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January 29, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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Cons,story c l! " Appointment POPE GREETS YOUNGSTERS . Of Cardinals ' Reeceivees Chiidr--enof " T Record 103 NmT CT00:00L00SsJOs0000: Causes ircus roupe Cardinals a close friend and advisor modern times to be created of Pope Paul VI who ac- companied him on his his- Ory-making trip to the Holy and in January, 1964. He as born in Verona, Italy, in 1881. He earned a social sciences degree in 1907 at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, where he wrote his thesis on the new Italian workers laws of that time. From 1940 to 1943 Father Bevilacqua was a ilitary chaplain• During the ecumenical Council he served as an expert. ARCHBISHOP GIOVAN- NI COLOMBO m The churchman was named by Pope Paul VI to be his uscessor as archbishop of AVlilan, Italy, in Aug. 1963. He had served as auxiliary bishop of Milan and, for more than three decades, as a seminary professor and rector• ArChbishop Colom. he, 62, was born Dec. 6, 1902, at Caronno in Milan archdiocese. He studied for e priesthood at archdio- cesan seminaries, earning degrees in theology and let- ters, and was ordained May 25, 1926. ARCHBISHOP WILLIAM CONWAY -- The Arch- bishop of Armagh and Pri- mate of all Ireland named to that post Sept. 9, 1963 became the 112th arch- ishop of the ancient See of St. Patrick and the first Belfast native to attain that honor. A former professor of moral theology and canon law, he was also vice presi- dent of Maynooth College• He was born in Belfast Jan. 22, 1913, the eldest f nine children of a well- nown businessman. On June 20, 1937, he was or. dained. He received a doc- torate of divinity in 1938. On July 27, 1958, he was consecrated auxiliary to the Archbishop of Armagh. RCHBISHOP THOMAS COORAY, OMI raThe Archbishop of Co%mbo, Ceylon, 64, is the head of the Catholic hierarchy in an Asian country deep in an intense nationalization drive which has swept from the Church control all but 40 of the nation's 750 Catholic chools. The Oblate of Mary Immaculate prelatd also has seen the Ceylon government remove all foreign nursing Sisters from their posts in the country. A member of a Singhalese Catholic fami- ly, was born in Negombo, Ceylon, and was ordained .mdn Rome in 1929. He suc- eeded Archbishop Jean M. Masson, OMI, in 1947. a cardinal, Msgr. Journet is known by students and theo- logians throughout the world for his writings on the na- ture of the Church, writings that doubtless influenced the ecumenical council's Consti- tution on the Church. Born 75 years ago, he is now liv. ing in a seminary at Fri- bourg, Switzerland. He was named a monsignor in 1946. ARCHBISHOP JOSEPH MARTIN -- The Arch- bishop of Rouen, France, is one of the four new Cardi- nals who are members of the Vatican Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity. Archbishop Martin was born in Orleans, France, Aug. 9, 1891 and was ordained 29 years later. He was named Bishop of Le Puy-en-Velay in 1940 and was made Arch- bishop of Rouen in 1948. ARCHBISHOP JEAN VILLOT--Archbishop Vii- lot was elevated to the rank of cardinal scarcely a week after succeeding the late Pierre Cardinal Gerlier as archbishop of Lyons, France. Cardinal Gerlier died Jan. 17. Archbishop Villot, co- adjutor archbishop of Lyons since 1959, automatically succeeded him. As arch- bishop of Lyons he has the title Primate of Gaul. His See city is the place where Christianity first appeared in France• Archbishop Vii- lot, 59, was ordained in 1930. He was named an auxiliary bishop of Paris in 1954 and coadjutor arch- bishop of Lyons in Decem- ber, 1959. ARCHBISHOP CESARE ZEBRA--As secretary of the Congregation of the Sac- ramental Discipline Arch- bishop Zebra has been in- volved in dispensations from marriage impediments and from other disciplinary laws concerning other sacraments, including sacred orders, Archbishop Zebra is a vet- eran of 40 years in the con- gregation. Born in Castel- nuova Scrivia, Italy, on Speculation By James C. O'Neill (N.C.W.C. News Service) ROME--Much specula- tion was stirred up here following Pope Paul VI's expansion of the College of Cardinals to an un- precedented 103 members and his promise to enlarge it still more at the end of the ecumen- ical council. Aside from noting the in- creased internationalization of the college as a result of new appointments, s p • c u I a t o r a' main interest centered on whe- ther or nt the expansion was the Pope's first step toward the establishment of a consulta- tive body of the hierarchy rep- resentative of the entire world. This so-called "senate of bishops" was first mentioned at the early session of the ecumenical council. P o p • Paul himself, while always avoiding any such term as "senate," has twice declared himself to be in sympathy with the creation of such a consultative body. Commenting on the cardin- als' appointment, the Bologna (Italy) Catholic daily. L'Awe- nire d'Italia, said that "there is a widespread feeling that the decision of Paul VI to cre- ate new cardinals may be re- garded as a step toward the realization of that consultative organ referred to by the Pope • . , It could be a special body, a sort of 'episcopal council' suitable for helping the Pope in the work and responsibility of governing the universal Church." The Rome daily, Giornale d'Italia, suggested that the ecumenical council had "asked for an innovation be- yond the Sacred College it- self, in which a greater num- ber of bishops would take part and which would enable the 'senate of the Church' (as the College of Cardinals is traditional described) to be more effective in regard to the new needs caused by the Catholic expansion of our times." April 15, 1892, he was or- Pope Paul himself gave no dained il, 1915. Like Pope indication as to his intentions lohn XXIII, he was drafted in announcing the creation of • 27 new princes of the Church. into the Italian military service during the First World War. Archbishop be- came Titular Archbishop of Colosse in 1962. @ Mea On Friday Okayed for Tanzania DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania (NC) -- The Holy See has granted Tanzanians permission to eat meat on Fridays through- out th. year save on Good Fri- day at the reque.t of this Af- rican nation's bishops. SURPRISE NOTED: Pas÷oral Concern Seen eflectedl n Choices IF VATICAN CITY (NC)-- first and foremost the corn- The Vatican Radio, com- menting on the appoint- ment of 27 new cardinals, stated that Pope Paul VI's choices reflect particularly the pastoral concern of the Pope. After noting that the an- uncement came as a surprise unexpected even in usually well informed quarters," the Vatican R a d i o commentator said that "Paul VI did not want to delay longe; raising to the purple certain prelates who oc- cupy important sees. Considered from the point of view of na- tionality, the list of the newly elected confirm the wide breath :f universality characteristic of e Church." Analyzing the components of the new members of the col- lege, the commentator said "It is easy to see the high recognition which is being c o n f e r r e d on the Oriental churches which will have three new cardinals in the sac- red college." "Notable also is the atten- on which the list gives to the African continent," Vatican Ra- dio said. "Asia is also honor- ably represented." "Lastly, the inclusion among the newly elected of some names such as that of Arch- bishops Josyf Slipyj of Lvov the Ukrainians and Josef Beran of Prague reveals further what rle the requirements of faith- ness and dedication in the service of the Church which in- spired the choice of the new cardinals," t h e commentator concluded. mitments of the Second Vati- can Ecumenical Council, have led so far to the postponement of the holding of a consistory for the appointment of new cardinals. "Nevertheless His Holiness, not wishing to postpone further the conferring of the dignity of cardinal on certain prelates, particularly in respect to cer- tain important Sees--white re- serving to himself inclusions within the Sacred College of other ecclesiastics who are par- ticularly outstanding in the service of the Holy See in the near future at the end of the ecumenical council -- w i 1 1 be pleased to raise to the sacred purple in the secret consistory of Feb. 22..." Pope Grants Permission To Carry Oils ROME (NC)--Pope Paul VI has granted permission for all priests of the Rome diocese to carry holy oils either on their .persons, in their residences or m their automobiles. The Pope granted the request in answer to the petition of Luigi Cardinal Traglia, pro- vicar general of Rome. Archbishop Enrico Dante, perfect of the Congregation of Rites, said no decree has been issued. But he declared that bishops may apply to the con- L'Osservatore Romano, Vati- gregation for a similar faculty can City daily, said in a note if they desire it. The reason accompanying publication of the Cardinal Traglia made his re- Pope's list: quest is the increasing rate of "V a r i o u s circumstances, car accidents. But in his speeches closing both the second and third sessions of the ecumenical council, Pope Paul gave an idea of what may be expected in the future. At the close of the second session of Dec. 4, 1983, the Pontiff noted that the major workload in carrying out the decisions of the council will fall on the already established Pontifical Commission for the Reform of Canon Law. Then he added: "In this work which will follow the council the collab- oration of the episcopate, re- quired in a new way by the needs and organic nature of the Church, will be very precious to us. Naturally it will be a source of joy to us to choose from among the bishops of the world and from the ranks of the religious orders, as was done for the preparatory com- missions of the council, dis- tinguished and expert brethren who, along with qualified mem- bers of the Sacred College, will bring us their counsel and help to translate into specific and fitting norms the general decisions of the council." The Pope further declared: "And so experience will sug- gest to us how, without preiudice to the prerogatives of the Roman pontiff defined by the First Vatican Council, the earnest and cordial col- laboration of the bishops can more effectively promote the good of the universal Church." At the close of the council's third session Nov. 21, 1984, Pope Paul was even more ex- plicit about consulting the world's bishops. He said: "The ecumenical council will have its definite conclusion with the fourth session. But the application of its decrees will involve a network of postcon- ciliar commissions in which the collaboration of the bishops will be indispensable. Likewise the occurrence of questions of gen- eral interest to the modern world will make us even more disposed than we are now, ven- erable brothers, to call togeth- er some of you, designated at the proper time, and consult you at determined times in or- der to have around us the com- fort of your presence, the help of your experience, the support of your counsel and the assist- ance of your authority." Several Vatican officials were willing to speculate that the enlargement of the college will contribute to the formation of the "council of bishops," par- ticularly in view of the fact that the new appointments in- clude so many heads of resi- dential Sees. POPE PAUL VI GREETS children of the 'heroes of the impossible,' his description of circus performers. The young- sters were invited to the Pope's side after he had completed a talk before an American circus troupe. The pontiff said circus people "brightenthe lies" of audiences and urged the performers to "fulfill the obligations of your profession in a Christian way." As the photograph was taken one child was overwhelmed by the audience and burst into tears. -- (Religious News Service Photo) BOOK PUBLISHED: Marriage Cases Top VATICAN CITY (NC)--The decisions of the Sacred Roman Rota for the year 1954 have been published by the Vatican Polyglot Press, disclosing that the Church's high court handed d o w n 251 final decisions that year, only two of which did not involve matrimonial cases. The volume, which is print- ed annually and contains a se- lection of the cases decided on 10 years previously, actually contains only 159 of the more interesting cases handled in 1954. The majority of the cases in- volved appeals for annulment. Two cases however dealt with matrimonial suits for separ- ation and for financial support. Among the annulment suits 18 Americans• Appoin÷ed Cardinals in 175 Years By Thomas E. Kissling When Archbishop Lawrence J. Shehan of Baltl- Roma Rota Act" more receivesthecardinal'shatattheConsistoryof n Ions February 22, he will become the 18th incumbenfof a U. S. See to enter the College of Cardinals. Only American among the 27 new cardinals' published were cases involv- named by Pope Paul VI Jan- ing the impediment of a pre- existing bond, irregularity of form, impediment of consang- uinity, Holy Orders and dis- parity of cult. One case involved a marriage in which one partner was a Moslem who had been bap- tized, but without the right in- tention. Another ease involved a subdeacon who was dispensed from Holy Orders to permit him to contract marriage but who later was impeded be- cause it was erroneously be- lieved he had been given the order of deacon or priesthood. Of the two non-matrimonial cases, one concerned a st, it involving charges of malad- ministration of property held ,n trust. uary 25 his appointment brings the number of U. S. cardinals living at tire same time to n record total of six. The United States has not been without a cardinal since 1911. Of the total of 18 U. S. cardinals, 16 w e r e native- born and two.-Card'nal Far- lay of New York and Cardin- al Glennon of St. Louis-- were natives of Ireland but became American citizens. In addition to these 18 who occupied U. S. Sees at the time of their nomination to the card- inalate, there were 15 other prelates who served in the United States and later were elevated to the sacred purple. Two of these headed American ::c before their elevation, two erve. q. ,3 priests, seven were :epresentatives of the Holy See here and four were staff mem- bers of the apostolic delega- tion in Washington. The American hierarchy was in existence 86 years before c, ne of its number, Archbishop John McCloskey of New York, was elevated to the cardinalate, in 1875. Archbishop Shehan s the second occupant of the pre- mier See of Baltimore elevat- ed to the college of cardinals. America's s e c o n d cardinal was Archbishop James Gib- bons of Baltimore, who died in 1921 after serving 3S years as a cardinal. He was the first American cardinal who participated in a papal elec- tion, that of Pope St. Pies X in 1908. One U. S. cardinal, Cardinal John Glenncn of St. Louis, Me., lived less than one month after his elevation. He received the red hat in Rome February 18, 1946, and died in Ireland, March 9, 1946, while enreute home• The 18 American-resident cardinals and their years in/.he College d Cardinals follows; John McCloskey of New York, 1875-1885; James Gibbons of Baltimore, 1886-1921; John Farley of New York, 1911-1918; William O'Connell Of Boston, 1911-1944; Dennis Dougherty of Philadelphia, 1921-1951; George Mundelein of Chicago, 1924- 1939; Patrick Hayes of New York, 1924-1939; John Glennon rf St. Louis. 1946-1946; Samuel Stritch of Chicago, 1946-1958; Edward Mooney or Detroit,. !946-!.9.8; Francis Spellman of New York, 1984--; James Francis Mclntyre of Los Angeles, 1963---; Richard Cush- ing of Boston, 1958---; John I'Hara, C.S.C., of Philadelphia, 1958-1960; Aloisius Muench of Fargo, 1959-1962; Albert Meyer of Chicago, 1959; Joseph Rit- tar of St. Louis, 1961--; and Lawrence Shehan of Baltimore, 1965--. Pope Paul Stresses Catholic Action Role Charlie Will Be Well Soon MEANTIME HE'S ENJOYING the food at the 80-bed Our Lady of Maryknoll Hospital located in a Mum area of Hong Kong to care for the very poor. VATICAN. CITY (NC) -- Pope Paul VI has forcefully reas- serted the need for Catholic Action with a capital "A". "We ourselves are not un- aware of the criticism and ac- cusations leveled against Cath- olic Action," the Pope told members of the central com- mittee of the Italian Catholic Action who met him in audi- ence. "It is regarded by some as an expression of a 'clerical' notion of Catholic effort, that is to say, calculating and pragmatic. It is said to be the left-over mentality of a sterile dosemindedness . . . • conservative and reactionary, inept at understanding the cultural and soeial forms which reveal the basic trends of human evolution • • ." he said. "We do not hesitate to re- assert before you the necessity of your function for the defense and affirmation of the Catholic name in its authentic mean- ing," he said. "We willingly express our trust in your ability to give an ever new, positive, fruitful and beneficial witness to Catholic principles." Chaplaincies Aided MADRID (NC)--Tbe National Fund for Labor Protection granted a subsidy of just under $116,000 for chaplains of Span- ish emigrants abroad. The amount is to be divided among 99 chaplaincies that serve in Belgium, France, Hol- land, England. Sweden, Switzer- land, B r a z i I, Venezuela and Australia. Represent 43 Nations VATICAN CITY (NC) When the new cardin- als named by Pope Paul VI are raised to their new rank at the consis- tory of February 22 the Eacred College will have a record 103 members from 43 countries. A number of nations will be represented in the college for the first time, including Ceylon" and three African states -- Upper Vc-lta, Algeria and the Republic of South Africa. Swit- erland will have its first card- inal in modern times. Other nations not represented in the present college that will have a cardinal following the consistory are England, Yugo- slavia, Czechoslovakia, Ukraine, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt• The new appointments will raise the number of cardinals from Africa from one to five. Asia will have three mare princes of the Church bring- ing its total from six to nine, while nations behind the Iron Curtain will have five card. inals instead of two. The 27 new cardinals come from 21 countries, including six from Italy, which will con- tinue to have the largest num- ber d members in the Sacred College with 32. Two new mem- bers come from France and one from Spain, which will be tied for second place with seven each. Besides the countries men- tioned, one each of the new cardinals coes from the U. S., Canada, Brazil, Germany, Bel- gium end Ireland. Pope Paul has increased the number of Eastern-rite cardin- als from two to six. There are now cardinals of the Armenian, Syrian, Maronite, M • l k i t e, Coptic and Ukrainian rites.. After February 22 the new College of Cardinals will have 66 members from Europe,. 13 from Latin America, nine each from North America and Asia, five from Mrica and one from Australia. Countries that will have more than two cardinals are the fol- lowing (with the number of present cardinals in paren- theses): Italy 32 (28), France 7 (5), pain 7 (s), O. S. 6 (5), Germany 4 (3), Br'zil 4 (3), Canada 3 (2), Belgium 2 (I), Ireland 2 (I), Portugal 2 (2), Argent!na 2 (2). The 32 countries that will have one cardinal each are: the Netherlands, Austria, Po- land, Hungary, Scotland, Australia, Uruguay, M • x i c o; Ecuador, Venezuela, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Tanzania. Japan, Formosa, India, Philippines, I r a q, Armenia, Switzerland, Czechoslovda, Yugoslavia, Uk- raine, England, Upper Volta, Algeria, South Africa, Ceylon, Syria, Lebanon and EyglYc. New Cardinal Doubts News Of Appointment ROME (NC) -- Arriving in Rome January 5 the same day the Vatican announced he will be made a cardinal, Archbishop Franjo Seper of Zagreb, Yugo- slavia, was welcomed by a croation priest as "Your Emi- nence." Archbishop Soper told the priest to 'stop joking. But the latter replied that he was speaking seriously. That was how the archbishop learned be had been named to the Sac- red College. A year ago the Vatican City daily, L'Osservatorc Re- mane, reported he had died. This false news was never corrected and found its way into the official Vatican publi- cation, Acts of the Holy See. When Pope VI personally apologized for the error, Arch- bishop Seper said that the let- ters of condolence which ar- rived in Zagreb after the pre- mature announcement of his death taught him who his real friends were. New Cardinal Hopes to Attend Consistory BONN (NC) -- NO news on the nomination of Archbisho p Josef Beran of Prague as car- dinal was immediately given out by the Czechoslovak radio while the newly appointed prel- • ate expressed hope be will get permission from the commtm, ist government to attend the consistory in Rome. According to reports reach- ing here Archbishop Beran has declared that his appointment is a result of negotiations be- tween the Holy See and the Czechoslovak government• In Prague it is expected that any news release on Archbishop Bo- ran's nomination will be con- nected with an official gove, ment statement because of the key role the prelate reportedly had in the negotiations, ...... Archbishop Beran, 77, is still in forced residence at , Yanov.