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Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 29, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 29, 1965
 

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2--THE PROGRESS Friday, Jan. ,965 Catholicism Pope Calls Nobility Kerala [ 350 Years Old Leftists in Vietnam To Help Make Rome Split By Father Patrick O'Connor TRIVANDRUM, A Model City birthday of the Catholic religion Rome's, Mayor Honors Saint ROME (NC) -- Mayor Petrucci of Rome presented the hom- age of the city to St. Agnes on her feast day at a Mass in the basilica of St. Agnes. At the Offertory of the Mass he made the gift of a chalice to Carlo Cardinal Confalonieri, titular of the basilica. Homage to Rome's traditional saints was revived in 1961 after a lapse of a century. Other saints honored are St. Philip Neri and St. Aloysius Gonzaga. Similar honors are paid to he basilica of St. Mary Major atop the Esquiline hill and the church of Ara Coeli atop the Capitoline hill. Reds Warn of 'Reachonarles' VIENNA (NC) -- The bishops of Red-ruled Hungary have been warned by Tarsadalmi Szemle, ideological organ of the Hun- garian Communist party to be wary of the influence of "reac- tionary groups." The publication, reaching here said the "reactionaries" plan to attack Communism on the basis of the agreement concluded last September between Hungary and the Vatican. It also de- dared that the bishops should not think that the change in the Oath of loyalty to the government by priests, which was made in the agreement, can be used to pursue aims at variance with the national loyalty which is an obligation incumbent on every- one." FATHER GUY FERRARI' SHOWS GIFTS / Disl00lays Gifts From the Pope VATICAN CITY -- Father Guy Ferrari, OSB, of St. Meinrad Archabbey, St. Meinrad, ind., is curator of the Vatican Library's copy of the Princeton Index of Christian )krt. The Library, with its extensive exhibits and manifold activities, is a part of the Vatican Museums. Here, Father Guy displays three gifts given to Pope Paul VI during his pilgrimage to the Holy Land in January, 1964. Left to right: an enamel.covered 17th century Greek New Testament, the gift of Greek Orthodox Patriarch Bene- dictos; the milennial coin.cross commemorating foundation of the Greek Orthodox Monastery of Mount Athos, pre- sented by the Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras of Con- stantinople; and Jordianian King Hussein's gift of two an- dent clay lamps, the larger of which was used in Jerusalem 1900 years before Christ. Many Visit Cardinal's Tomb ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (NC) -- The tomb of Alojzije Cardinal Stepinac of Zagreb is still being decorated with fresh flowers and visited by many Yugoslav citizens. Cardinal Stepinac died Feb. 10, 1980, in the village of Krasic in north Croatia, where he was confined by the Yugoslav Com- munist government after his release from prison in 1051. Peo- ple here regard the prelate as a martyr and a holy man. His tomb is lecated behind the main altar of the Zagreb cathedral. Anti.Smut Law Upheld SPRINGFIELD, II1. (NC) -- The Illinois criminal code's pro- bibitien against sale of obscene books was upheld by the Illinois Supreme Court, which confirmed the conviction of a Cook Coun- ty mail order book dealer. The dealer was fined $1,000 for vio- lating the code section which defines obscenity as appealing to predominantly prurient interest and go i n g beyond customary limits of candor. The court held that books sold by the dealer served no social function. India (NC) -- Negotiations for in Vietnam fell on Jan. 18, 1965, but because of recent political disturbances no celelratious were held. On Jan. 18, 1615 five Jesuits --Father Francesca Buzomi, Italian, and Father Diego Car- valho, Portuguese, and three Brothers, t we Japanese, one Portuguese--landed near what is now Danang in central Viet- nam. They were not ti'.e first Catholic missionaries to come to Vietnam. They were the first to succeed in establishing a permanent mission. The earliest record of Christ- ianity in this country is an edict of 1533 prohibiting the religion of Jesus as preached in three villages of the north by a foreigner. Before the end of the 16th century, Dominican and Franciscan missionaries, Portuguese and Spanish at- tamped to preach the Gospel here but made no progress. The seed did not really take root until the Jesuits founded their mission in 1615. They w e r e missionaries forced out of Japan. Their first efforts in Vietnam were made easier by the presence of some Japanese Christians in Danang. On Easter Sun. day, 1615, they baptized their first 10 converts. From this mission the fam- ous Father Alexandre de Rhodes went to Tonkin in northern Vietnam, where he arrived on St. Joseph's Day, March 19, 1627. A gifted lin- guist and untiring worker, he registerer 6,700 baptisms in three years. Obstacles a n d persecution came early and often. In 1630 a Christian was beheaded in the north. In the south a cate- chist was executed in 1644. Per- secution recurred until t h e 1880s and began again, under the Communists, in 1945. And it is stigg gain on in Commun- ist-ruled North Vietnam. By the end of the 19th century Vietnam had earned the name of "Land of 100,000 Martyrs." Of these, 119 have been formally beatified. Some of the beatified martyrs are French and Spanish mission- aries, but the majority are Vietnamese priests, catechists and ordinary layfolk. After the Jesuit missionaries came priests of the Paris Foreign Mission Society (1664), founded largely through the efforts of Father de Rhodes. S p a n i s h Dominicans came next 0676). The Catholic population of Vietnam grew, in spite of per- secution and restrictions, until now it is estimated to be 10.2 per cent in the south mad 5.6 per cent in the Communist-held north. The totals are about 1,500,000 in the south, about gs0,000 in the north. Find Ancient Faversham Abbey Site LONDON (NC) -- A team of archaeologists w i t h govern- ment backing has reported that it has at lest found the site of Faversham Abbey in Kent, which was completely erased during the Reformation. The site of the medieval Ben- edietine abbey had long been a topic of coniecture. Two old buildings in the town of Favor- sham. were believed to be the abbey's gatehouses and a near- by street had from time im- memorial been named Abbey Street. Now the excavators have uncovered the white stones of the abbey's foundation partly buried under an or- chard and showing that the abbey, built in the year 1147, had a huge church 300 feet long by 80 feet wide which is nearly as big as the fam- ous Gothic cathedral in the neighboring city of Canter- bury. 2he site is being thoroughly explored, photographed and re- corded before it is covered up again. A school is to be built on the site. VATICAN CITY (NC) -- Pouring out his pastoral con- cern for the city of which he is bishop, Pope Paul VI called upon Rome's nobility to help him make the city a model of Catholicity for the world. "Rome is Catholic," he said. "No one denies it . . . et least not those who have Christian spirit, historical sense and a real love for this incomparable city. "But try to put the same words in the form of a ques- tion . . . Is Rome as Catholic as it ought to be? . . , Is this city of our and your hearts really as Catholic, as Christian, as religious and good as its history and mission de- mand . . . ? "Let us lovingly open our eyes to the spiritual needs of Rome. This is our grave duty, we know; it is the duty of the clergy and Religious, but it is also the duty of all the faithful, of the whole community of be- lievers, of the whole people of God." Rome's population increase coupled with a vast urban development has created in- numerable p r o b I e m s, the Pope said. He cited pressing needs in the fields of piety, culture and charity. He noted the social projects waiting for organiza- tion and.material aid, and the "unpostponable need to build new parish churches with their related organizations for re- ligious education and Catholic activity." New Law Threatens Yugoslav Catholics (Special Correspondence, N.C.W.C. News Service) TRIESTE, Italy--Cath- olics in Communist-ruled Yugoslavia are likely to face increased difficulties and not to get more freedom, as stated in the official press, with the passage of a proposed new law on religious affairs. A basic change in the law is the requirement that both par- ents must now give approval for a child's baptism or at- tendance at catechism classes. Up to now such approval has usually been given only by mothers. Fathers, fearing economic reprisals from the state, even the possible loss of their jobs, could claim that their wives had acted solely on their own inltiative in giving approval. It is feared that the number of baptisms and attendance at catechism classes will de- crease drastically in urban areas after the law is passed. For although the proposed law states that religious belief or the performance of religious duties will not influence a per- son's rights or position, very few b e 1 i e v e the statement. There is a general belief that no religious person can be promoted or get a better job and even faces being fired. There have been cases in which no children have attend- ed a scheduled catechism class after authorities asked the par- ish priest for a list of those enrolled. But despite fears, many Catholics attend church or major feast days even though they are also working days. Since people cannot be ab- sent from their jobs for fear of dismissal during the day, churches are packed for evening Masses. Another provision of the pro- posed law likely to work to the disadvantage of Catholics is its grant of greater authority to local officials. These are more likely to take restrictive action against the Church than nation- al authorities who are more conscious of the weight of in- ternational public opinion. Fidel Castro pope Thanks Fights U.S. Italian With Stamps Policemen WOOSTER, Ohio (NC) -- A VATICAN CITY (NC)--POPe refugee couple disclosed here that Fidel Castro's regime in Cuba is atacking the U.S. with its postage stamps. Dr. and Mrs. Rodolfo Rod- riquez displayed a new Cuban stamp on a letter they received. The stamp depicts an eagle, a familiar U.S. symbol, but this bird is falling head first, with a bulls-eye zeroed in over its heart. The stamp was originally is- sued on the third anniversary of the Bay of Pigs invasion. It is inscribed "I I I Anniversario Victoria de Giron." Mrs. Rod- riquez explained that Castro refers to the Bay of Pigs as Giron. one of the beaches in the area. She said: "Fidel Cas- tro evidently did not think it was proper to have a victory on the bay of the lowly pigs." Mrs. Rodriquez, a doctor of philosophy, who was a high school teacher in Cuba, now teaches at St. Mary school here. Her husband, a physician for 30 years in Cuba, now is a med- ical assistant at Apple Creek school, a state institution for mentally retarded near here. Both left Cuba soon after the abortive 1961 Bay of Pigs in- vasion -- and consider them- selves lucky to have escaped. Exchange Collections BIRMINGHAM, E n g 1 a n d (NC)--CoUections for the poor taken up on the Sunday of the Christian unity octave January 24 at St. Gregory's Catholie church here and its neighbor- ing Methodist e h u r e h were afterward exchanged as an ex- pression of good will. Paul VI greeted the Italian po- licemen whose "beat" is the Vatican mad said it was e great consolation to know they were around. Answering an address of ho- mage by Inspector General Oreste Correti who was accom- panied by other officials and members of the force, the Pope said he is grateful for the "zealous, expert, generous and selfless work in which you dis- play your integrity as distin- guished state officials and your dedication as faithful sons of the Church." Though members of the Ital- ian force, the groups are as- signed to special guard duties and to directing traffic in St. Peter's souare and the area surrounding Vatican City. Catholic Populaion Increases CAPE TOWN, South Africa (NC)--The Catholic population of the Republic of South Africa increased by 131,860 during 1064, more than double the rise in the preceding year, to a total of 1,162,489. The 1965 Catholic Directory of Southern Africa reported that the total includes 166,667 whites, 131,215 colored, 854,698 Africans, 8,424 Indians and 1,480 Chinese. The directory also reported that the Catholic population of all areas under the apostolic delegation to Southern Africa-- South Africa, Southwest Africa, Rhodesia, Basutoland, Bechuan- aland and Swaziland--rose 170,- 998 to 1,909,819 during 1964. Progress Advertised Labels from the collection of labels, box tops, bottle caps or other proof-of-purchase items from "PAL" products advertised in .THE PROGRESS Minor Seminary Purchased SYRACUSE, Ind. (NC)--The Crosier Fathers have purchased Our Lady of the Lake Seminary here from the Fort Wayne- South Bend diocese. They will continue to oper- ate it for their own students and for minor seminarians from the dioceses of Fort Wayne- South Bend, Lafayette, Ind., Gary, Ind., Lansing, Mich., To- ledo, Ohio, and Pittsburgh. creating a united front of all leftist parties in Kerala state have broken down, less- ening fears of a Communist victory in the state's general elections scheduled to begin March 4. The three-month-long negoti- ations broke down January 13 as a result of differences be- tween the rightist and leftist wings of the Communist party over the proposed front's at- titude to the Muslim League party. E,M.S. Namboodiripad, chief minister in the Communist government that ruled Kerala in 1957-59, and principal repre- sentative of the Communist left in the negotiations, an- nounced following the talks that his party would contest the elec- tions on its own. This means, according to observers, that the leftist votes may be split among two candidates in many of the 133 constituencies partieipa- ting in the poll. However, as the non-Com- munist parties are themselves split, observers do not rule out the possibility of a leftist gov- ernment dominated by Com- munists coming to power after the elections. They point out that nothing prevents the two wings of the Communist party as well as other leftist groups from forming a coalition gov- ernment. The prineipal non-Red group, the national Congress party, has been in open split since last September when a group of the party's legisla- tors voted down the govern- ment of Chief Minister R. Sankar. The group, now functioning as the Kerala Congress party, pro- poses to have its own candi- dates for the election. Meanwile, a committee of lay- men named at a recent con- ference of the state's bishops has had talks with Congress party president K. Kamaraj. The committee is believed to have asked Kamaraj to take steps to end the split in non- Communist ranks. The bishop's conference, at- tended by Catholic, Orthodox, Mar Tboma and Protestant prelates, had appealed for unity among democratic par- ties contesting the election. Meanwhile, all major Catholic weeklies in India have welcom- ed the recent arrest of about 800 leftist Communists through- out the country. BLESSED Mother Elizabeth Seton, who was beatified March 17, 1963, is now rep- resented in a seven.foot statue above the main en- trance to the new Mother Seton Shrine in New York City. Martin Luther King Honored Again DAVENPORT, Iowa (NC) -- The Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr,, civil rights leader who won the 1964 Nobel Peace Prize, has been named by the Davenport Catholic Interracial Council for its 1965 Pacem in Terris peace and freedom award. Dr. King has accepted the honor and will come here in April for the formal presen- tation. The award was founded in 1963 in memory Of Pope John XXIII. ACCOUNTS INSURED TO $10,000 By an Agency of he Unffed SCees Government CenCury 4'/,% Savincjs .Loan Current Assoclahon Rate | 15 W. Mercer AT 3.3739Seettle Curtain Descended THE LATE SIR WINSTON Churchill on a postwar visit with Francis Cardinal Spellman of New York. Sir Winston had come to New York from Westminster College, Fulton, Mo., where, in a now historic speech, he had said that "an iron curtain" had descended upon Europe from the Baltic to the Adriatic, in a plea for international cooperation to#b stem Communism. Goes Home To Blenh .00im veryone knows that Sir Winston Churchill's long honorable and spectacular career has been end- ed by death. Press, radio and television have made even the children aware that a great man beloved by the free world lived and died in England. m=l Winston Churchill, so much stronger than most - men in life was strong even in death. He capped his illustrious time on earth with a firm order for burial at Blenheim Castle. Progress subscriber Anthony Rogers, Veteran of World Wars I and II, has suggested that few know not merely because it was his birthplace and the Castle was built by Churchill's great great grand- father, the Duke of Marlborough, but because of the A, battle fought at that place. Rogers suggests a re-Ill reading of the famous poem by Robert Southey, Battle of Blenheim," which the Progress publishes as a tribute to Sir Winston who fought so gallantly to save his country and the world from tyrants. THE BATTLE OF BLENHEIM T WAS a summer's evening Old Kaspar's work was done And before his cottage door Was sitting in the sun; And by him sported on the green His little grandchild, Wilhelmine. She saw her brother, Peterkin, Roll something large and round Which he beside the rivulet In playing there had found. He came to ask what he had found That was so large and smooth and round. Old Kaspar took it from the boy, Who stood expectant by; And then the old man shook his head And, with a natural sigh, "Tis some poor fellow's skull," said he "Who fell in the great victoryl" "| FIND them in the garden for there's l many here about And often when I go to plow The plowshare turns them out; For many thousand men," said he "Were slain in that great victory!" "New tell us what 'twas all about," Young Peterkin he cries; And little Wilhelmine looks up With wonder-waiting eyes; "Now tell us all about the war, And what they killed each other for." "It was the English," Kaspar cried "Who put the French to rout; But what they killed each other for I could not well make out. But.everybody said," quoth he, "That 'twas a famous victory!" "My father lived at Blenheim then Yon little stream hard by... They burned his dwelling to the ground And he was forced to fly; So with his wife and child he fled Nor had he where to rest his head." "A/ITH fire and sword the country round Was wasted far and wide; And many a childing mother then And new-born baby died. But things like that, you know must be At every famous victory." "They say it was a shocking sight After the field was wen; For many thousand bodies here Lay rotting in the sun. But things like that yon know must be After a famous victory." "Great praise the Duke of Marlborough won, And our good Prince Eugene." "Why, 'twas a very wicked thingl" Said little Wilbelmine. "Nay, nay, my little girl," quoth he "It was a famous victoryl" "And everybody praised the Duke Who this great fight did win." "But what good came of it at last?" Quoth little Peterkin. "Why, that I cannot tell, said he, "But 'twas a famous victory." | el Oi