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February 1, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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Friday, Feb. I, 1%3,- THE PROGRESSES Praying The Rosary With Scriptural Meditations The Rosary, Roy. John Dougherty, S.S., o/ St. Thomas Seminary, writes in his introduction o/ Tile Progress' new "'Scriptural Rosary" series, is not meant to consist merely o[ the re- petition o/Our Father's and Mary's. The distinc- thing about it, he con- ues, is that it is a medita- tion. When saying the Ro- sary, the devotion i.s to be meditated "'on the sub- lime, elevating and sancti- fying events or mysteries in the lives of the holiest in. diiduals ever to adorn this th ..." This week's pres. tion is the first of 15 co secutive illustrated dec- ades of the Scriptural Ro- sary. The introduction was written by a priest who has labored in the Northwest since St. Edward's Seminary was first opened in 1931. A native o[ Delta, Pa., Father ,ugherty is also a member the "charter" faculty of St. Thomas Seminary, where he is professor of Sacred Scripture and the m a i o r seminary's spi,itual director. was ordained in 1929 became a Sulpician in )30. His service in the Northwest has been contin- uous since 1931, interrupted only when he earned in 1941 his Doctorate of Sacred Theology in Baltimore.) i First Joyful Mystery THE CIATION Out'Father The angel Gabriel was sent from God to a virgin,/ and the virgin's name was Mary. Luke i:26, 27 HailMary 'Hail, full of grace, the Lord "is with thee./ Blessed are thou among women.' Luke 1:28 Half'Mary When she had heard him she was troubled at his word/ and kept pondering what manner of greeting this might be. Luke 1:29 Half'Mary And the angel said to her, 'Do not be afraid, Mary,/ for thou hast found grace with God.' Luke 1:30. Hail t Mary 'Behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb and shalt bring forth a son;/ and thou shalt call his name Jesus." Luke 1:31 Hail  Mary By Rev. John M. Doucjherty, S.S. Spiritual Director, St. Thomas Seminary HERE IS not a Vicar of Christ in the last 450 years who has not urged devotion to the Rosary and enriched it with indulgences. On no other subject these past five centuries have the Popes written so many encyclicals. As a matter of fact, to this date more than 500 documents have been issued from the Holy See on this rich and profound yer. The Sovereign Pontiffs are nimous in attesting the ex- cellence of it, vying with one another, as it were, in their efforts to bring the Christian World to a realization of the immense benefits for society, the family and individual to be won by the daily and fervent itation of the beads. "The Rosary is a perfect ayer because of the praise it offers, the lessons it teaches, the graces it ob- tains and the victories it achieves" (Benedict XV), and Christ's Vicars on earth have repeatedly exhorted us to say it daily if we "want aCe in our hearts, in our rues and in our Country" ius XI). FATHER DOUGH'ERTY. But a greater person than any Pope has spoken, and she has done so in perhaps her greatest and most signficant apparitions these nearly 2,000 years. In each of her 18 appearances at Lourdes and in each of her six at Fatima, Our Blessed Mother spoke of the Rosary and told us to say it every day. The sublime words of the "Angelic Salutation"--the "Hail Scriptural 00o,ar00 Part 1 'He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Most High;/ and of his kingdom there shall be no end.' Luke 1:32, 33 Hail h Mary But Mary said to the angel, 'How shall this happen,/ since I do not know man?' Luke 1:3 Hail  Mary Mary"--have a meaning and a memory for her that is beyond telling. She must ever delight in them. And never wilt she tire of hearing repeated over and over again the tremendous and intensely satisfying fact that He who is Mighty and Holy and Merciful has done great things for her, and great things for us all through her. Does not each "Hail Mary" vividly remind us of the inex- haustible wonder of the inexpressibly much we owe to her, by God's grace? Does it not tell us of the tremendous part she played in starting the whole train of all those saving and sancti- tying mysteries we reflect upon in the Rosary? Mary, Our Queen and our Mother wants us, her children, to say each day the prayer that binds us to her--to her who binds us securely to Jesus. That's what she wants, and that should be enough for us--and it is. But there is more. She wants us to say the Rosary WELL. In the magnificent Collect read in the Mass on the Feast of the Most Holy Rosary, we pray: "O God, Thy only beg6tten Son has won for us the rewards of eternal life by His life, death and resurrection. Do Thou grant that we, meditating on these mysteries, as we recite the Most Holy Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, may imitate what they contain and obtain what they promise" . . . " . . . that we, meditatihg on these mysteries . . . "--there*s the point, and it is an extremely important one. The Rosary is not meant to consist merely of the repetition of Our Fathers and Hail Marys; the distinctive thing about it is that it is a meditation. Its heart and spirit is reverent reflection on the sublime, elevating and sanctifying events or mysteries in the lives of the holiest individuals ever to adorn this earth of ours. It is a prayer that is ull of the Incarnation of Our Lord Jesus Christ; it is a prayer that is full of the life, the passion and the glorification of Jesus--and of Mary. As we clasp the crucifix in our hands, pass the beads through our fingers, speak the awesome words with our lips, our minds should be occupied with the unsearchable riches of Our Saviour and of what He has done for our salvation, and occupied, too, with the intimate and significant role played by Mary in His re- By JOHN J. ECKHART St. Paul Story About Real Man style of the 18th century and yet they are enlivened by flashes of humor, and occa- sionally a definite barb. Elizabeth Bayley was a lovely and intelligent girl and early in her life displayed deep spiritual qualities. The idea of becoming a nun, however, would never occur to her Protestant self and she found what she thought was her lasting vo- cation in her marriage to William Seton. They had five children, but William was already suffering from the "Seton disease" (un- doubtedly consumption). They went to Italy in a last ditch effort to restore his health and the account of their sojourn there in quarentine is unbeliev- able. It was in Italy that they met the Church and made friends that not only converted the young widow but remained staunchly by her all of her life. The struggle of her eonver- and the founding of her Sis- terhood would sink an ordi- nary person. Remember, she also had five children to raise! Elizabeth Bayley Seton now has the title of Venerable, and may well become the first American born saint. If stead- fast faith and love of God in the face of overpowering blows and hardships has anything to do with it, she well deserves the honor.--D.E.S. TLHE GLORIOUS FOL- Y," By Louis de Wohl, Image Books. t. Paul is perhaps the most dramatic of the Apostles. His miraculous conversion and subsequent zeal in the face of the most overwhelming odds Pture even the most casual der of the Bible. It is na- al, then, that his life should be woven through many stories of early Christianity. It is also natural that Louis de Wohl would have a go at it. As are all of his books, "The Glorious Folly" is a mixture of fact and fiction. In "The Spear" he wrote a around the character of Longinus, whose spear pierced the side of Christ. This same Cassius Longinus carries the sub-plot in "The Glorious Folly," and Mr. de Wohl identi- fies him with an administrator in the Nehr East during the reign of Claudius. This second book is supe- rior to the first, probably be- Cause in St. Paul he had a leal story about a real man Vni stead of a fictional story about a real man. Now this is excellent source material but time was not taken to smooth it out. Any- one who reads both books can spot it instantly. Yet, Louis de Wohl was a real writer. In spite of the quality, his books hold the reader He recon- structs the period well, and his characters are believable. The books are easy to read, and he performed a definite service in showing us other times and important people in a lively and interesting way. "MRS. SETON, FOUN- DRESS OF THE AMERICAN SISTERS OF CHARITY," by Jo- seph I. Dirvin, C.M., Farrar, Straus and Cudahy, $6.95. HEN the beautiful w i d o w, Elizabeth Bayley Seton decided to become a Catholic, her family thought she had lost her wits. Some r e I a t i v e s remained friendly, thinking that even ,though she had chosen such a wierd cause, it was her busi- ness. Others held a resentment toward her for many years. The biography is written from original sources, includ- ing many letters written by Mrs. Seton. Father Dervin has Used this wealth of ma- terial to paint a forceful portrait. The author never tries to mould her into a sugar saint but clearly shows her to be a determined woman, ready to fight for what she believes. The letters that he reproduces display the stilted and flowery 'The Holy Spirit shah come upon thee/ and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee.' Luke 1 ;35 'And therefore the Holy One to be born/ shall be called the Son of God." Luke 1:35 Hail  Mary 'Behold the handmaid of the Lord;/ be it done to me according to day word.' Luke 1:3g Hail  Mary Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and m the Holy Spirit./As it was in the beginning, is now, and ever shall be, world without end. Amen. ! Editor's Note: This is one of the 15 decades of the Scriptural Rosary, a modern version of the way the Rosary was once prayed in the Middle Ages. We are presenting the complete Scriptural Rosary in 15 install- ments as a service to our readers. You are invited to save these meditations for future use. Or you may obtain the complete set in illustrated prayer-book form by sending $1 to the nonprofit Scriptural Rosary Center, 6 N. Michigan Avenue, Chicago 2, Illinois. deeming work. If there be this prayerful thought, the mysteries of the Rosary will inevitably penetrate more and r-ore our hearts, and trans- form our lives into a following of Jesus and Mary in joy and sorrow here, with the confident hope of glory hereafter. In the words of Pius XII: "From the frequent meditation on the Mysteries of the Rosary, tim soul little by little, and imperceptibly draws and absorbs the virtues they contain, and is wondrously enkindled with a longing for things immortal, and becomes strongly and easily impelled to follow the path which Christ Himself and His Mother followed." In short, "we will imitate what they (the Mysteries) con- tain, and obtain what they promise"; we will grow in the miad and the ways of Jesus and Mary. " . . . Do Thou grant that we meditating on these mysteries . . " one could scarecely exaggerate the importance of this reflection. The Scriptural Rosary will help us to do just that-- and it will help us mightily. This is its very purpose; it was de- signed precisely to aid and ensure greater concentration on the mystery, as we say each decade. That it does admirably, and we heartily recommend it. While reciting the Our Father we think of the general sig- nificance of a joyfifl, or a sorrowful, or a glorious event in the lives of Jesus and Mary. The story of this particular mystery is distributed over the entire decade: For each Hail Mary bead there is a brief thought, and this is to be read or recited before the Hail Mary. Happily, the short reflection or the little thought is, in nearly every instance, a direct quotation from Sacred Scripture; in fact, 148 of the 150 Hail Mary thoughts are inspired Words of the Bible. The Scripture selections are as inspiring as they are perti- nent, and they are appropriately and skillfully blended togethe r in each decade. Thus the story of each mystery or event in the lives of Jesus and/or Mary is attractively sketched in 10 consecu- tive steps. This bead-by-bead recall of the mystery cannot but make us more attentive to its profound and moving lesson, deepen our knowledge of its rich content, and inspire us to love it and to imitate "What it contains." And in God's own time we will "'obtain what it promises"-- "What eye bath not seen, what ear hath not heard, what hath not entered into heart of man to conceive." We need not, of course, make use of all ten quotations or Hail Mary thoughts in the decade. Many will prefer to select a couple of them, and repeat them, alternately perhaps, before the Hail Marys, reflecting mean)hile 0n their meaning and signifi- cance for Jesus and Mary, and for themselves as they say the Hail Mary. The important.thi.ng is to. reflect on the mystery as we pray the words. Incidentally, it may be well to add that .the above method of praying the Rosary is not something new; it was the traditional : way. The Scriptural Rosdrj i :a modern version of the way it was prayed over 500 hundred-years ago, In the 14th and 15th centuries, Catholics were accustomed to recite a different brief thought of reflection as they said each Hail Mary of their beads. These short meditati0ns for. each Hail Mary. bead described some incident or event in the lives of Our Lord and His Blessed Mother. 'q'be Scriptural Rosary is actually nothing more than an application of the Scriptures to the way the Rosary was prayed throughout Western CbristendQm in tb.eJate Middle Ages." There is one concluding suggestion. As we recite each decade, we would do well to select atleast :one'virtue of which Our Lord and/or Our Blessed Lady gives, us the example in this or that particular joyful, sorrowful or glorious mystery or incident in / 2 their lives. Then, in each Hail Mary, we bless and praise her and ., her Divine Son for having so perfectly practiced this virtue; in - the Holy Mary, we ask her, the Medi.atrix of all grace, to pray for us that we may imitate Her and Her Son in this virtue. : Take, for example, the First Joyful Mystery. o', The 10th Hail Mary thought is: ..:: "Behold the handmaid of the Lord--Be it done unto me according to Thy Word." " The quotation suggestsOBEDIENCE as the appropriate virtue : to keep in mind during this mystery decade: Mary's obedience or conformity to God's Holy Will, and Christ's constant and perfect obedience to the will of His Heavenly Father'. In the Hail Mary we ,bless and thank Jesus and Mary for the example they have given us, and in the. Holy Mary we beg Our Queen and Our Mother to help us .ever to do the things that please God. " ..... That is our noblest task:on .earth. 7 -i-, ( 'What Does Church .-) Say AbOut Dating?' o By Rev. John L. Thomas,-S.J. " ': Associate Professor, St. Louis "University Your recent advice to the two college freshmen who felt they were in love was tst what my 17.year-old son needed to confirm his. conviction ?hat "going steady" is thoroughly approved by the Church, provided no proxi- mate danger of sin is involved. Naturally, I was quite -- shaken by your reply, since my son has been going steady . !, with a Catholic girl since he was 16. Her parents condone it; the priests he talks in say "'egery case is different;" : .: where does that leave me? Hasn't the Church taken an official position on this matter? FTER REREADING the article you mention, about all I can say is that if your young son discovered in it any confirmation of his convictions about steady dating, he should receive an "A plus" for ingenuity or creative imagination. :: I'm "sure he could find similar confirmation in a copy of the telephone directory, a department store catalogue or a good stamp collection. My position in regard to steady dating by young couples who can have no reasonable thought of marriage has been consistent --and I had hoped, sufficiently clear. In the article you mention, which did not address itself to the problem of steady dating but offered advice on how to deal with acouple of college freshmen who thought they were in love, I carefully spelled out the objeienable social and moral consequences of such: pre- mature emotional involvements and then pro- ceeded to counsel the parents on how to deal with the specific case at hand. Since the couple thought they were in.love --and they apparently were as much in love FATHER as a couple could be at this stage of their THOMAS 'I Saw Martyrdom' At Vatican II hadcareers--thiSto be treated.was the immediate problem that By MOST REVEREND FULTON J. SHEEN l Your objection to my article is vofbid. First, I should have used this occasion to condemn steady dating directly; and second, This is the third in the series,'"What I of success is the martyr-bishops who help re- I should have told the parents to put a stop to this affair at once, )k: / Saw at the Council." The first was, deem the rest of us. The God in heaven knows for in not doing so. I implied that it:was quite unobjectionable, provided it were properly handled. ' I Saw Povert ', the second, "I Saw Hohness t become ' ' Y" ' , that we in the United States have o This column is called "I Saw Martyrdom ' : . ........ If you reread the first several paragraphs of my article, I _ " martyrs too -- not mona-martyrs, not nram- think you will find the really congent objections to premature  l , washer-martyrs, but prayer-martyrs and money- steady dating clearly expressed'it hinders adequate preparation , .- There has never been a council in the .... . ......... ............ martyrs for me sage ot me t.nurcn, we Amer- for fife, and it creates moral problems that few young couples mstory el me unurcn wnere mere were more .' martyrs present than at this 22nd Council. icon bishops, priests, Religious and laity are are capable of handling. Failure To Consider All Elements ": The only one which could compare with it part of the same Mystical Body as they are. VOUR second objection indicates a considerable lack of logic, was the Council of Nicea, which took place They are saving the world; we must save them. / as well as failure to take into consideration all the elements >: after the Roman persecutions, but the total To say to these martyrs, "There are no more involved in the case as presented. : / of bishops at that council did not equal the Mass stipends" or "Remember that we only get Accepting an accomplished fact and attempting to deal with , : number of martyrs at this one. When we speak of martyrs, we do not mean "wet an average per-capita contribution of 27 cents its consequences does not necessarily indicate that one approves martyrs" but "dry martyrs." "Wet martyrs" from U. S. Catholics each year to aid you" is of it or of the factors that produce d it, any more than your accept- shed their blood and die once; "dry martyrs" to break one's heart. In the name of the Lord, once of the fact that your son had a case of poison ivy and your are brought to the point of death through lawyers, doctors, nurses, students, housewives, attempt to deal with it would indicate your approval of the itch brain-washing, torture and imprisonment and everyone . . pray, sacrifice, do something for or the careless contact that caused it. "die" a thousand deaths without dying. The Eighteen-year-olds are capable of becoming deeply emotion- Romans during the persecutions wanted the our martyr Church. When you send an offering aUy involved, and though this may indicate a serious failure in blood of Christians. The Communists know that to The Society for the Propagation of the Faith, parental guidance and an unfortunate mistake on the part of the "the blood of martyrs is the seed of Christ- it goes directly to the Holy Father for those couple, once the situation occurs, we must try to deal with it inns"; they see] their souls, not their blood, suffering in mission lands, prudently. In the case under discussion, the couple were apparently not Q engaging in morally objectionable practices, they were deter- If we added up the number of years served GOD LOVE YOU to W.X.C, lot mined to continue their education, and provision had been made in prison by the bishops at this council, they $I00 "For the Holy Father to use for them to attend separate colleges. would amount to at least 500 years. Two of the wherever he feels it will do the most If the parents find that the couple cannot solve these prob- bishops whom I saw walk to their seats eyery good." . . to Ronnie and Pat for $3.60 lems successfully, they should take a more direct approach. morning had taken part in death marches. An " Blanket Condemnation No Solution American officer wrote of one of them: "Every "'We gave a puppet show when i rained time I saw him, exhausted though he was, he las't $aturday and made all this money for A false assumption is that if the Church would only come out with a blanket condemnation of steady dating, all your was carrying a man on his back." AnotHer the missions." . . . to D.L.D. for $10 "In- problems would be solved. Unfortunately, adequate solutions of bishop, from Yugoslavia, was imprisoned at the stead o/ going out to the movies during complex problems are never that simple. same time as Archbishop Stepinac. Witnesses the past month, I stayed home and In the present instance, we are dealing with the whole area state that whenever he went out for a walk in watched television. I know it is more of premarital cross.sex assec|ations in a technically advanced the prison yard doves would fly down and rest on his shoulders. The Communists killed the important for others to be fed than for society which demands that youth undergo an ever increasing period of serious formal training and education ia preparation doves because they said they were "carrying me to be entertained." for full adult participation. messages." The problem of steedy.dating must be considered in this Mission combines the best features of all context, that is, when legitimate social demands require that the Who are these men?They are, as Scripture other magazines: stories, pictures, statistics, gap between puberty and social=maturity be lengthened, pro- calls them, "Witnesses to Christ," for that is details, human interest. Take an interest in the martial cross-sex associations must be regulated accordingly. the meaning of martyrs. And there we were, suffering humanity of the mission worJd and It is the function of the Church to define the norms of American bishops from our prosperous land, send your sacrifices along with a request to privileged to walk, talk, sit and eat with those be put on the mailing list of this bi-monthly who could say with Paul: "I am glad of my publication. sufferings on your behalf as, in this mortal frame of mind, I help pay off the debt which Cut out this column, pin your sacrifice to the afflictions of Christ still leave to be paid, it and mail it to Most Rev. Fulton J. Sheen, for the sake of His Body, the Church." National Director of the Society for the Propa- gation of the Faith, 366 5th Avenue, New York The Divine guarantee of the success of the 1, N.Y., or your Archdiocesan Director, Rev. council is the Holy Spirit; the human guarantee Stephen Szeman, 907 Terr Avenue, Seattle 4. I chastity, the sacred responsibility of the marriage vocation, and . the obligations of parents to .provide for the spiritual and social ! education of their children. "" The Church condemns any form of premarital cruss-sex as- sociation that interferes with the fulfillment of the above de- ' mands. Since steady dating normally leads to emotional involve- :, merit, it is obviously objectionable pruetice whenever it is not :, d:rectly related te ma c,age or hinders adequate preparation, for life. " " Can a moral code be made more.explicit? :":