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Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 15, 1965     Catholic Northwest Progress
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January 15, 1965
 

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2THE PROGRESS Friday, " 3an. 15, '1965 Church Acceptance Of Psychiatry H-eld Vital A Priest-psychiatrist believes that the ecumenical council must include in its statement on the Church in the modern world explicit recognition of the importance and validity of the revolution wrought in society by the psychoanalytic approach. By Paul W. McCIoskey WASHINGTON (NC)The discoveries of mod- ern psychiatry are so far-reaching that it is vital for the Church to accept them and put them to use, ac- cording to a priest who has a *vantage point for in- Sight into both. The Rev. Jerome Hayden, O.S.B., is a monk who is a mem- ber of the Catholic Theological Society of America. He is also a medical doctor and a practicing psychiatrist who is a diplomat and fellow of the American Psychiatric Association. He is the founder and director of the Marsalin Institute in Holliston, Mass., a pioneer venture whose twofold goal is pro- motion of mental health through prevention, early detection and treatment of emotional illness, and the harmonizing of Catholic doctrine and psychiatry through the integration of theology, scholastic philosophy and the valid findings of psychoanalysis. Father Hayden is convinced that the ecumenical council must include in its statement on the Church in the modern world explicit recognition of the importance and validity of the revolution wrought in society by the psychoanalytic approach In an interview, the monk of St. Anslem's Abbey here dis- closed that he was asked to present his views on this score to several gatherings of bishops in Rome during last fall's session of the ecumenical council. The meetings were held at the invita- tiou of Belgium's Leo Cardinal Suenens, one of the four cardinal- moderators of the council, and enabled Father Hayden to address over 150 bishops from all over the world as well as superiors general of several religious congregations; - Among the points he made were these: " Psychoanalysis "has gone beyond the confines of mental illness to embrace the whole man and indeed all men"--a fact which require a "thorough rethinking of Christian moral theol- ogy." O The findings of psychiatry are so important that highly intelligent priests and Religious, especially professors of philoso- phy and theology, spiritual directors and counselors of seminar- ia., should submit to personalanalysis even though they are in no need of treatment. The rejection of psychoanalysis by the Church would de- prive her of "the most effective scientific instrument now avail- able for a more complete understanding of modern man." At the same time, .such a rejection would alienate from the Church "an ever-increasing number of persons among the more highly endowed laymen who are being called upon to be leaders in the social spheres of Church activities." Father Hayden is all too aware at his thinking is unac- oeptable in some Catholic circles. "During the pt 25 years," he said, "I have heard representatives of the Church outrightly condemn the entire field of psychiatry with such prejudicial vigor s to leave the hearer astounded. Priests have preached against it from the pulpit, and in private they have warned members of their flocks who sought their help OF the great dangers of even consulting a psychiatrist. Father Hayden said that as a result of such an approach, many Catholics who have finally sought psychotherapy have suffered, "in addition to their Hiness, the torture of having to decide against the admonitions of their pastor or confessor." ,' This would be a tragic situation if it happened only to one person, the priest believes. But he cites the facts of modern life, that one out of every 10 Americans is in need of some form of psychiatric treatment, and that one-half of the hospital beds in :the United States are occupied by mental patients. And while statistics are lacking, he adds, it must be assumed that the pro- portion of American Catholics suffering from emotional dis- /turbances is "at least as high if not higher than that of the U.S. population in general. Noting that neuroses have their roots in unresolved conflicts :with parental figures, he said that an externally imposed, rigidly legal form of life can only increase the difficulties of a person who is already in conflict with authority. In this cormeetion, he indicated that the Catholic Church in its reaction to the Protes- tant Reformation tended to emphasize canon law, and that the American Catholic tradition in particular has been a highly legalistic one. - Father Hayden founded the Marsalin Institute in 1967, at the invitation of the then Archbishop. Richard J. Cushing of :-Boston and with the blessing of Popia",Pius' XII. Originally situ. ated in suburban Boston, it moved toie permanent location in Holliston, about 2 miles southwest of, Boston, in 12. Mter the construction d clinical faeilities, a staff of three psychiatrists, three psychologists and three psychiatric social workers was organized, The members work on the levels of research, training and treatment with an emphasis on preven- Lion. The opening of another new building in 1984 provided addi- ' tonal space for its course of lectures, seminars and workshops :: for/the training of such persons as spirittml directors, novice masters and teachers. This year, the' institute plans to establish cial classes for exceptional children which will combine  tetching training and treatment. : Marsalin -- the name is an tccordionized form of the insti- !te's patron; Mary, Health-of. the Sick (MARia SALes INfir- morum)--roceives patients regardless of creed or color, and has given aid to priests, religious and professional people from all parts of the country despite the fact that it h no in-patient facilities. The cost of professional service is based on minimal fees currently charged in private practice. On this score, Father Hayden holds that patients must pay something: "If they do not, they do not become really committed and we can't help them." Listed in the directory of the American Medical Association as "Hayden, James E."--his pre-monastic name--Father Hoyden was graduated from the medical school of the University of Pitts- burgh in 1927. He practiced and taught medicine in his native Pittsburgh for several years before going to the University of Louvaha in Belgium, where he earned e Ph.D. He joined the Benedictine eommunity at St. Anselm's in 1943 and was ordained a priest in 1947. On becoming a monk, he turned toward specialization in psychiatry. After graduate work at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, the big Federal mental institution in Washington, he served as resident psychiatrist at Butler Hospital, Providence, R.I., and then as an extern at the neurological in- stitute of MeGill University in Montreal. Returning to his monastery, Father Hoyden joined the faculty of psychology and psychiatry of the Catholic University of America. As a staff member of the CU Child Center, he held the position of director of resident trainees. He remained en the university faculty until coming to the Boston archdiocese to found Marsalin. Concerning the Church's approach to psychiatry, Father Hayden said: "Christian moral theology must be reconsidered in the light of the new discoveries made possible by depth psychology and in such a way that the teaching of Christ will be resplendent in the new concept of man. The Church in the modern world cannot fell to deal with this issue without inflicting great suf- fering upon future generations of h.r children and even irrepar- able harm through loss of some of them. The task that lies ahead is enormous, but the Church is equal to that task. One of the current problems, the priest holds, is that moral theologians have traditionally utilized "descriptive psychology," which "views man purely from the level OF consciousness with- out any consideration of the unconscious--or at least an un- conscious which can be known or explored." But with the new psychoanalytic psychology developed by Sigmund Freud at the turn of this century, he said, descriptive psychology for many purposes became simply a relic of the past, akin perhaps to alchemy. The reason is that the discovery of psychoanalysis takes the unconscious aspect of the human mind into consideration. "It presents a concept of conscious man emerging from an unconscious stratum which We can come to know'and explore," he said. : , "This may sound revolutionary," Father Hoyden admits. "But it is a fact, and upon its acceptance o rejection depends our success or failure in dealing with the problems of the modern world. Thus far we have seen nothing brought before the Second Vatican Council which in any way relates to this tremendous problem." This |s a serious failing, according to the priest, for "if the Church refuses to perform this task, it will nevertheless be undertaken without her. We would find ourselves in a contra- dictory situation in which the teachings of Christ would be ap- propriated end incorporated into a 'new' moral science proposed outside the Church." Recognizing that the old antagonism of the Church toward psychoanalysis had a legitimate basis--Freud himself held that religion and psychoanalysis are incompatible--Father Hoyden said that there is no longer any basis for it. Psychoanalysis has matured as a science, he said, and no longer oversteps its bcmnds into the domain of religion as it once attempted to do. On the individual level, Father ttayden holds that Catholic suspicion and fear of analyzing religious experience reflects in- security of faith. It is not so much a question es to whether a Catholic can undergo psychoanalysis without fear of losing his faith, but whether or not he really has faith on entering analysis. If a Catholic is presumed a believer at the start of analysis and comes out of it unbelieving, "it can only be concluded that this previous 'religious' practice was a manifestation of mental ill- ness or that he has denied his faith for strictly personal reasons." The priest added: "Excessive 'religious' practices, or re- ligiosity, are only too frequently seen in the employ of a sick mind. so that their ritualistic character serves as a dear index that the religious life of the individual is as sick or disturbed as the rest of the personality." To Father Hayden, the need for Catholic involvement in the field of psychiatry is obvious. Fortunately, he said, this is being increasingly recognized by Church authorities, not only to deal with "the tortured souls of our day," but also for aa- slating in the selection of candidates for the priesthood and religious life, and even for marriage. He said that the warm response given his talks in Rome by the bishops ia proof of this growing recognition. The priest feels he must be optimistic on this score. For, he said, "if human behavior is not seen, appreciated and under- stood, and accordingly dealt with, in the light of present-day psychoanalytic discoveries, the aggiornamento set in course by Pope John and continued by Pope Paul will, in a very reel sense, be a failure." Progress Advertised Labels "WE MUST HONOR the Sisters who have suffered for the name of Christ," Pope Paul told other people attending an audience January 5, as he received these Verona mis- sionary nuns, rescued from recent Congo rebel massacres. ' ,ay Wear Suits in Public - I SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (NC)--Priests of El Salvadoz: have been authorized to wear black or grey suits instead of cas- mw socks in public. The bishops of E1 Salvador who also authorized the introduc- tion on a trial basis, beginning January 10, of the liturgical re- forms approved by the ecumenical council. The reforms will be obligatory beginning March 7. The bishops pointed out in a statement that they authorized the use of suits instead of cassocks because of the requirements of present day life and as a means of effecting closer relationships with laymen. Continued After 800 Years TARRAGONA, Spain (NC)--Benjamin Cardinal de Arriba y Castro of Tarragona has decided to complete the construction of his cathedral--started nearly 800 years ago. At the time of its consecration in 1331, the principal facade, of Romanesque style, had not been finished. Work was suspended because of an epidemic, Construction began in 1170 on a site where the pagan Roma nsW had built a temple to their chief god, Jupiter. Promote Beatification Cause BOMBAY (NC)--A magazine has been started here to pro- mote the beatification cause of Father Agnelo de Souza, one of the four Indian candidates for sainthood honored at a rally at the International Eucharistic Congress held here in December The Rev. de Souza, a native of Gee and a member of thq Missionary Society of St. Francis Xavier of Pilaf, died at 58 1927. Nun Tells Another St )ly of Murder LEOPOLDVILLE, The Congo (NC) -- A Congolese nun who escaped death at the hands of rebels because of a fainting spell which made them believe LIVED'TO TELL  "We were killed on the bridge of the river Bomokandi at mdinight of Dec. 1, "Brother Carlo Mosca tells newsmen in Rome, recounting his escape from Congo rebels near Runga. "I say 'we' were killed," he explained, because "I was convinced it was all over for me, too." But Brother Carlo only ap- peared to be dead, and when he and his three priest-com- panions were thrown into the river, Brother Carlos managed to float with the current until he could hide. Wandering four days in the bush, he was finally found by Spanish nuns, and even- tually reached safety. she was dead told how another Sister died. The Sister, a member of the Congregation of Jesus Child of Nivelles, Belgium, told DIA, the Leopoldville C a t h o 1 i e news agency, that by November 30, 44 Congolese Sisters stationed in Bafwabaka, were taken by rebels to Paulis, which Belgian paratroopers had just left. In Paulis the nuns were beat- en with clubs. The "colonel" commanding the group of rebels wanted to take two Sisters away in his car, the nun reported. At that moment, she cried in a loud voice: "Holy Virgin protect us!" This made the colonel furious. He threw the two nuns out of the ear and ordered them killed with clubs and spears. The next day Congolese Sister Marie Clementine (Alphonsine Anwarite) died. She had been wounded by a spear near the heart and was finished by the rebel colonel who shot her with a revolver. The Congolese nun who told the story here had her arm broken by a rebel. This caused her to faint, a fact which saved her life. Pope Paul's Visi 'Historic' DURGAPUR, India (NC) -- Pope Paul VI's visit to Bombay was hailed as "historic" in an official report presented to the 69th session of India's ruling Congress party. The report, from the party's general secretary, surveyed the top events of 1964 for delegates from the whole country assem- bled here under the leader- ship of party president K. Ka- maraj and Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri. )resi(:lel00r s Message Ijstlers Cooperation (Continued From Page i) dent's proposal to aid ele- mentary and secondary schools include a $45 million expansion of Federal involve- ment in research, through re- gional education laboratories, in which new courses and textbooks would be devel. aped. He also proposed a $10 mil- lion effort to strengthen state educational agencies and a $150 million program to raise the level of pre-sehool facilities for children of slum areas. Under the President's pro- gram of aid to public school districts, which are found to be "p o v e r t y - impacted," funds would be given any district in which l0 children, or three per pent of all pupils, come form families whose income is less than $2,000 per year. Administration spokesmen ad- mitted this would include be- tween 85 and 90 percent of all U.S. districts. The F e d e r a I government would pay an eligible district fi0 percent of the cost of in- struction of each pupil deter- minded to come from an im- poverished family. The cost of instruction figure used would be the state's. The Federal funds could not be used to re- place local school funds. Mr. Johnson also proposed a $260 million program of aid to higher education. He noted col- leges and universities are now benefiting from legislation of the past Congress. This aids construction of non-religious academic facilities, offers schol- he said, recommending: A program of Federal scholarships for needy high school graduates. About 140,000 scholarships would be offered the first year of the five-year project. Expansion of the existing Federal projects to support part-time work for needy col- lege students. The U.S. would pay 90 percent of the wages. MR. AND MRS. ANTHONY VASEK AND HIS FATHER *Federal guarantees of com- mercial loans taken out by students. A program to strengthen "1 e s s developed colleges" through projects such as faculty exchanges and a national fel- lowship program under which students and instructors in large universities would augment the teaching resources of small col- leges. Assistance to colleges to help them purchase books and other library materials. Officiates at Son's Wedding DETROIT--Father John Vasek, a priest of the diocese d San Diego, recently presided at the wedding of his son, Anthony to Miss Diana Flier at St. Thomas Aquinas Church, here. The unusual circumstances go this way: As a young man, John Vasek, born in Slovakia but then am teacher in Egypt, married an Ilian girl. Mrs,. Vasek breugh his son to the U.S. in 1951 and when Anthony s education had 1 been assured, Mr. Vasek sought to enter the priesthood, and was ordained in 1961. Father Vasek now teaches at St. Thomas high school, San Bernardino, Calif. Bribed Away from Religion MUNICH, Germany (NC)--Bulgarian parents who do not have their children baptized may receive bonuses of up to $18, Radio.,., Free Europe reported here I) A couple that does not marry according to religious ritual may'--" get $50, and $25 may be paid toward the cost of a funeral of any. one who does not call on the shrvices of a priest, RFE said. The broadcast said that according to the Communist party newspaper, Septemvriiska Pobeda, such bonuses are paid by some municipal councils, collective farms and other government agencies. Thousands See Religious Art ,am FLORENCE, Italy (NC) -- Thousands of persons poured'--" through the Piazza del Giglio for the Second National Exhibition of Religious Etchings before its closing on the feast of the Epiphany January 6. The contemporary show had opened with a speech and blessing by Archbishop Ermenegild Florit of Florence. It was organized by a Florentine priest who is himself an artist, Roy. Luigi Stefani, who is nicknamed "Don Gigi" by his fellow artists. l n ,i N "-" FINANCIAL STATEMENT -----" m DECEMBER 31, 1964 Assets . Cash on Hand, In Banks, $ 1B2,437 --- -- U.S. Government Obligations . . . 3,708,27S m ' Federal Home Loan Bank Stock .... 581,000 Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corp. m Prepaid Premiums ....... 243,166 First Mortgage Loans and Contracts . . $3,428,666 Loans Secured by Savings Accounts . $2,82S Real Estate Owned ........ 148,244 "-" Future Home Office Property 861,931 Furniture and fixtures and Other Assets 23,939 --'-'-...__ $59,230,483 l ""- Liabilities m m ---" Savings $46 264 537 mmtuma * * it I , t m Surplus $ 347 921 "-- Accrued Federnl Income Tax. . . . 153,543 ""----,- m "--" Advance Payments by Borrowers --.'-- m lira .__ for Taxes and Insurance . . 122,820 '--'---- arships to graduate students $4,103 billion in fiscal 1966, the and furthers basic research, spokesmen said. "But we need to do more," (See stories col. I and 2 page 7)   Advances--Federal Home Loan Bank . . 6,934,000   Other Liabilities ......... 43,992 ---.--'- m  Loans in Process ........ 363,670 -----'--- - Ne -- $59,230,483 m Grants to support univer- _._. RNtNGS COMPOUNDED QUARTERty sity extension programs con- .  Naxr PAYMENT MARCH 31, 1965 centrating on the programs of the community.  Director= Grants to colleges and uni- Ham, t. Cart Will;am O. Mdaren George D. Early G. Walter Robergo versicles to train librarians and Eugene R. Hoffman John A. Vonderpoel teachers of handicapped child- W. Byron Lane Donald H. Yarns ran. Administration s k e s m e n UNION FEDERAL said the Presidents proposals $. SAVIN6S & LOAN comprise "the largest program in direct support of education t._  ASSOCIATION [ ever presented by an adminis- "sy,*" m tration for consideration."  Thtrd Floor  1411 Fourth Ave. Bldg., $.affi It would raise the financial  "-- commitment of the Federal gov-  MAIn 2-2516 --=-- ernment in education from  ,=, , E.R. Hoffman, President __ -.,--.---. $2,516 billion in fiscal 1965 to '- mmmmtwm= II