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Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 1, 1963     Catholic Northwest Progress
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February 1, 1963
 

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2--THE PROGRESS Frelay, FEE;. T, 1963 .. PUTS UP FLOOD REFUGEES--Granada, Spain, Jan. 30 (NC)--Some Gypsies and a new-born baby were among 50 persons who were lodged in the Arch- bishop's house here when heavy rais flooded them out of the basement where they lived. Archbishop Rafael Garcia y Garcia de Castro of Granada took 11 families into his house when the floods made them homeless. He looked after his guests personally and baptized the infant. -k W PLAN $2,975,000 FOR RELIEF--- HUNG KONG, Jan. 28 (NC)--The Hung Kong diocese plans to put an estimated $2,975,000 into rel/ef and welfare pro- jects which it has planned for completion by 1965. Msgr. Charles H. Vath, chairman of the board , of directors of Caritas-Hong Kong, the diocese's Catholic relief organization, said: "Our goal is to help ixnprove the health, social and economic status of Hung Kong's population of refugees and other poverty-stricken Chinese." ASKS BLOOD FOR MOSLEMS Algiers, Al- geria, Jan. 26 (NC)mArchbishop Leon Duval of Algiers has asked all Catholics to donate blood to the Algerian Blood Transfusion Center during the Moslem holy month of Ramadan. The rigorous fast required of Moslems during Ramadan, which began January 26, makes it difficult for them to donate blood. In a message read in all churches of the Algiers archdiocese, Archbishop Duval said he hoped a gen- erous Christian response to appeals for blood would help make up for the temporary decline in donations by Moslems. PRESECUTION OF CHURCH INCREASES m. $aigon, Vietnam, Jan. 29 (NC)--Communist pressure against religion in north Vietnam is felt more keenly every month, according to reports reaching here through Vietnamese in Cambodia. Catholics in Hanoi, capital of Red-ruled north Vietnam, are indignant over the arrest of Brother Clement Pham van Dat, C. SS. R., who was taken away by police last October 9. He has not been heard of since. No explanation for his arrest was = given. Bishops are not allowed to travel around theix dioceses, even on such pastOral work as giving Con- firmation. All seminaries except one, apparently, have had to close. Catholic schools have ceased to exist. Education is all Marxist. BARRED BY 'FEAR OF CHRIST'mNew York, Jan. 29 (NC)--A priest-authority of Judeo-Christian affairs said "the fear of Christ" influenced the Israeli Supreme Court judges to deny Israeli. citizenship to a convert from Judaism who is now a Carmelite priest. Msgr. John M. Oesterreicher, also a convert from Judaism who is director of Judeo-Christian studies at Seton Hall University, South Orange, N.J., speaking January 27 before the Edith Stein Guild, recalled that Father Daniel-Oswald Rufeisen sought Israeli citizen- ship under the "law of return." The guild assists Jewish converts to Catholicism. The law, enacted in 1950, gives any Jew, ex- cept a crimlnal, automatic citizenship upon de- daring he is a Jew, the Monsignor stated. Father Rufelsen was a Jew born in Poland who embraced the CathoIlc Faith after escaping from the Nazis in 1942. The Monsignor recalled Father Rufeisen had declared: "My ethnic origin is and always will be Sewish." He was advised by Israeli authorities he could become a naturalized citizen but the government would not recognize him as a Jew. t W RECLAIM LAND FROM SEA  Kang Wha, Korea, Jan. 28 (NC)--Threehundred refugee families received farming rights to a large plot of land they had themselves reclaimed from the Yellow Sea at a ceremony at the Maryknoll mission on this island off Red-held North Korea. Thanks to aid from U.S. Catholics, most of the refugees have been converted to the Church and Father Elmer Patterson of Fairhaven, N.J., now has a thriving parish among the do-it-yourself farmers. MAY RUIN YOUR HEALTH--Berlin, Jan. 30 0NC)Are you feeling run down? weak? wretched? Moscow Radio has found the answer: You were bap- tized! Moscow Radio told its listeners on January 20 that christening "can cause irreparable damage" to a child's health. Besides, it has discovered that people in Communist Russia today live more than twice as long as Russians did before the Red revolution, when nearly everybody was baptized, What's more, Moscow Radio has found that the awftfl effects of the "barbarous religious rite" of Bap- tism can be dramaticeven years later. TO OPEN FIRST CARMEL  Lisbon, Jan. 28 (NC)  Eight Carmelite nuns have left here for Luanda, capital of the west African Portuguese ter- ritory of Angola, to open Portuguese Africa's first Carmelite convent. Highest Rate of Bank Interest Your savings at Prudential Mutual earn 4% per annum the highest rate of hank interest in the canto---compounded and paid quaerly. And remember ,savings deposited at Prudential Mutual by the llth oi'the month will earn interest from the 1st. Prudential Mutual Savings Bank "At the/riendly corner o/Third and Spri." * Pbona MA 2 .:1$00 * Fre Itarking. Free postage both ways on mad deposits Membe: F.D.I..,. President's School THESE NINETEEN priests will be among 24, making up the corps of special priest-speakers who will preach Cath. olie Press Month sermons in parishes throughout the Arch. diocese during February. The corps has been appointed by the Most Reverend Thomas A. Connolly, Archbishop of Seattle. Shown above (from left)are (first row) Rev. Jerome Dooley, St. Rose Parish, Longview; Roy. Desmond McMahon, St. Bernadette Parish, Seattle; Roy. Paul Purta, S.S., St. Thomas Seminary; Rev. Luke O'Donnell, O.S.B., St. Martin's Abbey novice master; Roy. Damian Glenn, O.S.B., St. Martin's Abbey; and Roy. Dennis Muehe, arch. diocesan director of Catholic Charities; (second row) Rev. James H. Gandrau, editor of The Progress and Archdio- cesan News Bureau director; Rev. Robert Turner, St. Ed- ward's Seminary; Rev. James Mallahan, Blanchet High School vice principal; Rev. Gerald Moffat, archdiocesan CYO director; Rev. Joseph Petosa, Holy Rosary Parish, Seattle; Rev. Philip H. Duffy, archdiocesan superintendent of schools; Roy. Robert M. Daly, St. Michael Parish, Olym- pia; Rev. John P. Mitchell, Our Lady of Fatima Parish, Seattle; Roy. Joseph P. Erny, Blanchet High School; Roy. Stephen Szeman, archdiocesan director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith; Rev. David White, Blancher High School; Rev. Gerald Nagle, M.M., Maryknoll Pro- cure; and Roy. Stanton Boyle, Blanchet High School. (Progress Photo by W. C. Heib ]r.) Press Month Speakers Announced (Continued from Page 1) tendent of Schools; Rev. Joseph P. Erny, Blanchet High School faculty. Rev. James H. Gandrau, editor, Catholic Northwest Prog- ress; Rev. Damian Glenn, O.S.B, St. Martin's Abbey, Olympia; Rev. James Mallahan, vice principal, Blanchet High School; Roy. Vincent McEachen, O.P., Blessed Sacrament Parish; Rev. Desmond McMahon, St. Bernadette Parish; Rev. John P. Mitchell, Our Lady of Fatima Parish; Rev. Gerald W. Moffat, Archdiocesan Director, Catholic Youth Organization; Rev Den- nis F. Muehe, Archdiocesan Director, Department of Social Service; Rev. Gerald Nagle, M.M., Maryknoll Procure Rev. Luke O'Donnell, O.S.B.,: Novice Master, St. Martin's Abbey, Olympia; Rev. Joseph L.: Petosa, H01y Rosary Parish; Rev. Paul Purta, S.S., St. Thomas Seminary; Rev. Stephen Szeman, Archdiocesan DirectOr, Propagation of the Faith; Roy. Robert Turner, St. Edward Seminary; Rev. David White, Blan- chet High School faculty; and Rev. Felix Wirth, O.S.B., St. Martin's Abbey, Olympia. Speakers Sunday Twenty-two parishes will be visited by Press Month priest- speakers Sunday, Feb. 3. The parishes and their respective speakers are: St. James Cathedral, Rev. Joseph L. Petosa; St Paul, Seattle, Roy. James Mallahan; St. Thomas Aquinas, Camas, Roy. John P. Mitchell; St. Mary, Kelso, Rev. Jerome A. Dooley; St. Frances Cabrini, Tacoma, Rev. Philip H. Duffy; St. Mary Magdalen, Everett, Rev. Paul Purta, S.S.; St. Mi. chael, Olympia, Rev. Patrick S. Clark; St. Francis of Assisi, Seahurst, Rev. David White and Rev. Vincent McEachen, O.P.; St. Patrick, Seattle, Rev. Stephen Szeman. Blessed Sacrament, Seattle, Rev. James H. Gandrau; St. Martin of Tours, Tacoma, Rev. Desmond McMahon; St. Fran- cis, Cowlitz Prairie, Rev. Luke O'Donneil, O.S.B.; Holy Family, Kirkland, Roy. Fred Cwiekowski. Our Lady of Fatima, Seattle, Rev. Dennis F. Muehe; St. Andrew, Sumner, Rev. Gerald W. Moffat; Assumption, Belling- ham, Rev. Gerald Nagle, M.M.; Sacred Heart, Bellingham, Rev. Joseph P. Erny; St. Plus X, Mountlake Terrace, Rev. Robert Turner; St. Joseph, Tacoma, Roy. Stanton W. Boyle; Holy Rosary, Tacoma, Rev. Damian Glenn, O.S.B.; and St. Patrick, Tacoma, Rcv. Robert M. Daly. Press Month sermons in several parishes of the Archdiocese will be preached by the Reverend Pastors. These include: St. Mary, Anacortes; Immaculate Conception, Arlington; Holy Family Auburn; Sacred Heart, Battleground; St. Aloysius, Buck- ley; St. Patrick, Dockton; St. Vincent dePaul, Federal Way; St. Joseph, Ferndale; St. Nicholas, Gig Harbor; Sacred Heart, Lacey; Sacred Heart, LaConner; St. Joseph, Lynden; St. Margaret Mary, McKenna; St. Joseph, Pe Ell; Star of the Sea, Port Townsend; Im- maculate Conception, Raymond; Immaculate Heart of Mary, Sedro Woolley; St. Edward, Shelton; Our Lady of Sorrows, Sno- qualmie; St. Peter, Suquamish; Ss. Peter and Paul, Tacoma; Our Lady of Lourdes, Wilkeson; St: Cecilia, Winslow; St. Philip, Woodland; St. Joseph, Issaquah; and St. Thomas More, Lynwood. Aid Message fxcludes Large Segment (Continued from Page 1) sounded a note of urgency with has not come to its present position of leadership by avoid- ing hard problems. We are at a point in history when we must face and resolve these problems," he said. Mr. Kennedy did not offer any reason for excluding private grade and high schools from most of the benefits of his program. In his 1961 education message he referred to "the clear prohi- bition of the Constitution" as barring use of public funds to build church-related schools or pay the salaries of their teachers. Later, ad- ministration spokesmen took the position that "special purpose" loans to parochial schools--as, for example, for science and mathematical fa- cilities-might be constitu- tional. The President's m e s s a g e Outsiders Aid FDA In Drug Study WASHINGTON, Jan. 28 (NC) --The U.S. Food and Drug Ad- ministration has brought in out- side medical experts to help in evaluating the so-called oral contraceptive, Enovid. FDA Commissioner George P. Larrick declined to name mem- bers of the outside panel. The suggestion that other experts be called in to help government physicians was made last month by Dr. Heino Trees, an FDA medical investigator. Chief concern of the panel will be to determine if a con- nection exists between use of the drug and thrombophle- biffs, an inflammatory vein- clotting condition, sometimes fatal. The biggest single distributor of Enovid for birth control pur- poses is the Planned Parent- hood League of America, Venezuela's Agrarian Program Is Based On Church's Social Teachings VENEZUELA'S PROMISING AGRARIAN reform program which has already re- distributed land among more than 25,000 families is being carried out in line with so- cial teachings of the Church. Enemies of the movement are rich landowners and the Communists who fear Christian solutions to social problems. In the photo above, work- ers are shown practicing farming at the "Gonzalito School" in Aragua. A CATHOLIC ACTION movement that began in Spain and has spread throughout Mexico and the southwestern United States is making progress in parts of Latin Amer- ica. "Cursillos" (little courses in Christianity), are making inroads in once-pagan areas. Above, "cursiilistas" gather with Rev. Harvey Tessier, M.M., who is one of the priests offering the Christianity courses. The resettlement projects are of farm families had an annual by the government for redistri- bution among more than 10,G00 campesino families. And 615,000 acres were taken from support- ers of the dictatorship of Perez Jimenez by the National Ag- rarian Institute for redistribu- tion among farmers. Oil, of which Venezuela is one of the world's largest pro- ducers, had dominated the country's economy. Concentra- tion on oil was accompanied by the neglect of agriculture, So while the rich in the capital city of Caracas prospered, the rest of the country stagnated. In the three years the reform program has been in effect, farm production has risen more than four per cent. Housewives now have more and better eggs, potatoes, milk, corn and cooking oil. Only meat continues to be scarce. For all its success, the re- form program is facing great difficulties as a result of political jealousies, opposi- tion to the government and Communist efforts to frus- trate it. The strongest and most bit- ter opposition comes from the Communists. One Red leader, Elroy Torres, in a confronta- tion in Congress with COPEI leaders, objected to the law and revealed the Communist pattern of land reform he wished to push: "This business of the 'social function of private property' . . It is only a trick thrown into the law to save the big landed estates and send peas- ants to 'colonize' outlying jun- gles . . . If Venezuelan farm- ers are not given a 'real' land reform, they will take the land by force and our party will be behind them. "Sure," Tortes added, "land reform is good, but only as a step to lift the peasant from his subhuman levels. After land distribution, 'collective' farm- ing must come." That the Venezuelan experi- ence holds hopes for other areas is obvious if one takes a look at the rest of the con- tinent. There have been some major reform attempts in Mex- ico, Bolivia, Guatemala and Cuba. And pressure for land is violently building up in Peru, The editor of Notions Catolicas, the Spanish. language edition of the N.C.W.C. News Service, who recently finished a tour of Latin America, reports in the following article on the strenuous efforts being made by the growing Catholic social forces to guide one of the area's countries toward Chris- tian democracy. B Jaime Fonseca C.W.C. News Service) Venezuela's Christian Democratic party is spearheading Latin America's most promis- ing agrarian reform pro- gram, now being carried out according to the social teach- ings of the Cfiurch. On the success of the pro- gram, which has already re- distributed land among more than 25,000 families, hangs the hopes for a better life of some 24 million farm families throughout Latin America. The Christian Democratic party, which governs the north- era South American nation of 7.5 million people in coalition with the Democratic Action party of President Romulo Betancourt, played a major role in drafting the land re- form law, which was passed in March, 1960. Moreover, the party, known as COPEI, is also taking the lead in administering the law under the leadership of its foremost farm expert, Minister of Agriculture Victor Gimenez Landinez. In doing so it is taking a ma- jor political risk, facing strong opposition from both the ex- treme right and left--from the rich landowners, who do not want to see their former es- tates divided among the poor farmers, and from the Com- munists, who fear any Chris- finn solution to the people's poverty. Promoting what one of its leaders' called a ,constructive revolution" is part of COPEI's overall effort to make a ilast, ing success of Venezuela's n'ew attempt at representative gov- ernment following the ousting of the dictator, Marcus Perez Jiminez. in 1958. Rafael Cal- dera, head of COPEI, has de- clared: "Our aim is to uphold a democratic civilian regime willing to push social re- form." "Our supreme goal is to make the Venezuelan farmer a first class citizen," he added. In their efforts, COPEI lead- ers adhere to the Venezuelan Bishops' statement on the need to improve human conditions in rural areas. The reform law--which ex- plicity underlines the human dignity of the farmer and his ,t family, the value of private initiative and the need for land to be used for the common welfare--has these outstanding features: --It asserts the present acute need of the farmer for land of their own. --It reaffirms the idea of the "social function of landed property" by making subject to confiscation all farm lands that are selfishly used but also by defending the right to property which is exploited for the good of the nation. --It sets a practical and effective schedule of com- pensation in cash and bonds for expropriated lands. --It shows an "integral approach" to land reform in its many provisions regard- ing credit, roads, technical assistance, Schools, home ed- ucation and marketing. In a nation nearly the size of Texas .and New Mexico combined, some three million acres r- including public and unclaimed lands, large un- exploited estates and even some of the larger landholdings under production--are being re- regard to the nation's educa- tion. It stressed that the num- ber of students at all levels has risen dramatically in re- cent years and wilt continue to rise; that education is a vital factor in the cold war; and that the nation's continued pros- perity and economic growth depend in large measure on the education of its citizens. The President paid tribute to the educational efforts of "state and local governments and private institutions." But, he said, "all this has not been enough." He maintained that the economic facts of life make Federal aid to edu- cation imperative. Unofficial estimates put the total cost of his program at $5 billion over the next three to four years. Mr. Kennedy outlined his idea of the Federal role in educa- tion this way: "I do not say that the Federal government should take over responsibility for education. That is neither desirable nor feasible. Instead its participation should be se- lective, stimulative and, where possible, transitional." Reds Kidnap Priest, Nuns And Nurses S A I G O N, Vietnam, Jan. 29 (Radio, NC)A Vietnamese priest, three nursing Sisters of Char. ity, a Vietnamese g i r 1 nurse--all belonging to St. Joseph's Leper Hospital in Ben San, about 28 miles from Sai- gun, were taken captives by armed Communists on the morning of January 23. The priest is Father Joseph Nguyen Huong Tien, aged 33, who was taking the place of the regular chaplain who was absent on retreat. One of the Sisters is the superior of Ben San, Sister Rose Gaillard, aged 53, a na- tive of France, who has spent more than 20 years working in Viemam. The other two nuns are Vietnamese, Sister M a r i e Etienne and Sister Mathilde The three are Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul. All were traveling by truck to Saigon o buy supplies for lepers for the "Tet"--the Viet- namese lunar New Year festi- val. A mile and a quarter from the hospital the truck was held up by about 30 Communist guerrillas who made all dis- mount. The driver and three leper patients who had been aboard the vehicle were al- lowed to go. The priest, Sisters and lay nurse were marched off into the forest. Thirty-six hours later there was no news of the five cap- tives. The Ben San hospital has 25{} lepers as its patients. Com- munists raided it in March of 1961, pillaging its medical sup- plies. Subsequently it was giv- en a military guard, which Communists attacked last Oc- tober, killing five and dam- aging the hospital. with distributed by the National Agrarian Institute set up by the 1960 law. At a cost per family of ap- proximately $3,400, about 13,000 families have been fully settled and another 12,000 are occupy- ing land to which they will soon receive title in 370 re- settlement projects set up since 1960. The National Agrarian Institute and other government agencies have built 30,000 low cost homes for farm families to replace the thatched huts in which they lived before. being aided by 140 local agri- cultural agencies, 600 farm ex- perts and 70 social workers. In the resettlement pro- jects "campesino commit- tees" are being set up to handle claims for land and distribution of plots. The committees also provide for the introduction of proper planting, cultivation and mar- keting methods. When the present government came to power after the last dictator was overthrown five years ago, thirty-four per cent income of $115 or less. Thirteen per cent more considered them- selves better off with twice that amount. Many of them lived in some 400,000 thatched huts with few or no sanitary and water facilities. Their diet was meager. The owners of many of the large estates were absentee landlords who lived in lux- ury in the cities on the labor of impoverished campesinos. Since the passing of the land reform law, close to 200 big estates have been confiscated Chile, Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil. But after 40 years, the P/),gC/g| &WA|I,| Mexican land reform is still a subject of much contro- versy over the "ejido," com- munity land farmed by cam- pesinos but not owned by At All them. Better Cuba's "reforma agraria" Grocery produced only state-controlled Stares collective farms and a pathet- ic shortage of food. Most of the other countries have done little to improve the peasants' lot. Remember "SUNNY JIM," famous IDeanut Butter, Jams & Preserves i