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Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 29, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 29, 1965

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4..--THE PROGRESS Friday, Uan. 2% /%5 Ele,vation to College of Cardinals Set for February ARCHBISHOP JOHN ARCHBISHOP MAURICE ARCHBISHOP LORENZ ARCHBISHOP PAUL ZOUNGRANA  The Ardabichop of Ougadougou, Upper Volta, is the second Negro to be raised to the Co|logo of Cardinals. Hm w$1 ordained in 1942. After teaching for a time in the Ketmai seminary, he was named in April, 1960, to be archbishop of Ougadougou. PATRIARCH STEPH. ANOS I. SIDAROLISS- Tim Patriarch of Alexan- drh is the spiritual head of about 88,000 Coptic-rite Catholics, moot of them lie, iag in Egypt. There are meee than 1,5 million Copes not members of th Cathoic Church. TI patriarch, 60, was born in Cairo in 1904. He was ordaixaed in 1939. & , ARCHBISHOP AGNI/LO ROSSI -- the Archbishop of San Paulo, Brazil, heads eae of the largest dioceses in the world--having nearly 4.5 million Catholics. He is head of the Latin American Committee of the Faith, the secretariat of the Latin American Bishops' Coundl that is entrusted with the work of religious education. ARCHBISHOP ENRICO DANTE -- The 80-year- old prelate is secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Rites. He has been a priest for more than half-a-century and has held many teaching and administrative posts in the Vatican, Born in Rome uly ,5, 1884, he was or- ained July 3, 1910. BISHOP ANGEL HER- RERA Y ORIA -- The Bishop of Malaga, Spain, 7g, is a social activist who has repeatedly appealed to the consciences of the Span- ish wealthy to meet their so. de! responsibilities toward the nation's poor. The pre. late had a delayed vocation ttld worked as a lawyer when a young man. He finally etered the priesthood and was ordained m 1940 at the age of 54. HEENAN -- The 60.year. old prelate is a native of London who headed two other British Sees before be. ing named Archbishop of Westminster in Sep- tember, 1963. Archbishop Heenan was ordained a priest in 1930. In March, 1951, he bee#me Bishop of , Leeds, and in May, 1957, he became Archbishop of Liverpool where he was spiritual leader of some 50,- 000 Catholics. ARCHBISHOP FRANJO SEPER -- The prelate was named coadjutor archbishop of Zagreb, Yugoslavia, while the Ordinary of that See, Aloysius Cardinal Sepi- nac was still being held by Communist authorities after 14 years of imprisonment. He became archbishop after Cardinal Stepinac died in February, 1960. Born in Osijek, Yugoslavia, Oct. 2, 1905, the future cardinal was ordained in 1930 and became rector of the Zagreb seminary at the age of 28. During World War II he aided thousands of refugees. MSGR. JOSEPH CAR- DIJN  Few if any men have had a greater influence on the youth of Europe and the world than Msgr. Joseph Cardijn who 43 years ago founded an organization that grew into the Young Christian Workers. Today the YCW has 1.5 million members in 90 countries, and their 82.year-old founder has been honored by popes, kings and presidents. Msgr. Cardijn was born in Brus- sels, Belgium, ARCHBISHOP OWEN McCANN- The Arch- bishop of Cap Town, South Africa, 57, has helped to guide the Church and its faithful in South Africa through the nightmare of government's system of re. dal apartheid. The son of an Irish father and an Aus. tralian mother who settled in Cape Town, he was or- dained on Dec. 21, !935. Priestly Career Of Baltimore's Cardinal-Designate Colorful {N.C.W.C. News Service) Lawrence Cardinal Shehan is a 65-year-01d native of Baltimore who has headed for three years the arch. diocese which is the cradle of U.S. Catholicism. A why man whose manner ts crisp and forthright, he is a pioneer in organized ecumenical work, a vig- orous supporter of civil rights causes, a student of Church-State relations and a staunch defender of parochial schools. The new cardinal has been a priest for 42 years and a bishop for nearly 20. He was consecrated in 11}45 im Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore, named in 1953 as the first Bldmp of Bridgeport, Conn., and has been Archbishop of Balti- more since 1961. The prekte, who will be 66 March 18, has made the venerable Btltimore ardiocese a model for organized Catholic effort to unite Christians. In January, IN2, he appointed a 15-member Commission for Christian Unity, the first such Catholic group in the nation, and in June, 11, this body was host to a national workshop of Catholle dtecesan officials active in ecumenical work. Cardinal Shehan has also dramatized his e0ncern for unity by specifying in 1962 that during the Unity Octave of January 18 to 25 in that year, a Mass be offered in Baltimore churches for the Ire'dan of sins. Mass, he wrote the archdi0eose's 430,000 Catholics, was to "bog God's f0rgivenetat and undoing of the sins which we Catholi have committed against Chrien unity, beth in our own times and in the past, both in our archdiocese and through- out the world." Cardinal Shehan, a member of the Vatiean's Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity, was appointed by his fellow bishops in November, 1964, to head the U.$. Bishops' Committee for Fumeaieal Miaire. The committee, which has established a permanent office at the National Catholic Welfare Conference, has been charged with advising the hierarchy on how the Second Vatican Council's de- cree on ecumenism can be applied to this country and on related matters. The vitality shown in ecumenical affairs has been reflected in the prelate's support for racial justice and specific civil rights causes. In March, 1963, he issued a strong pastoral letter on racial justice, noting that discrimination has no place within the Church. In detailing steps taken by church institutions to get rid of all traces of discrimiaatien, he revealed that he had required Catholic hospitals in the archdiocese formally to approve spe- cific policies of nondiscrimination he had sent them. "In older and outmoded hospital plants," he said frankly, "it has sometimes been difficult to eliminate some customs based on age-old prejudices and social patterns, but now that the last of our hospitals is acquiring a modern building, we are confident that the final traces of segregation end discrimination will dis. appear." That pastoral also marked the start of the cardinal's fight for laws which would open public accommodations to all persons, white or Negro. Noting the difficulty feced by a proposed Maryland public accommodations law, he commented that it was "particularly disconcerting" to know that the proposal "failed to receive the support of some Catholic legislators who represent districts heavily Catholic in population." The law has since been adopted. In May, 1964, when Gov. George Wallace of Alabama was running in the Maryland presidential primary on a platform of opposition to the then-pending Federal Civil Rights Act, the oar- dinal taed the bill in a press interview four days before the primary vote. Wittmm taking direct note of Wallace, the prelate appealed to voters to use reason, conscience, justice and charity in casting their ballots. He said he personally found the Civil Rights Act to be in conformity r sound principles of morality. " Wallace lost the primary to Sen. Daniel Brewster of Maryland. The cardinal's long interest in Church-State relations reached a climax in October, 1963, when he spek6 in the name of the American hierarchy on the subject at the Second Vatican Council. His council speech dealt with a passage of the thereponding schema "On the Church" in which laymen were cautioned against the "regrettable separation" of Church and State. The prelate told the council the section was too vague. He appealed that if the question of Church and State wore to be takon up, it "should be placed in a context where it can be treated with the fullness and accuracy which it needs." (The passage was reworked before adopticm and promulgation of the decree by Pope Paul VL It now warns #irmt a doctrine which attempts to build society with no regard whatever for re, ligion and which attacks and destroys the religious liberty of its citizens.) The prelate has voiced disagreement with the U.S. Supreme Court's 1062 decision which outlawed voluntary recitation in New York public schools of a 22-word, nondenominational prayer. He told the national convention of the Aneient Order of Hi- bernians in August, 1962, that if the trend he sees in the court's opinion continues, secularism will become America's official religion. The cardinal, a product of parochial schools, has been a lead- ing supporter of their place in today's society and of their inclu- sion in Federal aid to education proposals. He is both a former episcopal chairman of the Department of Education of the National Catholic Welfare Conference and a former president general of the Natiotml Catholic Educational Association. In March, 1964, he wrote a major response to critics of paro- chial schooling. Mrs. Mary Perkins Ryan's controversial book, "Are Parochial Schools the Answer?" had been published at the time and debate on the future of Catholic schools was He wrote in America, Catholic weekly review, that he sees no reason for panic about the future of the schools and said a major study upholds their academic competence. "What causes us apprehension is that some of our own pen, ple should attack the very existence of the parochial schools, as if they had become an unbearable burden, dragging the Church down, impeding her progress and preventing her from fulfilling her mission to the people of the country," he said in article, widely thought to represent the opinions of many mem- bers of the hierarchy. Cardinal Shehan was an active participant in the debate over iaclusion d children in the late President Ken- nedy's proposals for massive Federal aid to education. He said in a sermon at the 1962 consecration of Auxiliary Bishop Thomas A. Murphy of Baltimore, that a bishop must bear in mind the threat that is posed for Catholic schools by large-scale Federal assistance confined to public schools. "Such aid," he said, "would not only place a third burden on Catholic parents who, even now, are forced to bear their full share of Catholic schools for their own children. "It would also inevitably increase the cost of all education, and thus would have the effect of pricing parochial schools and Catholic high schools out of the educational picture." Cardinal Shehan's activity in behalf of the Church on the national level recently was extended beyond educational, ecu- menical and Church-State matters. In November, 1994, he was appointed episcopal chairman of the Press Department of the National Catholic Welfare Can- terence. As a eardlnal, he will now become an ex officio mem- ber of the administrative board of the N.C.W.C., the hier- archy's national secretariat. One of the final public acts carried out before he was named a cardinal was the preparation by the prelate of a statement for the observance of Catholic Press Mouth. Archbishop Shehan Sixth Cardinal Named To Church in US (Continued from Page 1) Archbishop John Heenan of Westminster, England; Arch- bishop Jean Villot of Lyons, France; Archbishop Enrico Dante, secretary of the Congregation of Rites; Archbishop Cesare Zorba, secretary of the Congregation of Sacramental Discipline; Arch- bishop Giovanni Colombo of Milan, Italy; Archbishop William Conway of Armagh, Northern Ireland, and Bishop Angel Herrera y Oria of Malaga, Spain. Sees traditionally headed by a cardinal whose archbishops have now been ralsed to the Sacred College include Milan, Westminster, Armagh, Rouen, Florence and Lyons. The lest had been without a cardinal at its head for only eight days, following the death of Pierre Cardinal Gerlior Jan. 17. The order of preference of the new cardinals is the following: P#triarch Saigh, Patriarch Meouchi, Patriarch Sidarouss, Archbishop Slipyj, Archbishop Jaeger, Archbishop Cooray, Arch- bishop Beran, Archbishop Roy, Archbishop Martin, Archbishop McCann, Archbishop Duval, Archbishop Florit, Archbishop Seper, Archbishop Heonan, Archbishop Villot, Archbishop Zoungrana, Archbishop Shehan, Archbishop Dante, Archbishop Zerba, Arch- bishop Rossi, Archbishop Colombo, Archbishop Conway, Bishop Herrera. Monsignor Callori di Vignale, Monsignor Cardijn, Mon- signor Journet and Father Bevilaequa. ROY -- For Archbishop Roy of Quebec, the an- nouncement on Jan. 25 that he was being elevated to the rank of cardinal was the fourth time that same date has marked a milestone in his life. He was born Jan. 25, 1905; named Bishop of Trois Rivieres, Quebec, Jan. 25, 1946; and named Primate of Canada Jan. 25, 1956. JAEGERThe Archbishop of Paderborn, Germany, 72, is a member of the Secre- tariat for Promoting Chris- tion Unity and a widely known writer on the need for renewal in the Church. Born in Halle, Germany, he is a decorated veteran of World War I and served during the early days of World War II as a chap- lain to the German Army. ARCHBISHOP JOSYF SLIPYJ  The Archbishop of Lvov, U.SS.R., Primate of the Ukraine, is the sole survivor of 11 Ukrainian bishops imprisoned by the Russians during and after World War II. Convicted. in three separate "trials" oa unspecified crimes, Arch- .bishop Slipyj spent 18 years m jail. He commented that "within the Church a lengthy period of growing pains is in the offing" and that Catholic journalism must be "adequately equipped 'to disturb the comfortable and to comfort the disturbed.'" Cardinal Shehan, whose grandparents were Irish immigrants, is one of five sons and a daughter of Thomas Patrick and Anaga- sin Dames Schofield Shehan. His father was in the tailors' sup. plies business. The ftture cardinal attended St. Ann's school in Baltimore and at the age of 13 entered St. Charles Minor Seminary at Cat- onsville, Md. "Yes, that is young," he once told an interviewer. "We all, when we are yotmg, have various thoughts about what we want to be, so had I. But I never thought seriously of being anything but a priest." He finished his studies at St. (;hades at the head of a ele of 30. He entered St. Mary's Seminary in Baltimore ia 1917 and in 1920 went for further studies at the North American College, Rome. He was ordained in Rome Dec. 23, 1922, at the age of 24. He holds the degree of doctor of Sacred Theology from the Urban College in Rome, He came home in 1923 and was assigned to St. Patrick's church in Washington, D. C., which was then a part of the Baltimore archdiocese. He remained there until 1945, serving from 1941 to 1945 us pastor of the famous downtown church in the nation's capital. He was named a monsignor in 1941. In 1045. he was named Auxiliary Bishop to Archbishop Michael Curley of Baltimore. He became pastor of SS. Philip and James Church in Baltimore. In 196t, he was named first bishop of the new Diocese of Bridgeport, Conn. During his tenure in Bridgeport, he directed the establishment of diocesan offices and approved construction of 24 new churches and the launching of 18 new parishes. He returned to Baltimore Sept. 27, 1961, as titular archbishop of Nicopolis ad Nestum and coadjutor with the right of succes- sion to a close friend, Archbishop Frances P. Kenugh of Balti- more. Ailing Archbishop Keough died Dec. 8, 1961, and Arch. bishc,p Shehan succeeded to the See. Baltimore is the United States' oldest Catholic See. Its etch. bishop has been granted by the Holy See the right of precedence in ceremonies and meetings over all other archbishops, except those who are cardinals. The cardinal's favorite means of relaxation is reading of his- tory, usually selected from his large private library. Friends have said the prelate was an avid tennis player and swimmer in his youth. Now-a-days, the archbishop has con- ceded, his physical recreation Is confined generally to a "good, brisk walk." But he admits that in a city where he is widely known, tt is often difficult to get in a walk, "I enjoy a good walk in the neighborhood," he one. said, "but people often recognize me and seem eager to give me a lift--iust what I don't want at those times. "So, in order to get a good walk, I may seem a little rude, though I don't intend to be." ARCHBISHOP ERMENE- GILDI FLORIT  The Archbishop of Florence, Italy came in contact with hundreds of American bish- ops and priests during the 27 years he taught Sacred Scripture at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome, Two years before he left his teaching post to become co- adiutor archbishop of Flor- ence in 1954, he was elected a member of the Catholic Biblical Association of Ameri- ca. Archbishop Florit was born 63 years ago in Fa- gagna, in northeastern Italy. ARCHBISHOP LEON DUVAL--The Archbishop of Algiers has proven him- self a master of difficult situations in the 18 years he has held his post. A native of France, he worked hard to bring peace to Algeria during the seven years Al- geria battled to win its free- dom from France. Born in Chenex, France, on Nov. 9, 1903, he was ordained in 1926 and became a bishop 20 years later. PATRIARCH MAXIMO$ IV SAIGH  Outspoken and colorful, Patriarch Saigh enlivened more than one t meeting of the Second Vati. can Council. Patriarch Saigh is the spiritual head of about 400,000 Melkite.rite Catholics. Born in Aleppo, Syria, 86 years ago, the patriarch was ordained in 1905, MSGR. FEDERICO CAL- LORI DI VIGNALE  A Vatican prelate who has charge of papal audiences and is often seen standing to the right of the pope( during papal tunctions, Msgr. Di Vignale, 74, has served in the households of Popes Plus XI, Plus XlI, John XXIII and Paul VI. Born in Vignale di Men- ferrato, Italy, Dec. 15, 1890, he was ordained a priest Dec. 16, 1917. PATRIARCH PETER PAUL MEOUCHI  As Patriarch of Antioch, Cat,. dinal Meouchi is leader of the nearly 850,000 Catholics of the Maronite.rite, of whom about 125,000 are in the United States. Born in Jezzine, Lebanon, the 70- year-old patriarch came to this country about 1920, be- came a naturalized citizen and stayed here for 14 years. ARCHBISHOP JOSEF BERAN The Archbishop of Prague, Czechoslovakia, has spent 17 of his 76 year j in political confinement. Born in Pilsen, Bohemia, Dec. 29, 1888, he was or- dained a priest in 1911, and in time became rector of the Prague archdiocesan semin- ary. In June, 1942,