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February 1, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 1, 1963

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4--THE PROGRESS I II Friday, Feb. I, 1963 Their Blood Upon Our Heads acrilegious profanities against the Eu- the United Nation's course in the Con- charist, mutilation of missionary go from first to last." priests and the violation of nuns, this is the occupation of professional murderers who terrorize the Congo. These crimes cry out for vengeance. But to date there has been no nation ith courage enough to so avenge them. We stare in horror at photographs of mangled Christians beaten to death with bicycle chains, we read with dis- gust documentaries on Congo atrocities such as "The War in Katanga", report Now let us read from the opening paragraphs of the United Nations Charter. ",vfe the peoples of the United Na- W tions determined to save suc- ceeding generations from the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind, and to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of of a mission by Ernest Van Dan Haag  men and women and of nations large or the address of Senator Thomas J. Dodd entitled "The Crisis in the Con- go." We study with growing resentment reports of Congolese religious who mi- raculously escape death at thehands of terrorists such as the interview with Pere Darmond by Philippa Schuyler entitled "The Martyrs of Kongolo" appearing in the January issue of the Priest Magazine. And from all of these sources evidence of guilt points in but onedirection. Crime after crime is attributed to savage mercenaries under the command of the United Nations. Just last week, Archbishop Joseph Cornelius, O.S.B., of Elizabethville, capi- tal of the Congo's secessionists Province of Katanga, removed all doubt about the crimes committed by U.N. soldiers in the Congo. he Congolese prelate confirmed re- ports that U.N. Ethiopian troops looted and damaged a number of Cath, olic Churches in his see. In an interview in Brussels, Archbishop Cornelius said: "According to reports I personal- ly received, the Ethiopians completely looted St. Benedict's Church and broke into the tabernacle of another church in the Kasapa suburb of Elizabeth- ville." "The reports also confirm the cruelty of the killing of Katangese civilians. A girl was violated and bay- oneted in the stomach. Two others were violated and killed. "Sevbnty corpses were brought to Prince Leopold Hospital. All this was done by the Ethiopians." In Elizabethville, Rev. Edouard Kil- lesheye, Vicar General of the Elizabeth- ville Archdiocese, protested against "The flagrant breach by U.N. troops of inter- qational conventions sacred to all civil- ized nations." What @ht, might we ask, did the U.N. soldiers have for attacking Eliza- bethville in the first place? The Chicago Tribune has charged, "U Thant's men invaded. Elizabethville without the slight- and small, and to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained . . . "All Members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial in- tegrity or political independence of any state... " But before we heap" all our guilt and righteous indignation upon the United Nations, perhaps we had better take a better look at ourselves. For, after all, the people of the United States supported the United Nations in this ugly and disgraceful war. The bombing, desecration, rape and pillage which so offends our highly, civilized sensitivities was made possible only because the United States government is willing to foot most of the bill with our own hard-earned tax money. Don't forget that 47 percent of the cost of the U.N. Congo operations is under- written by our own government. This week, Ambassador to the Uni- ted Nations Adlai E. Stevenson has promised to press for a full investiga- tion concerning reports of alleged ex- cesses by U.N. troops in Katanga. These reports which we have outlined and to which Mr. Stevenson refers have been flooding his desk as far back at Decem- ber of 1961. It's about time something were done! And while Mr. Stevenson is at it we might ask him to reread the open- ing pages of the U.N. Charter and "then take another look at Moist Tshombe. There are those who still believe despite current propaganda to the contrary that his only crime was that of being anti-Communist and pro- western, that his only desire for Ka- tango is "territorial integrity" and "po- litical independence." We cannot escape responsibility for what has iaappened in the Congo. And the American people had better see to it that all the facts are known lest the est legal or mora'l justification." Column- innocent blood of 20th Century Chris- ist William S. White summed up: "The tian martyrs be sprinkled upon our own ugly truth is that deceit and evasiveness heads and upon the heads of our and incredible arrogance have marked children. Without Acknowledgment RESIDENT KENNEDY'S 1963 pro- gram for Federal Aid to education will make shocking and disappointing reading for the average Catholic parent. In presenting a program which he obvi- ously regards as urgent in a document which pleads for "a new standard of excellence in education, matched by the fullest ac- cess to educational opportunities, enabling each citizen m develop his talents to the maximum possible extent," the President chooses to ignore not alone the rights hut the very existence of five and one quarter million boys and girls who pursue their elementary and secondary course in Catholic schools, to say nothing of the hundreds of thousands of others who attend religious and other private schools under different auspices. Almost one student in six between grades one and twelve in the United States attends a Catholic school main- tained by the voluntary contributions of Catholic parents at a saving of some 2.6 billion dollars annually to the taxpayers of this country. How saddening it is to think that the President should find it in his heart to ignore the labors and sacri- rices of both parents and teachers ia thin ,$ cause of quality education for the God- fearing citizen. If the 150,000 and more teachers in Catholic schools were to be paid a salary which the individual states recog- nize as somewhat commensurate with the value of their services, the public tax burden would be increased by another $929,019,018. One does not expect that devotion of this kind will be adequately recompensed in this world, but it is a distressing thing to observe that the Chief Executive of our land has chosen to pass it by without acknowledgment. E ARE told that the 1.5 billion dollars which the adminstrafion asks for public school salaries and class- rooms is made necessary by the economic facts of life, and that this provision in the 1963 program is written "so as to phase out Federal support by the end of the program." It is very questionable whether Federal support will ever be phased out of the educational picture, and whether Federal control which Mr. Kennedy re- gards as neither desirable nor feasible will not be imposed upon American edu- cation permanently by this unfortunate bill to the permanent exclusion of the parochial school child, Jt .. to Restore Christian Family lary, the Mystical Body of Christ. This is a problem for apologists and catechists. Since the Reformation, for the most part, we have been presenting the Church as a ju- ridical organization armed to the hilt with arguments and ready to defend itself against all comers. We have presented the In- carnation in terms of the birth of a great Teacher. But we have not presented the In- carnation as the marriage of human and divine nature when we become partakers of His Divinity Who deigned to share in our humanity. As Yves Congar might phrase it, we have not com- municated the "cosmic" value of the Incarnation. If we have given non-Christians the Im- pression that a great sectarian leader was born on Christmas, then we can understand why non-Christians object to Christ- mas carols in public schools. The mystery of Christmas is not the mysterious birth of a sect-leader but "the mystery of all men in one man who was God" and who recreated hu- man nature by linking together divinity and humanity in His person. Sanctified Humanity In taking humanity to Him- self by taking human flesh, He has sanctified it. His union with humanity cannot produce its full effect until men freely welcome the message and so the whole question comes back to the difference between doc- trine and the manner of pre- senting it--which was one of the main points in the Pope's Opening Address at the Coun- cil. Have we presented the In- carnation in terms that Non- Christians can understand? By Rev. John B. Sheerin, C.S.P. brought to the resemblance of that heavenly City .... " Policy Questioned Strangely there are times when the Catholic Church is severely criticized by certain Catholics for attempting to show its compassion for all men. Consider for instance, the U.N. Some Catholics have been violently opposed to Vatican policy in this matter. Recently Monsignor I g i n o Cardinale, Chief of Protocol of the Vatican Secretariat of State, talked to newspapermen (November 9, 1962) and said that the Church envelops the life of the faithful but "also makes a mark in the history of humanity, whose members are more or less influenced by it. The salutary influence of the Church over international poli- cies is thus determined." Favors Collaboration In referring to the U.N., Monsignor Cardinale said that the Holy See is not a member of the U.N. It stands apart from the political, economic and commercial conflicts of states but "the Popes have never concealed their favor for forms of joint collaboration such as the League of Nations first, and then the United Na- tions." In short, the Holy See gladly cooperates with international organizations in non-political matters affecting the moral, social and cultural well-being of peoples. Armed With Arcjuments The fundamental problem in explaining the Church's rela- tion to the whole human fam- ily is, as I see it, the problem of explaining the doctrine of the Incarnation with its cord- as Pope John no in. terest in non-Christ- ians? Lately I have been delivering talks on the Council to mixed audi- ences of Catholics, Protestants and Jews and this question comes up almost inevitably in the discussion period. It is asked, not by way of protest, but as an honest inquiry. The obvious answer is that this Council is primarily con- cerned with re- storing the uni- ty of the Chris- tian family but that Pope John is also Solicit- ous about the unity of man- kind. In its Janu- ary 4 cover-ar. ticle the maga- zine Time stat- Fit. SHEERIN ed: "To the world at large, John has given what neither science nor di- plomacy can provide: a sense of its unity as the human fam- ily. That sense is at the core o f t h.e Christian tradition, whose God lives in history..." The attention given to the Bishops' "Message to Human- ity" has perhaps distracted at- tention from some equally im- portant passages in the Pope's Opening Discourse to the Coun- cil in which he spoke of the circle of unity that embraces those who follow non-Christian religions but who esteem and respect the Catholic Church. The Pope said that the Coun- cil would prepare the path "toward that unity of mankind which is required as a neces- sary foundation .in order that the earthly city may be God's World: Why No American Saints? By Rev. Leo J. Trese A FEW WEEKS AGO Pope John XXlII canonized three new saints. Two of the saints were of Italian nationality, one was of French origin. This event was a renewed reminder that we do not as yet have a single native born North American saint. St Frances Cabrini was born in Italy and later became a naturalized American citizen. The Jesuit Martyrs were Frenchmen who shed their blood on our soil. We do not have a saint whom we may claim as completely and typi- cally our own. Should we be ashamed of this fact? That is not an easy question to answer. Many Italian Saints An examination of the Catho- lic Almanac reveals that the great majority of saints can- onized in modern times have been Italians. In second place (and quite far, back) are French nationals, with Span- iards a poor third. Does this mean that Ita- lian Catholics, as a people, are holier than Catholics of other nationalities? C i v i c pride, if nothing else, will prompt us to answer, "No*." to that question. Then why the preponderance of Italian Saints? One easy answer would be that Italians, also, have their national pride. Most of the members of the Congregation of Rites are Italian prelates and the process of canonization is in their hands. They could be forgiven if they were par- ticularly zealous in expediting the process for one of their fellow citizens. However, this answer hardly is adequate. The fact is that very few "causes" of American potential saints have been in- troduced at Rome. Ordinarily it is popular demand, chan- neled through a bishop, which sparks the beginnings of a canonization. There must be many persons who are con- vinced of the dead person's sanctity and who create a ground swell of popular ac- claim. These persons must be enthusiastic enough, too, to bear the high cost of canoniza- tion. Investigated Carefully The investigative process is an exhaustive one, extending usually over many years and often to many different coun- tries. Tens of thousands of dol- lars may be spent, plus another 40 or 50 thousand dollars for the expenses of the actual can- onization ceremony at St. Peter's. ' ' Moreover, for a success- ful outcome to the process, there must he irrefutable proof of miracles worked through the intercession of the proposed saint. Ordinarily God does not work such mir- acles in favor of the candi- date for canonization until there has been a great out- pouring of prayers for that intent'on by large numbers of people. With some hesitance I offer the theory that we Americans do not have saints because we are too "practical minded." By and large we are not an emotional people. Soberly we adore God and our Lord Jesus Christ. We honor our Blessed Mother and give an occasional nod to a favorite saint such as St. Anne or St. Anthony. We would deem it unseemly to let ourselves become emotionally aroused over the sanctity of some deceased friend or neigh- bor. Whether this is good or bad, I do not pretend to FATHER TRESE judge; but it is the way we are. In southern Europe tem- peraments are more volatile, more emotionally uninhibited. This is not necessarily a de- feet, but it is a difference. In 1950 Pope Pins XII can- onized Maria Goretti, an eleven year old girl who died defend- ing her chastity. Before dying of her stab wounds she forgave her attacker and promised to pray for him. If a tragedy like that should happen to an American girl, we would be highly indignant upon readin about it in our newspaper. We might take up a collection to help her be- reaved parents, but it never would occar to us to clamor for the child's canonization. In fact, I suspect that most Catholic parents would feel, "Our own daughter would have done the same." and probably they would be right. Must Come To Sainthood There is no need to envy our Italian brothers and sisters their long list of saints. If God should decide that we need canonized American saints, He will provide them. In the mean- time we shall continue to bend every effort to use well the gra:es that God is giving us, We can and we must come to sainthood in heaven, even though our portrait never will grace a holy card. Walking Is Here To Stay, WALKING is a lost 9 art, we are often told. But be that as it may, walking is here to stay. The dictionary says that "to saunter" means to walk about aimlessly, slowly and to no purpose. This may be a more recent meaning acquired by the word "saunter," but origi- nally it appears it had a more precise and far more beauti- ful meaning. In the ancient days of pious pilgrimages, when a man vis- ited the Holy Shrines, he quite frequently went on foot. The most sublime place of pilgrim. age was the Holy Land (in French: Sainte Terre), and a pilgrim en route to the Holy i C in view, was a "Sainte-terrer" t a n ar or a sauntered. Theoretically, walking need SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 3, not be moral or immoral, but FOURTH SUNDAY AFTER practically speaking it ac- = EPIPHANY, MASS: Adorate quires morality from its in- I Deum--Adore God (Green). GI., Cr., Pref. of Trinity. Mass for tenfion and purpose. Parish. In every step we take we MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, all are either walking to- ST. A N D R E W CORSINI, ward the Holy Land or away BISHOP, CONFESSOR, MASS: from it. Statuit -- T h e Lord Made In the days and years before (White). G1. us there is a certain distance TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, we must walk. The important ST. AGATHA, VIRGIN, thing is not merely getting to C00'irr Against J stk MARTYR, MASS: Gaudeamns the ,ourney's end, but getting te U :e -Let us all rejoice (Red). G1. there in a certain condition. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY The important questions are: 6, ST. TITUS, BISHOP, CON- have we sanctified ourselves By REV. G. JOSEPH GUSTAFSON, S.S., Ph.D. FESSOR, MASS: Statuit -- The and have we helped others Professor of. Philosophy, St. Thomas Seminary, Kenmore It has been proclaimed far and wide over :the years, in the popular press, by books, radio, movies, and TV, that Dr. Albert Schweitzer is one of the world's ablest humanitarians. Almost everyone has heard of this man who has devoted some 50 years of selfless service to the native African. In 1952, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Out of the years of his experience, what does Schweitzer say about the situation in Katanga? In a letter to the king of Belgium, perhaps more in amazement than in anger, he wrote: "It is inconceivable that we find in our day a foreign nation (the U.S.) at war with Katanga in an effort to force it to pay revenue to the rest of The Congo. Reason and justice demand that this foreign state and the United States withdraw their troops from Katanga's territory and recognize and respect in the future the in- dependence of this country. Dr. Sehweitzer evidently believes in the right of self-determina- tion only if it be honestly interpreted and con- scientiously applied. We do not know if he ever saw any initial cause for forein 8 out the Belgians who are among the world's ablest colonial administra. tors, to turn over a vast area to the lawless turmoil of illiterate and rapacious warring tribes drunk on the air of a specious liberty. But he continues: "The colonial empire of The Congo no longer exists. There are left two distinct branches of this empire composed of peoples and tribes, who from the time of colon- ialism forward, have opposed each other." We do not feel, somehow, that he assented to the expulsion of the Belgians. In any case, he continues: "Neither of these two parts of The Congo has rights vis-a.vis the other part; neither has obligation towards the other. They are absolutely independent entities. It follows that no war waged by one of the above parties against the other for purpose of subjugation has the slightest justice in law. It also follows that no foreign state can pretend to have the right to subjeet one part of The Congo to the other part." We ourselves would conclude that it is not enough to say in some pragmatic fashion, as some of us do, that The Congo is a ghastly mistake. One should also add that it is a crime against international justice. On either count a retribution vould seem to follow inevitably. Lord made with him (White). GI., 2nd Pr. of St, Dorothy. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, ST. ROMUALD, ABBOT, MASS: Os justi--The mouth of the iust (Common of Abbots) (White). G1. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 8, ST. JOHN OF MATHA, CONFES- SOR, MASS: Os justi -- The mouth of the iust (White). G1. Abstinence. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 9, ST. CYRIL OF ALEXANDER, BISHOP, CONFESSOR, DOC- TOR OF THE CHURCH, MASS: In medkr--In the midst (White). G., 2nd Pr. of St. Apollonia. along the way? St. Peter according to an ancient legend was turned back from his headlong flight from Rome by the apparition of Christ. St. Peter posed the question, "Quo vadis, Dom- ine?" -- "Where are you go- ing, Lord?" We might ask ourselves the same question--Where are we going? Are we floundering through life to no purpose, or in the proper spirit of true pil- grims? Are we walking toward the Holy Land? --Walter J. Sullivan, C.S.P. 907 Terry Avenue, Seattle (4) Telephone MAin 2-8880 Second-Class Mail Privileges Authorized at Seattle, Wash. Pubiish--ed-eve iridayly the Northwest Progress Co. President, Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, D.D., J.C.D. REV. JAMES H.-GANDRAU---Editor MARY BRESNAHAN--Associate Editor