are no longer the temporal sovereign around whom there gathered, in past centuries, the social ranks to which you belong. We are no longer what we were in the past. "Perhaps this has not been perceived clearly thus far, as the decay of the popes' tem- poral power took place in the way we all know--maintaining for 60 years the failure to rec- ognize the de facto situation, (preserving) the external and traditional forms of the lost sovereignty, and at the same time claiming the old rights. "During that troubled and paradoxical period, you gave proof of admirable fidelity, re- maining close to the pope, who was now lacking his age-rid civil sovereignty; content with forms and titles that were also without their effective func- tions, for this you deserve great praise," The Pope here spoke of his duty to exercise only spiritual authority. Then he continued: "Before you, the heirs and representatives of the ancient families and leading ranks of papal Rome and of the Papal States, we now stand empty. handed." He went on to say that a pope is no longer in any posi- tion to confer benefits, privi- leges or civil offices upon the nobles. He described himself as "humanly poor before you" and unable to seek the nobles' collaboration in the matters of this world. "We say this with some hesi- tation, in fact with some inner uneasiness, fearing that we are not, or seem not to be, suffi- clef/fly devoted to tradition and suffidently appreciative of your merits. But this is not quite so. "We should also add that the papacy today, wholly ab- sorbed in its spiritual func- tions has set itself an apes- tolls activity which we might describe as wider and newer than that of the past." Pope Paul referred to the Church's duty "to carry out an apostolic conversation with the modern world, now stirred by rapid and deep transforma- tions." He also spoke of the ecumenical council as a means of accomplishing the "aggiorna- mento," or updating, of the Church. U.S. Will Pay Heavily BY J. J. GILBERT rASHINGTONw ' France's recogni- tion of Red China could have a radical, varied and snow-bailing influence on human events. The effect could be good or it could be bad. From the view- point of the United States at this time it offers no hope of good. Immediately, some questions present themselves: Will it lead to the early ad- mittance of Red China to the United Nations? Will it help Red China take Nationalist China's seat on the United Na- tions Security Council? Will it enemy. Peiping vigorously champions world revolution. The U.S. has accused Red China of meddling in Latin America. This government is concerned over the influence Red China's Premier Chou En-lai may have exerted on his prolonged African iour. At just the time France and Red China announced mutual diplomatic recognition, a State Department publication appear- ed with an interview Secretary of State Dean Rusk had given to a Japanese correspondent for broadcast in Japan at year- end. "We are very much con- cerned about the attitude that we find in Peiping in this most recent period," the Secretary said in part. He added that Red have a chain reaction in Asia China is "promoting the idea and throughout the world? Will of militancy, of vigorous and it mean Red China can no long- hostile promotion of what they er be contained in Asia? Will Peiving's influence and aggres- siot spread in Asia, while Western prestige falls off sharp- ly? How will it affect France's relations with her Western al- lies? There are other considera- tions, many of them closer to home. Peiping undoubtedly con. aiders the U.S. its greatest call their world revolution." He accused Peiping of interfering in the internal affairs of coun- tries in this hemisphere "through agents and through the transmission of funds." He said there is also indication it is hoping to interfere in the in- ternal affairs of African na. tions. "In our own contacts with Peiping in Warsaw," the See. retary continued, "we have seen no modification of their attitude or policy. They are insisting that we must sur- render Formosa. It is not up to us. But in any event we won't surrender Formosa. We can't surrender ten or eleven million people against their will to these people on the mainland." There have always been peo- ple in the U.S., and in Wash- ington, who favored this gov- ernment recognizing Red China. They contended it was the "realistic" thing to do, ignor- ing the many arguments against such a course. Now some say that, with Red China brought more into the company of nations by France's recognition, it may be possible for the Free World to manage and train the Peiping regime.' This is not being "realistic." "I don't see any early de- velopment in Peiping's policy which would make their rein- tions with other nations easier or more peaceful," Secretary Rusk said only days ago. France has a right to recog- nize Red China, but everything points to the fact that the U.S. will be the nation to pay heav- iest for the experiment. ,& 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle 98104 Telephone MAin 2.8880 gecond-Clul Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Published every Friday by the Catholic Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. flAMES H. GANDRAU--Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associata Editor Native Weapens? De alle, The Solitary 8y RE. JOHN B. $HEERIN, C.S.P. RESIDENT De Gaulle has upset the apple- cart again. Just at the moment when we were enjoy- ing a "breather" in the cold war, he in- formed us that he would rec- ognize R e d China. Why is this bad news? Because at least 12 other French - speak- ing nat,ions will take h i s cue and recog- nize Peking? Because his FR. SHEERIN move will make it possible for Red China to unseat National- ist China in the Security Coun- cil? Because DeGaulle's inde- pendent diplomacy will cause another dangerous rift in the Western Alliance? Extreme Nationalism It is bad news for a reason more frightening than any of the above. The shadow behind De Gaulle is the shadow of nation- alism. It was nationalism, un- curbed and uncontrolled by a reasonable internationalism, that spawned the bloody wars of the last century in Europe. Nationalism is running riot in parts of Africa at the present moment but we had hoped that it was dead and buried in Eu- rope. De Gaulle, however, is do- Ing his best to resurrect it by going his own sweet way on the world scene and by show- ing his independence by snub- bing the United States. His grand design is to restore French prestige all over the world. What's wrong with national- ism? There's nothing wrong with it as long as it is balanced by due respect for other na- tions. Patriotism is a virtue but it becomes a vice when it interferes with the welfare of the world community. Pope Pins XII insisted that the Cath- olic doctrine on civil .society has always been based on the principle that the nations, in keeping with the will of God, form together a community with a common aim and com- mon duties. Changing Scene I don't doubt that De Gaulle has the best of intentions in recognizing Red C h i n a. As George Kennan says in the Jan- uary, 1964, Foreign Affairs, the ' extreme concentration of pow- er in Moscow has been dis. integrating and a number of in- dependent centers of Commun. ist power have been developing, such as Yugoslavia and Red China. The problem facing the free nations is whether to eulti. vats the friendship of one or more of these nations--or to stay aloof lest Western resist- ance to communism be weak- ened. De Gaulle apparently fears that China must be wooed or else Mao will form a coalition of all the colored nations of the world against all the white nations. Whatever his motives might be, the fact is that he is going about his task in the wrong way. He cannot hope to accom- plish much as a lone wolf. Says James Reston in The N,Y. Times of January 24, De Gaulle is now "the monumental figure to f I a u n t the nationality of France. Prestige vs, Respect De Gaulle's nationalism caus- es him to be insensitive to the rights and feelings of other na- tions and other national lead- ers. Against the wish of his al- lies, he has insisted on develop- ing French nuclear weapons even though they were anxious to prevent the spread of such weapons. He felt that he had to have them for the sake of na- tional prestige. He seems to go out of his way to show other leaders that he is acting inde- pendently of them and this means that he snubs een his friends. When he decided to recog- nize Red China, he did not communicate with President Johnson or engage him in dis- cussions previous to the de- cision. He simply sent his ambassador a r o u n d to the American State Department when he had made up his mind--and that was that. He has shown a similar uncon- cern for Americen feelings by announcing he will make a grand tour of South America next fall. The announcement comes just when the U. S. is having trouble in Panama and is welcome news to the anti-Americens in places'like Caracas. Where it will all end -- who knows? But we do know that in playing with nationalism, De Gaulle is playing with the con- cept of a self-sufficing nation- state that is obsolete. Unlike the 19th Century, no nation to- of the West, the clearest and day can "go it alone." By at- most eloquent voice since Chur- tempting to restore France's chill's but that is just the former glory by rebuffing other trouble." Reston goes on to say members of the family of na- that the trouble is that he uses tions, he may bring the whole his eloquence not to express free world toppling about his the universality of France but ears. 'In fallible' Government By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy, St. Tkomos Seminary, Kenmoro HE complexities of the modern world are now almost unbelievable whether one is talking of ecumenism, economics or ecology. This is one reason why we are amazed at the self-assurance of faceless experts in big government who complacently offer or insist upon imposing home-made solutions to every conceivable problem. This includes those problems their predecessors or themselves have first of all created. As we have said before: Only God could run a socialistic system. But, be it said rev- erently, He has opted for private property. We read recently that the present furor hess which embraces in its sinuous coils thous- ands of faianers who grow tobacco and live off its sale, plus innumerable tobacconists, grocery- men, makers of cigarette dispensers, those who produce cellophane, countless advertisers, radio, T V, m.gazines which live off ads and paper makers. There must be others, of course, whom we have forgotten or wet not of. NOW cigarettes, so ar as the evidence is in, stand indicted as a common cause of lung cancer. The public has reacted as it did to sputnik a few years ago. With panic. Our beloved physician and his wife have given up cigareKes though both have left an opening for cigars. (As we told them, they de- serve each otherl)Cigar manufacturers and over cigarettes affects almost every aspect of pipe people are enjoying a sudden new prosper- economic life. It has been estimated that ity and their stocks are rising on the mart. there are some 70 million half-witted addicts, We're still waiting for our infallible govern- including the present writer, merit to tell us just what to do. Puffing but not This adds up to an $8 billion-a-year busi- yet huffing. . God's World: The Bond of Love By REV. LEO J. TRESE 'effect F OUR frequent Holy Communions seem to little change in our personal lives, the reason could be one of several. It may be, for example, that our Holy Communions have become purely routine acts of piety. Our familiarity with Jesus in the Holy Eucharist has bred in us an easygoing, take-Him for-granted attitude. As a consequence, we make little effort to stir up in our- selves the adoring faith, the deep love and heartfelt grati- tude which should accompany each Holy Communion. Our preparation for and thanksgiv- ing after Communion are sketchy at best. Our sense of awe and reverence in the pres- ence of divinity lies dormant. "Venial Sin An attachment to venial sin is another dement which may severely limit the grace of H o I y Communion. Perhaps there is an area of our lives which needs working on, but we are rductant to begin. It may be our love for what we like to call "harmless" gossip: pawing over the faults and foibles of our neighbor without intentional malice, but also without compassion. Or, it may be a surrender to sensuality; perhaps a tend- ecy to intemperance in food or drink, or a love of ease at the expense of duty, or a covet- ousness for "the best" in every- thing. It may be a selfishness which shows itself in an ag- gressive effort to be "first" always, no matter whose toes must be stepped on. An attachment to venial sin does not completely des- troy the grace of Holy Com- munion, but it does handi- cap severely our Lord's ef- forts to work His will in us. Finally, the grace of Holy Communion may be obstructed by a resentment which we har- bor against some person or group of persons. A lack of fraternal charity is the most destructive of all the forces to a fruitful Communion. Fraternal Charity Fraternal charity is at the very heart of the Holy Euchar- ist. It is the key symbolism of the Holy Eucharist. By making Himself the one food of us all, Jesus emphasizes the unity which must exist between all of us who are made one in Him. We must love all whom He loves--which means every soul for whom He died. "This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you," Jesus admonished us at the conclusion of the Last Sup- per. A grave lack of fraternal charity would make our Holy Communion totally unworthy. If there is some person whom we genuinely hate, some per- son towards whom we are bitterly unforgiving, then we dare not approach the Com- munion table. To do so would be to make a mockery of the Sacrament of Love. This also would be true if there is some group of persons, such as Negroes, whom we hate and despise and revile. If we are receiving Holy Communion, it is unlikely that we have allowed ourselves to become so victimized by hatred. We are not that lacking in sin- cerity, not that lacking in our understanding of the Holy Eu- charist. Need to Forgive However, it still may be that we hug to ourselves some petty resentment which we are loath to abandon. There is someone who has spoken ill of us, sortie- one who has outsmarted us, someone who has in some way hurt us. We tell ourselves-- and God--that we forgive the person. But we still nurture the grudge and perhaps indulge in small spiteful acts to even the score. If this is so, then it will be a feeble trickle of grace which we can expect to receive in our Holy Communions, Admittedly, it is not easy FATHER TRESE to keep ourselves comphtely free from resentments. We all are human. We have our pride. We have our tender feelings. We cannot keep our sensitivity under armorplate, immune to hurt. As long as we live and work with other people, many of them thought- less, some of them callous, a few brutal, we are going to be wounded at times. However, our union with Jesus in Holy Communion will help us to bear these hurts. The pain will recede quickly if we can honestly plead (an we must) as we receive out Lord, "Dear Jesus, I do want to forgive. Please help me to forgive these others, even as You so often have forgiven me," Escape Frorql One's Self hittaker Chambers in h i s book, Wit- ness, insisted that each of us hangs always upon the cross of himself. And when you know this is true every man, woman and on earth, you will be wise. Spiritual writers in all ages have never ceased warning us about self and the conquering of Selfishness by selbabnega- tion. Chambers appears to have blundered on an ancient truth, seeing it for the first time, accepting it as a sort of and shattering discovery. But i is healthy to see an old truth in the bright light of a brand new revelation. It is disquieting to regard any truth as being tired and antiquated. Man experiences wholesale release of tension and knows real joy when he succeeds in escaping from self. The culty that confronts us: how get rid of the 'T' and strike it out. Draw an 'T' and then strike it out, and you have made yourself a cross. The fact of the matter is that the cross is our only hope. The author of the Imitation of Christ knew a few things about the problem of self, and many things about the cross. In this stimulating and consoling spi_ itual and literary masterpiece, he entitles a complete chapter "The Royal Road of the Holy Cross." The thesis of the author is easy enough tu state, but somewhat more difficult to cart T out. He demonstrates patiently and repeatedly that the conquest of self is accom- plished only by the willing ac-1 ceptance of the cross. At first one may demur at the burden but the author pic- tures the cross as a burden that is productive of special peace and interior tranquillity. Calendar S U N D A Y, FEBRUARY 9, QUINQUAGESIMA SUNDAY, MASS. Esto mihi -- Be Thou to me (Violet). No GI., Cr., Prof. of Trinity. Mass for Par- ish. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 10, ST. SCHOLASTICA, VIRGIN, MASS: Dilexisti -- I have loved (White). GI., Tract. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY I1, APPARITION OF OUR LADY OF LOURDES, MASS:.Vidi -- I saw the holy city (White). GI., Tract, Pref. of B.V.M, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, ASH WEDNESDAY, Before Mass: Blessing and distribution of ashes (omit Prs. at foot Of altar after dist. of ashes). MASS: Misereris -- Thou hast mercy (Violet). No GI., Tract, Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast and Abstinence. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 13, THURSDAY AFTER ASH WEDNESDAY, MASS: D u m clamarem -- When I cried (Violet). No GI., Prof. of Lent., Pr. over People. Fast. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, FRIDAY AFTER ASH WED. NESDAY, MASS: Audivit Dom- inus -- The Lord has heard (Violet). No GI., 2nd Pr. of St. Valentine, Prof. of Lent, Pr. over People. Fast and Absti- nence. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 1 SATURDAY AFTER ASH I WEDNESDAY, S:, Audivit Dominus -- The Loi'd has heard (Violet). No lGl, , 2nd Pr. of SS. Faustinus and Jovita , Pref. of Lent, Pr. over people. Fast.